Transcendental reflection and the ideal of pure reason in Kant’s works
This article discusses the problem of correlation between the two fundamental concepts of Kantian philosophy — transcendental reflection and the ideal of pure reason. Based on the analysis of Kant’s three Critiques, the author demonstrates that the ideal of pure reason can be described as a goal that defines the shape of knowledge in any field of activity, whereas transcendental reflection is a means to embody ...
The Real Target of Kant’s “Refutation”
Kant was never satisfied with the version of his “Refutation” published in 1787 (KrV, B 275-279). His dissatisfaction is already ... ... reconstruction of Kant’s “Refutation” as a successful argument against Mendelssohnian idealism of Cartesian provenance. This defence is based on a simple logical sketch of... ... and F. Rauscher. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 1998. Critique of Pure Reason. Translated by P. Guyer and A. Wood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Another Critical Idealism of Hermann Cohen
... attempts to answer the question as to why one should study Cohen. The author’s first and preliminary answer is that the study of Hermann Cohen’s thought is relevant to contemporary philosophy due to at least five reasons: (1) Cohen’s improvement of critical idealism of subject through replacing it with the idealism of ideas; (2) the exposition of thought as the ethics of law; (3) the ... ... the self-expanding nature of thinking, the original self-generation. Initially, thinking is one of the meanings of the term ‘pure’, which suggests that thinking in itself — rather than external influences — is an impetus for the movement,. It is ...
Analytical Kant studies, transcendental idealism, and the thing in itself
... Wahrheit, Berlin : Suhrkamp.
10. Griffith, A. 2012, Perception and the Categories: A Conceptualist Reading of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, European Journal of Philosophy 20, 193—222.
11. Heidemann, D. H. (Ed.) 2013, Kant and Non-Conceptual Concept, New York: Routledge.
12. McDowell,... ... Theorie der Repräsentation, Paderborn : Mentis, 211—231.
Kant, analytical Kant studies, thing in itself, transcendental idealism, empiric realism
Soboleva M. E.
Kant’s transcendentalism as a transcendental paradigm of philo¬so¬phiz¬ing
... Платон Парменид // Собр. соч. : в 4 т. М., 1993. Т. 2. С. 346—413.
10. Allison H. Kant's Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Defense. New Hawen ; L., 2004.
11. Bird G. The Revolutionary Kant: A Commentary on the Critique of Pure Reason.Chicago, 2006.
12. Kant I. Critique of Pure Reason / eds. Guyer P., Wood A. Cambridge, 1998.
13. Hanna R. Kant and the ...
Taking Detours through the “Transcendental Dialectic”. The Principles of Homogeneity, Specification, and Continuity
... therefore has systematic importance for the principles of homogeneity, specification, and continuity. My aim is to offer immanent strategies for a justification of the principles of homogeneity, specification, and continuity in the framework of the Critique of Pure Reason.
Allison, H.E., 2004. Kant’s Transcendental Idealism. An Interpretation and Defense. New Haven & London: Yale University Press.
Bartuschat, W., 1972. Zum systematischen Ort von Kants Kritik der Urteilskraft. Frankfurt a. M.: Klostermann.
Birken-Bertsch, H., 2015. Konstitutiv / Regulativ. In: M....
Deduction of Freedom vs Deduction of Experience in Kant’s Metaphysics
My aim is to demonstrate the specificities and differences between transcendental deduction of concepts and deduction of the fundamental principles of pure practical reason in Kant’s metaphysics. First of all it is necessary to examine Kant’s attitude to the metaphysics of his time and the ... ... project of reviving metaphysics, “the Copernican Turn”, the critical methods and basic principles of transcendental (formal) idealism also provide the methodological basis of transcendental deduction, a new method of proving the claims of metaphysics ...
The Nature of Appearance in Kant’s Transcendentalism: A Seman- tico-Cognitive Analysis
The concept of appearance within the framework of the transcendental distinction between “appearance” ... ... philosophy. However, its conceptual status seems largely uncertain. This uncertainty is the reason for a wide range of interpretations of Kant’s transcendental idealism. A paradigmatic example is the contemporary confrontation between the “two... ... From Kant to Herz, February 21, 1772. In: E. Watkins, ed. 2009. Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason: Background Source Materials. Translated by E. Watkins. Cambridge: Cambridge...
The Embodied Practical Ideal: Kant’s Ethicotheology and Godmanhood
The metaphysical layer of what can be called philosophical Christology in Kant’s treatise on religion reflects ... ... of the archetype of moral perfection. Kant raises the problem of the ontology of the ideal in the shape of the question about the conditions that make actual experience possible: the ideal of holiness resides in reason, i. e. in the human being, but the dominance of radical evil over the human will... ... divine nature. Rational philosophy can think the archetype of perfection only as its pure and whole moral attitude through all the maxims and acts. Philosophy would transcend...
