Kant’s transcendentalism and concept of the thing in itself
... concept of transcendentalism. Thirdly, Kant introduces the concept of the thing in itself through a negation. Being a notion of the ‘family resemblance’ type, the concept comprises three dynamically connected elements — the object in general, the transcendental object, and the noumenon (sometimes, Kant uses them interchangeably). Each element represents a phase of Reduction- Realisation (Buchdahl) in the cognition of empirical data (Kant defines such phases as thingness, using the concept of ‘transcendental ...
Kant’s transcendentalism as a transcendental paradigm of philo¬so¬phiz¬ing
... transcendental philosophy as a special transcendental paradigm (a special type of philosophical research) differing from both the "objective" metaphysics of Antiquity and the "subjective" metaphysics of Modernity (the metaphysics of an object (transcendent metaphysics; meta—physics) — experience (transcendental metaphysics) — the metaphysics of the subject (immanent metaphysics; meta—psychology)). For this purpose, the author introduces suchnew methodological concepts as “transcendental ...
A transcendental analysis of mathematics: The abstract nature of mathematical knowledge
... transcendentalism as a special type of philosophizing] In: Filosofiia. IAzyk. Kul'tura. Vyp. 4. SPb., s. 73—89.14. Katrechko, S. L. 2014, Transcendental'nyy analiz matematicheskoy deiatel'nosti: abstraktnye (matematicheskie) ob'ekty, konstrukcii i dokazatel'stva [Transcendental analysis of mathematics: abstract (mathematical) objects, constructions and proofs]. In: Dokazatel's¬tvo: ochevidnost', dostovernost' i ubeditel'nost' v matematike [Proof: evidence, credibility and convincing sequences in mathematics. Moscow Study in the Philosophy of Mathematics], Moscow, s. 86—120....
Kant’s appearance as an objective-objectual [gegenständlich] representation
... ‘gegenstänslich’) representation. It would be unwise to identify appearance with thing-in-itself, which was characteristic of pre- Kantian philosophy (naïve realism), or appearance with representation, which was the case in phenomenalist interpretations of transcendentalism à la Berkley (interpretation of two objects). Kant’s appearance, as emphasised in BXXVII of his Critique, is an appearance of an object (thing-initself), which — although implicitly — suggests a semantic relationship of reference. Appearance (as a sign) is impossible without what ...
The Paradox of Kant’s Transcendental Subject in German Philosophy in the Late Eighteenth Century
... the common themes and questions that prompted them to turn to the concept of the transcendental subject, even though the results of their reflections did not always coincide. These authors think of the transcendental subject in its relationship to the transcendental object, or as “something = х”, and in terms of the relationship of representation to the object. It is characterised sometimes as something absolutely hollow, and sometimes as the fullness of true reality. The status ascribed to the transcendental ...
The Nature of Appearance in Kant’s Transcendentalism: A Seman- tico-Cognitive Analysis
... relation. At the same time, an appearance is not identical to its representation, since the former is an object or content of the latter. Applying G. Frege’s “semantic triangle” to the analysis of Kant’s concept of appearance, I show that the transcendental object functions as the sense (Sinn) of the appearance and that the empirical thing in itself is its reference (Bedeutung).
Ameriks, K., 1982. Recent Work on Kant’s Theoretical Philosophy. American Philosophical Quarterly, 19(1), pp. 1-24.
A transcendental analysis of mathematics: The constructive nature of mathematics
... the nature (specific) of the mathematics]. In: Vestnik RHGA, T. 14, vyp. 3, 2013. s. 172—177.
15. Katrechko, S. L. 2014а, Transcendental'nyy analiz matematicheskoy deiatel'nosti: abstraktnye (matematicheskie) ob'ekty, konstrukcii i dokazatel'stva [Transcendental analysis of mathematics: abstract (mathematical) objects, constructions and proofs]. In: Dokazatel'stvo: ochevidnost', dostovernost' i ubeditel'nost' v matematike [Proof: evidence, credibility and convincing sequences in mathematics. Moscow Study in the Philosophy of Mathematics], Moscow, s. 86—120....
