Analytic philosophy, its history, and Kant
The paper is devoted to the contemporary discussions about the history of analytic philosophy, the criteria of its distinguishing as a philosophical movement and its present status. It is emphasized that its ambivalent attitude to Kant’s philosophy is important for understanding the character of analytic philosophy.
Frank’s philosophy of history and social philosophy
This article considers and offers an overview of Semyon Frank’s sociophilosophical and historiosophical ideas. Special attention is paid to the philosopher’s perception of contemporary history as being fraught with catastrophes and tragedies. It is demonstrated why Frank claimed that the true ...
Studies into the history of Russian Neo-Kantianism in Poland
The article deals with the jey areas of Russian Neo-Kantianism studies in Poland. Although the number and quality of studies on the history of Russian Neo-Kantianism cannot be equated to those on the history of German Neo-Kantianism, the situation is improving. The authors stress the undeniable ...
The Philosophy of Vasily Sesemann and Marburg Neo-Kantianism
This article considers the ideas of the Russian Neo-Kantianist Vasily Sesemann (1884—1963) in comparison with the idealism of the Marburg School. The author ... ... of philosophy] // Logos [Logos]. № 1, p. 93—122; Sesemann W. 1911—1912, Das Rationale und das Irrationale im System der Philosophie // Logos. № 1, p. 208—241.
12. Sezeman V. E. 1913, Tieoreticheskaja filosofija Marburgskoj shkoly [Theoretical ...
Kant’s Dissertation for the Master’s Degree On Fire and the Transformations of his Ideas of Ethereal Matter
Kant’s dissertation for the Master’s degree Succinct Exposition of Some Meditations on Fire was written in Latin in 1755 as a sample (specimen) preceding a Master’s exam, but its first printing ... ... succincta delineatio... In: K. Rosenkranz, F. W. Schubert, Hg. 1839. Immanuel Kant’s sämmtliche Werke. 5. Theil: Schriften zur Philosophie der Natur. Leipzig: L. Voss, pp. 233-254.
Kant, I., 1867. Meditationum quarundam de igne succincta delineatio... In: ...
Neo-Kantian and phenomenological axiology in N. N. Alekseev’s philosophy of law
This paper analyzes receptions of phenomenological and neo-Kantian axiology trends in the interpretation of the concept and status of value in N. N. Alekseev’s philosophy of law. The author identifies the role of Neo-Kantian nomothetic—idiographic division of sciences proposed ...
The notion of history in the works of H. Cohen and M. Kagan
This article considers the attempt by the Russian Neokantianer M. Kagan to create a concept of philosophy of history through developing the main ideas of philosophy of history formulated by his teacher, the founder of the Marburg School of Neokantianism, H. Cohen. The author emphasizes the cardinal importance of philosophy of history for the ...
The problem of rationality of history in Russian philoso¬phy abroad in the 1920s-1950s
This article examines Russian philosophy of history abroad. The author identifies the features of object of research and gives its general characteristics.
Состояние постмодерна. М.; СПб., 1998.
Россия за рубежом: ...
Aspects of the ‘transcendental’ according to Kant and Husserl: Logos, matheme, metaphor
This paper deals with the methodological and ontological significance of transcendentalism. The author advocates the understanding of transcendental philosophy as ontology and presents a critique ... ... both philosophers. This corresponds to the principles and programmes of comparative investigations in Kant’s and Husserl’s philosophies, which were proposed by Russian and international philosophers such as Paul Ricoeur, Alexey Chernyakov, William McKenna....
The methodological framework for the study of Russian philosophical and historical thought abroad
This article examines the approaches to the study of Russian philosophy of history aboard. The author focuses on the specific features of the object of research, outlines the principles of empirical material organisation, and gives its general characteristics.
‘Back to Kant’ or ‘Back to Leibnitz’? A critical view from the history of Russian metaphysical personalism
This article provides a comparative analysis of the influence of the two great German thinkers — Immanuel Kant and Gottfried Leibnitz — on the Russian philosophy of the 19th/20th centuries. The ideas of metaphysical personalists and neo-Leibnizians (E. A. Bobrov, A. A. Kozlov, S. A. Alekseev ...
