Ideology of English monolingualism as the basis of the US language policy
... Bilingual Education and Bilingualism.
3. Crawford J. Anatomy of the English-Only Movement. URL: http://ourworld.
compuserve. com/homepages/JWCRAWFORD/anatomy.htm (дата обращения:
4. Donahue T. American Language Policy and Compensatory Opinion // Power and Inequality in Language Education. Cambridge, 1995.
5. Epstein N. Language, Ethnicity, and the Schools: Policy Alternatives for Bilingual Education. Washington, 1977.
6. Kloss H. Language Rights of ...
Competition and Interaction between Languages: A Sociolinguistic Approach
The author offers a review of M. J.Tagaev's monograph "Dialogue of Languages and Cultures" (the functioning and interaction of cultural and linguistic spaces of the Kyrgyz and Russian languages). Bishkek: Kyrgyz Russian Slavic University Publishing House, 2015. 240 p. The reviewer notes the acute character of the ...
The role of native language in learning Russian as a foreign language
This article addresses the role of the native language in learning Russian as a foreign language. The author describes the role attributed to the native language by the modern methodology of teaching Russian as a foreign language in the training process or preparation thereto. It is concluded that ...
Language interaction in trilingualism
The article examines language interaction in the mind of a multilingual individual, based on the example of Myanmar students, trained at the university. The forms of interlanguage connections, established in the process of interaction of languages are examined. The forms ...
Discursive practices of the Russian diaspora in Estonia: language contacts
... the past and today (the empire, the Republic of Estonia, the Soviet Union); information space; time: historical periods, dates, holidays; time in information space, etc.), linguistic reflections (metalinguistic units denoting co-existence, knowledge, language acquisition, etc.), evaluations (objects of evaluation, types of evaluation) and self-identification (ethnic, denominational, cultural, socio-economic). The above is not only characteristic of the diasporic speech. These components also describe ...
The International Association of Teachers of Russian Language and Literature and its Activity in the Baltic Sea States
The article offers general information about the International Association of Teachers of Russian Language and Literature (MAPRYAL) and its main lines of activity. The authors focus on the activity of MAPRYAL in the Baltic Sea States offering a detailed description of the International Festival of Russian Language in the Baltic Sea States, and the ...
The development of everyday language in the German-speaking countries in the framework of the sociolinguistic concept of language evolution
This article studies trends in the development of the German language and their manifestations in spoken language. It is established that, under the influence oral discourse conditions, the antinomies of language development are resolved in regional spoken languages predominantly in favor of the system (usage vs ...
The Conjunction Functions of the Particle tolko: A Conjunction Particle vs a Conjunction Analogue
... conjunction analogue conveying the meaning of the total result. All these variants have semantic and constructive subtypes.
1. Akopyan, K. S., 2004. The semantic-pragmatic world of the logical-modal particle only. Russkii yazyk v Armenii [Russian language in Armenia], 1—2, pp. 60—66.
2. Akopyan, K. S., 2008. To the question of union functions of a particle only. Russkii yazyk v Armenii [Russian language in Armenia], 6, pp. 17—28.
3. Akopyan, K. S., 2016. Semantic-pragmatic presuppositions ...
Daniel Everett and Cultural Linguistics
This paper deals with the views of Daniel L. Everett as exemplified in his major works Don’t Sleep, There Are Snakes and Language: The Cultural Tool. The aim of this study is to analyse the connection of these works to various schools of thought and to examine the possible link with linguistic cultural studies. Everett’s definitions of language and culture are contrasted ...
Formal Languages and Automata VI:-algebraic systems and transducers
This is the sixth paper of a series of papers that will give a survey on several topics on formal languages and automata by using semirings, formal power series, matrices andxed point theory. The sixth paper of this series deals with the basic results in the theory of !-algebraic systems over quemirings generalizing the classical context-free grammars ...
The Russian language in the world: The past, present, and future
This article draws on the results of monitoring the Russian language functioning in the world. The monitoring was conducted on behalf of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation in 2004 and the Ministry of Education and Science in 2011—2012. The study used data provided by censuses, national ...
History in Transcription and Transcription as History: Charles Bally in Soviet Linguistics
... syntactic theory in the West in the ХХ century and structuralism. Voprosy yazykoznaniya [Questions of linguistics], 6, pp. 48—64.
2. Balli, Sh., 1995. Obshchaya lingvistika i voprosy frantsuzskogo yazyka [General linguistics and questions of the French language]. Moscow.
3. Balli, Sh., 1961. Frantsuzskaya stilistika [French stylistics]. Moscow.
4. Budagov, R., 1955. Sharl Balli and his work in general and french linguistics. In: Sh. Balli Obshchaya lingvistika i voprosy frantsuzskogo yazyka [General ...
Formal languages and automata VII: Formal tree series (Part I)
This is the seventh paper of a series of papers that will give a survey on several topics on formal languages and automata by using semirings, formal power series, matrices and xed point theory. The seventh paper of this series deals with tree (series) automata and systems of equations over tree. The main topics of the paper are the following. 1. Tree ...
The activation of languages and the self-awareness of students of philology
This article offers an overview of the discipline ‘Language activation and language teaching strategy’ taught to students of philology at the University of Gdansk. It is emphasised that the course pays special attention to acquiring knowledge and its application in the course of individual studies. ...
Language identification of foreign language students
This article focuses on the use of questionnaire methodology for language identification of foreign language students at a multicultural school.
An accurate classification of students requires testing proficiency in Russian as a foreign language.
1. Азимов Э. Г., Щукин А. Н. Новый словарь ...
Formal languages and automata VII: Formal tree series (Part II)
This is the eighth paper of a series of papers that will give a survey on several topics on formal languages and automata by using semirings, formal power series, matrices and xed point theory. The seventh paper of this series deals with tree (series) automata and systems of equations over tree . The main topics of the paper are the following. 1. ...
On the problem of cultural reference of proverbs (the Russian proverbs with images of clothing)
... cultural constants captured in the names of clothing items used in proverbs. Such constants are defined as essential for understanding the Russian mentality.
1. Abakumova, O. B., 2012. Poslovitsy v yazyke, soznanii i kommunikatsii [Proverbs in the language, consciousness and communication]. St. Petersburg.
2. Arnol'd, I. V., 1978. The value of strong position for interpretng a literary text. Inostrannye yazyki v shkole [Foreign languages at school], 4, pp. 23—31.
3. Arutyunova, N. D., 1982. Linguistic ...
On the metalinguistic functions of a natural language in literary texts
This article considers the relevant linguistic problem of metalinguistic potential of a natural language and its functions in a literary text in the case of the Russian language. The Russian language and natural languages in general act as a universal cognitive model capable of describing different codes presented in literary texts
1. Бороздина ...
The sociolinguistic aspects of Russian-Spanish -Catalan multilingualism: The case of a bi-ethnic polylingual family in Catalonia
... № 12. P. 1—4.
9. Barnes J. D. Early Trilingualism: A Focus on Questions. Clevedon, 2006.
10. Bastardasi Boada A. La bilingüització de la segonageneració immigrant. Realitatifactors a Vilafranca del Penedès. Barcelona, 1985.
11. Bloomfield L. Language. London, 1973.
12. Boixi Fuster E. Un panorama sociolingüísticdelsterritoris de llenguacatalana // E. Boixi Fuster (coord.) Elsfutursdelcatalà. Unestat de la qüestióiunaqüestiód’estat. Barcelona, 2008. P. 11—27.
13. Brohy C. Trilingual ...
Immanuel Kant and the problem of communicative constructivism
This article focuses on the relation between the subject and object in theory of cognition. Special attention is paid to the role of social communication in the construction of the real world. The author stresses that the language communication plays an important role in this process. Thereby, it affects human cognition as well as all existence. When discussing this phenomenon, the author uses the methodology that was symbolically described by Kant as the Copernican turn....
