Frolova Ye. The theoretical and methodological issues of the revival of natural law
This article considers the understanding of natural law from the perspective of neo-Kantian legal philosophy of the late 19th/early 20th century and the problem of correlation between changing rules of law and the unchanged form of moral prescriptions.The author focuses on the development of Kantian approach ...
Neo-Kantian and phenomenological axiology in N. N. Alekseev’s philosophy of law
This paper analyzes receptions of phenomenological and neo-Kantian axiology trends in the interpretation of the concept and status of value in N. N. Alekseev’s philosophy of law. The author identifies the role of Neo-Kantian nomothetic—idiographic division of sciences proposed by the Southwest German school of Neo-Kantianism in interpreting the essence of law within Aleseev’s philosophy. It is shown that Alekseev uses ...
Kistyakovsky on the nature of law
This article explores the contribution of the Russian philosopher and theorist of law, neo-Kantian Kistyakovsky, to the understanding of the essence of law. He supported methodological pluralism and identified four theoretical and two practical concepts of law. The neo-Kantian motive in Kistyakovsky's theory manifested itself in the ...
Georges Gurvitch and Sergey Hessen on the Possibility of Forming Social Unity
... Annales contemporaines, 33, pp. 553-554. (In Rus.)
Bitcilli, P. M., 1935. [Rev.] G. Gurvitch, L’expérience juridique et la philosophie pluraliste du droit, Paris, 1935. Novy Grad, 10, pp. 139-142. (In Rus.)
Dmitrieva, N. A., 2016. Back to Kant, or Forward to Enlightenment: The Particularities and Issues of Russian Neo-Kantianism. Russian Studies in Philosophy, 54(5), pp. 378-394.
Duguit, L., 1921. Objective Law. II. Columbia Law Review, 21(1), pp. 17-34.
Durkheim, E., 1982. The Rules of Sociological Method. In: E. Durkheim, 1982. The ...
The communication of persons: Kant’s theory of marriage law held captive by pagan anthropology
The paper analyzes Kant’s philosophy of matrimonial law. It focuses on the idea of this law as “possession of a person as a thing and its use as a person”: Kant conceives marriage as an interpersonal relation in an external form of real possession, in the aspect of the objective and subjective goal ...
On the role of religion in N. N. Alekseev’s axiological model of law
This paper is devoted to investigation of destination of religion in the process of forming of the concept of law in determined cultural circumstances. This study is actualizes the essential link between comprehension of content of domain of law and concept of subjectivity. Nikolay Alexeev overcomes concept of subjectivity represented in philosophy of early modern ...
The significance of the critique of A. I. Vvedensky’s ‘new psychophysiological law’ for Russian philosophy
This article analyses the historical and philosophical critique of A. I. Vvedensky’s ‘new psychophysiological’ law. The author examines the most substantial commentaries, namely, those by P. E. Astafyev, N. Y. Grot, L. M. Lopatin, E. L. Radlov, and S. N. Trubetskoy. At the end of the 19th century, these authors contributed to an active discussion in the pages ...
Duty and Coercion in Kant’s Republican Cosmopolitanism
This paper argues whether Kant’s cosmopolitanism entails a specific theory of coercion. I will especially tackle Kant’s account of international political order. First, I claim that Kant attributes a systematic role to the cosmopolitan right, what justifies considering this part of the doctrine of law as a necessary rational conclusion of the legal system, although its institutional embodiment differs from that required by the rights of states. I highlight that according to Kant states may not behave as individual citizens do, since they do not ...
Kants Begriff der Verbindlichkeit und die neuzeitliche Naturrechtslehre
... Uebersicht der vornehmsten Principien der Sittenlehre von dem Zeitalter des Aristoteles an bis auf unsere Zeit, Breslau, in: Garve, C. Gesammelte Werke, hrsg. von K. Wölfel, Bd. 8.
8. Geismann, G. 2001, Sittlichkeit, Religion und Geschichte in der Philosophie Kants, in: Jahrbuch für Recht und Ethik/ Annual Review of Law and Ethics, hrsg. von B. S. Byrd, J. Hruschka und J. C. Joerden, Bd. 8, (2000), Berlin.
