The problem of antinomy of pure theoretical reason in Kant’s system
A thorough analysis of the structure of the treatise constituting the first Critique and its comparison with the analogous structure of the second and third Critiques show that the Critique of Pure Reason lacks such an important element as the antinomy of pure theoretical reason. Of course, it is implied in the text: Kant’s reasoning is based on it and takes it into account. However,... ... Пролегомены…// И. Кант. Соч. : в 6 т. Т. 4 . М., 1965
Key words: antinomy of pure reason, antinomy of practical reason, antinomy of taste, antinomy of reflective judgement, system of antinomies of the cosmological ideas of pure ...
Deduction of Freedom vs Deduction of Experience in Kant’s Metaphysics
... opposite directions. Theoretical deduction proceeds from pure forms of sensible intuition to concepts of understanding and thence to fundamental principles. Practical deduction proceeds from a priori principles to the concepts of the metaphysics of morals and thence to moral feelings. Fourth, deduction in the theoretical sphere forbids speculative reason to go beyond experience. Practical deduction has pointed to the intelligible world and has proved its “legitimacy”.
Allais, L., 2015. Manifest Reality. Kant’s Idealism and His Realism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Allison, H., 2015. Kant’s Transcendental Deduction....
I. Kant’s and E. Husserl’s practical philosophy
This article focuses on the problem of reconciling a priori and empirical dimensions of freedom, will, and action as the crucial point for understanding the relationship between theoretical and practical reason in Kant’s and Husserl’s practical philosophy. Relying on the explanation of the relationship between transcendental and practical freedom given in Kant's practical philosophy, the author problematizes Kant’s thesis about the primacy of practical ...
On the morals-centrism of Kant’s transcendental anthropology and the role of morals in human nature
... a system of transcendental anthropology, which acts as a method in Kant’s pragmatic anthropology. The essence of transcendental anthropology is the metaphysics of morals. This role of morals manifests itself in the primacy of practical reason over theoretical reason. The humanity owes its development and existence to practical reason. In Kant’s system, morality is the essence of humanity.
1. Гартман Н. Этика. СПб., 2002.
2. Гуревич П. С. Философская антропология: учебное пособие. М., 1997.
3. Калинников ...
Kant on evil in the human nature
... attempts at reconstructing the key stages of Kant’s logic of ethics and, on this basis, reconstructs his idea of evil. Of special importance ... ... good and evil in the work Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. The author sees the key to understanding Kant’s approach ... ... structure: first, the author emphasis that, for Kant, evil is a practical moral phenomenon unlike, for example, metaphysically ... ... 1994—2006, T. 3.4. Lopatin, L.M. 1890, Nravstvennoe uchenie Kanta [Theoretical basis of conscious moral life] In: Voprosy filosofii ...
On the nature of thinking without representation
... der Philosophie. 2. Teil: Ethik des reinen Willens // Werke, zit. Hil¬desheim ; N. Y., 1981. Bd. 7.
7. Kant I. Briefwechsel. Akademie Ausgabe. Bd. 10, 11.
thinking, initial beginning, need of reason, Deleuze, Kant, Cohen, rationality, difference, theoretical and practical reason
Poma A. (translated from the German by V. Belov)
[html]1. Delez, Ch. 1993, Razlichije i povtorenie [Difference and Repetition]. S-Petersburg.2. Kant, I. 1997, Kritika prakticheskogo razuma [Critique of Practical ...
The antinomy of political reason. Some deliberations on Kant’s “Answer-ing the Question: What is Enlightenment?”
... possible political form of implementingthis paradox. This dilemma helps to formulate the idea of antinomy of political reason, as well as develop its solution based on the notion of clear conscience. The author analyses the notion of clear conscience and uses example to illustrate that an adequate understanding thereof requires consideringKant’s practical philosophy. It is concluded that, unlike the Copernican system of theoretical reason, Kant’s system of practical reasons remains Ptolemaic, where a human is the only centre and constitutive quantity of this sphere. It is argued that the essence of Kant’s enlightenment lies in defending human freedom and dignity.
1. Арендт ...
Is Hermann Cohen a Neo-Kantian?
... philosophical system; therefore, it is unproductive to speculate whether the Marburg philosopher was a proponent of Kant, Hegel, or Fichte. It seems appropriate to call Hermann Cohen a “Cohenian” and consider his ideas relating to the interaction between theoretical and practical reason and the construction of a rigid and elaborate system con-sisting of verified elements from the perspective of his own system of philosophy, which is complete in its key aspects. This article demonstrates the efforts of the Marburg philosopher to ...
