Kantian Journal

2015 Issue №1(51)

Back to the list Download an article

Immanuel Kant and the problem of communicative constructivism

DOI
10.5922/0207-6918-2015-1-2
Pages
17-25

Abstract

This article focuses on the relation between the subject and object in theory of cognition. Special attention is paid to the role of social communication in the construction of the real world. The author stresses that the language communication plays an important role in this process. Thereby, it affects human cognition as well as all existence. When discussing this phenomenon, the author uses the methodology that was symbolically described by Kant as the Copernican turn. Wilhelm von Humboldt was one of the first to apply and develop Kant’s method in the theory and philosophy of language. He assumed that language had a priori roots and that it was energeia rather than ergon. The active theory of language (social communication) was further developed in the 20th century within the concept of language symbolism, namely, Ernst Cassirer’s system of symbolic forms. It suggests that communicative structures are independent from real facts, since they participate in the construction of these very objective facts. In the conclusion, the author examines several American theories of language (social communication), namely, relativism (Edward Sapir, Benjamin L. Whorf) and generative grammar (Noam Chomsky). Both systems presuppose language activism.

Reference

1.    Кант И. Критика чистого разума. // Кант И. Собр. соч. на нем. и рус. яз. : в 5 т. 2-е изд. М., 1994—2014. Т. 2. Ч. 1.
2.    Cassirer E. Die Sprache und der Aufbau der Gegenstandswelt // Bericht über den XII. Kongreß der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie in Hamburg 12. —16. April 1931. Jena, 1932.
3.    Cassirer E. Wesen und Wirkung des Symbolbegriffs. Darmstadt, 1969.
4.    Chomsky N. The Philosophy of Language / ed. by J. E. Searle. Oxford, 1971.
5.    Humboldt W. von. Schriften zur Sprache. Stuttgart, 1973.
6.    Humboldt W. von. Über die Verschiedenheit des menschlichen Sprachbaues und ihren Einfluß auf die geistige Entwicklung des Menschengeschlechts. Berlin, 1880.
7.    Lingwistyka a filozofia / ed. B. Stanosz. Warszawa, 1977.
8.    Sapir E. Culture, Language and Personality. Berkeley ; Los Angeles, 1964.
9.    Simon J. Immanuel Kant (1724—1804) // Klassiker der Sprachphilosophie / ed. by T. Borsche. München, 1996.
10.    Spranger E. Wilhelm von Humboldt und die Humanitätsidee. Berlin, 1928.
11.    Spranger E. Wilhelm von Humboldt und Kant // Kant-Studien. 1908. Bd. 13.
12.    Weisgerber L. Vom Weltbild der deutschen Sprache. Düsseldorf, 1950.
13.    Whorf B. L. Sprache, Denken, Wirklichkeit. Reinbeck bei Hamburg, 1963

Reference

[