Report of the ‘Transcendental Turn in Contemporary Philosophy 2’ International Seminar (Moscow, 27—29 April 2017)
..., R. 2017, Kant, Radical Agnosticism, and Methodological Eliminativism about Things-in-themselves, in: Contemporary studies in Kantian Philosophy. no. 2, pp. 38—54.
Howell, R. 2017, Analytic Work on Kant — Idealism, Things-in-themselves, and the Object of Knowledge, in: Kantovsky sbornik [Kantian Journal], vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 31—50. (In Russ.)
Jacobi, F. H. 1994, David Hume on Faith or Idealism and Realism. A Dialogue. [Supplement. On Transcendental Idealism], in: The Main Philosophical Writings and the Novel Allwill, transl. by G. di Giovanni. Montreal, Kingston, London, Buffalo, pp. 253—338.
Katrechko, S. L. 2018, Report of the “Transcendental Turn in Contemporary Philosophy,...
Aspects of the ‘transcendental’ according to Kant and Husserl: Logos, matheme, metaphor
... interpretation, this paper considers the problem of differences between the ontological aspects of Immanuel Kant’s critical philosophy and Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology, since most interpreters consider these two thinkers the most prominent exponents of transcendental philosophy. The differences in the ontological aspects are interpreted based on the similarities and differences in the epistemological objectives of both philosophers. This corresponds to the principles and programmes of comparative investigations in Kant’s and Husserl’s philosophies, which were proposed by Russian and international philosophers such as Paul Ricoeur, Alexey Chernyakov,...
Transzendentalphilosophie als kritische Bestimmung des Standpunkts. Eine wissenschaftstheoretische Annäherung
... ‚Architektonik der reinen Vernunft‘. In: S. Bacin, A. Ferrarin, C. La Rocca und M. Ruffing, Hg. 2013. Kant und die Philosophie in weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des XI. Kant-Kongresses 2010. Berlin: De Gruyter, S. 517-534.
Findlay, J. N., 1981. Kant and the Transcendental Object. A Hermeneutic Study. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Friedman, M., 1992a. Causal Laws and the Foundations of Natural Science. In: P. Guyer, Hg. 1992. The Cambridge Companion to Kant. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 161-199.
Transcendental logic and analytic of concepts
... Transcendental Deduction: An Analysis of Main Themes in His Critical Philosophy. Dordrecht; Boston; London, 1992.
13. Jansohn H. Kants Lehre von der Subjektivität. Bonn, 1969.
14. Rohs P. Transzendentale Logik. Meisenheim am Glan, 1976.
15. Swing T. K. Kant’s Transcendental Logic. New Haven; London, 1969.
pure synthesis, constituting of an object, table of categories, deduction of categories, functions, structure, rules and principles of transcendental logic
Semyonov V. Ye.
Taking Detours through the “Transcendental Dialectic”. The Principles of Homogeneity, Specification, and Continuity
... Ideen. Kant über die Grenzbestimmung der reinen Vernunft. In: B. Dörflinger, G. Kruck, eds. 2011. Über den Nutzen von Illusionen. Die regulativen Ideen in Kants theoretischer Philosophie. Zürich & New York: Olms, pp. 13-28.
Kant, reason, ideas, objective deduction, subjective deduction, transcendental deduction, homogeneity, specification, continuity, transcendental dialectic
Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology and a cognitive-semantic interpretation of Kant’s transcendentalism
... that affects our sensibility. The second variant is based on the question ‘On what ground rests the relation of what we call representation in us to the object?’, as Kant put it in his letter to Herz. The subjective thing in itself is defined as a transcendental object and/or phenomenon. It is emphasised that, in a certain sense, the second variant of S. L. Katrechko’s interpretation antecedes Husserl’s phenomenology, which introduced a substantive a priori justification of human experience. This is a realist ...
