Slovo.ru: the Baltic accent

2015 Vol. 6 № 1

LANGUAGE: THE PULSE OF TIME

Freud’s cognitive and linguistic insights in the theory of dream interpretation

Abstract

This article stresses the theoretical ‘touching points’ of S. Freud’s theory of dream in¬terpretation and modern cognitive linguistics. The authors stress the relevance of such lin¬guistic transformations as metaphor, metonymy, symbolisation, paronymy, homonymy, language game, and associative networks for Freud’s theory. Moreover, polysemy, initial context conditions, and the transfer of content from one coding into another — from the iconic image system into the symbolic conceptual one — also play an important role in dream interpretation. It is concluded that Freud anticipated key theoretical principles of modern cognitive linguistics.

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Linguistics and dream interpretation in C. G. Jung’s works: The discovery of the method

Abstract

This article examines the mechanisms of dream interpretation used by C. G. Jung. It is shown that they differ in depth. The surface level of linguistic consciousness is the focus of paronomasic connections between words in dream descriptions. Deeper levels are targeted by semantic mechanisms: associative, metaphorical, and metonymical ones. In these conditions, of special importance is the interpretation of symbols. These mechanisms serve as the basis for C. G. Jung’s method of dream interpretation.

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The value fundamentals of the “we image” in Russian culture through the prism of mother-child communication

Abstract

This article interprets the results of an analysis of communicative interaction between a mother and a child in the Russian national linguistic and cultural community. Based on the author’s video corpus of interactions in the mother-child dyads, a number of maternal communication techniques are identified, which are proven to be teleonomic using a cognitive discursive analysis. Using these techniques, mothers create value fundamentals of the Russian ethnic picture of the world in the cognitive experience of a child. The article examines verbal and non-verbal means of implementing such techniques and characterises the developed value fundamentals.

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RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AND RUSSIAN LITERATURE ABROAD

Radovan Karadžić’s All-Autumn poetry collection in the Serbian- Russian context

Abstract

This article considers the content and style of R. Karadžić’s poetry and their multiaspect proximity to Russian poetry. Such features include philosophicity, special lyricism oriented to the existential feeling of the author, tragic perception of the world and the place of the persona in it. Moreover, it is humour and propensity for a paradox characteristic of folklore.

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The frame approach to teaching vocabulary in Russian as a foreign language classes

Abstract

This article considers the possibilities of using the frame approach to teaching Russian as a foreign language. The author examines the content and structure of the learning frame of “Russian holidays.” The means to organise vocabulary and grammar elements are pre¬sented within a concrete frame model

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ASPECTS OF A LITERARY TEXT

The modifications of the fairy tale genre in the modern Czech literature: The case of A. Mikulka O jelenovi s kulometem and J. Černický’s O Sasance

Abstract

Fairy tales by two Czech authors — J. Černický and A. Mikulka — are used to consider the problem of modification of the author’s fairy tale genre in the modern Czech literature. On the one hand, writers take into account the traditions of the 20th century Czech author’s fairy tale, which was developed by many other Czech authors. In Mikulka’s works, elements of folklore fairy tale are interpreted based on the principles of surrealism, grotesque, language game, and nonsense literature. On the other hand, modern author’s fairy tale interacts with the genres of legend, myth, parable, and literary phantasy (Černický).

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