The significance of the critique of A. I. Vvedensky’s ‘new psychophysiological law’ for Russian philosophy
This article analyses the historical and philosophical critique of A. I. Vvedensky’s ‘new psychophysiological’ law. The author examines the most substantial commentaries, namely, those by P. E. Astafyev, N. Y. Grot, L. M. Lopatin, E. L. Radlov, and S. N. Trubetskoy. At the end of the 19th century, these authors ...
‘Reaching out’ beyond the text: philosophical notes
In this article, I define the concept of text and briefly discuss the related concepts of speech and discourse. I demonstrate how the humanities treat texts and examine the structural-semiotic and the hermeneutic approach. Further, I identify both the differences between these approaches ...
Kantian Ethical Humanism in Late Imperial Russia
The cultural movement known as “humanism” has unfortunately not received a clear and careful definition. Historians and philosophers have lumped together their various understandings of outlooks that stress the value and importance of human life under the collective term “humanism.” This essay sets out to contrast, in particular, three types of humanism, all of which attracted attention at overlapping times in Imperial Russia ...
Sergey Askoldov’s Reviews concerning Kant and Others Published in the Russian Press in Early Twentieth Century
Borisova, I.V., Davydova, L.S., 1998. Questions of Philosophy and Psychology (1889—1918). Index of the Content. In: Studies in Russian Intellectual History. Yearbook for 1998, 2. Moscow: OGI, pp. 427-523. (In Rus.)
Bulgakov, S.N., 2007. On the Need to Introduce Social Sciences in the Program of the ...
Types of Representational Content in Kant
In this essay, I specify types of representational content that can be attributed to Kant’s account of representation. The more specific aim is to examine which of these types of content can be regarded as possible without the application of concepts. In order to answer the question,...
Kant and new mathematics 100 years later
Cassirer’s critique of Russell’s philosophy of mathematics and the Neo-Kantian philosophy of science and mathematics as a whole is of special relevance in the context of modern mathematics and mathematical physics. The fact that the modern standard axiomatic architecture ...
The Nature of Appearance in Kant’s Transcendentalism: A Seman- tico-Cognitive Analysis
The concept of appearance within the framework of the transcendental distinction between “appearance” and “thing in itself” is the ... ... University Press.
Aquila, R., 1979. Things in Themselves and Appearances: Intentionality and Reality. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie, 61(3), pp. 293-308.
Aquila, R., 1981. Intentional Objects and Kantian Appearances. Philosophical Topics, 12(2), pp....
Cohen and Natorp’s Philosophy of Religion: the Argument about the Boundary of Reason
The philosophy of religion as presented by Hermann Cohen and Paul Natorp, the founders and main representatives of the Marburg School of Neo-Kantianism,... ... to implement in their later works.
Adelmann, D., 2010. “Reinige dein Denken”. Über den jüdischen Hintergrund der Philosophie von Hermann Cohen. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.
Andriaanse, H., 1998. ‘Menschheit’ und ‘Individuum’....
The Notion of Free Will in Sergey Hessen’s Conception of Culture
Sergey Hessen builds his philosophy of culture on Heinrich Rickert’s theory of values. Like Rickert, he believes that the individual plays a key role in the formation ... ... Nicolai Copernici. Nauki Humanistyczno-Społeczne. Filozofia, 6 (130), pp. 87-98.
Rickert, H., 1910—1911. Vom Begriff der Philosophie. Logos: Internationale Zeitschrift für Philosophie der Kultur, 1, pp. 1-34.
Rickert, H., 1915. Kulturwissenschaft ...
Kant studies in Königsberg: 1784—1949
The article provides, for the first time in the philosophical literature, a general description of the Konigsberg Kant studies as a special local direction in the history of philosophy. Core activities in this direction formed ... ... Kant. Werke. Volksausgabe / hrsg. von A. Kowalewski. Hamburg, 2000. Bd. 1.
22. Kowalewski A. Vom Heimatgeist in der kantischen Philosophie. Festrede in der Königsberger Ortsgruppe der Kantgesellschaft zum 200. Geburtstage Kants / hrsg. von S. L. Kowalewski....