Consequences and Design in General and Transcendental Logic
... formal understanding of the consequent in the consequence’s antecedent. I put forward the hypothesis that in his logical taxonomy, Kant attempted to reconcile the substitutional interpretation of formal consequences and a formal analysis of the transcendental relations of objects of experience. However, if we interpret the limitations imposed by transcendental logic on the power of judgement in the spirit of the scholastic ontology of transcendental relations, it would contradict Kant’s critique of dogmatic ontology....
Kantian Philosophy and ‘Linguistic Kantianism’
... and the “transcendentalism of the medium.” The transcendentalism of the subject assigns a central role to the faculties of the cognising subject (according to Kant, cognition is not the conforming of a subject’s intuitions and understanding to objects, but rather the application of a subject’s cognitive faculties to them). The transcendentalism of the medium assigns the role of an “active” element neither to the external world nor to the faculties of the cognising subject, but to something in between — language, in the case of “linguistic Kantianism.” I conclude that ...
Analytical Kant studies, transcendental idealism, and the thing in itself
... thesis is proven in three steps. First, the notion of ‘appearance’ is considered as ontologically identical to the thing in itself. Then, the author proposes her own reconstruction of Kant’s transcendental theory of experience and analyses the transcendental structure of experience to demonstrate the realistic status of Kant’s cognitive objects. In conclusion, the author stresses the significance of Kant’s project from the perspective of the contemporary theory of cognition.
1. Kant, I. 2006а, Kritika chistogo razuma. 2e izd. [The Critique of Pure Reason. 2nd ed.], in: Kant I. ...
Analytic Work on Kant — Idealism, Things in Themselves, and the Object of Knowledge
... of Things in Themselves”, in: Journal of the History of Philosophy, 47, p. 355—382.
14. Howell, R. 1979, A Problem for Kant, in: E. Saarinen et al., eds., Essays in Honour of Jaakko Hintikka, Dordrecht, p. 331—349.
15. Howell, R. 1992, Kant’s Transcendental Deduction, Dordrecht.
16. Howell, R. 2004, The Conundrum of the Object and Other Problems from Kant, in: Kantian Review, vol. 8, p. 115—136.
17. Howell, R. 2007, Kant’s Theoretical Philosophy — Recent Analytic Interpretations, in: Istoriko-Filosofskiy Almanach [History-of-Philosophy-Yearbook], vol. 2, p. 100—114....
Deduction of Freedom vs Deduction of Experience in Kant’s Metaphysics
... the essence, structure and the peculiarities as well as the differences between the deduction of experience and the deduction of freedom. I single out the following features of the two types of deduction. First, theoretical use of reason is aimed at objects while practical reason is aimed at noumena, the foundations of will and freedom. Second, the transcendental deduction of space and time, as well as the deduction of categories, is preceded by transcendental reduction, which is absent in the deduction of freedom. Third, Kant orients the methodological movement of deductions in opposite directions....
“To think of an object and to know an object is… not the same”, or E. T. A. Hoffmann and “Transcendental analytic”
In the article the question is raised about the Kantianism of E. T. A. Hoffmann on the example of the story from “The night stories”, which shows that the transcendental reflection as an important gnoseological form makes the practical sense in the human life.
1. Берковский Н. Я. Э. Т. А. Гофман // Берковский Н. Я. Романтизм в Германии. СПб., 2001....
“To think of an object and to know an object is… not the same”, or E. T. A. Hoffmann and “Transcendental analytic”
The article raises the question about the Kantianism of E. T. A. Hoffmann displayed in the story from “The night stories”, which shows that the transcendental reflection as an important gnoseological procedure has important practical sense in the human life.
1. Berkovskij N. Ja. Je. T. A. Gofman // Berkovskij N. Ja. Romantizm v Germanii. SPb., 2001.
2. Gjorres J. Aforizmy ob iskusstve… // ...
The Concepts of “Appearance” and “Phenomenon” in Transcendental Philosophy (Kant, Husserl, Fink)
... the phenomenon is absolute. Fink’s position is interesting in that it differs from the views of the main representatives of transcendental philosophy, Kant and Husserl. According to Fink, appearing is the foundation of the fact that what exists is and ... ... (Husserl): with Fink, appearance (or, as Fink constantly writes, “appearing”) turns out to be the condition of the existence of objects. Appearance, understood through the prism of the human being which perceives something as Vorschein, implies an inherently ...
J. N. Tetens’s ‘transcendental philosophy’ as a basic science¬ and criti¬cal propaedeutics to metaphysics
... J. N. Tetens sets out to justify the possibility and necessity of metaphysics as a general speculative science. His primary objective is to defend metaphysics against the opponents, the most serious of which, in Tetens’s opinion, is D. Hume. In this ... ... metaphysics require a common basic science, which would define their status of theoretical sciences. Tetens calls such science ‘transcendental philosophy’, since its notions are transcendental. Having rejected reductionism and the related metaphysical ...
Darwinism as the Missing Link in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
... at: <
; [Accessed 27 May 2019].
Popper, K., 1994. Objective Knowledge. An Evolutionary Approach. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Smith, C. U. M., 1991. Kant and Darwin. Journal ... ...
Van Cleve, J., 1999. Problems from Kant. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kant, Konrad Lorenz, Nicolai Hartmann, transcendental philosophy, evolutionary epistemology, categories, synthetic judgment a priori, adaptation
Igor K. Kalinin
The Real Target of Kant’s “Refutation”
... all forms of global scepticism, but is quite successful against Mendelssohn’s idealism.
Allison, H. E., 2004. Kant’s Transcendental Idealism. 2nd edition. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Almeida, G. A. de, 2013. Kant e a Refutação do Idealismo ... ... Morning Hours. Kant-Studien, 109(2), pp. 329-351.
Descartes, R., 1996. Meditations on First Philosophy: With Selections From the Objections and Replies. Translated by J. Cottingham. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dicker, G., 2004. Kant’s Theory ...
"I am" and "Something is", or The ontology of Dasein
... der Reflexion bei Kant // Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie. 1966. 48. S. 207—216.
17. Marion J.-L. The Final Appeal of the Subject // Deconstructive Subjectivities / ed. S. Critchley, P. Dews. SUNY Press, 1996.
epistemology, experience, objectivity, phenomenology, reflection, transcendental subject, apperception, phenomenon, category
Artemenko N. A.
I. Kant in the development of N. O. Lossky’s philosophical views: The case of a translation
... and opponent, the Russian Kantian A. I. Vvedensky; moreover, he proved the inconsistency of Vvedensky’s interpretation of transcendental philosophy. It is shown that the experience of translating CPR and the critical analysis of Kant’s epistemology ... ... complications that emerged in the history of philosophy and develop his own complete and organic worldview. Moreover, there arose an objective need for a new CPR translation, since some intellectuals were not satisfied with that made by N. M. Sokolov. The article ...
How transcendental are Kant’s principles of public law?
14. Krouglov, А. N. 2014, Nesovershennoletie i zadacha istinnogo preobrazovanija obraza myshlenija [Immaturity and the Objective of a True Reform in Ways of Thinking], in: Kantovskij sbornik [Kant’s Compendium]. No. 49(а), 50(б).
15. Salikov,... ... 1992, Der Begriff des Politischen bei Immanuel Kant. Würzburg.
public law, politics, publicity, morals, justice of maxims, transcendental and empirical, a priori principles, bliss and happiness, form and substance of law, law enforcement
Zilber A. ...
Maimon’s critique of I. Kant’s theory of analytic judge-ments
... proceeded from a given definite to the definable that is contained in it. Therefore in his philosophy analytic judgments became full-fledged cognitive acts, which differed from the synthetic ones only in that they provided cognition not of some new objects, but of the ones which had already been thought of. Thereby Maimon substantially broadened the area of analytic judgments at the cost of the synthetic ones, which ultimately allowed him to reinterpret the relation of the formal and transcendental logic, and also to subject the formal logic itself to a thorough revision.
1. Брюшинкин В. Н. Логика Канта и метафизика Стросона // Кантовский сборник. 2011. Вып. 37. С. 7—17....
Types of Representational Content in Kant
... Conceptions of Conceptualism and Nonconceptualism. Erkenntnis, 65(2), pp. 245-276.
