The role of notary system in establishing correspondence between the will and expression of will of citizens of the Russian Federation
This article considers the problems of analysing will and will expression of citizens when performing legally significant actions. The author stresses the importance of analysing citizens’ will in view of the changes to the provisions of the law on the limitation of legal capacity of natural persons....
Feyerabend’s Natural Law Notes and their significance for Kant studies. Preface
... questions is the question of moral motivation, and namely how we can not only know, what we have to do according to the moral law, but also actually want do it? As in his published writings Kant concludes in the Introduction of Natural Law Notes that human will itself can not be in complete agreement with the moral law, because objective motive (that is the moral law alone) for this will isn’t identical with subjective ones (that are maxims of action). That is why it must be forced to follow the moral ...
The image of Svyatopolk in the Tale of Boris and Gleb: predestination or freedom of choice?
The hagiographical image of Svyatopolk is analysed as one determined by Christian anthropology. The author asserts that Svyatopolk performs an evil deed neither due to predestination, nor under the influence of fatal circumstances, but of his own free will. Svyatopolk embodies the model of a person of string will, which is opposed to the will of God and leads the character to captivity of the devil.
1. Сказание о Борисе и Глебе // Библиотека литературы Древней ...
The concept of WILL in the semantics of deontic modality
The article is a result of the theoretical interpretation of the conceptual component of Will in the semantics of deontic modality expressing the attitude to one's own or other people’s actions to achieve a certain state of things. Will determines the potential and voluntary nature of deontics. These semantic characteristics are to ...
Arguments against Redistributive Justice based on Kant’s Doctrine of Private Right
According to Kant, “right in a state of nature is called private right” (MS, AA VI, S. 242). It is my claim that there is no room for a right to enforce the offer of benefits in the private right. Firstly, I will show how the concept of an innate right to freedom provides no conceptual foundation for a right to enforcement of alleged duties of cooperation. Since my argument is much more conceptual than hermeneutical, Isaiah Berlin’s analysis of negative ...
Unification of international rules on the form of will
This article concerns the harmonisation of international private law rules regarding the form of will. The author analyses universal and regional contracts in this field, bilateral agreements on assistance in civil, family, and criminal cases. The article offers conclusions of the features of current development of international rules regarding the ...
International Scientific Conference “Kant and Solovyov: Convergences and Divergences”
... works — epistemological, philosophico-political, philosophico-religious, aesthetic, etc. — in which an intellectual influence from Kant is discernible or in which a polemical stance is taken against him. But the prevailing theme of the conference will be the practical philosophy of the German and Russian philosophers: in 2018, 230 years have passed since the publication of Kant’s main ethical work, the Critique of Practical Reason (1788), and, in 2019, 120 years will have passed since the publication ...
The democratic aspects of the notions of "general will" in the social philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, and Sergey Gessen
This article analyses the interrelation between general will and democracy in the philosophical systems of J.-J. Rousseau and I. Kant, their influence on the concept of general will, and its connection with democracy in the philosophy of S. Gessen. The author compares the classical system of division of powers,...
The Notion of Free Will in Sergey Hessen’s Conception of Culture
... among a multitude of individuals whose creative activities serve to continue the process of culture-structuring. Thus the effectiveness of the realisation of values in cultural reality depends directly on ensuring the conditions for the exercise of free will. There is potentially an unlimited number of ways of defining the concept of free will, each imposing certain limitations on the actualisation of the individual in culture. The question arises, how does each individual understand the possibility ...
Gas infrastructure development in the countries of East Baltic as a way to increase energy security
... considers the issue of energy security of the countries of East Baltic, which depend heavily on a single energy supplier — Russia. In recent years, the countries of the region have announced several LNG terminal construction projects. The European Union will provide political and financial support to only one of these projects. The paper explores the role of gas and energy in the economy of the Eastern Baltic countries. The author concludes that the countries mostly dependent on Russian gas are Lithuania ...
Eurasian Future of Russia: Alternating Integration and Disintegration Cycles
... landscape. The formation of this landscape is largely determined by alternating integration and disintegration cycles in the development of the world economy. The second global disintegration cycle that started in 2008 is expected to last 15—20 years. It will be followed by a new integration cycle, largely dependent on China (Pax Sinensis instead of Pax Americana). This change necessitates a number of steps: a significant strengthening of the Eastern vector in the development of Russia, the formation ...
The role of J.-J. Rousseau's and I. Kant's teachings on will in the development of S. Hessen's philosophical and legal conception
This article provides a brief description of Sergey Hessen’s philosophy of law in connection with J. J. Rousseau’s idea of «common will» and Kant’s «autonomy of will».
1. Гессен С. И. Философия наказания // Логос. М.: Тип. Т-ва А. А. Левенсон, 1912—1913. Кн. 1, 2. С. 183—232.
2. Гессен С. И. Политические ...
Population Ageing as a Sociodemographic Problem in the Baltic Region
Population ageing is a major problem of European development in the 21st century. Rapid population ageing in most developed countries will continue to drive the dependency ratio up. This research aims to forecast dependency ratio in the Baltic region until the end of the century. A more detailed population analysis and forecast is provided for the case of the Baltic States — Estonia,...
Georges Gurvitch and Sergey Hessen on the Possibility of Forming Social Unity
... preserving social unity: why is it that society does not fall into a range of autonomous social entities, each offering the individual its own legal order for actualising freedom? To solve this problem the philosophers use the concept of “the general will”. General will is an instrument of correlation between individual freedom and the development of society and culture as a whole. The object of philosophical dispute is how the general will is formed: 1) in the process of social self-organisation ...
Demographic change in Germany and reversal of spatial ageing patterns
... effect of demographic ageing and ageing-in-place processes in Germany according to spatially differentiated ageing patterns among urban, sub-urban and rural counties up to 2025. As to the latest official population forecast counties of urban core regions will undergo a slower ageing process than other types of counties, resulting in a reversal of ageing patterns. Urban core areas in this analysis will gain demographically from their net migration surplus while suburban housing locations of the past will ...
The problem of notarial certification of wills: Establishing a citizen’s legal capacity
This article addresses the topical issues of notarization of a will and the prospects of its development. The author makes proposals on improving the legislation relating to establishing the legal capacity of a citizen.
1. Конституция Российской Федерации : принята всенародным ...
How translations are willed into existence
This paper will argue that translations are willed into existence in three conceivable ways: pull, push and shuffle. Pull is the most intuitive form. It corresponds, for example, to a publishing house that decides to translate a foreign novel. Here, the initiative ...
The development of Kaliningrad regional economy: A new stage of restructuring
... article relies heavily on the results of the survey of specialists working in regional companies. Russian accession to the WTO and the abolition of certain customs privileges planned for 2016 form the basis for the import substitution manufacturing and will significantly affect the conditions of regional economy development. Implementation of the Strategy for the Socioeconomic Development of the Region will contribute to the innovativeness of economy, its export orientation, development through an increase ...
I. Kant’s and E. Husserl’s practical philosophy
This article focuses on the problem of reconciling a priori and empirical dimensions of freedom, will, and action as the crucial point for understanding the relationship between theoretical and practical reason in Kant’s and Husserl’s practical philosophy. Relying on the explanation of the relationship between transcendental and practical freedom ...
Kants Begriff der Verbindlichkeit und die neuzeitliche Naturrechtslehre
My article is devoted to one of the main concepts of early modern natural law, i. e. the concept of obligation. Starting with Pufendorf's concept of obligation, it will be demonstrated that the natural law is grounded on the will of God. In contrast, the concept of obligation in Christian Wolff's Philosophia practica universalis has no need to found the validity of obligation of natural law in God's will. Instead ...
The Image of the World Revealed In Words: Ludwig Wittgenstein and The Iсonic Semiotics
... based on Wittgenstein’s understanding of a sign as a picture, a holistic structure of non-discrete components and a system, which is not construed from given components. It is a system, which forms intra- and intertextual structures. In this way, it will be possible to describe texts that are signs but do not consist of signs (movies, paintings) and create signs in the process of functioning. Accordingly, one can speak about the semiotics of text, in which such phenomena will be considered as primary ...
