On logical errors in Kant's table of judgements
This article focuses on the logical inconsistency of Kant's classification of judgements presented in the "Critique of pure reason". The author shows how Kant's division of judgements violates elementary logical rules. The article analyses an earlier attempt by G. Ryle to detect logical errors in the table of judgements....
Means to express implicit judgements about characters in N. V. Gogol’s poem Dead Souls and its translation into German
Irony is considered as a means to express implicit judgements in N.V. Gogol's poem Dead Souls. The author analyses lexical units comprising the ironic semantics of judgements about characters. Special attention is paid to comparing irony explicators used in the original text and the poem’s translation ...
Kant, Gödel, and the problem of synthetic a priori judgements
Debates over Kant’s famous postulate about the existence of synthetic a priori judgements in mathematics, formulated in the Critique of Pure Reason, have been raging for over two centuries. On the one hand, it was fiercely criticised by neo-positivists in the early 20th century. On the other hand, Kant’s ideas on constructive ...
Das teleologische Prinzip der Erkenntnis im Kontext der „Kritik der praktischen Vernunft“ Kants
Through the difference between the first and the second variants of «The Introduction» to «The Critique of Judgement», the author shows the epistemological meaning of teleological principle revealed by Kant in the cognition of nature.
1. Кант И. Первое введение в Критику способности суждения // Собр. соч....
Ideas of Kant’s theoretical philosophy in Peirce’s graph theory
... and increment of knowledge. Peirce was never a Kantian but the oeuvre of the Königsberg philosopher had a profound effect on all of his further works. The major elements of Kant’s theory (transcendental deduction of categories, classification of judgements, synthetic and analytic judgement dichotomy, etc.) were substantially modified by Peirce. He reduced the number of categories, changed their content, and transformed analytic and synthetic judgements into ampliative and explicative reasoning....
The features of the Last Judgement theme in Galich icons at the threshold of the Modern Age
... article considers the transformation of traditional iconographic elements of the Western branch of Eastern Slavic icon painting in view of the civilisational processes developing in the late Middle Ages. It is stressed that the iconography of the Last Judgement was represented by more complex — in terms of composition and ideas — works reflecting the prevalent views of the Galich Rusyns of the time. The proliferation of the Last Judgement compositions in the Eastern Slavic area is linked to the ...
Certain issues of correlation between the international financial law and the EU law
... некоторые аспекты // Московский журнал международного права. 2017. № 4. С. 58—69.
4. Judgment of the Court of 5 February 1963, Case 26/62 “Van Gend & Loos”. European Court Report (ECR)  1.
5. Judgement of the Court of November 1991, Cases C-6/90, C-9/90 «Frankovich». ECR  I-5357.
6. Judgment of the Court of 31 March 1971. Commission of the European Communities v Council of the European Communities. European Agreement on Road Transport....
Repetition as a means to convey irony in a literary text (based on Gogol’s works and their translation into German)
Irony is considered as a means to express an author's implicit judgement in a literary text. The article describes the use of repetition as a syntactic and textual means to express irony in N. V. Gogol's works and their translations into German. A comparative analysis is carried out to estimate the equivalence of ...
The Green Meadow. Kant´s new Definition of the Modal Concept of Existence in the First Moment of the “Analytic of the Beautiful”
..., of course, contingency, which is very important because it is required for the definition of the very special modal status of the “maxims of judgment”.
1. Allison, H. E. 2001, Kant´s Theory of Taste. A Reading of the “Critique of Aesthetic Judgement”, Cambridge.
2. Dumouchel, D. 1999, Kant et la genèse de la subjectivité esthétique. Esthétique et philosophie avant la Critique de la faculté de juger, Paris.
3. Guyer, P. 1979, Kant and the Claims of Taste, Harvard.
4. Kant, I. 2000,...
Romokhov vs Russia: the procedural features and effect on the ensuing judgements of the European Court for Human Rights
This article describes the procedural features of the judgement of the European Court of Human Rights in case of Romokhov vs Russia. The author describes the sophisticated and inhomogeneous structure of this case as well as its and precedent features.
1. Конвенция о защите прав человека ...
Kant’s family ethics and philosophy of love. Part 2. Critique of Judgement
This paper deals with the forms of satisfaction in the Critique of Judgement — disinterested affection for a beautiful form in a pure feeling, vital love for something sensorily pleasant, rational respect for unconditioned good, and non-self-regarding love for humanity. A synthetic union of the above gives the conceptual ...