9. Gerlach, H.-M. 1997, Christian Wolffs „Rede von der Sittenlehre der Sineser“ (1721) oder vom wahren philosophischen Erkennen zum rechten moralischen Handeln,...
Transzendentalphilosophie als kritische Bestimmung des Standpunkts. Eine wissenschaftstheoretische Annäherung
... Teleology. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
McLaughlin, P., 2014. Transcendental Presuppositions and Ideas of Reason. Kant-Studien, 105, S. 554-572.
McNulty, M. B., 2015. Rehabilitating the Regulative Use of Reason: Kant on Empirical and Chemical Laws. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 54, pp. 1-10.
Medicus, F., 1902. Kants Philosophie der Geschichte. Kant-Studien, 7, S. 1-22.
Meer, R., 2018. Immanuel Kant’s Theory of Objects and its Inherent Link to Natural Science. Open Philosophy, 1/2, S. 342-359.
Meer, R., 2019. Der transzendentale Grundsatz der Vernunft. Funktion ...
The justification of legal punishment in Kant’s philosophy
The subject matter of the article is the problem of justification of punishment within Kant’s practical philosophy. Modern interpretations tend ... ... И. Айхенвальда. М., 1992.
8. Bahnam G. Kants’s Practical Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
9. Gregor M. Laws of Freedom. Oxford, 1963.
10. Hill Th. E. Punishment, Conscience and Moral Worth // Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative ...
Revisiting the Maxim-Law Dynamic in the Light of Kant’s Theory of Action
A stable classification of practical principles into mutually exclusive types is foundational to Kant’s moral theory. Yet, other than a few brief hints on the distinction between maxims and laws, he does not provide any elaborate discussion on the classification and the types of practical principles in his works. This has led Onora O’Neill and Lewis Beck to reinterpret Kant’s classification of practical principles in a way that would ...
Feyerabend’s Natural Law Notes and their significance for Kant studies. Preface
Natural Law Notes of Feyerabend is one of the most important sources by the research of ethical and juridical views of Kant. Dating back to 1784 they distinctly demonstrate that the basic principles of Kant’s philosophy of right are not a late production of the philosopher,...
Kant’s lectures on natural law: Justice and conscientiousness
The lectures on natural law delivered by Kant in the winter semester of 1784/85 have recently attracted increasing attention from Kant scholars. Dating back to the 1780s, they elucidate a number of important aspects in the genesis of Kant’s practical philosophy. Firstly, this relates to the formation of the Königsberg ...
Some aspects of John Rawls’s first principle of justice
The article considers the first of the two principles of justice proposed by the American philosopher John Rawls as universal principles that would be chosen ... ... necessity and duty by the study of social relations in the neo-Kantian philosophy], in: Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika [Law and State: Theory and Practice]. No. 10. Pp. 112—121.
7. Frolova, Е. А. 2011, Pravovoi ideal v filosofii prava [Legal ...
Reception of Cohen’s ethics in Russia
.... Штейнберг А. З. Герман Коген как воспитатель (1842—1918) // Штейнберг А. З. Философские сочинения. СПб., 2011. С. 284—309.
13. Cassirer E. Hermann Cohen und die Erneuerung der Kantischen Philosophie. In: Kant-Studien, Bd. 17, Berlin, 1912. S. 252—273.
14. Cohen H. Ethik des reinen Willens. 2. Aufl. Berlin, 1907.
Cohen, Kant, philosophy of law, Russian philosophy, ethics, system of philosophy.
How transcendental are Kant’s principles of public law?
28. Gutschker, T. 1999, Ästhetik und Politik. Annäherungen an Kants politische Philosophie, in: Kant als politischer Schriftsteller. Hrsg. v. T. Stammen. Würzburg... ... ewigen Frieden. Hamburg.
34. Laursen, J. C. 1986, The Subversive Kant: The Vocabulary of "Public" and "Publicity", in: Political Theory. Vol. 14. No.... ... Sassenbach, U. 1992, Der Begriff des Politischen bei Immanuel Kant. Würzburg.
public law, politics, publicity, morals, justice of maxims, transcendental and empirical, a...
Aesthetics in the system of Paul Natorp’s philosophy
... expressing the creative and free within spiritual activities. In philosophical systematics, aesthetics is a “fundamental” of the law of philosophical reflection.
