Baltic accent

2020 Vol. 11 №4

Back to the list Download the article

Formal terms of reproach in Russian discourse



This article is concerned with the formal terms of reproach in Russian discourse and the corpus methods of their identification. Theoretically, it builds on the thesis that there are ‘true’ reproaches that can function autonomously in discourse and be adequately understood outside their context. Practically, the article describes the corpus search for formal terms of reproach. Methodologically, it abandons the synthetic outlook of pragmalinguistics, which dominates Russian linguistics, and treats reproach as a strictly linguistic object that has dis­cursive manifestations. This approach uses methods of corpus linguistics, which ‘visualise’ abstract models through arrays of real-life language data.


  1. Chernyshev, V. I., ed., 1950—1965. BAS = Slovar' sovremennogo russkogo litera­turnogo yazyka : v 17 t. [BAS = Dictionary of the modern Russian literary language: in 17 volumes.]. Vol. 4. Moscow (in Russ.).

  2. Vlasova, E. V., 2005. Rechevaya agressiya v pechatnykh SMI (na materiale nemetsko- i russkoyazychnykh gazet 30-kh i 90-kh gg. KhKh veka) [Speech aggression in the print media (based on German and Russian-language newspapers of the 30s and 90s of the 20th century)]. Ph. D. Saratov State University named after N. G. Chernyshevsky (in Russ.).

  3. Vorontsova, T. А., 2006. Rechevaya agressiya: kommunikativno-diskursivnyi podkhod [Speech aggression: a communicative-discursive approach]. D. Litt. Chelyabinsk State University (in Russ.).

  4. GIKRYA, n. d. General'nyj internet-korpus russkogo yazyka [General Internet Cor­pus of the Russian Language]. Available at: [Ac­cessed 10 February 2020] (in Russ.).

  5. Gulakova, I. I., 2004. Kommunikativnye strategii i taktiki rechevogo povedeniya v kon­fliktnoi situatsii obshcheniya [Communicative strategies and tactics of speech behavior in a conflict situation of communication]. Ph. D. Oryol State University (in Russ.).

  6. Davydova, T. А., 2003. Rechevoi akt upreka v angliiskom yazyke [The speech act of reproach in the English language]. PhD. Irkutsk State Linguistic University (in Russ.).

  7. Karaziya, N. А., 2004. Pragmalingvisticheskoe issledovanie akta upreka v kontekste sov­remennoi amerikanskoi rechevoi kul'tury [A pragmalinguistic study of the act of re­proach in the context of modern American speech culture]. Ph. D. Kamchatka State Pedagogical University (in Russ.).

  8. Lavrent'eva, E. А., 2006. Rechevye zhanry obvineniya i opravdaniya v dialogicheskom edinstve [Speech genres of accusation and excuse in dialogic unity]. Ph. D. Novosi­birsk State Pedagogical University (in Russ.).

  9. Maksimyuk, E. V., 2017. Psychoemotional content of the genre of reproach (gen­der aspect). Vestnik TGPU [Bulletin of Tomsk State Pedagogical University], 11 (188), pp. 18—24 (in Russ.).

  10. Evgenieva, A. P., ed., 1985—1988. MAS = Slovar` russkogo yazy`ka: v 4 t. [Diction­ary of Russian language: 4 volumes]. Vol. 1. Moscow (in Russ.).

  11. Naumenko, Ya. M., 2014. Influence of pragmatic factors on the linguistic embod­iment of the communicative intention of reproach in English-language dialogical discourse. In: I mezhdunarodnaya Internet-konferentsiya «Аktual'nye problemy gumanitar­nogo obrazovaniya» [The 1st International Internet Conference “Actual Problems of Humanitarian Education”]. Minsk. pp. 306—310 (in Russ.).

  12. NKRYA, n. d. Natsional'nyj korpus russkogo yazyka [Russian National Corpus]. Available at: [Accessed 10 February 2020] (in Russ.).

  13. Petrushina, M. V. 2005. Modal'noe znachenie neodobreniya i ego rechevaya realizatsiya [The modal meaning of disapproval and its speech realization]. PhD. Moscow State Regional University (in Russ.).

  14. Rakhilina, E. V., 2010. Lingvistika konstruktsij [Construction Linguistics]. Moscow (in Russ.).

  15. Sedov, K. F., 2005. Aggression and manipulation in everyday communication. Yurislingvistika [Jurislingistics], 6, pp. 87—104 (in Russ.).

  16. Sorochenko, E. N., 2007. Methods of presenting the speech genre of reproach in the novel “Ordinary History” by I. A. Goncharov. Аl'manakh sovremennoj nauki i obra­zovaniya [Almanac of modern science and education], 3-2, pp. 198—200 (in Russ.).

  17. Fedorova, А. L., 2004. Rechevaya strategiya upreka: lingvokognitivnyi podkhod (na ma­teriale nemetskogo, angliiskogo i russkogo yazykov) [Speech strategy of reproach: the lin­guistic-cognitive approach (based on German, English and Russian languages)]. PhD. Bashkir State University (in Russ.).

  18. Chernetskii, А. R., 2015. Tactics of reproach in the pragmalinguistic aspect (based on the French language). Vestsі BDPU. [News of Berdyansk State Pedagogical Uni­versity], 1(3), pp. 68—72 (in Russ.).

  19. Shmurak, R. I., (in press) Clarifying the concept of reproach using corpus tools. Izvestiya RAN. Seriya literatury` i yazy`ka [The Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sci­ences: Studies in Literature and Language], 79(3), pp. 24—48 (in Russ.).

  20. Shcherbinina, Y. V., 2004. Russkii yazyk: Rechevaya agressiya i puti ee preodoleniya [Russian language: Speech aggression and ways to overcome it]. Moscow (in Russ.).

  21. Goldberg, A., 1995. Constructions: A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument Structure. Chicago.

  22. Hanson, K. C., 1996. How Honorable! How Shameful! A Cultural Analysis of Matthew's Makarisms and Reproaches. Semeia, 68, pp. 83—114.

  23. Klein, D. B., 2001. A Plea to Economists Who Favour Liberty: Assist the Everyman. London.