On the morals-centeredness of Kant’s transcendental anthropology and on the role of morals in the human nature
... philosophical system of Kant is a system of transcendental anthropology, which acts a method in Kant’s pragmatic anthropology. The essence of transcendental anthropology is the metaphysics of morals. This role of morals manifests itself in the primacy of practical reason over the theoretical one. The humanity owes its development and existence to the practical reason. In Kant’s system, morality is the essence of humanity.
1. Гартман Н. Этика. СПб., 2002.
2. Гуревич П. С. Философская антропология: учебное пособие....
Types of Representational Content in Kant
... examination of an object can be understood as thoroughly sensible and particular, whereas a conceptual determination always grasps ... ... Categories: A Conceptualist Reading of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason. European Journal of Philosophy, 20(2), pp. 193-222.
Grüne,... ... by an Older One. Translated by H. Allison. In: I. Kant, 2002. Theoretical Philosophy after 1781. Edited by H. Allison and P. ... ...
Kant, I., 2005b. The Metaphysics of Morals. In: I. Kant, 2005. Practical Philosophy. Translated and edited by M. J. Gregor. Cambridge: ...
On the moralcentrism of Kant's transcendental anthropology and the role of morals in human nature (continuation)
... philosophical system is a system of transcendental anthropology, which acts as a method in Kant’s pragmatic anthropology. The essence of transcendental anthropology is the metaphysics of morals. This role of morals manifests itself in the primacy of practical reason over the theoretical one. The humanity owes its development and existence to the practical reason. In Kant’s system, morality is the essence of humanity.
1. Апель К.-О. Априори коммуникативного сообщества и основания этики. К проблеме рационального ...
I. Kant on religion, faith, god, and church
The article analyses the leading concepts and provisions of Kant's philosophy of religion. The findings are based on a comparative ... ... on the philosophical doctrine of religion and Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. The authors trace both the evolution of Kant’s ideas on religion and the consistency... ... generic and individual characteristics. Not unlike Critiques, where Kant moves from the theoretical to the practical, studies on religion proceed from the theoretical significance of the idea...
What is Kantian Philosophy of Mathematics? An Overview of Contemporary Studies
... Kant’s Philosophy of Mathematics. Volume 1: The Critical Philosophy and Its Roots (2020) edited by Carl Posy and Ofra Rechter. The ... ... arithmetic and what is the significance of diagrams in mathematical reasoning? As a result, the reader is presented with a fairly complete ... ... Concept of Negative Magnitudes into Philosophy. In: I. Kant, 1992. Theoretical Philosophy, 1755-1770. Translated and edited by D. ... ...
Mancosu, P., 1996. Philosophy of Mathematics and Mathematical Practice in the Seventeenth Century. New York: Oxford University ...
Transcendental Philosophy as a Research Programme
Transcendental philosophy was not born like Athena out of Zeus’s head, mature and in full armour from the very beginning. That is why in both prefaces to the Critique of Pure Reason (1781 and 1787) Kant introduces the concept of transcendental philosophy as an ... ... with Geometry, of Which Sample I Contains the Physical Monadology. In: I. Kant, 1992. Theoretical philosophy, I755-1770. Translated and edited by D. Walford in collaboration... ... Förster and M. Rosen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 1996a. Critique of Practical Reason. In: I. Kant, 1996. Practical Philosophy. Translated and edited by...
Kant and Hegel, an alleged right and the ‘inverted world’
... ontological predicates discussed by Kant in lectures on metaphysics. This concept expresses relation of substance to its attributes and plays an important role in Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit. Law is a simple form of unity incorporating an idea of the play ... ... makes it possible to understand the supersensible as a realm of laws. This interpretation is inherent in the system of not only theoretical but also practical reason. Freedom is the ‘substance’ of human existence. The unity of freedom is an idea, whose unity is presented in the diversity ...
The Concepts of “Appearance” and “Phenomenon” in Transcendental Philosophy (Kant, Husserl, Fink)
... delimit the seemingly synonymous concepts of “phenomenon” and “appearance” and second, to trace the functions of each ... ... The analysis is based on Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason and the central works of Edmund Husserl and Eugen Fink. ... ... and Phenomenon, Transcendental, Immanent and Transcendent in the Theoretical Philosophy of Immanuel Kant. Historical, Philosophical,... ... Legal Sciences, Culturology and Art History. