Kantian Journal

2017 Vol. 36. №1

Back to the list Download an article

The significance of the critique of A. I. Vvedensky’s ‘new psychophysiological law’ for Russian philosophy

DOI
10.5922/0207-6918-2017-1-5
Pages
52-65

Abstract

This article analyses the historical and philosophical critique of A. I. Vvedensky’s ‘new psychophysiological’ law. The author examines the most substantial commentaries, namely, those by P. E. Astafyev, N. Y. Grot, L. M. Lopatin, E. L. Radlov, and S. N. Trubetskoy. At the end of the 19th century, these authors contributed to an active discussion in the pages of scientific journals. The discussion focused on the ideas expressed in the work On the Limits and Characteristics of Becoming Conscious, which was published in the form of theses in book 16 book of the journal Problems of Philosophy and Psychology. Trough formulating the law of the absence of objective evidence of becoming consciousness, Vvedensky did not only raise issues relating to philosophy of mind but also pointed to the growing contradictions in Russian philosophy caused by the development of scientific knowledge amid the dominance of religious philosophy. Using the tools of criticism, the Russian philosopher identified the metaphysical origins in scientific knowledge in order to eliminate them, although preserving the particular critical field of metaphysics dealing with issues transcending the available rational knowledge. Such an approach to the role of metaphysics, as well as demarcation of the border between philosophy and psychology amid the need for coherent knowledge provoked sharp criticism. The author describes Vvednesky’s position, which can be traced in all of his later works. Its central elements is the need to create a coherent understanding of the world providing answers to all the phenomena of human existence, including those traditionally interpreted as objects of nonscientific knowledge. In the conclusion, the author focuses on the characteristics of Vvedensky’s oeuvre and its role in the development of Russian critical philosophy. It is postulated that an analysis of the discussion not only is interesting as a fact in the history of Russian philosophical though but it also gives a new perspective on the problems arising with attempts to create a means for attaining objective and reliable knowledge in philosophy and science, which potentially unites them within research. It is proven that Vvedensky’s philosophical ideas can be classed as Neo-Kantian, which emphasises their unique features and relevance for further historical and philosophical analysis.

Reference


1. Astafiev, P. E. 1893, Vera i Znanie v edinstve mirovozzreniya (opit nachala kriticheskoi monadologii) [Faith and Knowledge in the unity of Outlook (the experience of the early critical monadologie)], Moscow.
2. Belov, V. N. 2013, Vvedensky—rodonachalnik russkovo neokantianstva [Vvedensky — the founder of Russian neo-Kantianism], Neokantianstvo v Rossii: Aleksandr Ivanovich Vvedensky, Ivan Ivanovich Lapshin [Neo-Kantianism in Russia: Alexander Vvedensky, Ivan Lapshin], P. 74—93, Moscow.
3. Vvedensky, A. I. 1893, Vtorichnij vizov na cpor o zakone oduschevleniy i otvet protivnikam [Secondary call to dispute about the law of animation and response to the opponents], Voprosi filosofii i psihologii [Questions of philosophy and psychology], Vol. 18, p. 120—148, Moscow.
4. Vvedensky, A. I. 2014, Logika kak chas't teorii poznaniya [The logic as part of the theory of knowledge], Moscow.
5. Vvedensky, A. I. 2012, O predelah i priznakah oduschevleniya [The limits and signs of animation], Moscow.
6. Vvedensky, A. I. 2011, Opit postroeniya teorii materii na kriticheskoj filosofii [The experience of building a theory of matter on the principles of critical philosophy], Moscow.
7. Vvedensky, A. I. 1892, O predelah i priznakah oduschevleniya [The limits and signs of animation], Zhurnal Ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniya [Journal of the Ministry of national education], vol. CCLXXXI, p. 73—112, St Petersburg.
8. Vvedensky, A. I. 2013, Psihologya bez vsyakoj metafiziki [The psychology without any metaphysics], Moscow.
9. Vvedensky, A. I. 1996, Stat'ei po filosofii [Articles on philosophy], St Petersburg. 
10. Grot, N. Y. 1889, O zadachah zhurnala [The mission of the journal], Voprosi filosofii I psihologii [Questions of philosophy and psychology], Vol. 1, p. 1—20, Moscow.
11. Lopatin, L. M. 1893, Novij psihofiziologicheskij zakon g. Vvedenskogo [A new physiological law Vvedensky], Voprosi filosofii I psihologii [Questions of philosophy and psychology], Vol. 19, p. 60—81, Moscow.
12. Lossky, N. O. 2007, Istoriy russkoj filosofii [History of Russian philosophy], P. 213—223, Moscow.
13. Malinov, A. V. Osipov, I. D. 2005, Logizizm A. I. Vvedenskovo v istoriko — filosofskom osvyschenii [The logicism of Vvedensky A. I. in historical and philosophical light], P. 299—310, Moscow.
14. Malinov, A. V. 2013, «Psiho-fizicheskii zakon» A. I. Vvedenskovo i ego kritiki ["Psycho — physical law" A. I. Vvedensky and his critics], Neokantianstvo v Rossii: Aleksandr Ivanovich Vvedensky, Ivan Ivanovich Lapshin [Neo-Kantianism in Russia: Alexander Vvedensky, Ivan Lapshin], P. 127—154, Moscow.
15. Radlov, E. L. 1893, Neudachnij metafizik [Failed metaphysician], Vestnik Evropi [Herald Of Europe], Vol. 1, p. 898—912.
16. Radlov, E. L. 1893, Otvet proff. Vvedenskomu [The answer of Prof. Vvedensky], Voprosi filosofii i psihologii [Questions of philosophy and psychology], Vol. 19, p. 105—109, Moscow.
17. Sezeman, V. S. 1911, Rationalnoe i irrationalnoev sisteme filosofii [The rational and the irrational in the system of philosophy], Logos [Logos], Vol. 1, p. 93—122, Moscow.
18. Sirotkina, L. S. 2015, Teoreticheskie komponenti obraza psihologii v russkoi logiko-filosofskoi misli kontsa 19 v. (v kontekste problem psilogizma russkoi logiki 19 v. — nachala 20 vv.) [The theoretical components of the image of psychology in the Russianlogical philosophy of the late 19th century. (In the context of Russian psychology of logic end of the 19th century—early 20th century)], Рацио. ru [Ratio. ru], no. 15, p. 196—221.
19. Trubetskoy, S. N. 1893, K voprosu o priznakah soznaniy (A. Vvedensky: O predelah i priznakah oduschevleniya) [To the question about the signs of consciousness (A. Vvedensky: On the limits and signs of animation)], Voprosi filosofii i psihologii [Questions of philosophy and psychology], Vol. 16, p. 97—109, Moscow.