Dickerson, A. B., 2004. Kant on Representation and Objectivity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dretske, F., 2002. Conscious Experience. In: A. Noë, E. Thompson, eds. 2002.... ... Perception. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 419-442.
Falkenstein, L., 1995. Kant’s Intuitionism. A Commentary on the Transcendental Aesthetic. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Ginsborg, H., 2006. Kant and the Problem of Experience. Philosophical ...
The Problem of the Relationship between Apperception, Self-Consciousness and Consciousness in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
... and to connect them. Self-consciousness is the mode of the functioning of consciousness which makes it possible to study three objects of consciousness: internal and external representations of the subject, the synthetic activity of understanding and our ... ... self-consciousness because his concept of consciousness follows the Leibniz-Wolffian tradition.
Allison, H., 1983. Kant’s Transcendental Idealism. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Ameriks, K., 2000a. Kant and the Fate of Autonomy: Problems in the ...
Systematicity of the CPR and Kant’s system (III)
... concepts into phaenomena and noumena. The former are apprehended by the senses and the latter express the things-in-themselves. It is shown that, as concepts of things, noumena are divided into substan tial and empty ones. Substantial noumena correspond to transcendental objects as the material of possible experience, which has become or can become actual, on the one hand. On the other, they correspond to abstract idealisation relations – norms and values – that are immanent in the world of phenomena and contribute ...
Vernunft und Glaube. Zu Kants Deduktion der Gnadenlehre
... has to justify conditions that enable the acquisition of rational claims. The justification of the claim of practical reason that faith is a necessary precondition of one‘s moral conduct has now to be understood as complementary to the result of the transcendental deduction of the categories, namely the restriction of theoretical reason to the sensible world. Faith in God’s grace does not represent objective knowledge. As transcending objective knowledge, however, faith refers to the theoretically inexplicable awareness of moral obligation, and with it the idea of an intelligible world, as a necessary precondition of one’s moral conduct in the ...
“The Turn towards Ontology” in Russian Neo-Kantianism in the Late 1910s and Early 1920s (Lev Salagov and Nikolai Boldyrev)
... the analysis of subjectivity, the complete elimination of psychological motives and the separation of transcendentalism from transcendentism. These principles enable Salagov to ground a three-part structure of cognition (consciousness, being, committing ... ... Philosophy, 2(21), pp. 45-58. (In Russ.)
Frank, S. L., 1995. Predmet znaniia ob osnovakh i predelakh otvlechennogo znaniia [The Object of Knowledge. Principles and Limitations of Conceptual Cognition]. In: S. L. Frank, 1995. Predmet znaniia. Dusha cheloveka ...
Kant, Radical Agnosticism, and Methodological Eliminativism about Things-in-Themselves
... (KME) about things in themselves says that for the purposes of the theory of real (i. e., anthropocentric, “humanfaced”) transcendental idealism we can completely ignore things in themselves. In this paper the author unpacks and defends both KRA and ... ... rabota nad Kantom — idealizm, veshhi v sebe i ob#ekt znanija [Analytic Work on Kant — Idealism, Things in Themselves, and the Object of Knowledge], in: Kantovsky Sbornik [Kantian Papers]. Vol 36. Issue 2.
4. Hume, D. 1996, Issledovanija o chelovecheskom ...
Kant über inneren Sinn, Zeitanschauung und Selbstaffektion
... Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Defense. New Haven & London: Yale University Press.
Allison, H. E., 2015. Kant’s Transcendental Deduction. An Analytical-Historical Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bader, R. M., 2017. Inner Sense ... ... Jr. University Park: Pennsylvania State University.
Shoemaker, S., 1994. Self-Knowledge and “Inner Sense”. Lecture I: The Object Perception Model. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 54(2), pp. 249-269.
Strawson, P. F., 1982. Imagination and ...