Aesthetics in the system of Paul Natorp’s philosophy
This article considers the key aspects of P. Natorp’s aesthetics in the system of his philosophy and identifies the legitimate position of aesthetics in the structure ... ... Б. А. Избранное (из философского наследия). М., 2003.
9. Holzhey H. Der Neukantianismus // Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert : in 2 Bdn.Hamburg, 1992. Bd. 1. S. 19—51.
10. Natorp P. Philosophie. Ihr Problem und ihre Probleme....
The concept of body and the problem of demarcation in new European metaphysics: from Descartes to Kant
The formation of science and its separation from metaphysics are among the key characteristics of the early modern period. This separation faces ... ... Soul // Journal of the History of Ideas. 1961. № 3.
2. Borsche T., Kaulbach F. Leib, Körper // Historisches Wörterbuch der Philosophie / Hrsg. von J. Ritter, K. Gründer. Bd. 5. Basel, 1980.
3. Carboncini S. Transzendentale Wahrheit und Traum. Christian ...
The metaphysics of science
A reflection on the meaning of Kant’s manuscript where he uses the expression ‘metaphysics of science’. 20th century philosophy of science acknowledged empiricism and it was anti-metaphysic and positivistic. However, all forms of empiricism and positivism lead to a negation ...
Kantian Philosophy and ‘Linguistic Kantianism’
The expression “linguistic Kantianism” is widely used to refer to ideas about thought and cognition being determined by language — a conception characteristic of 20th century analytic philosophy. In this article, I conduct a comparative analysis of Kant’s philosophy and views falling under the umbrella expression “linguistic Kantianism.” First, I show that “linguistic Kantianism” usually presupposes ...
Kantiansche Motive in „dem Ehernen Reiter“ von A. S. Puschkin. Gewidmet dem 75-jährigen Jubiläum des Historikers der russischen Philosophie B. W. Emeljanow
This article attempts to demonstrate the influence of Kant's philosophy of law and politics and philosophy of history alongside his aesthetic ideas on “The Bronze Horseman” by A. Pushkin.
1. Белый А. Искуситель // Белый А. Стихотворения. М., 1928.
2. Гаспаров ...
The Paradox of Kant’s Transcendental Subject in German Philosophy in the Late Eighteenth Century
The study of the “first wave” of reactions to the Critique of Pure Reason in Germany from the second half of the 1780s until the beginning ... ... Herrn Prof. Kant: erster Band. Riga: J. F. Hartknoch.
Beck, J. S., 1796. Einzig-möglicher Standpunct, aus welchem die critische Philosophie beurtheilt werden muß. Riga: J. F. Hartknoch.
Cohen, H., 1885. Kants Theorie der Erfahrung. Berlin: Dümmler.
Kant in Nikolai Strakhov’s philosophical research (An experience of epistemological orientation)
This article considers the major references to Kant’s works in the texts of an authoritative Russian thinker Nikolai Strakhov (1828—1896), whose legacy has been revised in recent historical and philosophical ... ... [Philosophical Essays], St Petersburg, p. 100—122.
21. Strakhov, N. N. 1906. O vremeni [About the time], Filosofskije ocherki [Philosophi¬cal Essays], 2nd ed., Kiev, p. 405—414.
22. Strakhov, N. N. 1894. O zadachah istorii filosofii [On the tasks ...
Kantian ethos in J. Rawls’s political philosophy
This article examines the relation between J. Rawls’s philosophical and political conceptions and I. Kant’s ideas and the intellectual and political tradition of the Enlightenment in general. The author defends Rawls’s approach to Kant’s works interpreting it as “discipleship”, the assimilation and intrinsic reconceptualization of Kantian ideas preserving the essence of the assimilated. Rawls justifies ...
Self-knowledge of Reason as a vital phenomenon in Kant’s transcendental dialectic
This study attempts to interpret the process of self-knowledge of reason in the transcendental dialectic as a vital phenomena. In the transcendental dialectic, a thesis and ... ... Das Prinzip der Individualität. Stuttgart, 1999.