Moral law and freedom. A study into Kant’s theory of free will
Timmerman J. (translated from German by A. S. Zilber)
The philosophical and legal content of Sergey Hessen’s concept of personality
... creative essence of personality suggests individuality and uniqueness of each person. Personality has a historical dimension. In analysing the problem of the relationship between a person and society, Hessen considered Rousseau’s concept of general will. Hessen proposed a dynamic understanding of general will as a continuous process of establishing and re-establishing that involves the general population. Hessen counterposed law against the notions of nature and morality and interpreted law as an ...
The Embodied Practical Ideal: Kant’s Ethicotheology and Godmanhood
... raises the problem of the ontology of the ideal in the shape of the question about the conditions that make actual experience possible: the ideal of holiness resides in reason, i. e. in the human being, but the dominance of radical evil over the human will puts it out of human reach either in thought or in practice. For rational thought it is more natural to imagine the practical reality of the archetype as the embodiment of the authentic man proceeding from God. Using the Gospel narrative about Jesus,...
Kant’s and Fichte’s ethics as sources of Schopenhauer’s philosophy
... doctrine of liberating the better consciousness from all the individual and earthly is also rooted in Fichte’s practical philosophy. Fifthly, Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals and Fichte’s System of Ethnics contributed to Schopenhauer’s understanding of will as the primary essence of all things and the idea of its absolute and unconditional nature and its primacy over cognition. Sixthly, some of the key aspects of Schopenhauer’s pessimism are rooted in Fichte’s philosophy. Seventhly, in the first ...
Nuclear power in the Baltic Sea region: the history of emergence and the political and economic features of its development
... Collegiate Fund of Russia Russika. Ru, available at: http://www. russika,ru/sa. php?s=2 (accessed 18 March 2013).
3. Social'no-jekonomicheskaja situacija zastavit Germaniju povernut'sja licom k atomnoj jenergetike: jekspert [The socio-economic situation will force Germany to face the nuclear power industry: expert], 2013, News Agency REGNUM, 18 March, available at: http:www. regnum. ru/news/1637077.html (accessed 19 March 2013).
4. Slancevyj gaz stavit pod ugrozu plany razvitija al'ternativnoj jenergetiki ...
Paul Natorp’s social pedagogic theory and it’s relevance to modern russian education
... psychology Natorp proposes to broaden theoretical ground of pedagogy by adding “pure normative sciences” such as logic and aesthetics to psychology and ethics which are already in use. In the center of his pedagogy Natorp places the concept of “will”. It is directly connected to the three levels of activity of consciousness which are associated with the three stages of education — family education, school and stage of free adult self-education. The last stage represents a “lifelong” ...
The development of a Russian-Polish cross-border region: the role of the Kaliningrad agglomeration and the Tri-City (Gdansk—Gdynia—Sopot)
... are playing an important role in the development of Russian—Polish relations. Although the intensity of cross-border ties has decreased in recent years amid tensions between Russia and the West, there is hope that bilateral socio-economic benefits will encourage the restoration and development of collaborations and the Russian—Polish cross-border region will continue to evolve.
Palmowski T., Fedorov G. M.
cross-border cooperation; cross-border region, Kaliningrad, Kaliningrad agglomeration,...
Situational approach in the prosecution in intended bodily harm cases
This article discusses the role of forensic situation studies in examining court situations. The author's classification of typical situations arising during the trial of cases of willful grievous bodily harm is presented. The specific elements of the state charge by the prosecutor in the trial court are analyzed.
1. Волчецкая Т. С. Криминалистическая ситуалогия. Калининград,...
The prospects of nuclear power development in the eastern part of the Baltic Sea region as a factor of the formation of international relations system in the region
... onlajn [dv. ee — Economic News Online], available at: http://www.dv.ee/?PublicationId=02fbfc46-071d-46f4-ac86-30fbbb38099e&ref=rss (accessed 12 March 2013).
7. Cena na jelektrojenergiju v Latvii budet rasti, ugrozhaja jekonomike [Price of electricity will grow in Latvia, threatening economy], 2012, Biznes Baltija [Business Baltic], available at: http://www. bb. lv/bb/LV/11529/ (accessed 17 December 2012).
