Kant in Nikolai Strakhov’s philosophical research (An experience of epistemological orientation) :: IKBFU's united scientific journal editorial office

×

Login
Password
Forgot your password?
Login As
You can log in if you are registered at one of these services:
   
The real and legitimate goal of the sciences is the endowment of human life with new inventions and riches
Francis Bacon

DOI-generator Search by DOI on Crossref.org

Kant in Nikolai Strakhov’s philosophical research (An experience of epistemological orientation)

KeywordsI. Kant, N. N. Strakhov, L. N. Tolstoy, A. A. Fet, hermeneutics, epistemological style, apriorism
ArticleDownload
AuthorMotovnikova E. N., Olkhov P. A.
Pages22-37
DOI10.5922/0207-6918-2015-3-2
Abstract (summary) This article considers the major references to Kant’s works in the texts of an authoritative Russian thinker Nikolai Strakhov (1828—1896), whose legacy has been revised in recent historical and philosophical studies. The author of the article analyses the materials of Strakhov’s works ‘The key feature of thinking’, ‘On time’, ‘On objectives of history of philosophy’, ‘On key concepts of psychology’, his many years’ correspondence with L. N. Tolstoy and A. A. Fet, who expressed keen interest in the works of the German philosopher, the works of A. I. Vvedensky, etc. The study fol¬lows the pattern of a dialogical reconstruction; it examines the conceptual range of interpretations of Kant’s philosophical legacy in the context of the Russian intellectual culture of the 1860—90s. Modern Kant studies just began investigating Strakhov’s oeuvre. One cannot but agree that Strakhov ‘offers a subtle and in-depth interpretation of Kant’s understanding of the subjectivity of thinking (V. A. Zhuchkov). However, the complexity of historical and philosophical interpretation and analysis of Kant’s meanings in Strakhov’s philosophical research lies in the fact that this re-search is hermeneutic (‘peripheral’, according to F. E. Shperk). It strives to grasp the meanings not in the framework of historical continuity as a creation of the ‘forefather of ensuing systems’, but as part of the open whole of Kant’s philosophy filled with the ‘questions without answers, doubts without solutions’ (from Strakhov’s letters to Fet). Strakhov considers Kant’s critique of pure rea¬son as a critique of thinking in its ‘deepest’ free meaning-related perspective. With this in mind, Strakhov comments on the concept outlines of Kant’s philosophy and Kant’s apriorism and at¬tempts at ‘joint thinking’ with Kant and about Kant using his original epistemological style of thinking. This style is fundamentally non-solitary, reciprocal; it suggests formal logical and con¬tent-related clarity, metaphysical cautiousness, and conceptual pluralism.
References 1.    Baluev, B. P. 2001. Spori o sud’bah Rossii. N. Ja. Danilevsky i ego kniga “Rossija i Ev-ropa”[The polemics on the fate of Russia. Danilevsky and his book "Russia and Europe"], Moscow, 416 p.
2.    Vvedensky, A. I. 1896. Znachenie filosofskoj dejatel’nosti N. N. Strahova [The meaning of Strakhov’s philosophical activity], Obrazovanie [Education], no. 3, dep. II, p. 1—8.
3.    Gavrjushin, N. K. 2013. Za kulisami filosofskoj drami: metafizika i istoriosofija N. N. Strahova [Behind the scenes of philosophical drama: metaphysics and historiosophy created by Nikolai Strahov], 23 December, available at: http://www.bogoslov.ru/text/ 3693498.html (accessed 05 May 2015).
4.    Grigoriev, А. А. 1990. N. N. Strahovu [To N. N. Strakhov]. Orenburg. 1861. Sent<jabrja> 23 [23 September 1861], Sochinenija [Works], in 2 vols, vol. 2. Statji. Pis’ma [Articles. Letters], Moscow, p. 421—424.
5.    Grot, N. Y. 1896. Pamjati N. N. Strahova. K harakteristike ego filosofskogo mirosozert-sanija [In memory of Nikolai Strakhov. By the characteristics of his philosophical outlook], Moscow, 42 p.