Parenthesis structures as a marker of the actualisation of irony in Nikolai Gogol’s works: the pragmatic aspect
This article considers irony as an independent textual category containing the author’s judgement and facilitating the expression of the author’s pragmatic attitudes in a literary text. The study investigates the potential and functioning of parenthesis structures as syntactic markers of irony in Nikolai Gogol's works. The assessment ...
Consequences and Design in General and Transcendental Logic
... attempted to reconcile the substitutional interpretation of formal consequences and a formal analysis of the transcendental relations of objects of experience. However, if we interpret the limitations imposed by transcendental logic on the power of judgement in the spirit of the scholastic ontology of transcendental relations, it would contradict Kant’s critique of dogmatic ontology. Following in Luciano Floridi’s path, I thus propose to consider transcendental logic, not as a system of consequences ...
I. Kant in the development of N. O. Lossky’s philosophical views: The case of a translation
... discussion of Kant’s epistemological system. The author identifies the key themes of transcendental philosophy that drew special attention of Lossky. These include the fundamental logical issues of the essence of logical connection, the nature of judgement and inference, and that of the synthetic and analytic. The article addresses the interpretation of the concept of ‘intuition’ by Lossky and the influence of this interpretation on the translation of Kant’s Anschauung.The author identifies ...
The Russian language in the world: The past, present, and future
... the Russian Federation in 2004 and the Ministry of Education and Science in 2011—2012. The study used data provided by censuses, national ministries of education, and Russian research and cultural centres abroad. An important contribution was expert judgements from heads of national associations of teachers of Russian language and literature.
1. Статистический ежегодник России. 1915 г. (год двенадцатый). Пг , 1916.
2. Weber G. Top Language // Language ...
The phenomenon of Napoleon in the German spirit of Napoleon’s age
This article considers judgements about Napoleon in the culture of German pre-romanticism as signs of literary diagnostics indicative of the contradictory dialectics of artistic consciousness in distinguishing the “codes” of life and death in arts. The completely opposite ...
Inferences of understanding and reason as factors of textuality in I. Kant's philosophical discourse
On the basis of Kant's texts, the author attempts to prove that two and three-element logical-semantic structures — called the judgements of understanding and reason by Kant — represent logically organized complexes of propositions grouping around the structural core of both types of inferences and are communicative forms of textual material "packaging" and, thus,...
Immaturity and the objective of a true reform in ways of thinking. Part II
... fraught with certain complications: firstly, it is dominated by negative characteristics; secondly, unlimited use of one’s understanding can lead to logical egoism (and other forms thereof) consisting in denying the necessity of verifying one’s judgements with the help of the understanding of others.In the Critique of Judgement and Anthropology, Kant describes his position in more detail supplementing the negative maxim of independent thinking with a positive maxim of thinking oneself in the ...
Immaturity and the objective of a true reform in ways of thinking. Part I.
... fraught with certain complications: firstly, it is dominated by negative characteristics; secondly, unlimited use of one’s understanding can lead to logical egoism (and other forms thereof) consisting in denying the necessity of verifying one’s judgements with the help of the understandingof others. In the Critique of Judgement and Anthropology, Kant describes his position in more detail supplementing the negative maxim of independent thinking with a positive maxim of thinking oneself in the ...
The form and meaning of H. Hesse’s novel A child’s soul
The fictional world of the work is considered as one marked by binary oppositions of nature/civilisation, the world of children/adults, the ideal/the reality, the truth/a lie, fear/bravery, judgement/absolution, God/devil. The authors analyse the psychology of the novel’s main character. The central autobiographical image of the novel is interpreted in the context of religious and philosophical ideas about the duality of human nature and ...
The memento mori genre in medieval German literature
... the category of reminder of mortality. It is close to the sermon calling for repentance. The typical texts by Heinrich von Melk include lamentations about the deceitfulness of the world, the brevity and vanity of earthly life, a reminder of the Last Judgement, and a prayer to God. Heinrich von Melk’s memento mori contain criticism of emerging Minnesang.
1. Noker von Zwiefalten. Memento mori // Bibliotheca Augustana. URL: www.
Identification discourses and the problem of identity construction
The article deals with the problem of identity construction and the issues of interpreting the nature of identity. Through examining judgements of identification, the authors study the discursive nature of identity. The possibilities and limits of identity construction are analysed in the case of national identity.
1. Бергер П., Лукман Т. Социальное конструирование ...
Systematicity of the Critique of Pure Reason and Kant’s system (IV)
... criticism. In the context of traditional epistemological theories, it was an entirely new instalment supplementing these theories and understanding knowledge as a continuous process undergoing scientific revolutions. Constructing synthetic a priori judgements requires leaving the extant knowledge for the realm of possible experience, where reason is faced with antinomies. The author provides a critical examination of Karl Jaspers’ ideas about the cognising abilities of transcendental dialectical ...
