Algorithm for creating conceptual metaphors
In modern science, metaphor is associated with human thinking. It is an important research issue in psycholinguistics and cognitive science. The analysis of the formation of a conceptual metaphor is relevant since it is a phenomenon associated with cognitive and conceptual ...
The spatial model of conceptual metaphor in A. Ilichevky’s collection of short stories An Asinine Jaw
This article considers the structure of the conceptual metaphor of death in A.V. Ilichevsky’s collection of short stories An Asinine Jaw. The existential spatial model of the mentioned metaphor and the specific character of its cognitive-semantic organization are revealed. The author identifies the specific ...
Rhythm and Metaphor in the Art of the Icon
Using art history interpretation methods and the methods of historical cultural studies, the author demonstrates the role of rhythm and metaphor as the most expressive artistic means of icon painting. The interaction of rhythm and metaphor is an integral part of the imagery and semantics of icon painting. It is stressed that the entire theological and aesthetic image of icons, which is ...
The synergy effect of economic metaphor in the interdiscursive space
This article considers the discursive models of developing the synergetic potential of economic metaphors. A cluster model of metaphor synergy is built on the basis of intertextual metaphor, which creates a powerful field of conceptual tension. It is shown that the economic metaphor acts as an instrument of sense production in the interdiscursive ...
Concept integration modelling as a means of phraseological unit formation
The paper focuses on cognitive processes of phraseological units (colour terms) formation based on the theories of the conceptual metaphor and conceptual integration. Special attention is given to the modified units the meaning of which cannot be inferred from their components. Cognitive mechanisms underlying this type of phraseological units are identified.
Cognitive-semantic modelling of the metaphoric choice devices
The articles addresses the metaphor as a cognitive-semantic device. Metaphor is able to shed light on intuitive and creative mechanisms of thinking process, thus filling the blanks in the fund of logically objective human knowledge, which opens the possibility to describe abstract ...
Linguistic and pragmatic potential of metaphors in political discourse
The linguistic and pragmatic analysis of expressive means in political texts is gaining popularityamong researchers. The study of the role of metaphor in enhancing the pragmatic effectiveness of political speech is relevant due to the fact that metaphor, being not only a way of expressing thought, but also being a thought itself, creates the necessary conditions for influencing the addressee's perception. This research is aimed at establishing linguistic and pragmatic means of achieving the ...
On the Semiotic Model of Image
The article is devoted to the development of a fundamental semiotic model of images that is based on the categorical apparatus of Ch. S. Peirce (on the concepts of Firstness, icon, hypoicon and metaphor). The image is proposed to be defined as a complex sign (two-level hypoicon- metaphor), which has a certain “primary” sign as its sign vehicle that represents the object constituted by all the facts (cases of semiosis) that are similar to ...
Axiological prototype of the conceptual metaphor 'lifetime is a journey'
The article focuses upon cognitive basis and lexical manifestations of the axiological aspect of the spatial time metaphors in the English and Russian languages.
1. Акты Святейшего Тихона, Патриарха Московского и всея России, позднейшие документы и переписка о каноническом ...
Metaphor in teaching Polish as a foreign language
The problem of metaphor is considered in the context of glottodidactics through the example of the Polish language. The author poses the problem of identification and understanding of metaphors by students of Polish as a foreign language.
Metaphorisation as a pattern of term formation in Russian and English within the semantic field “Insurance”
Term formation is viewed through the cognitive linguistics paradigm. The term is characterized as a semeiotic model correlating with a certain cognitive discourse pattern. Metaphorisation is defined as the nomination pattern. In the following article we tried to pick out the major cognitive characteristics of the term formation within the semantic field «Insurance» as it is represented in Russian and English insurance glossaries.
Фразеология в свете...
The features of metaphors in “prophetic” dreams
This article addresses the issue of the specific features of the metaphor in “prophetic” dreams. The following features are identified as specific: the representation of the specific through the specific (abstract semantics is ensured by metonymy), spontaneity, integration into cultural contexts, elimination of ...
The linguistic representation of subjective time in Florian Illies’s novel Generation Golf zwei
... then socio-political and economic situation in Germany. I conclude that, in the novel, subjective time is usully expressed linguistically by not only traditional temporal markers bus also various textual modifications of the ‘TIME – RESOURCE’ metaphor and the ‘TIME – EVENT’ metonymy. An important landmark in the life of the generation was September 11, 2001, the day of the terrorist attack on the World Trade Centre in New York. That day heralded a transition of German society from spiritual ...