The Philosophy of Vasily Sesemann and Marburg Neo-Kantianism
... is defined by the Russian thinker through the inexhaustible set of problems ‘ensuring’ eternal and continuous progress of objective cognition. According to Sesemann, the opposite of a rational, conceptual, mediated element of cognition is an irrational,... ... transcen¬dent¬nom immanentizmie i dualizmie voobshche. Vtoroje, bolschoje specialnoje vvedenije v trans-cendentalizm [About immanent transcendentalism, transcendental im¬manentism and dualism altogether. The second, more special introduction to the tran¬scendentalism] ...
I. Kant and J. Jungius: on the development of critical tradition in the 17th century German philosophy
... is characterised as methodological, whereas that of Kant as reflective. Kant’s “transcendental criticism” is based on transcendental reflection, whereas J. Jungius’s “methodological criticism” requires that critique is grounded in immediate ... ... the following principles adopted by Kant: sensible experience and reason are necessary components of cognition, the initial object of cognition is the phenomena of sensible experience, sensible intuitions are a necessary but insufficient basis for the ...
Kant, Gödel, and the problem of synthetic a priori judgements
... a solution to this problem is determined by the implicitly or explicitly accepted image of logic, whose key parameter is the object of logic or, in other worlds, the ideas about the nature of the logical and, therefore, the ideas about the boundaries ... ... relationship between formal and informal logic]. Moscow.
7. Zeebom T. M. 1992, Logika ponyatij kak predposylka kantovskoj formal'noj i transcendental'noj logiki [The logic of concepts as a prerequisite for Kant's formal and transcendental logic] In: Kantovskij ...
The systemacity of CPR and Kant’s system (I)
... and an overview of Kant’s philosophical system. The cen-tral thesis is the statement that Kant’s epistemology is based on transcendental anthropology con-nected with the history of philosophy. It is proven that, in terms of its content, the formal ... ... Works in 1 vol.], Moscow.
8. Pushkin, A. S. 2001, Vozrazhenie na stat'ju Kjuhel'bekera «O napravlenii nashej po-jezii» [Objection on Kuchelbecker's article "On the direction of our poetry"], in Pushkin, A.S Polnoe sobranie sochinenij v ...
The significance of the critique of A. I. Vvedensky’s ‘new psychophysiological law’ for Russian philosophy
... philosophical though but it also gives a new perspective on the problems arising with attempts to create a means for attaining objective and reliable knowledge in philosophy and science, which potentially unites them within research. It is proven that Vvedensky’s ... ... signs of animation)], Voprosi filosofii i psihologii [Questions of philosophy and psychology], Vol. 16, p. 97—109, Moscow.
transcendental philosophy, Vvedensky, Russian Neo-Kantianism, new psychophysiological law
Vladimirov P. A.
Some remarks on the concept and function of Kant’s theory of schematism in the Critique of Pure Reason
... Understanding. This provides clarity on the function of schematism. The author conceives of schematism as something entirely new to the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories, namely, as preparation for the use of categories as predicates in sentences known ... ... ‘Principles of Understanding’ referring to phaenomena (appearances in time and space) rather than the undetermined concept of objects in general. To support this interpretation, the author addresses main concepts of the schematism theory (for instance,...
Kantian ethos in J. Rawls’s political philosophy
... Kant that moral philosophy has to depart from commonplace human reason; the content of "political justice" can be an object of construction; construction presupposes the use of practical rather than pure reason; moral philosophy requires a complex ... ... concept of a person based on fundamental ideas originating from different sources (political culture in Rawls’s works and transcendental idealism in Kant’s); the understanding of rational faith.
1. Кант И. Основы метафизики ...
The Universe of Science. The Architectonic Ideas of Science, Sciences and their Parts in Kant
... (apart from its primary function) additionally regarded as a fourth-level architectonic concept when explicitly conceived as an object of (e. g. philosophical) studies, i. e. from a mere methodological perspective. In the final section (III), I unveil the ... ... Übergangs zur postkonventionellen Moral. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
Apel, K.-O., 1994a. Selected Essays, Volume 1: Towards a Transcendental Semiotics. Edited by E. Mendieta. New Jersey: Humanities Press.
Apel, K.-O., 1994b. From a Transcendental-Semiotic ...