1. Акиндинова Т. А. Эстетика неокантианства в Германии ... ... Б. А. Избранное (из философского наследия). М., 2003.
9. Holzhey H. Der Neukantianismus // Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert : in 2 Bdn.Hamburg, 1992. Bd. 1. S. 19—51.
10. Natorp P. Philosophie. Ihr Problem und ihre Probleme....
Kant and the Constitution of Russian Federation
This article is an attempt to give I. Kant “credit” for the Constitution of Russian Federation. Of course, the articles of Constitution require significant improvement so that they adhere to the letter and the spirit of Kant’s ideas on state and law. The article stresses the need to take into account two provisions of Kant’s philosophy: the complementarity of morals and law and support for traditional family values. The legal discussions on the essence of constitutionalism, supremacy of law,...
Kant as the German Theorist of the French Revolution: the Origin of a Dogma
The origins in Marxist-Leninist philosophy of the dogma about Kant as the German theorist of the French Revolution requires some ... ... occurs as early as 1842 in “The Philosophical Manifesto of the Historical School of Law” which belongs to the idealistic period of the early Marx.
Aldanov, M. A... ... Moscow: OGIZ Gospolitizdat, pp. 56-137. (In Rus.)
Bachmann, C. F., 1816. Über die Philosophie meiner Zeit. Zur Vermittlung. Jena: Cröker.
Bammel, G. K., 1936. On the...
Affection of Law: Fichte on the Place and Boundaries of Pure Ethics of the Imperative
In his popular 1806 lectures on religion Fichte considered five possible worldviews in the second of which, “the standpoint of legality”, one can readily recognise the ethics of law of the Stoical and Kantian type. Fichte stresses that in his youth he himself shared this worldview. However, he hastens to adduce a series of original arguments to show that this position is essentially incapable of delivering a pure and higher moral ...
The ethical and philosophical antinomy of foundations of Kant’s theory of family law
The present paper focuses on the ethical and anthropological foundations of Kant’s philosophy of family law conceived as a “personal right that is real in kind”: the possibility of possessing a person as a property item presets the antinomy of moral and legal principles, which reproduces the conflict between Roman naturalistic legal theory and the contractual ...
Kantian Ethical Humanism in Late Imperial Russia
... unfortunately not received a clear and careful definition. Historians and philosophers have lumped together their various understandings of outlooks that stress the value and importance of human life under the collective term “humanism.” This essay sets out to ... ... the Church Fathers. They rejected the role of reason in evaluating moral choices, relying on faith to reveal objective moral laws and rules. Their form of Christian humanism lay in a commitment to justice and respect for all human beings. However, the ...
The philosophical and legal content of Sergey Hessen’s concept of personality
This article aims to consider the concept of personality proposed by the prominent exponent of Russian neo-Kantianism Sergey Hessen and its philosophical and legal content.... ... general will as a continuous process of establishing and re-establishing that involves the general population. Hessen counterposed law against the notions of nature and morality and interpreted law as an insufficient but necessary prerequisite for harmonizing ...
Studies into the history of Russian Neo-Kantianism in Poland
The article deals with the jey areas of Russian Neo-Kantianism studies in Poland. Although the number and quality of studies on the history of Russian Neo-Kantianism ... ... (Selected works. Vol. 5) / ed. W. Okon]. Warsaw.
53. Hessen S. 2003, Panstwo prawa i socjalizm. Pier. S. Mazurka [The state of law and socialism. Trans. S. Mazurek]. Warsaw.
54. Kojkol J. 2001 (a), Kultura i wychowanie w filozoficznej wizji edukacji Sergiusza ...
Reception of Kant’s Epistemological Ideas in Fyodor Golubinsky’s Metaphysics
Kant’s views on space and time as well as his doctrine of the categories of understanding attracted the attention of thinkers belonging to ... ... their order. As for the meaning of the categories, for Golubinsky they are not merely laws of cognising things, but laws of their being. In conclusion, I show that Golubinsky... ... Philosophers. London & New York: Bloomsbury, pp. 441-442.
Krug, W. T., 1828. Handbuch der Philosophie und der philosophischen Literatur: in 2 Volumes. Leipzig: F. A. Brockhaus...