Freud’s cognitive and linguistic insights in the theory of dream interpretation
This article stresses the theoretical ‘touching points’ of S. Freud’s theory of dream in¬terpretation and modern cognitive linguistics. The authors stress the relevance of such lin¬guistic transformations as metaphor, metonymy, symbolisation, paronymy, homonymy, language game, and associative networks for Freud’s theory. Moreover, polysemy, initial context conditions, and the transfer of content from one coding into another — from the iconic image system ...
Metaphoric vectors of time
The article focuses upon cognitive foundations underlying the metaphoric conceptualization of time in the Anglo-American Weltanschauung. Special emphasis is put on basic image schemata underlying time perception and verbalization in the Old English, Middle English and Modern English periods. Lexicographic and textual ...
Dream interpretation in the Assyrian Dream Book: The invention of tradition
... of dreams in the ancient Assyrian text known as the Dream Book. Its basic characteristics include belief in the prophetic power of dreams, ritual orientation to men, regard for image polysemy and the use of symbols, employment of such mechanisms as metaphor, metonymy, pragmatic shifts, patronymic attraction, replacements based on the antonym principle. These mechanisms are identified as underlying the formation of symbolic content structures.
1. Берестнев Г. И. Слово, язык и ...
The metaphor as a means of psychological intervention in training teachers
Based on his own experience, the author stresses the considerable poten-tial of metaphor in increasing the level of self-consciousness of teachers at a special psychological training. The article explores the significance of the met-aphor for the humanities (psychology) and exact sciences (mathematics). Since each person is characterised ...
The metaphor as a means of colour and light perception in M. Voloshin’s idiostyle
The poetic texts of M. Voloshin help consider the metaphorical use of mineralogical lexis as a means of light and colour perception. The author identifies the features of semantic and aesthetic realization of these lexemes and stresses their representative function within the structure of poetic images....
Peculiarities of the figurative in the concept of "Time" in middle English
The article examines the most typical for Middle English metaphorical and metonymic shifts of meaning which represent figurative part of time concept. It is proved that the most frequent shifts are: time — event or state, time — traveler or moving object, space — time, time — master, time — system ...
Interaction of comparative structures and their elements in modern russian prose
The article explores the interaction of comparative constructions in modern prose. The main objective of the study is to determine the types of interaction between metaphors and similes in the texts of modern Russian prose. The material of the study is the works of Buida, Vodolazkin, Ivanov, Ilichevsky, Matveeva, Pelevin, Rubina, Slavnikova, Sokolov, Sorokin, and Stepnova. The authors employed the methods of description,...
On poetic emotiology in poetry and beyond
... unattainability of the desired. The semantic features of emotives are revealed in the structures of the 'inner speech': in interrogative structures and pseudo-dialogical reflexions. The figurative representation of emotions is realised through conceptual metaphors, which bestow upon emotions new characteristics correlating to personal mental images of the emotional world. The linguistic means of representing emotions are closely linked to the features of the social period, to existential demands and ...
On the problem of acausal semantic coincidences: the cognitive background of omens
... Томского государственного университета. История. 2017. № 49. С. 128—131.
17. Юнг К. Г. Синхронистичность. М., 1997.
Berestnev G. I., Kamalova A. A.
synchronicity, semiotics, metaphor, metonymy, paronomasia, symbol, deep semantics, semantic transformations, cultural linguistics
Semantic invariants of prophetic dreams and signs
... Архетип и символ. М., 1991.
7. Юнг К. Г. Синхронистичность. М. ; Киев, 1997.
8. Даль В. И. Пословицы русского народа : в 2 т. М., 1984. Т. 2.
Evstafieva M. A., Tsvetkova A. A.
metaphor, metonymy, semantics, pragmatics, symbol, prophetic dream, superstitions, synchronicity
Unsichtbarkeit. Über die moralische Epistemologie von “Anerkennung”
Zusammen mit dem Protagonisten des Romans von Ralf Ellison „Invisible Man“ akzeptiert der Autor des Beitrags das Problem der Demütigung der menschlichen Persönlichkeit mittels des „Hindurchschauens“, des „looking through“. Der Autor hebt die Frage hervor, „was zur Wahrnehmung, zum "Erkennen" einer Person hinzutreten muss, um daraus einen Akt der Anerkennung zu machen“. Mit diesem Ziel wird die Bedeutung der (Un-)Sichtbarkeit im direkten und indirekten Sinne eingeführt...
Explication of autobiographical memories in Herman Hesse’s short stories
... Hesse H. Eugen Siegel // Ibid. S. 56—64.
14. Karell V., Keh H. Geschichte der deutschen Literatur. Bamberg, 1974.
Bondareva L. M.
autobiographical component, autobiographical texts, reconstruction of the past, memory, reminiscence, obliviscence, metaphor, lexical and grammatical means