Kant’s appearance as an objective-objectual [gegenständlich] representation
This article analyses the features of Kant’s [transcendental] philosophy, which Kant himself described as transcendental idealism. On the one hand, Kant’s transcendentalism rests on the distinction between things-in-themselves and appearances. On ... ... Part I, p. 426—441.
15. Bird, G., 1962, Kant’s Theory of Knowledge: An Outline of One Central Argument in the Critique of Pure Reason, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
16. Bird, G., 2006, The Revolutionary Kant: A Commentary on the Critique of Pure Reason,...
Kant’s transcendentalism and concept of the thing in itself
... philosophy (transcendentalism) and its central concept — the thing in itself is the kind of concept without which it is impossible to enter Kant’s philosophy (a paraphrase... ... Kant’s Theory of Knowledge, Indiana University Press.
6. Allais, L. 2010, Transcendental Idealism and Metaphysics: Kant’s Commitment to Things in Themselves, Kant Yearbook:... ... Kant’s Theory of Knowledge: An Outline of One Central Argument in the Critique of Pure Reason, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
14. der Boer, K. 2014, Kant’s Multi-Layered...
Kant und Berkeley: Ähnlichkeit oder Unterschiedlichkeit?
... Paton H. J. Kant,s Metaphysic of Experience. London, New York, 1970. Vol. 2.
9. Smith N. K. A Commentary to Kant,s «Critique of Pure Reason». New York: Humanities Press, 1962.
10. Turbayne C. M. Kant,s Relation to Berkeley // Kant-Studies Today, hg. v. L. W. Beck. LaSalle, 1969.
11. Warda A. Immanuel Kants Bücher. Berlin, 1922.
transcendental idealism, formal idealism, material idealism, immaterialism, empirical realism
Wassilieva M. J.
Analytic Work on Kant — Idealism, Things in Themselves, and the Object of Knowledge
The article sketches the development of Kant interpretation in analytic philosophy. The author turns to Kant’s transcendental idealism and three well-known difficulties about things in themselves which Kant’s ... ... Kant’s idealism can be accepted and these problems resolved in any way that (i) is reasonably faithful to Kant’s texts, (ii) renders his position consistent (and his... ... International Kant Conference]. Kaliningrad, p. 18—32.
20. Kant, I. 1997, Critique of Pure Reason, trans. P. Guyer and A. Wood, New York.
21. Kitcher, P. 1990, Kant’s Transcendental...
Kant über inneren Sinn, Zeitanschauung und Selbstaffektion
The aim of this research is to explore what relations self-affection bears ... .... In so doing, I emphasise that self-affection includes both a pure and an empirical aspect which corresponds to Kant’s distinction ... ... point of view.
Allais, L., 2015. Manifest Reality. Kant’s Idealism and his Realism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Allison,... ... Stephenson, ed. 2017. Kant and the Philosophy of Mind: Perception, Reason, and the Self. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 124-137....
Types of Representational Content in Kant
In this essay, I specify types of representational content that can be attributed to Kant’s account of representation.... ... 2012. Perception and the Categories: A Conceptualist Reading of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason. European Journal of Philosophy, 20(2), pp. 193-222.
Grüne, S., 2009. Blinde... ...
Waxman, W., 1991. Kant’s Model of the Mind. A New Interpretation of Transcendental Idealism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wenzel, C., 2005. Spielen nach Kant die Kategorien...
‘Back to Kant’ or ‘Back to Leibnitz’? A critical view from the history of Russian metaphysical personalism
This article provides a comparative analysis of the influence of the two great German thinkers — Immanuel ... ... those of the thinkers of the ‘late and mature phase’ of German idealism (A. Trendelenburg, R. G. Lotze, and G. Teichmüller). ... ... helps to identify the similarities (criticism and the belief in ‘pure experience’ as the basis of science) and differences between ... ... p.
15. Kant I. 1994. Kritika chistogo razuma [Critique of Pure Reason] Moscow, 591 p.
16. Kogen G. 2012. Teoriya opyta Kanta [Kants ...
The Place of Hermann Cohen’s Ideas in the Philosophy of Dialogue
My aim is to prove that Hermann Cohen was not only a philosopher of dialogue but has played an exceedingly important role in the history of that current of thought. His books Ethics of Pure Will (1904) and Religion of Reason out of the Sources of Judaism (1919) offer a detailed analysis of the relationships between I and Thou, I and It, I and ... ... Kaplan. Introductory essay by L. Strauss. New York: F. Ungar.