8. Tarasov A. V. Sovremennoe sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija jadernoj jenergetiki v regione ...
Duty and Coercion in Kant’s Republican Cosmopolitanism
This paper argues whether Kant’s cosmopolitanism entails a specific theory of coercion. I will especially tackle Kant’s account of international political order. First, I claim that Kant attributes a systematic role to the cosmopolitan right, what justifies considering this part of the doctrine of law as a necessary rational conclusion of ...
A unified and harmonised European law and its impact on third countries
... Community, the Amsterdam Treaty vested legislative power in the European Community in the fields of international civil procedure and private international law. On the basis of this power, the European Community enacted a series of Regulations, which will soon unify both areas of law. Such unification will not only facilitate legal relations within the European Union but also enhance legal relations with third countries.
1. Convention on Jurisdiction and the Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and ...
Migration of researchers in the Baltic region: a forecast and factors
... relates to the need for increasing the human capital of Russian science and for assisting the spatial development of the country, particularly, its border areas. This study tests several hypotheses. The first one holds that the outflow of researchers will reduce over the next few years. Others concern factors affecting the number of researchers in the Russian Federation in general and its Baltic part in particular. These factors include salaries and workplace environment. Methodologically, the study ...
On the principles of the constitutional status of a people
... the principle of legality, the principle of harmonious combination of personal and public interests, the principle of priority of national interest over the government's interests, the principle of ensuring the constitutionalization of the people's will.
принципах организации местного самоуправления в Российской Федерации: федер. закон Рос. Федерации от 6 окт. 2003 г. №
Russia and the Baltic States: Some Results and a Few Perspectives
... their political monopoly — halts most of co-operation efforts. It is time to accept that the previous model of co-operation with the Baltic States is now irrelevant, since these states now form the avant-garde of anti-Russian movement; whether they will — or, indeed, shall — be held accountable for that is another question that bears answering. for which they should certainly be held accountable. The author of this article believes that the current model is unprecedented and failing, so it is ...
Kant on evil in the human nature
... critically analysed. When choosing between subjective and material sensibility and objective and formal reason, Kant gives preference to reason as the ground for morals. In this function, reason should be necessarily interpreted as reason connected with good will. The consideration of this principle of Kant’s ethical theory concludes the article. The author makes an assumption that the creation of a moral world based on the principle of the free legislation of reason, which consists in that the criteria ...
OPOIAZ and Bakhtin: the Decision Science’s perspective
... “rational framework for choosing between alternative courses of action when the consequences resulting from this choice are imperfectly known.” In and of itself decision science is a vast field of intersecting theories and methodologies that I will exploit only in a limited manner—as it applies to particular views on literary production. My paper deals with the theories of Viktor Shklovsky and Iurii Tynianov outlining how these two members of the Petersburg “Society for the Study of Poetic ...
Antecedents to the idea of constitutional control in the French legal thought of the Enlightenment
... this was the case. In an early modern state, conditions for constitutional control and its very possibility were viewed in conjunction with the principles of sovereignty and the division of power. I conclude that the enlightenment doctrine of general will affected the perception by enlighteners of how the function of control over the constitutionality of laws and other normative legal acts was vested in an authority.
1. Бержель Ж.-Л. Общая теория права. М., 2000.
«Which Side are You on, Boy?» Roman Jakobson in the Interwar Pragu
... “the Third International… charged… with a political mission,” or to accept as fact a testimonial letter by the Czechoslovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs according to which Jakobson not only “wished to help our nation and did help” but “will be able to render very good services to our state also in the future.”
1. Genis, V., 2008. "Of course, Jacobson will be outraged...". Voprosy istorii [Issues of History], 12.
2. Sorokina, M., 2000. "Unreliable, but absolutely ...
The US ballistic missile defence policy in the Baltic and Nordic regions
... of the US armed forces and its allies and in doing so, it stops performing a purely defensive mission declared by Washington. It is stressed that the deployment of mobile sea- and land-based BMD elements in the Baltic Sea region and Nordic countries will inevitably destabilize the strategic situation and may lead to a new round of arms race in the region. The efficacy of BMD in Europe is evaluated from the perspective of military technology. The system’s potential threats to Russia’s military ...