14. König P. Die Selbsterkenntnis der Vernunft und das wahre System der Philosophie bei Kant // Architektonik und System in der Philosophie Kants / Hrsg. H. f. Fulda und J. Stolzenberg. Hamburg, 2001....
Kant, Nietzsche, and the Enlightenment: A comparative analysis
This article provides a comparative analysis of I. Kant’s and F. Nietzsche’s critical approaches, which is carried out in the context of the thinkers’ attitudes to the problem of the Enlightenment. In spite of a rather peculiar understanding of the Enlightenment, which differed significantly ...
The Problem of the Relationship between Apperception, Self-Consciousness and Consciousness in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
Kant does not provide clear-cut definitions of apperception, consciousness, and self-consciousness and everywhere uses these terms as synonyms, which creates the problem of the relationship between these faculties. The importance of this problem stems from the colossal significance of each of the ...
Condorcet interpretation of probability’s theory: the use of a mathematical construct to the field of social action
Probability theory, which emerged as early as the 17th century thanks to the works of Pascal and Fermat, served for a long time as a tool of professional mathematicians. It was not considered a means of rational ... ... Romains et de leur décadence // Montesquieu, Ch., Oeuvres complètes, Oxford, Voltaire Foundation.
18. Picavet, Fr. 1888, La philosophie de Kant en France de 1773 à 1814, Paris, Alcan.
19. Rashed, R. 1974, Condorcet: Mathématique et Société, Paris,...
Moral inscrutability and self-constitution in Kant (translated from the English by V. Belonogova and D. Khizanishvili, edited by V. Chaly)
This article analyses the system of inferences used by Kant in Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason to demonstrate the existence of evil disposition (Gesinnung). The author be¬lieves that, in this work, Kant introduces two innovations in respect of the fundamental project presented ...
Logic Manuals for Women in the Late Enlightenment Era
Tosch, F., 2016. Rochow. In: H. Klemme, M. Kuehn, eds. 2016. The Bloomsbury Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers. 3rd edition. London: Bloomsbury Academic... ... praecepta generalia. Lipsiae: Fritsch.
Unzer, J. C., 1751a. Grundriß einer Natürlichen Historie und eigentlichen Naturlehre für das Frauenzimmer. Halle: Hemmerde.
Unzer,... ... Hemmerde.
Walch, J. G., 1726. Philosophisches Lexicon, darinnen die in allen Theilen der Philosophie, als Logic, Metaphysic, Physic, Pneumatic, Ethic, natürlichen Theologie...
Kant's philosophical ideas in Rober Nozik's political theory
Robert Nozik's political theory contains an attempt to utilize Kant's notion of individual freedom and the second formula of his categorical imperative (“the principle of humanity as an end in itself”) for the justification of his libertarian “minimal state”. This article analyses and criticizes this attempt on the following ...
Georges Gurvitch and Sergey Hessen on the Possibility of Forming Social Unity
The early decades of the last century saw European philosophical thought becoming increasingly interested in the sociological extension of the idea ... ... Annales contemporaines, 33, pp. 553-554. (In Rus.)
Bitcilli, P. M., 1935. [Rev.] G. Gurvitch, L’expérience juridique et la philosophie pluraliste du droit, Paris, 1935. Novy Grad, 10, pp. 139-142. (In Rus.)
Dmitrieva, N. A., 2016. Back to Kant, or Forward ...
On the Role of Gesinnung in Kant’s Ethics and Philosophy of Religion. Part I
Kant’s concept of Gesinnung reveals the whole range of its problematic potential when it has to be translated into other languages: there are ... ... 20. Edited by Rheinisch-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Hamburg: Meiner.
Hegel, G. W. F., 2009. Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts. In: G. W. F. Hegel, 2009. Gesammelte Werke. Volume 14, 1. Edited by Rheinisch-Westfälischen Akademie ...
... die Logik des Denkens; Bd. 2 : Der Marburger Neukantianismus in Quellen. Basel; Stuttgart, 1986.