Historical realia in teaching Russian as a foreign language
This article deals with the historical realia as markers of the national and historical identity of the country of the target language. Realia make it possible to reconstruct selected aspects of the national character and study the axiology of modern native speakers. The analysis of non-equivalent, background and connotative lexis in the course of language acquisition stimulates ...
Generative linguistics by N. Chomsky in the world language study
The article focuses upon the impact of Noam Chomsky’s ideas of generative linguistics on Grammar, Phonology, Semantics, Psycholinguistics, Cognitive Science, Computational Linguistics as well as the role of his theory in the modern paradigm of language knowledge.
Эволюция лингвистических идей во второй половине ХХ
века // Язык и наука в конце ХХ века. М., 1995. С. 144—238.
Language as a person's achievement and as a self-organizing system
The article explores the basic properties of language as a person’s achievement. The author proceeds from the interpretation of language proposed by L. V. Shcherba and A. A. Zalevskaya, in which language is represented as a socio-personal continuum of linguistic phenomena of different ...
The semantic category of affectedness and its syntactic realisation
... affectedness, a semantic category which underlies particular syntactic phenomena determining syntactic rules and tendencies but having no morphological markers, not unlike other covert categories. It is relevant to direct object selection in various languages, be-passives and getpassives in English, some types of impersonal sentences in Russian, etc.,which reflects general typological patterns.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Введение // Логический анализ языка. Образ ...
The moving boundaries of news translation
... methods, as well as intensified exchanges with audiovisual translation.
Baker, M., 2006. Translation and Conflict: A Narrative Account. London: Routledge.
Bassnett, S., 2005. Bringing the News Back Home: Strategies of Acculturation and Foreignisation. Language and Intercultural Communication, 5(2), pp. 120—130. 10.1080/14708470508668888.
Bielsa, E. and Bassnett, S., 2009. Translation in Global News. London, New York: Routledge.
Bouko, C., et al., (in press) Being a Journalist in a Multilingual Country: ...
Mapping Poetic Bilingualism in Europe: Language Contacts and Cultural Transfers
... multilingual sociocultural environments or they are moving from one country to another throughout their literary career. Existing in two or more cultural and/or linguistic spaces at the same time and thus making transfers across the boundaries of different languages easier, more efficient, and more conscious, multilingual poets serve as exemplary agents of cultural transfer. This study analyses different cases of poetic multilingualism where poets who can speak and write freely in two or more languages ...
Translation of sociolect texts
A moment's reflection suffices to convince one that no language is homogeneous, being represented by a set of language variants or language existential forms, reflecting the heterogeneous character of the national culture. Notwithstanding variable nature of language, linguistic theorizing has been mostly ...
Philosophical Discourse and the Conceptualisation of Word Formation
... dialectic thinking that expresses the conceptualization of the limited/the unlimited, under-certainty or emerging certainty, and motion and stillness. In philosophical texts, hyphenated complexes facilitate the tendency towards a perfect dialectic form in language — a form that embraces discreteness and continuity, division and wholeness. The hyphen is a means that contributes to the formation of concepts as undivided phonosemantic complexes reflecting the prototypes of things. In this sense, the hyphen ...
Kantian Philosophy and ‘Linguistic Kantianism’
The expression “linguistic Kantianism” is widely used to refer to ideas about thought and cognition being determined by language — a conception characteristic of 20th century analytic philosophy. In this article, I conduct a comparative analysis of Kant’s philosophy and views falling under the umbrella expression “linguistic Kantianism.” First, I show that “linguistic ...
A philosophical framework for presenting novelty in a poetic text
... perceiving the new but disguise or surreptitiously reveal apparent novelty. One must explore the current practices of hedging against the new in the light of the philosophy of the text and in the context of the need to reconsider methods for studying the language of poetry. The possibility to decipher a poetic text is not embedded in it as an algorithm. The linguistic strategy of resisting the contemporary despotism of creativity results in the growing idiomaticity of both individual fragments of a ...