Cristaudo, W., 2006. Rosenzweig and Rosenstock’s Critiques of Idealism: The Common Front of Contrary Allegiances. In: Franz Rosenzweigs “Neues Denken”. Band 2: Erfahrene Offenbarung — ...
Kantian Ethical Humanism in Late Imperial Russia
... philosophers have lumped together their various understandings of outlooks that stress the value and importance of human life ... ... understanding of the Church Fathers. They rejected the role of reason in evaluating moral choices, relying on faith to reveal ... ... N. A., 2003. The Ethical Problem in the Light of Philosophical Idealism. In: R. A. Poole, ed. 2003. Problems of Idealism. Translated ... ... Cambridge University Press, pp. 43-108.
Kant, I., 1997. Critique of Pure Reason. Translated and edited by P. Guyer and A. W. Wood. ...
Darwinism as the Missing Link in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
I proceed from the hypothesis that the difficulties in Kant’s presentation of his plan and, accordingly, the implicit reason for the critical attitude to this plan on the part of many contemporary philosophers ... ... is such a link which bolsters the central but ungrounded thesis of the Critique of Pure Reason on the existence of a priori synthetic judgments. The synthesis of Darwinism... ... ontologies can coexist; while the problem of two interpretations of transcendental idealism (two-world vs. two-aspect interpretation) finds a solution through their reconciliation...
Report of the ‘Transcendental Turn in Contemporary Philosophy 2’ International Seminar (Moscow, 27—29 April 2017)
... Absolutely Necessary and How it is Possible to Carry Out a Preliminary Textual Analysis of the Key Concepts in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, in: Transtesndentalny povorot v sovremennoy filosofii (2), Moscow, pp. 68—73. (In Russ.)
Soboleva, M. E. 2017, Analytic Kant Studies, Transcendental Idealism, and the Thing in Itself, in: Kantovsky sbornik [Kantian Journal], vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 88—99. (In Russ.)
A. A. Fet as a theoretical and practical adherent of pure art¬ and the prob-lem of the nature of poetry
This article is devoted to A. A. Fet’s philosophy of art. He is a representative of ‘pure art’ in Russian poetry, whose works were opposed to tendentious art serving the ... ... ultimate end and value to poetry and thus philosophical poetry. The poet-thinker is his ideal of a poet.
1. Белый А. История становления самосознающей... ... In: Bryushinkin, V.N. (ed.), Modeli rassuzhdenij — 3. Kognitivnyj podhod [Models of reasoning — 3. The cognitive approach], Kaliningrad. 3. Kant, I. 1965, Kritika sposobnosti...
What is Kantian Philosophy of Mathematics? An Overview of Contemporary Studies
... supplementary materials and a historical-analytic introduction of Immanuel Kant’s: On a Discovery According to which any new Critique of Pure Reason has been Made Superfluous by an Earlier. Baltimore, London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 1-104.
Allison, H. E., 2004. Kant’s Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Defense. 2nd ed. New Haven, London: Yale University Press.
Baumgarten, A., 1773. Acroasis logica....
Transzendentalphilosophie als kritische Bestimmung des Standpunkts. Eine wissenschaftstheoretische Annäherung
Both the categories and principles of understanding as well as the ideas and principles of reason build transcendental elements to conceive transcendental philosophy as a philosophical ... ... transcendental within the framework of the “Transcendental Logic” of the Critique of Pure Reason to denote conditions that are constitutive for the possibility of an object... ... bodies are the preferred subject.
Allison, H. E., 2004. Kant’s Transcendental Idealism. An Interpretation and Defence, Revised edition. New Haven & London: Yale University...
Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology and a cognitive-semantic interpretation of Kant’s transcendentalism
12. Abela, P. 2002, Kant’s Empirical Realism, Oxford, Clarendon Press.
13. Allais, L. 2015, Manifest Reality: Kant’s Idealism and his Realism, Oxford University Press Uk.
14. Bernet, R. 1990, Huserls Begriff des Noema. In: Husserl-Ausgabe und Husserl-Forschung, Dorbrecht, S. 61—80.
15. Collins, A. 1999, Possible Experience: Understanding Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, University of California Press.
16. Gurwitsch, A. 2009, The Kantian and Husserlian Conceptions of Consciousness. I The ...
The second application of transcendental logic
... рукописного наследия (материалы к «Критике чистого разума», Opus postumum). М., 2000.