28. Jegelka N. Paul Natorp: Philosophie, Pädagogik, Politik. Würzburg, 1992. (Epistemata: Reihe Philosophie; Bd. 109).
29. Kiuchi Y. Unrequited Love for ... ... Imperativ: Erste Reihe. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgeselschaft,1912. S. 143—146.
70. Saltzman J. D. Paul Natorp’s Philosophy of Religion within the Marburg Neokantian Tradition / Preface by W. H. Capps. Hildesheim; New York, 1981.
71. Schlick M. (Rez....
The mythical-historical images of Bruno Schulz’s ‘Spring’ in the context of Kafka’s mythologism
Myths and history are different but related forms of consciousness. They date back to the archaic and new periods of world history. New forms of synthesis between history and myths translated in the ‘mythical-historical imagery’ of the 20th-century art. For the first time in the history of world ...
S. I. Hessen and the history of Russian Neo-Kantianism
This article attempts, on the one hand, to inscribe the works of the Russian philosopher Hessen into the Neo-Kantian tradition and, on the other hand, to emphasise the originality of his philosophical ... ... Грифцовой, Н. А. Дмитриевой. М., 2010. С. 532—540.
6. Nеоkantianismus: Kulturtheorie, Pädagogik und Philosophie / Oelkers, Schulz, Tenorth (Hrsg.). Weinheim, 1989.
Neo-Kantianism, Russian religious philosophy, practical philosophy ...
“The Turn towards Ontology” in Russian Neo-Kantianism in the Late 1910s and Early 1920s (Lev Salagov and Nikolai Boldyrev)
The period between the late 1910s and early 1920s saw the emergence of onto-epistemological philosophical projects in Russia that was determined by criticism and attempts to overcome the domination of epistemology in philosophy which was the result of the intensive development of Neo-Kantianism and the influence of Husserl’s ...
Revisiting the Maxim-Law Dynamic in the Light of Kant’s Theory of Action
A stable classification of practical principles into mutually exclusive types is foundational to Kant’s moral theory. Yet, other than a few brief hints on the distinction between maxims and laws, he does not provide any elaborate discussion on the classification and the types ...
The Universe of Science. The Architectonic Ideas of Science, Sciences and their Parts in Kant
I argue that Kant has developed a broad systematic account of the architectonic functionality of pure reason that can be used and advanced in contemporary contexts. Reason, in the narrow sense, is responsible for the picture of a well-ordered universe of science consisting of architectonic ideas of science, sciences ...
Darwinism as the Missing Link in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
I proceed from the hypothesis that the difficulties in Kant’s presentation of his plan and, accordingly, the implicit reason for the critical attitude to this plan on the part of many contemporary philosophers stem from the fact that he had no theoretical link at his disposal which would offer a more solid scientific grounding ...
John Rawls’ interpretation of categorical imperative in “Theory of Justice”
John Rawls’s interpretation of Kant’s categorical imperative is reviewed, some significant aspects of Rawls’ treatment of key notions of rationality, interests and ends are revealed, which limit the possibilities of application of Kantian ethics within Rawls’ liberal egalitarianism....
Steven Makin’s ontological argument: The concept of necessary exis¬ten¬ce of God
This article deals with one of the most elegant and non-standard versions of the modal onto-logical argument for God’s existence, which was proposed by the analytic philosopher Stephen Makin in 1988. He managed to avoid the famous criticism of Kant concerning the impossibility ...
Kant and Solovyov: Convergences and Divergences. Report of the International Conference (Kaliningrad, 15-16 November 2018)
... review sums up the main ideas presented at the international conference “Kant and Solovyov: Convergences and Divergences” held in Kaliningrad, Russia on 15-16 November 2018. The Conference was organised by the Academia Kantiana, a research unit of the Humanities Institute, Immanuel Kant Baltic University, in conjunction with the Department of the History of Russian Philosophy at the Philosophical Faculty of Lomonosov Moscow State University. The presentations were divided into two thematic ...
The central philosophical conception of the creator of logical algebra: On the bicentenary of George Boole
The article considers the history of George Boole’s main philosophical conception consisting in using his logical-algebraic and theoretical-probabilistic methods in modelling thought processes. Despite the project’s failure, current developments in computer science and programming ...