What is transcendental logic?
... Reason. New Haven; L., 1982.
16. Rohs P. Transzendentale Logik. Meisenheim a/Glan, 1976.
17. Stuhlmann-Laeisz R. Kants Logik. B.; N. Y., 1976.
transcendental and general logic, logic of action, transcendental reduction, transformation of the table of judgements, logical and material terms
Semenov V. Ye.
Genius as a norm or the Moravian Church in the life and works of A. A. Fet
Based on the theory of genius presented in Kant’s Critique of Judgement, the author considers the idea of normal genius as opposed to the genius of Romanticism and Postmodernism. The influence of Postmodernism is manifested in popular interpretations of the works of great artists — especially, Russian ones — ...
Problems of analytic and synthetic propositions in the history of logic
... Berlin. 1927 // The Journal of Philosophy. 1927.Vol. 24. Р. 665—667.
17. Lewis C. I. An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation. Illinois, 1946.
Pushkarsky A. G.
history of logic, image of logic, analytic and synthetic propositions, a priori synthetic judgements, N. O. Lossky’s concept of logic, intuitionism, conceptual
pragmatism, W. V. O. Quine’s philosophy of logic.
Kant on the “logical objection” to the ontological argument: fragment R 3706. Part II
This article considers manuscript fragment R 3706, in which Kant criticises the traditional objection to the ontological argument based on ideal-real judgement distinction. The author analyses the relation this criticism to Kant’s argumentation in Nova dilucidatio and the earlier polemic on the ontological argument.
1. Декарт Р. Размышления о первой философии // ...
Kant’s way to the perpetual peace in the XXIst century
... [Works in 8 volumes], T. 7, S. 57—136.2. Kant, I. 1994, Metafizika nravov [Metaphysics of Morals]. In: Kant, I. Sobranie sochinenij v 8 tomah. [Works in 8 volumes], T. 6, S. 224—541.3. Kant, I. 1994, Kritika sposobnosti suzhdenija [The Critique of Judgement]. In: Kant, I. Sobranie sochinenij v 8 tomah. [Works in 8 volumes], T. 5.4. Erasmus von Rotterdam, 1945, Klage des Friedens, Übertragung u. Nachwort von Arthur von Arx, Klosterberg, Basel.5. Hiroo Nakamura, 2012, Für den Frieden, libri nigri ...
The problem of antinomy of pure theoretical reason in Kant’s system
... И. Соч. : в 6 т. М., 1966б. Т. 5.
5. Кант И. Пролегомены…// И. Кант. Соч. : в 6 т. Т. 4 . М., 1965
Key words: antinomy of pure reason, antinomy of practical reason, antinomy of taste, antinomy of reflective judgement, system of antinomies of the cosmological ideas of pure theoretical reason, thesis, antithesis and synthesis of the antinomy of pure reason
[html]1. Kant, I. 1964, Kritika chistogo razuma [Critique of Pure Reason] in: ...
Playing with spectres
... Romantics]. Kaliningrad.
5. Kant, I. 1994, Osnovopolozhenija metafiziki nravov [Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals], Kant I. Sochinenija v 8 tomah [Works in 8 volumes]. Moscow, 1994. T. 4.
6. Kant, I. 1994, Kritika sposobnosti suzhdenija [Сritique of Judgement], Kant I. Sochinenija v 8 tomah [Works in 8 volumes]. Moscow, 1994. T. 5.
7. Kristeva, J. 2004, Izbrannyje trudy: Razrushenije poetiki [Selected Works: The Destruction of Poetics]. Moscow.
8. Pauli, W. 1975, Fizicheskije ocherki [Physical Essays]....
Kant’s aesthetic theory in the light of H. G. Gadamer’s hermeneutic project
This article considers H.-G. Gadamer’s hermeneutics in the context of Kant’s aesthetic theory laid down in the Critique of Judgement. Kant facilitated the development of aesthetics as an independent science, for the first time addressing the problem of the cognising and perceiving subject. Gadamer, a prominent 20th century philosopher, builds his aesthetic concept based on ...
Lessing’s Hamburg Dramaturgy in the “codes of hope” discourse of the Enlightenment
... existential, theory of catharsis.
[html]1. Goracij, K. F. 2005, Nauka poezii [The knowledge of poetry], Vergilij. Goracij. Moscow, pp. 765—779.2. Kant, I. 1994, Kritika sposobnosti suzhdenija [Сritique of Judgement], in Kant I. Sochinenija v 8 tomah, Moscow, t. 5.3. Goethe, J. W. 1998, Faust, Johann Wolfgang Goethe. Werke: in 14 Bdn. München, Bd. 3.4. Helferich, Ch. 1992, Geschichte der Philosophie, Stuttgart.5. Lessing, G. E. 1963, Hamburgische Dramaturgie,...