7. Кассирер Э. Жизнь и учение Канта. СПб., 1997.
8. Allison H. E. Kant’s Transcendental Idealism. An Interpretation and Defence. New Haven; L., 1983.
9. Kemp Smith N. A Commentary to Kant’s "Critique of Pure Reason". 2
ed. N. Y., 1962.
10. Melnick A. Kant’s Analogies of Experience. Chicago; L., 1973.
11. Rohs P. Transzendentale Logik. Meisenheim am Glan, 1976.
12. Stuhlmann-Laeisz R. Kants Logik. B.; N. Y., 1976.
rules and laws of transcendental ...
The Concepts of “Appearance” and “Phenomenon” in Transcendental Philosophy (Kant, Husserl, Fink)
This study aims, first, to delimit the seemingly synonymous concepts of “phenomenon” and “appearance” and second, to trace the functions of each ... ... phenomenological tradition. The analysis is based on Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason and the central works of Edmund Husserl and Eugen Fink. Kant does not explicitly... ... 196-208. (In Rus.)
Pinkard, T., 2002. German Philosophy 1760–1860. The Legacy of Idealism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Razeev, D. N., 1997. “Appearance”...
Kant on evil in the human nature
This article focuses on the analysis of the problem of evil in Kant’s works. The author attempts at ... ... good and evil in the work Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. The author sees the key to understanding Kant’s approach ... ... reason identified by Kant are stressed and the features of “pure practical reason” as a necessary condition of human morality ... ... understood as freedom aimed at the good. In the sphere of the ideal, i. e. the sphere of logical bases of ethics, there should ...
Schelling’s Criticism of Ontological Argument and Interpretation of Kant’s Doctrine of the Ideal of Reason
To reconstruct a critique of the ontological proof of the existence of God in Schelling’s ... ... possible and therefore must come before any thought. He interprets reason as having an ecstatic nature which posits precedent undoubted ... ... analyse Schelling’s interpretation of the Kantian account of the ideal of reason. Schelling, on the one hand, agrees with Kant that ... ... Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck).
Kant, I., 1998. Critique of Pure Reason. Translated and edited by P. Guyer and A. W. Wood. ...
The Paradox of Kant’s Transcendental Subject in German Philosophy in the Late Eighteenth Century
The study of the “first wave” of reactions to the Critique of Pure Reason in Germany from the second half of the 1780s until the beginning of the nineteenth century reveals the paradoxical status ... ... Pretensions of the Critique of Reason. In: G. E. Schulze, 2000. Between Kant and Hegel: Texts in the Development of Post-Kantian Idealism. Translated by G. di Giovanni, H. S. Harris. Indianapolis & Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company, pp. 104-135.
‘Genuine criticism’: An unknown reception of Kant’s philosophy in early works of Schopenhauer
... against Kant's epistemology and views on the objectives and methods of philosophy. The crucial influence of this polemic and Kant’s ... ... dissertation On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (1813). The mentioned influence of Kant’s philosophy on ... ... Kant as his only ally in the struggle against the speculative idealism of his followers. Secondly, this resulted in an almost ... ... Moscow.
2. Kant, I. 1964, Kritika chistogo razuma [Critique of Pure Reason] in: Kant, I. Sobranie sochineniy v 6 t. [Collected ...
The Problem of the Relationship between Apperception, Self-Consciousness and Consciousness in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
Kant does not provide clear-cut definitions of apperception, consciousness, and self-consciousness and everywhere uses these terms ... ... that is further complicated by the difference between the editions of the Critique of Pure Reason in terms of the argumentation in the section on the deduction of categories and... ... follows the Leibniz-Wolffian tradition.
Allison, H., 1983. Kant’s Transcendental Idealism. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Ameriks, K., 2000a. Kant and the Fate of...
Transcendental logic and analytic of concepts
... focuses o the functions, structure and effects of transcendental logic in the Analytic of concepts of Kant's "Critique of pure reason". The author explicates different aspects, rules, principles, the method and procedures of transcendental logic.
1. Брюшинкин В. Н. Взаимодействие формальной и трансцендентальной ... ... 2000.
8. Кассирер Э. Жизнь и учение Канта. СПб., 1997.
9. Allison H. E. Kant’s Transcendental Idealism. An Interpretation and Defence. New Haven; London, 1983.
10. Gerhardt V., Kaulbach F. Kant. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche ...
Kantian ethos in J. Rawls’s political philosophy
... I. Kant’s ideas and the intellectual and political tradition of the Enlightenment in general. The author defends Rawls’s approach ... ... Kantian ethos (spirit), which can be understood as the free use of reason. Using Rawlsian approach, the author attempts to defend ... ... construction; construction presupposes the use of practical rather than pure reason; moral philosophy requires a complex concept of a person; ... ... sources (political culture in Rawls’s works and transcendental idealism in Kant’s); the understanding of rational faith.
