Dilemmas of logical hylomorphism
Logical hylomorphism considers logic as a theory of formal relations. However, it is difficult to give a precise definition of these relations due to a multitude of interpretations of formality in logic. This paper acknowledges the dichotomy of the substantial ...
Consequences and Design in General and Transcendental Logic
In this article, I consider Kant’s dichotomy between general and transcendental logic in light of a retrospective reconstruction of two approaches originating in 14th century scholasticism that are used to demarcate formal and material consequences. The first approach (e. g., John Buridan, Albert of Saxony, Marsilius of Inghen) ...
Kant, Gödel, and the problem of synthetic a priori judgements
... mentioned above, it is nevertheless compatible with Gödel’s results. Analysing proofs of existence of synthetic a priori judgements helps demonstrate that a solution to this problem is determined by the implicitly or explicitly accepted image of logic, whose key parameter is the object of logic or, in other worlds, the ideas about the nature of the logical and, therefore, the ideas about the boundaries of logic and mathematics.
1. Bryushinkin V. N., Popova V. S. 2010, Logika v russkom neokantianstve: ...
The central philosophical conception of the creator of logical algebra: On the bicentenary of George Boole
... logical-algebraic and theoretical-probabilistic methods in modelling thought processes. Despite the project’s failure, current developments in computer science and programming have surprisingly confirmed Boole’s ideas on the applicability of rigorous methods of logical calculus in the explication of thought processes.
1. Пушкарский А. Г. Джордж Буль и проблема психологизма в логике // Электронное научное издание Альманах Пространство ...
The logical models of the analytical generalisations and particularisations of concepts
This article examines the procedural structures of operations with concepts and offers the logical models of concept generalisation and particularisation, describes the types of operations, and determines the sources of logical fallacies of natural generalisations and particularisations.
1. Брюшинкин В.
The role of logic and the study of rationality within N. O. Lossky’s ideal-realistic concept
This article focuses on the specific features of N. O. Lossky’s interpretation of certain logical themes. The author shows that it is determined by the ideal-realistic position of the thinker. “Intuitionistic” logic is presented as a philosophical interpretation of traditional logic in the framework of ideal-realistic teaching. N. O. Lossky ...
On asymmetry in game-theoretic semantics
... games. The article provides an overview of concurrent game-theoretic semantics.
1. Хинтикка Я. Логико-эпистемологические исследования. М., 1980.
2. Mann A. L., Sandu G., Sevenster M. Independence-Friendly Logic a Game-Theoretic Approach. Cambridge, 2011.
3. Melliès P.-A., Abramsky S. Concurrent Games and Full Completeness // Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Symposium on Logic in Computer Science. Computer Science Press of the IEEE, 1999. ...
On logical errors in Kant's table of judgements
This article focuses on the logical inconsistency of Kant's classification of judgements presented in the "Critique of pure reason". The author shows how Kant's division of judgements violates elementary logical rules. The article analyses an earlier attempt by G. Ryle ...
The advantages and disadvantages of the logical approach to the argumentation modelling
This article considers the logical modelling of a set of arguments. The author shows that logic offers normative models, which impose the pre-set structure on the argumentation. The article introduces the notions of macro-, micro-, and mesostructure of argument sets as well as ...
What is transcendental logic?
This article deals with Kant's justification of transcendental logic. The author shows how Kant draws the distinction between general and transcendental logic. The article analyses the essence of the new logic and its place in transcendental philosophy and considers the structural logical elements and their functions....
Problems of analytic and synthetic propositions in the history of logic
Certain historical facts relating to the history of discussions on the nature of analytic and synthetic propositions in logic are used to demonstrates that the interpretation of their states largely depend on the accepted image of logic.
1. Брюшинкин В. Н., Ходикова Н. А. Теория поиска вывода. Происхождение и философские ...
Logic Manuals for Women in the Late Enlightenment Era
In the focus of my attention there are six German-language textbooks in logic published in the second half of the eighteenth century. What distinguishes these books is that they were all written specially for women. While such works were fairly common in France and Italy during this period, they had something of an exotic ...
The history of opposition between formal and dialectical logic in Russian philosophy
This article shows that the opposition between formal and dialectical logic first emerged within Hegel’s dialectical logic. The article shows that in the framework of the division of time into «now» and «not now», the incorrect formal logical description of dialectical opposition disappears. The author comes to a ...
Kant's logic and Strawson's metaphysics
This article defines the way of interaction between formal and transcendental logic through introducing ontological considerations based on P. Strawson's descriptive metaphysics. The notions of a particular, a sortal universal and a feature universal are introduced into the transcendental limitation on the inferences of formal ...
Kant’s logic and Strawson’s metaphysics
This article defines the way of interaction between formal and transcendental logic through introducing ontological considerations based on P. Strawson's descriptive metaphysics. The notions of a particular, a sortal universal, and a feature universal are introduced into the transcendental limitation on the inferences of formal ...
Kantian Philosophy and ‘Linguistic Kantianism’
... Enlightenment: Vico, Hamann, Herder, 2nd ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
4. Devitt, M., Sterelny, K., 1999. Language and Reality, 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell.
5. Dragalina-Chernaya, E. G., 2018. Consequences and Design in General and Transcendental Logic. Kantian Journal, 37(1), pp. 25-39.
6. Dragalina-Chernaya, E., 2016. Kant’s Dynamic Hylomorphism in Logic. Con-Textos Kantianos. International Journal of Philosophy, 4, pp. 127-137.
7. Forster, M., 2012. Kant’s Philosophy of Language? Tijdschrift ...
The methodology of history of logic: the synthetic approach
The author justifies the synthetic approach in the methodology of history of logic, which is based on the “image of logic” concept, the principle of methodological dualism, and the porismatic model of science development.
Аргументация, коммуникация, рациональность ...
Analytic philosophy: a historico-critical survey
1. Austin J. L. Ifs and Cans // Proceedings of the British Academy. 1956. Vol. 42.
2. Black M. Relations between Logical Positivism and the Cambridge School of Analysis // Erkenntnis. 1939—1940. Vol. 8.
3. Black M. A. Companion to Wittgenstein’s TRACTATUS, 1964.
4. Carnap R. Überwindung der Metaphysik durch logische Analyse der Sprache // Erkenntnis. 1931....
I. Kant in the development of N. O. Lossky’s philosophical views: The case of a translation
... characteristics of the new system of intuitivism, which emerged in a discussion of Kant’s epistemological system. The author identifies the key themes of transcendental philosophy that drew special attention of Lossky. These include the fundamental logical issues of the essence of logical connection, the nature of judgement and inference, and that of the synthetic and analytic. The article addresses the interpretation of the concept of ‘intuition’ by Lossky and the influence of this interpretation ...
Transcendental logic and analytic of concepts
This article focuses o the functions, structure and effects of transcendental logic in the Analytic of concepts of Kant's "Critique of pure reason". The author explicates different aspects, rules, principles, the method and procedures of transcendental logic.
1. Брюшинкин В. Н. Взаимодействие ...
Theoretical analysis of fuzzy logic and Q. E. method in economics
This paper analyzes the key elements of fuzzy logic and showes that through rational, behavioral economics and neo-classical economics it is possible to develop models using the Q. E. methodology. Therefore, it is plausible to apply contemporaneous Q. E. methodology in combination with the rationality ...
The second application of transcendental logic
This article considers the functions, structure and actions of transcendental logic in “The Analytic of Principles” of Kant’s “Critique of pure reason”. The author explicates the specificity, rules, laws and the method of transcendental logic in this sphere of analytic.
1. Кант И. Критика чистого ...
Ideas of Kant’s theoretical philosophy in Peirce’s graph theory
C. S. Peirce is a prominent figure in the nineteenth-century American philosophy. His contribution to philosophy and logic is enormous. The significance of some of his ideas was not realized until today. As a philosopher, Peirce was shaped by Kant, whose Critique of Pure Reason he knew almost by heart. Peirce was fascinated by the German thinker, who literally opened ...
On the logical inconsistency of Kant’s critique of the cosmological argument
The paper shows that the Kantian critique of cosmological argument does not take into account the existential presuppositions of Aristotelian syllogistic, so it is logically untenable. The basic idea of Kant is that the cosmological proof does not rely on the empirical premise (i.e. the existence of the world). Instead, it resorts covertly to the ontological proof. This is the second stage of the proof, when fr ...
The Conjunction Functions of the Particle tolko: A Conjunction Particle vs a Conjunction Analogue
This article considers the conjunction functions of the logical and modal particle tolko. A study into the functioning of logical and modal particles led the author to identify the basic syntactic positions that determine the functional and grammatical status of the lexical units studied: the particle, the ...
‘What can be described can happen too…’: describing text semantics as a model structure of transworld relationships
... “Imaginary Conversation with Alexander I”. In: A. M. Egolin, ed. Pushkin. Lermontov. Gogol' [Pushkin. Lermontov. Gogol]. Moscow: AN SSSR Publ. pp. 167—194 (in Russ.).
Gindin, S. I., 1982. Some lessons and possible perspectives of contacts between logic and the linguistic theory of the text. In: Logicheskii analiz estestvennogo yazyka [Logical analysis of natural language]. Vil'nyus. pp. 111—115 (in Russ.).
Zolyan, S. T., 2013. “Endless labyrinth of linkages”: text semantics as a multidimensional ...
The rhetorical turn in argumentation theory
... focuses on the key aspects of the rhetorical approach developed by Christopher Tindale and emphasizes its significance for modern theory of argumentation. The article examines the historical background of the rhetorical turn and its relation to informal logic and pragma-dialectics. The author argues that it is justified to consider different approaches to argumentation as complementary.
1. Blair J. A. Tindale’s Acts of arguing: A rhetorical model of argument // Informal Logic. 2000. Vol. 20 (2).
Über die Rolle der Ideen Kants in der Entwicklung der Logik und der universitären Philosophie in Russland
This article analyses the impact of Kant's ideas on the development of logic and University philosophy in Russia. The integrity of philosophy, psychology (pedagogy), and logic until the early 20th century implied that Kant's ideas influenced logic via its philosophical foundations (empiricism versus the rationalistic aspects ...
Curriculum development on the basis of interdisciplinary logical link models
This article deals with the methods of curriculum development in the framework of process approach on the basis of interdisciplinary logical link analysis.
и директивы для агентств гарантии качества в высшем образовании на территории Европы // Европейская ассоциация ...
Analytic Philosophy: a Historico-Critical Survey
1. Austin, 1956: Austin J. L. Ifs and C ans // Proceedings of the British Academy. 1956. Vol. 42.
2. Black, 1940: Black M. Relations between Logical Positivism and the Cambridge School of Analysis // Erkenntnis. 1939—1940. Vol. 8.
3. Black, 1964: Black M. A Companion to Wittgenstein’s TRACTATUS.
4. Carnap, 1931: Carnap R. Überwindung der Metaphysik durch logische Analyse der Sprache ...
Maimon’s critique of I. Kant’s theory of analytic judge-ments
... nature of analytic judgments underwent an essential change in the process of his theoretical evolution: while in “Essay on Transcendental Philosophy” (1790) he had generally agreed with the definitions given to them by Kant, in “Essay Towards a New Logic or Theory of Thought” (1794) he already accomplished a detailed criticism of Kant’s differentiation between analytic and synthetic judgments. According to Maimon, the definition given to analytic judgments by Kant deprived these judgments of ...
The Place of Hermann Cohen’s Ideas in the Philosophy of Dialogue
... anthropology. However, Cohen considers the problem of inter-personal relationships not in isolation, but as an important component of his entire philosophical system. Deduction of the concept of personality in Ethics of Pure Will is based on Cohen’s logic of the origin expounded in the first part of his system in The Logic of Pure Cognition. Cohen explains that the origin of the self-consciousness of I as a personality is not the external world, but another person, i.e. Thou. In turn, the partnership ...