On the morals-centrism of Kant’s transcendental anthropology and the role of morals in human nature
... M. Seebonm. Vol. II, 2. Lanham, 1989.
19. Kant I. Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View. Cambridge University Press, 2006
20. Kant I. Anthropology, History, and Education. Cambridge University Press, 2007.
21. Kant I. Critique of the Power of Judgement. Cambridge University Press, 2001.
22. Kant I. Critique of Practical Reason. Cambridge University Press, 1997.
23. Kant I. Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. Cambridge University Press, 2012.
24. Kant I. Perpetual Peace and Other Essays ...
Kant’s fundamental idea of state and law in Pushkin’s Boris Godunov
... work on Boris Godunov. Kant’s thought that the people is the only monarch and that legislative power is vested in it in a rule-of-law state is the central idea of the tragedy. When working on Boris Godunov, Pushkin not only studied the Critique of Judgement but he also read Kant’s works on epistemological theory. In his tragedy, Pushkin was guided by Kant’s ideas of state and law and strived to make it obvious that the people is the only monarch and source of political and legislative power....
The policy of cosmopolitism: from universalism to pluralism
... vsemirno-grazhdanskom plane [The idea of a universal history of the world-civil-term], Т. 8, Moscow.<br />3. Kant, I. 1994, K vechnomu miru [Perpetual Peace],Т. 7, Moscow.<br />4. Kant, I. 1994, Kritika sposobnosti suzhdenija [The Critique of Judgement], Т. 5, Moscow.<br />5. Kant, I. 1994, Religija v predelah tol'ko razuma [Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone], Т. 6, Moscow.<br />6. Ortega y Gasset, J. 2002, Vosstanie mass [The Revolt of the Masses], Moscow.<br />7....
Legal regulation of public control in the Russian Federation
... Собрание законодательства РФ. 2001. № 52. Ст. 5014.
21. Постановление Уставного Суда Калининградской области от 7 мая 2014 г. № 4-П. URL: http://www.ustavsudklgd.ru/judgement/regulations/post0414.htm (дата обращения: 18.06.2015).
22. Филимонов А. Общественный контроль: перспективы законодательного регулирования. URL: http://www.cdo....
Legal Consciousness at the Early Stage of Personality Development from the Perspective of Russian Neo-Kantian Philosophy of Pedagogy
... Philosophy]. Moscow: Shkola-Press. (In Russ.)
8. Hessen, S. I., 2004. Russian Pedagogy in the 20th Century. In: E. G. Osovsky, ed. 2004. Hessen. Moscow: Izdatel’skiy dom Shalvy Amonashvili, pp. 183-211. (In Russ.)
9. Kant, I., 2000. Critique of the Power of Judgement, edited by P. Guyer, translated by P. Guyer, E. Matthews. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
10. Natorp, P., 1911. Volkskultur und Persönlichkeitskultur: sechs Vorträge. Leipzig: Quelle & Meyer.
11. Natorp, P., 1899. Sozialpädagogik. ...
Inadvisable Concession: Kant’s Critique of the Political Philosophy of Christian Garve
... his treatise on the connection between morality and politics presents arguments in defence of unjust principles. Recognition of these principles is, according to Kant, an inadvisable concession to those who are inclined to abuse it. I interpret this judgement by making a detailed comparison of the texts of the two treatises. I demonstrate that Garve’s work is an eclectic attempt to combine in one concept the lessons of historical experience with the ideas drawn from British empiricism and German ...
Revisiting the Maxim-Law Dynamic in the Light of Kant’s Theory of Action
... Ethics. Translated & edited by P. Heath. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 1998. Critique of Pure Reason. Translated & edited by P. Guyer and A. W. Wood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 2000. Critique of the Power of Judgement. Translated & edited by P. Guyer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 2012. Lectures on Anthropology. Translated & edited by A. W. Wood & R. B. Louden. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McCarty, R., 2009. Kant’s Theory ...
Problems and Prospects of Cross-Border Cooperation in Tourism between Russia and Europe
... between Russia and European countries. The authors focus on the scientific and theoretical aspects of cross-border cooperation and examine the role of tourism, and recreational potential and its effective use. The authors employ the methods of expert judgement and statistical analysis, refer to the surveys of Russian and European consumers showing their preferences, as well as to the authors’ own materials. The analysis makes it possible to have a deeper insight into the issue of cross-border cooperation ...