Metaphor in teaching Polish as a foreign language
The problem of metaphor is considered in the context of glottodidactics through the example of the Polish language. The author poses the problem of identification and understanding of metaphors by students of Polish as a foreign language.
Czytanie i pisanie // Kurs edynburski językoz
nawstwa stosowanego. Warszawa,...
The theoretical framework a teacher’s cross-cultural compe-tence: International practice
... Developing intercultural sensitivity: An integrative ap¬proach to global and domestic diversity. In D Landis, J. M. Bennett, & M. J. Bennett (Eds.). Handbook of intercultural training. Third Edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2004.
6. Byram M. Foreign language teaching and intercultural citizenship // Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research. 2013. 1(3). P. 53—62.
7. Byram M. Assessing intercultural competence in language teaching. 2000. URL:
Translation: the puzzle of colour
... these terms existence should not be complex in its essence, being a basic phenomenon of the natural world. Moreover, certain ambiguity rises when reference points of colour do not coincide with the indirect naming of colours and shades in different languages. Different pairs of languages apparently set their individual spectrum of translation difficulties. We characterise some typical colour-related English into Russian translation difficulties which arise at the cognitive level.
From Energy of Word to Energy of Thing: Development of Linguistic and Philosophical Ideas of Alexander Potebnya in Works of Sergey Bulgakov
The article focuses on the scientific heritage of Alexander Potebnyа, the central figure in the history of Russian linguistic and philosophical tradition, and Sergey Bulgakov's doctrine of word and language, presented in the work «Philosophy of Name». The comparative analysis reveals the following: a) the key elements of S. Bulgakov’s doctrine historically genetically rooted in A. A. Potebnya's linguistic research; b) the basic difference between ...
The Use of Dialectal Words and Borrowings from Adjacent Languages in Foreign Language Teaching
Linguistics in the 21st Century: Problems, Prospects, and Growth Points
This paper considers four problems that are most likely to affect the future development of linguistics: 1) linguistic diversity; 2) the text/system interpretation of language; 3) the role of quantitative methods; 4) the role of diachronic analysis. The author concludes that systemic, static, synchronic, qualitative linguistics is replaced by linguistics of variability, which is asystemic and oriented towards quantitative ...
Russian language: negotiation of political boundaries (Proceedings of the International Conference “Culture of language preservation of international communication in the CIS and Baltic countries”). Preparation and compilation T. Tzvigun
The “rustle of language”: the poetics of decoded audio elements in the lyrical poetry of M. Tsvetaeva and J. Brodsky
This article considers the problems of language and word reflection in the works of the two poets and examines the mechanisms of written works. The authors attempt to interpret the complex of M. Tsvetaeva and J. Brodsky’s themes and motifs in the context of Barthes’s “rustle of language” ...
The Russian language in modern Estonia: functioning, learning, features
This article summarises the observations of different authors about the modern condition of the Russian language in Estonia, outlines the emerging areas of research on the use of the Russian language and the features of language policy. The features of diaspora speech are described from the perspective of words and phrases, grammar indicators, language ...
The linguistic paradigm in Kant studies
This article discusses the potential of the linguistic persona theory in the linguistic studies of Kant’s texts. Linguistic Kant studies is a scientific discipline focusing on the language of Kant's works. Such a study can be either independent or integrated int a logicalphilosophical analysis. The author emphasizes Kant’s contribution to the German philosophical and scientific discourse of the Enlightenment and summarizes current ...
Ambiguity matters in linguistics and translation
Ambiguity implies that there are at least two distinct senses ascribed to one sign. It is inherent to language and speech. In this article, I reflect on the types of ambiguity, its typology, production and effect and propose an algorithm for tackling ambiguity in translation. I posit that the choice of a translation strategy and the need for disambiguation ...
