State support for attracting high skilled workers from Russian regions to the Kaliningrad region: enhancing effectivenessAbstract
To attract in-demand professionals from various regions of Russia to the labor market in the Kaliningrad region (including teachers, medical professionals, and IT specialists), support measures have been implemented at both the federal and regional levels. However, the region continues to face a demand for skilled workers, with instances of professionals returning while difficulties in their adaptation are often noted. The article analyzes the current government support measures and their effectiveness for key professional groups in the Kaliningrad region, such as teachers, medical professionals, and IT specialists. The research is based on the results of in-depth interviews conducted by the authors during the summer and autumn of 2022 with migrants from different regions of Russia, employers, and experts. Additionally, publicly available information from relevant ministries about the outcomes of attracting specialists was utilized. The study evaluates the practice of migrants seeking government support, examines the professionals' perception of existing measures, and highlights the need for adjustments to ensure the influx and retention of professionals in the region. In conclusion, suggestions are provided to enhance the effectiveness of government support for migrants from various regions of Russia in the Kaliningrad region.