6.    Dmitrieva, N. A. 2007. Russkoje neokantianstvo: “Marburg” v Rossii. Istoriko-filosofskije ocherki [Russian Neokantianism "Marburg" in Russia. Historical and philosophical essays], Moscow, 512 p.
7.    Zhuchkov, V. A. 2005. Kommentarij k rabote N. N. Strahova “Glavnaja cherta mishlenija” [Commentary on the work of N. N. Strakhov "The main feature of thinking"], Kant: pro et contra, St Petersburg, p. 847—878.
8.    Ilyin, N. P. 2008. Tragedija russkoj filosofii [The tragedy of Russian philosophy], Moscow, 608 p.
9.    Kruglov, А. N. 2012. Kant i kantovskaja filosofija v russkoj hudozhestvennoj literature [Kant and Kantian philosophy in the Russian fiction], Moscow, 480 p.
10.    Kruglov, А. N. 2009. Filosofija Kanta v Rossii v kontse XVIII — pervoj polovine XIX vekov [The Kantian philosophy in Russia in the late XVIII — first half XIX centuries], Mos-cow, 568 p.
11.    Losev, A. F. 1990. Vladimir Solov’ev i ego vremja [Vladimir Soloviev and his time], Moscow, 720 p.
12.    Olkhov, P. A. 2009. Zdravij smisl i istorija: (zametki k polemicheskoj epitafii N. N. Strahova «Vzdoh na grobe Karamzina») [Common sense and history (notes to a N. Strakhov’s polemical epitaph "Sigh on the Karamzin’s coffin")], Voprosi filosofii, [Ques-tions of philosophy], no. 5, p. 125—132.
13.    Modzalevsky, B. L. ed. 1914. Perepiska L. N. Tolstogo i N. N. Strahova. 1870—1894 [The correspondence of Leo Tolstoy and Nikolai Strakhov. 1870—1894], Tolstovskij Muzej [Tolstoy Museum], vol II, St Petersburg, 480 p.
14.    Perepiska s N. N. Strahovim [The correspondence with Nikolai Strakhov]. 1877—1892, 2011, А. А. Fet i ego literaturnoje okruzhenije [A. A. Fet and his literary environment], bk. 2, Liteaturnoje nasledstvo [The literary legacy], vol. 103, Moscow, p. 233—550.
15.    Radlov, E. 1896. Neskolko zamechanij o filosofii N. Strahova [Some remarks on the philosophy of Nikolai Strakhov], Zhurnal Ministerstva narodnogo prosveschenija [Journal of the Ministry of Public Education], pt. CCCV, no. 6, p. 339—361.
16.    Rozanov, V. V. 2001. Literaturnie izgnanniki: N. N. Strakhov. K. N. Leontiev. [Literary exiles: N. N. Strakhov. K. N. Leontiev], ed. А. N. Nikoljukin, Moscow, 477 p.
17.    Skatov, N. N. 2000. N. N. Strakhov (1828—1896), Strakhov, N. N. Literaturnaja kritika [Literary Criticism], St Petersburg, p. 3—41.
18.    Strakhov, N. N. 1895. Anglijskaja psihologija [English psychology], Filosofskije ocherki [Philosophical Essays], St Petersburg, p. 201—267.
19.    Strakhov, N. N. 1895. Gartman i Shopengauer [Hartmann and Schopenhauer], Filosofskije ocherki [Philosophical Essays], St Petersburg, p. 374—427.
20.    Strakhov, N. N. 1895. Glavnaja cherta mishlenija [The main feature of thinking], Filosofskije ocherki [Philosophical Essays], St Petersburg, p. 100—122.
21.    Strakhov, N. N. 1906. O vremeni [About the time], Filosofskije ocherki [Philosophi¬cal Essays], 2nd ed., Kiev, p. 405—414.
22.    Strakhov, N. N. 1894. O zadachah istorii filosofii [On the tasks of the history of philosophy], Voprosy filosofii i psihologii [Questions of philosophy and psychology], bk. 1 (21), p. 1—34.
23.    Strakhov, N. N. 1894. Ob osnovnih ponjatijah psihologii i fiziologii [On the fundamen-tal ideas of psychology and physiology], 2nd ed., St Petersburg, XIX, 318 p.
24.    Tolstoy, L. N. 1953. Polnoe sobranie sochinenij [Complete works in 90 volumes], vol. 64, Letters 1887—1889, Moscow, ХХ, 425 p.
25.    Shperk, F. E. 2010. N. N. Strahov. Kriticheskij etjud [Nikolai Strakhov. The critical essay], Kak pechal’no, chto vo mne tak mnogo nenavisti… [How sad that in me so much hate...], Sankt-Peterburg, p. 122—128.
26.    Pruzhinin, B. I. and Schedrina, T. G. 2013. Epistemologicheskij stil’ v russkoi intellek-tual¬noj culture XIX—XX vekov: Ot lichnosti k traditsiji [Epistemological style of Russian in¬tel-lectual culture of XIX—XX centuries: From the individual to the tradition], Мoscow, 447 p.

Back to the section