A language game with background knowledge
The tactics of a language game aimed at activating background knowledge of the recipient are studied in the texts of jokes, crossword puzzles, and other literature and speech materials. Special attention is paid to language games focusing on the reader’s knowledge of ...
The role of sociocultural component in teaching Russian as a foreign languages
This article considers the role of the sociocultural component in teaching Russian as a foreign language and analyses the means and methods of teaching aimed to develop the sociocultural competence in students. Special attention is paid to characterising the most informative — from the perspective of mental meaning explication — language system ...
Teaching colloquial Russian as a foreign language
This article considers the problems pertaining to the need to teach not only the literary language but also the basics of colloquial Russian to international students of Russian philology. The colloquialisation of public communication, the development and availability of the Internet, and the intensification of tourist contacts result in the ...
‘What can be described can happen too…’: describing text semantics as a model structure of transworld relationships
... the possibility of using the apparatus of modal semantics to identify the relationship between sentential complexes. To those ends, I employ the concepts of model, model structure, and centred world. The latter is a system of functions that correlate language expressions, the language expressions of a text, states of affairs (possible worlds) described by language expressions, and the contexts in which a text occurs. Existence in the worlds of the text correlates with the possibility of description....
The Concept of Soul: A Comparative Study of the Russian and the Armenian Pictures of the World
... harbouring its concrete meaning in a linguistic unit. The study — a combination of cultural linguistic and comparative analysis of the concept — suggests that certain Russian idioms containing the concept ‘soul’ have equivalents in the Armenian language. However, in most Armenian equivalents, the ‘soul’ component is replaced by the ‘heart’ mythologeme. In the Armenian language, the concepts of ‘soul’ and ‘heart’ are relatively equal in the scope of information they encode. Moreover,...
The media image of San Escobar in the space of fictional worlds: a socio-semiotic perspective
... cultural-cognitive, linguistic, intentional and socio-economic. Summing up the specifics of the formation of meaning in narrative social practices, I draw conclusions about the recontextualization of Mikhail Bakhtin's ideas concerning the polyphonic nature of language and communication.
Ageyeva, R. A., 1990. Strany i narody: Proiskhozhdeniye nazvaniy [Countries and Peoples: Origin of Names]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Ayzenberg, M., 1997. Power of darkness quotes. Znamya [Banner], 2, pp. 214—221 (in Russ.)....
Intonational means of expressing the "new" and the "given" categories in English, Russian and Spanish
... the intonation means of expressing the "given" and the "new" in English, Russian and Spanish. It represents the results of phonetic research proving the difference in the nucleus’s role when signaling the new information in three languages.
1. Николаева Т. М. Нерешенные вопросы теории актуального членения // Вопросы языкознания. 1972. № 2. С. 35—47.
2. Bolinger D. Intonation across languages // J....
Hybrid texts as a form of interaction between avant-garde artistic and political discourses
... method, the linguistic poetic method, and discourse analysis. The article proposes a definition of hybridization and hybrid texts while distinguishing between the linguistic, genre, multimodal, and multimedia types of hybridization. Special cases of language hybrids are onomatopoeic hybrids, which are based on the sounds of hostilities; hybrid words formed with a hyphen or a connecting vowel; bifocal semantic hybrids; and hybrid syntactic constructions. Genre hybridization occurs in avant-garde ...
Language as mimesis (lyric poetry in H.-G. Gadamer’s herm¬e¬neutics)
... should be regarded as transformation into structure (Verwandlung ins Gebilde) and addresses the world as a significant whole. He explains mimesis in poetry by analogy with the “inner word” doctrine and comes to the conclusion that the finite human language is rooted in the infinite whole of the world’s experience, which makes a lyrical poem a hermeneutical process and an event of truth.
1. Аристотель. Поэтика. Риторика. СПб., 2007.
2. Борисов Е. В. Игра ...