Kantian motives in logic and philosophy of science. Idea of Unity of a priory and empirical knowledge
... elements of cognition. To what extent further progress of philosophy and exact sciences confirmed (or modified) original Kant ideas? I'm inclined to judge that apriorism in its modest version do not contradict to modest type of empiricism. Real practice of logical and mathematical reasoning provides pry conjunctions of a priori and empirical elements of cognitive processes. We can find their harmonic combinations of mentioned standpoints and thus to confirm the validity of Kant idea related to inherent ...
Thomas Bradwardine on the types of logical paradoxes
... И. Основания теории множеств. М., 1966.
10. Шрамко Я. Парадокс познаваемости мира. URL: http://galactic.org.ua/prnep/Fiz-3.htm (дата обращения: 13.12.2012).
logical paradoxes, medieval logic, T. Bradwardine
Kantian motives in logic and philosophy of science. The idea of unity of a priory and empirical elements of cognition
... of cognition. To what extent further progress of philosophy and exact sciences confirmed (or modified) original Kant ideas? I'm inclined to judge that apriorism in its modest version does not contradict a modest type of empiricism. Real practice of logical and mathematical reasoning provides pry conjunctions of a priori and empirical elements of cognitive processes. We can find the harmonic combinations of mentioned standpoints and thus to confirm the validity of Kant’s idea related to inherent ...
Set of algorithms for constructing university timetable – part 1: system of evaluating timetable quality based on fuzzy logic and features of algorithm for searching an optimal timetable
... approach uses a multicriterion expert system with two quality
indexes: the average penalty imposed on timetabling and highest penalty imposed on one of the constraints. The system based on a series of intelligible rules and use the algorithms of fuzzy logic for getting the final evaluation of timetabling was created. An algorithm for searching a set of Pareto optimal timetables based on the Pareto simulated annealing algorithm is constructed.
Рутковская Д., Пилиньский М....
The thinking of nature and the nature of thinking — Cohen on Spinoza
... based on the erro-neous principle of identity. It cancels the possibility of the ethics as prevents the existence of nature distinguished from being of obligation, and over which dominates the necessity of natural laws. This distinction and the union of logic and ethics for Cohen is equally necessary and complemen¬tary. This fundamental principle of critical idealism overcomes Spinoza's pantheism, the reducing ethics to logic and devastating importance of ethics and logic through the metaphysics of ...
Linguistic Means Expressing Argumentation in Judicial Discourse late 19th: The Prosecutor’s Speech in Dostoevsky’s The Brothers Karamazov
This article analyses linguistic means of expressing argumentation in judicial discourse as used in the prosecutor’s speech in F. M. Dostoevsky’s The Brothers Karamazov. The author identifies logical and psychological types of argumentation characteristic of the 19th-century courtroom speeches. Such speeches use a complex structure of theses and arguments and employ various pragmatic and rhetorical means and devices alongside compound and ...
An algorithm for assessing the development of pro-fessional competences in the military (MATLAB modelling)
This paper describes the design and theoretical algorithm of assessing the level of professional competences in the military based on modelling in matlab fuzzy logic toolbox. The presented method of fuzzy modelling makes it possible to improve the modelling of different educational objects and processes and takes into account the human factor. In education, the method can be more effective that the results of ...
Meaning in life and meaning in the text (roundtable proceedings)
... the poetic text]. Vol. 2. URSS (in Russ.).
Zolyan, S. T., 1994. Description of the regional conflict as a methodological problem. Polis. Politicheskie issledovaniya [Polis. Political Studies], 2, pp. 131—142 (in Russ.).
Zolyan, S. T., 2012. The logic of preferences and conflict resolution (for example, the Karabakh conflict). In: M. V. Ilyin, ed. METOD: Moskovskii ezhegodnik trudov iz obshchestvovedcheskikh distsiplin [METHOD: Moscow Yearbook of Works from Social Studies]. Vol. 3. Moscow. ...