Kantian ethos in J. Rawls’s political philosophy
... between J. Rawls’s philosophical and political conceptions and I. Kant’s ideas and the intellectual and political tradition of the Enlightenment in general. The author defends Rawls’s approach to Kant’s works interpreting it as “discipleship”,... ...? // Kant-Studien. 1999. № 90. P. 385—409.
6. Rawls J. The Idea of Public Reason Revisited // The University of Chicago Law Re¬view. 1997. № 3. P. 765—807.
7. Rawls J. Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Cambridge, 2001.
8. Rawls J. Kantian ...
Kategorische Rechtsprinzipien in Zeiten der Postmoderne. Interview mit Prof. Dr Otfried Höffe
... O. 1999, Demokratie im Zeitalter der Globalisierung. München.
Höffe, O. 2012, Kants Kritik der praktischen Vernunft. Eine Philosophie der Freiheit. München.
Höffe, O. 1995, Kategorische Rechtsprinzipien. Ein Kontrapunkt der Moderne. 3. Aufl. Frankfurt ... ... Recht, in: Gesamtausgabe. Bd. 3. Heidelberg, S. 83—94.
Radbruch, G. 2003, Rechtsphilosophie. Heidelberg.
Kant, philosophy of law, theory of justice, transcendental exchange, categorical imperative, freedom, democracy, liberalism, social state, world ...
God’s Law or Categorical Imperative: on Crusian Issues of Kantian Morality
... Autonomy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schönfeld, M., 2000. The Philosophy of the Young Kant. The Precritical Project. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Schwaiger... ... C., 1999. Kategorische und andere Imperative. Zur Entwicklung von Kants praktischer Philosophie bis 1785. Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog.
Stark, W., 2004.... ... 386-391.
Kant, Crusius, ethics, moral teaching, virtue, happiness, necessity, the moral law, God
Ludmila E. Kryshtop
The role of religion in G. Gurvich’s philosophy of law
This article demonstrates how G.D Gurvich combines the ideas of axiology of Neo-Kantianism and phenomenology. The author considers the features of a religious act in G. D. Gurvich’s philosophy ... ... ранняя аксиологическая мысль. М., 2006.
Neo-Kantianism, value, religion, philosophy of law, philosophy of history
Kantiansche Motive in „dem Ehernen Reiter“ von A. S. Puschkin. Gewidmet dem 75-jährigen Jubiläum des Historikers der russischen Philosophie B. W. Emeljanow
This article attempts to demonstrate the influence of Kant's philosophy of law and politics and philosophy of history alongside his aesthetic ideas on “The Bronze Horseman” by A. Pushkin.
1. Белый А. Искуситель // Белый А. Стихотворения. М., 1928.
2. Гаспаров Б. М. Поэтический ...
Kant on Human Dignity: Autonomy, Humanity, and Human Rights
... explores the new frontier within Kantian scholarship which suggests that Kant places so much special importance on the value of rational nature that the supreme principle of morality and the concept of human dignity are both grounded on it. Advocates ... ...
Gewirth, A., 1998. The Community of Rights. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Gregor, M., 1995. Natural Right or Natural Law? Jahrbuch für Recht und Ethik / Annual Review of Law and Ethics, 3, pp. 11-35.
Herman, B., 1993. The Practice of Moral Judgment....
Knowing humanity without knowing the human being: The structure of polemic in Kant’s political argumentation
... text corpus. However, due to its passionate polemic, it can be rewritten in the form of dialogues. The most dramatic instalment is the authoritative treatise Toward Perpetual... ... and Rousseau) against the ‘government’ and ‘lawyers’. Kant’s philosophy of law, which is believed to rest on a metaphysical foundation, is constructed using a... ... No. 4 (50).S. 54—60.
23. Albus, V. 2001, Weltbild und Metapher. Untersuchungen zur Philosophie im 18. Jahrhundert. Würzburg, 2001.
24. Borries, K. 1928, Kant als Politiker...
The Philosophy of Vasily Sesemann and Marburg Neo-Kantianism
This article considers the ideas of the Russian Neo-Kantianist Vasily Sesemann (1884—1963) in comparison with the idealism ... ... 93—122; Sesemann W. 1911—1912, Das Rationale und das Irrationale im System der Philosophie // Logos. № 1, p. 208—241.