Moral theology and the cosmological argument. Comments and delibera¬tions on a little-known Reflection of Kant
... the goal of dating the notes describing the two separate arguments for the existence of God. The use of the expressions ‘Moraltheologie’ (moral theology) and ‘Endzweck’ (final purpose), as well as the discussion of ‘an object of the moral will’ — all of which touchupon a central point of Kant’s developing moral philosophy — show that the text on both sides of the sheet could not have been written before the last third of the 1780s. Finally, it will be shown that the term ‘moraltheologie’,...
Around the “social pedagogy” of Paul Natorp: Vladimir Dinze in the debates on national upbringing. Part 1
... education for all social groups and the harmonious and humane patriotic upbringing, which had to be open to the best achievements of the world culture. The letters of Russian scholars V. Dinze and A. Grombach to P. Natorp and one letter of Natorp to Dinze will be published as a supplement to the article. These letters show not only the process of the translation of “Social Pedagogy” into Russian, but also disclose the peculiarities of the organization of translations of the contemporary scientific ...
Visual modeling of group processes in decision-making by a small team of experts
... features of the problem solving process by a small team of experts and their visualization are considered. Relevant application of the proposed visualization tools in virtual heterogeneous teams at different stages of the collective problem solving process will ensure their stability in the zone of discomfort when the probability of the team's disintegration is high. Visualization of the complex problem solving process in virtual heterogeneous teams will increase the degree of confidence in the results ...
Electric energy cooperation in the Baltic Sea region and the role of Russia in it
... country’s energy market share following the construction of the Baltic NPP and the export of generated electric energy to Poland, Lithuania, Germany, and Sweden. The author concludes that the prospects of Russia’s energy export to the Baltic Sea region will be determined not only by technological, economic and market factors, but rather by the general state of relations between Russia and the EU. Moreover, a lot depends on Lithuania’s decision on the construction of the Visaginas NPP, as well as the ...
Donelaitis and Kant: to the issue of the hermeneutic of survival in the era of the “mystery of iniquity”
... Donelaitis from 1736 and Kant from 1740. This was the era of pietism. However, in Königsberg of the first half of the 18th century, pietism was not determined solely by the dogmatics of orthodox Lutheranism. Adherents of pietism demonstrate soteriological will to improve the world through enlightenment, which contradicts the predestination dogma. This will is found not only in Kant’s philosophical and pedagogical endeavours, but also in Donelaitis’s pedagogy, which deserves serious attention. Despite ...
The Baltic policy of Germany and current international relations
... perspektivy Nord Stream [Problems and prospects for Nord Stream], 2015, Informacionnaja civilizacija — XXI vek [Information Civilization — XXI Century], available at: www.info21.ru/second.php?id=97 (accessed 20.03.2015).
14. Ukraine-Konflikt: Berlin will osteuropäische Nato-Staaten militärisch unterstützen, 2014, Spiegel Online, 29.03.2014, available at: http://www.spiegel.de/politik/deutschland/ukraine-krise-militaerische-unterstuetzung-fuer-nato-staaten-in-osteuropa-a-961459.html (accessed 20....
Revisiting Schleiermacher’s On the Different Methods of Translating: On the Foundations of Translation Relativity Theory
... typology, which inevitably breaks down into a plethora of loosely connected theories of literary, technical, simultaneous, and other types of translation, one can employ an approach where theories differ in axiomatics rather than descriptions. This will produce a family of linguistic, semiotic, and hermeneutic theories. These theories will a) be based on family resemblance, b) aim to describe adequately a certain type of translation, and c) complement each other. Instead of searching for principles ...
Between accomplice and victim: Civilians during the siege of Kö- nigsberg in 1945
The paper analyses the role of the civilian population during the siege of Fortress Königsberg between late January and April 1945. It will discuss the scope of coercion and the living condition in the city, as well as the reasons why civilians decided to stay in Königsberg. Their large presence makes them impossible to overlook if one is to construct a view of the siege of Königsberg....