I. Kant and J. Jungius: on the development of critical tradition in the 17th century German philosophy
... science is protonoetic philosophy (philosophia protonoetica), whose major task is to identify the elemental operations of mind and the underlying laws. These laws serve as the basis for critique, which is aimed against the critique of reasoning and is of logical nature. However, according to Jungius, it is not traditional but mathematical logic — which he interprets inthe manner of constructivism — that should be the instrument of critique. Traditional logic is a reflective science and thus cannot ...
Insolubilia of Thomas Bradwardine
This article examines the medieval logical theory of insolubles by Thomas Bradwardine as a way to solve the liar paradox in the period of Logica Modernorum.
1. Tomas Bradwardine. Insolubilia / Introd., Transl. and Notes by S. Read. P. ;Leuven ; Walpole, 2010.
2. Read S., Spade P. V. ...
Argumentum ad morti in the violence discourse: the semantics and pragmatics of ‘radical’ argumentation
... losing its existential status, and to the threat being carried out. All of them make communication insignificant and the subject, or even the opponent, non-existent. This style of argumentation is peculiar to ‘pre-logical’ communities where the logical culture of social communication is underdeveloped and unwanted, where an instrumental appeal is made not to the law but force, not to freedom but arbitrariness.
Kurbatov, V., 1993. Zhenskaya logika [Women's logic]. Rostov-on-Don (in Russ....
“The Turn towards Ontology” in Russian Neo-Kantianism in the Late 1910s and Early 1920s (Lev Salagov and Nikolai Boldyrev)
... Preface by G. Dawes Hicks. London: MacMillan.
Lossky, N. O., 1928. The World as an Organic Whole. Translated by N. A. Duddington. London: Oxford University Press, H. Milford.
Molchanov, V. I., 2011. Analytical Phenomenology in Edmund Husserl’s “The Logical Investigations”. In: E. Husserl, 2011. Logicheskie issledovaniia [The Logical Investigations]. Volume 2, part 1. Translated [into Russian] by V. I. Molchanov. Moscow: Akademicheskii Proekt, pp. 462-557. (In Russ.)
Obolevich, T., 2014. From Neo-Kantianism ...
Operations with concepts: system characteristics and the sources of logical errors
This article focuses on the essence and features of concept operations. The author introduces the concepts of logical structure, logical and logical-cognitive form, and natural form of operations. The sources of mistakes in concept operation are identified and classified.
1. Бойко А. П. Логический анализ структуры классификации: ...
Towards methodology of humanities on the way to reform in logic
The article discusses several options for developing the methodology of the humanities by means of the "reform of logic" which is understood as the "organon" of cognition. I argue that the theories of Hermann Cohen, Wilhelm Windelband and Ernst Cassirer deliver the examples for the transition from epistemology to philosophy of culture, and the theories ...
About one training course introduction to specialty on mathematics
Author's program of a mathematical course of introduction to specialty is submitted. The program consists of four sections: formal logical system and functions, numerical system and number systems, artificial intelligence and fuzzy operators, programming paradigms: procedural, logical and functional.
1. Мациевский С. В. Высшая математика для гуманитариев ...
The Image of the World Revealed In Words: Ludwig Wittgenstein and The Iсonic Semiotics
... similarity. The basis for such a revision of iconicity can be found in Lessing's treatise “Laoсoon”, and the conception of iconicity is described in Wittgenstein's “Tractatus”. In the picture theory of language, iconicity is understood as a logical isomorphism between structures. This allows the author to expand the concept of iconicity — due to the use of verbal means, an image can denote both actual, possible and even non-existent entities. This makes it possible to consider a sign as ...
Kant über Sein und Zeit und Denken und Sein. Selbsterkenntnis durch Selbstaffektion
... delivers a micro-analysis of this judgment, contributing in a unique way to the clarification of a singular case of self-knowledge: In this case the thinking subject 1. thematises the act of judging “I think” by conferring on this act the specific logical, categorical form, 2. intuits this act under the temporal form of successively using “I ...” as subject and “… think” as predicate, 3. identifies him-/herself — at the same time — with the subject logically structuring this act as ...
The Fourth Immanuel Kant International Summer School “Kant on the Normativity of Laws: Logic, Natural Science, Ethics” (25-31 August 2020)