Feyerabend’s Natural Law Notes and their significance for Kant studies. Preface
... Introduction], Kantovskij sbornik [Kant review], Vol. 35, № 3. Р. 75—81.
5. Kant, I. 1994d, K vjechnomu miru [Perpetual Peace], Sobranije sochinienij v 8 tt. [Works in 8 vol.], Moscow, Vol. 7.
6. Kant, I. 1994e, Kritika sposobnosti suzhdenija [Critique of judgement], Sobranije sochinienij v 8 tt. [Works in 8 vol.], Moscow, Vol. 5.
7. Kant, I. 1997, Osnovopolozhenije k metafizike nravov [Foundations of Metaphysics of Morals], Sochinenija v 4-ch tt. na russkom I nemeckom jazyke [Works in 4 vol. In Russian ...
The Universe of Science. The Architectonic Ideas of Science, Sciences and their Parts in Kant
... on logic. Translated by J. M. Young. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 521-640.
Kant, I., 1998. Critique of Pure Reason. Translated by P. Guyer and A. W. Wood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 2000. Critique of the Power of Judgement. Translated by P. Guyer and E. Matthews. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 2002. Critique of Practical Reason. Translated by W. S. Pluhar. Introduction by S. Engstrom. Indianapolis & Cambridge: Hackett.
Kant, I., 2015. Universal ...
The Role of the Sublime in Kant’s Religion: Moral Motivation and Empirical Possibility
... and edited by P. Heath and J. Schneewind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 1998. Critique of Pure Reason. Translated and edited by P. Guyer and A. W. Wood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 2000. Critique of the Power of Judgement. Translated and edited by P. Guyer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 2007. Anthropology from a pragmatic Point of View. In: I. Kant, 2007. Anthropology, History, and Education. The Cambdrige Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant....
Kantian Ethical Humanism in Late Imperial Russia
Vvedensky, A. I., 1924a. On the Types of Faith and Its Relation to Knowledge. In: A. I. Vvedensky, 1924. Filosofskie ocherki [Philosophical Essays]. Prague: Izd. Plamja, pp. 155-213. (In Russ.)
Vvedensky, A. I., 1924b. The Dispute over Free Will in the Judgement of Critical Philosophy. In: A. I. Vvedensky, 1924. Filosofskie ocherki [Philosophical Essays]. Prague: Izd. Plamja, pp. 75-117. (In Russ.)
Walicki, A., 2010. Russian Marxism. In: G. M. Hamburg, R. A. Poole, ed. 2010. A History of Russian Philosophy ...
Frolova Ye. The theoretical and methodological issues of the revival of natural law
... their requirements are based on such objective repre-sentations as law and state.This article shows that, according to Novgorodtsev, the moral critique of law rests on under-standing that law is created with the participation of human will, i. e. moral judgement is possible only regarding a human action. Law can be assessed from the perspectives of purposiveness and morals. It is stressed that the Russian philosopher of law interpreted law not only as a product of human will but also as a phenomenon ...
The Place of Hermann Cohen’s Ideas in the Philosophy of Dialogue
... Cohen and the Philosophy of Dialogue]. Moscow: Progress-Traditsiya. (In Rus.)
Zank, M., 2008. New Literature on Hermann Cohen. Jewish Quarterly Review, 98(4), pp. 566-573.
philosophy of dialogue, Neo-Kantianism, Ursprung, the logic of origin, infinite judgement, the Other, inter-personal relationship
Kant and medicine
... Antropologija s pragmaticheskoj tochki zrenija [Anthropology from a pragmatic point of view], in: Kant I. Sobranie sochinenij v vosmi tomah [Collected works in 8 vol.], vol. 7, Moscow, p. 137—376.3. Kant, I. 2001, Kritika sposobnosti suzhdenija [Critique of judgement], in: Kant I. Sochinenija na nemeckom i russkom jazykah [Works on German and Russian languages], vol. 4, Moscow, p. 69—833.4. Kant, I. 1994b, Metafizika nravov [Metaphysics of morals], in: Kant I. Sobranie so¬chinenij v vosmi tomah [Collected ...
On the problem of cultural reference of proverbs (the Russian proverbs with images of clothing)
... preferences, lifestyles, customs, and worldview of a nation. Images of garments in proverbs are a particular form of expressing the key ideas of a culture. Moreover, such images serve as condensers of the established etiquette, ethical, social, and other judgements. A cultural and linguistic analysis reveals cultural and linguistic limitations on the variability of clothing items in proverbs. The author describes cultural constants captured in the names of clothing items used in proverbs. Such constants ...