Is Spinoza’s Ethics Heteronomous in the Kantian Sense of the Term?
The prevailing interpretations of Spinoza’s ethical theory view it as an example of heteronomy ... ... affective, ascribing different sets of laws to each, iii) endowment of reason with moral content, iv) recognition of the non-subjective ... ... Indianapolis & Cambridge: Hackett.
Kant, I., 1996a. Critique of Pure Reason. Translated by W. S. Pluhar. Indianapolis & Cambridge: ... ... pp. 95-116.
Lord, B., 2011. Kant and Spinozism: Transcendental Idealism and Immanence from Jacobi to Deleuze. London: Palgrave....
The Philosophy of Vasily Sesemann and Marburg Neo-Kantianism
This article considers the ideas of the Russian Neo-Kantianist Vasily Sesemann (1884—1963) in comparison with the idealism of the Marburg School. The author analyses the key Russian phi-losopher’s ... ... non-mediated component. The irrational factor of knowledge is the problems faced by human reason, as well as a condition for the progress of knowledge. The Russian philosopher... ... Sezeman-Kovno V. 2006, K problemie chistogo znanija. Pier. V. N. Belova [On the problem of pure knowledge. Trans. V. N. Belov] // Logos [Logos]. № 6, p. 119—162.
What is transcendental logic?
This article deals with Kant's justification of transcendental logic. The author shows how Kant draws the distinction between general ... ... половины XVIII века. М., 2008.
12. Allison H. E. Kant’s Transcendental Idealism. An Interpretation and Defence. New Haven; L., 1983.
13. König A. P. Denkformen... ... München, 1964.
15. Pippin R. B. Kant’s Theory of Form: An Essay on the Critique of Pure Reason. New Haven; L., 1982.
16. Rohs P. Transzendentale Logik. Meisenheim a/Glan, 1976...
Kistyakovsky on the nature of law
This article explores the contribution of the Russian philosopher and theorist of law, neo-Kantian Kistyakovsky,... ... their key characteristic. Not unlike concepts, law is created by reason, without which legal rules cannot be formulated. Legal rules ... ... Peterburg.4. Kant, I. 1994, Kritika chistogo razuma [Critique of pure reason], Moscov.5. Kistyakovsky, V. A. 1998, Social'nye nauki ... ... Shtammler i dr. [Fundamentals of legal philosophy in scientific idealism. Marburg school of philosophy: Kogen, Natorp, Shtammler,...
Schopenhauer and I. Kant in A. A. Fet’s philosophical and political worldview (conclusion)
The concluding part of the work focuses on the independence of A. A. Fet’s philosophical worldview strongly ... ... in A. A. Fet’s letters. Three aspects are criticised: firstly, A. Schopenhauer’s idealism, secondly, agnosticism, and, thirdly, inconsistency, contradictions in the philosopher’s reasoning. A special section of the work is dedicated to the analysis of the poetic... ... volumes], M., Mysl’. T. 4 (1).5. Kant, I. 1964, Kritika chistogo razuma [Critique of Pure Reason]. In: Kant, I. Sobr. Soch. v 6 t. [Works in 6 volumes]. Mysl’ T. 3.6....
Aesthetics in the system of Paul Natorp’s philosophy
This article considers the key aspects of P. Natorp’s aesthetics in the system of his philosophy and identifies the legitimate ... ... thinker’s contribution to the philosophy of the Marburg School and the justification of idealism. Philosophical aesthetics serves as a science and a link between the laws of... ... / per. s nem. N. O. Losskogo s variantami per. na rus. i evrop. jazyki [Critique of Pure Reason / transl. from German by N.O Lossky withversions of translations to the Russian...
Aspects of the ‘transcendental’ according to Kant and Husserl: Logos, matheme, metaphor
This paper deals with the methodological and ontological significance of transcendentalism. The author advocates the understanding of transcendental philosophy ... ... Phaenomenologica 38, Haag: Martinus Nijhoff, 197 s.
2. Allison, H. 1983, Kant’s Transcendental Idealism. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 537 p.
3. Carr, D. 1997, „Krisis“... ... Petersburg State University.
15. Kant, I. 1964, Kritika Chistogo Razuma. [The Critic of Pure Reason.], In: Sochinenia v 6 t. [Works in 6 volumes], vol. 3. Moscow: Institute of Philosophy...