12. Sezeman V. E. 1913, Tieoreticheskaja... ... pod red. B. Szotek, A. J. Norasa [Philosophy and the past tense. To Professor Czes¬law Glombk at his 70. anniversary of the birth]. Katowice, 2005, p. 97—108.
The Notion of Free Will in Sergey Hessen’s Conception of Culture
... I. Hessen, 1999. Izbrannye sochineniya [Selected Writings]. M: ROSSPEN, pp. 106-144. (In Russ.)
Hessen, S. I., 1999d. State of Law and Socialism. In: S. I. Hessen, 1999. Izbrannye sochineniya [Selected Writings]. M: ROSSPEN, pp. 147-542. (In Russ.)
Hessen,... ... Nicolai Copernici. Nauki Humanistyczno-Społeczne. Filozofia, 6 (130), pp. 87-98.
Rickert, H., 1910—1911. Vom Begriff der Philosophie. Logos: Internationale Zeitschrift für Philosophie der Kultur, 1, pp. 1-34.
Rickert, H., 1915. Kulturwissenschaft ...
Is Spinoza’s Ethics Heteronomous in the Kantian Sense of the Term?
The prevailing interpretations of Spinoza’s ethical theory view it as an example of heteronomy in the Kantian sense of the term. I make a case for the claim ... ... agent’s law-oriented motivation, ii) distinction between human nature as rational and affective, ascribing different sets of laws to each, iii) endowment of reason with moral content, iv) recognition of the non-subjective notion of goodness. Added to ...
The metaphysics of science
A reflection on the meaning of Kant’s manuscript where he uses the expression ‘metaphysics of science’. 20th century philosophy of science acknowledged ... ... physics is an instance of Kant’s universal ‘anthropological’ apriorism and his understanding of the human being, morals, law, and history rather than the seeming ‘absolutisation’ of the Euclidean geometry and Newtonian mechanics. The possibility ...
Parliament and law-making: modern understanding of the role of parliamentary procedures and laws in transforming society
... mandatory nature of their analysis and expertise of introduced bills at the stages of the legislative process.
1. Arce Janariz A. La Transparencia de la ley // Cuadernos Manuel Giménez Abad. 2013. № 5. P. 59—68.
2. Dawn O. Improving the scrutiny of bills: The case for standards and checklists // Public law. 2006. Summer. P. 219—246.
3. Harris J. Legal Philosophies. Dublin, 1997.
4. Pinelli C. Un sistema parallelo. Decreti-leggi e ordinanzi d’urgenza nell’esperienza italiana: Relazione al Convegno del Gruppo S. Martino, Università di Milano, Bicocca, 13 Novembre 2009, su «Recenti novità ...
Family ethics and philosophy of love in Kant’s Lectures on Ethics
This article considers Kant’s deliberations on the essence and varieties of human love, based on the Lectures on Ethics. Kant distinguished between the love of benevolence (ethical love) — a commitment ... ... matrimony is on the surface of Kant’s deduction. The moral prohibition of instrumentalisation rules out family ethics and family law. However, the root of all evil is not solely this circumstance. A morally illegitimate union of concubinage is formed to attain ...
Frolova E. Neo-Kantian philosophy of law in Russia in the late 19th/early 20th century
The flow form of economic matter movement and the concept of levels
Every science uses the concepts, in which the knowledge accumulated by it is concentrated. The methodology of economic logistics is a general theoretical approach to studying material and related flows in economic systems that based on a special understanding of reality within a certain philosophical framework. As science, logistics applies the laws of organization of elements into a functional whole as a result of the practices of logistic structure formation. Alongside general laws, the system of logistic knowledge includes the laws of philosophy, general economic theory, as well as the laws,...
Kant on the rights of citizens in matters of religion: The concept of religious tolerance in the German Enlightenment
..., The „Practical Philosophy“ of Christian Thomasius, in: Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 2 (32), p. 221—246.
5. Bordoni, G., S. 2016, Note al Testo, Kant I... ... Hinske, G. S. Bordoni. Milano, p. 233—282.
6. Ciafardone, R. 1990, Einleitung, in: Die Philosophie der deutschen Aufklärung. Texte und Darstellung, hrsg. von R. Ciafardone... ..., Jus naturae methodo scientifica pertractatum. Pars septima, Halle.
Kant, natural law, religion, church, clergy, rites, sovereign, state
Kryshtop L. E.
The Knight of Contemporary Russian Kantiana. On the 85th Birthday of Leonard Kalinnikov
This is a review of the main research achievements of Professor L. A. Kalinnikov presented in his articles and monographs. The theoretical issues ... ... Its Interpretation. Kantian Journal, 3(49), pp. 1-18. (In Rus.)
Kalinnikov, L. A., 2016a. Kant’s Fundamental Idea of State Law in Pushkin’s “Boris Godunov”. Kantian Journal, 4 (58), pp. 7-23. (In Rus.)
Kalinnikov, L. A., 2016b. Filosofsko-pojeticheskoe ...
Kant als Mystiker? Zur These von Carl Arnold Wilmans’ dissertatio philosophica
Carl Arnold Wilmans received his degree of doctor in philosophy in Halle in 1797 for a bold thesis. He claimed a latent similarity ... ... theorem of the fact of reason converges with his doctrine of respect to the moral law as intelligible feeling. This rapprochement allows the latter to play an argumentative... ... Metafisica, 22, pp. 497-517.
Derrida, J., 2005. D’un ton apocalyptique adopté naguère en philosophie. Paris: Galilée.
[Ewald, S. H.], 1804. Nekrolog. Immanuel Kant. Gothaische...
The thinking of nature and the nature of thinking — Cohen on Spinoza
The author tries to prove the thesis that Cohen's reception of Spinoza's thought is character-ized by a sequence of what we can find in the whole philosophical system of Marburg Neo-Kantian.... ... difference between being of nature and being of obligation, the opposition against finalism in the name of necessary natural laws. Therefore, we are talking about thinking that even in small things not engaged in scientific idealism and therefore far ...
A triune community: Fichte’s family law against the background of Kant’s practical philosophy (II)
Based on Fichte’s Foundations of Natural Right recently published in Russian for the first time, this article investigates the logic and basic statements of Fichte’s theory on family law. The second part of the study considers Fichte's theory of marriage law as compared to Kant’s legal doctrine. Both the union and separation of marriage partners is viewed by Fichte as a phenomenon of the internal life and an element of personal ...
A triune community: Fichte’s family law against the background of Kant’s practical philosophy (I)
Based on Fichte’s Foundations of Natural Right, recently published in Russian for the first time, this article investigates the logic and basic statements of Fichte’s theory on family law. The first part of the study is dedicated to Fichte’s ethical and metaphysical “deduction of marriage”, which views the family union as a natural-and-moral community of sexes, which only subsequently assumes a legal form through the principle ...
Moral und Dogma: Alois Riehls Neukantianismus im Spannungsfeld zwischen Religion und Politik
... Alois Riehl’s contribution to the “culture war” (Kulturkampf) in the second half of the nineteenth century. We show that he used Kant’s autonomy principle to argue... ... Vertretern der experimentellen Psychologie. Logos. Internationale Zeitschrift für Philosophie der Kultur, IV, S. 114-116.
Banks, E., 2014. The Realistic Empiricism of... ... Gemeinwesens. In: V. Rohden et al., Hg. 2008. Recht und Frieden in der Philosophie Kants / Law and Peace in Kant’s Philosophy: Akten des X. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses....
The notion of history in the works of H. Cohen and M. Kagan
This article considers the attempt by the Russian Neokantianer M. Kagan to create a concept of philosophy of history through developing the main ideas of philosophy of history formulated by his teacher, the founder of ... ... Leitung von H. Holzhey. Hildesheim; Zürich; N. Y., 2001.
philosophy of history, methodology of history, historical being, law, politics, culture, work, crisis
Belov V. N.
Kants praktischer Platonismus
... Hamburg: Meiner.
Palmquist, S.R., 2019. Kant and Mysticism: Critique as the Experience of Baring All in Reason’s Light. London: Rowman & Littlefield.
Philo Alexandrinus... ..., 2011. Aufklärung bis zum Himmel. Emanuel Swedenborg im Kontext der Theologie und Philosophie des 18. Jahrhunderts. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
Swedenborg, E., 1749-1756... ... Anmerckungen. 4. Auflage. Frankfurt: Andreä & Hort.
ideas, virtue, republic, moral laws, perfection, pure practical reason, intelligible world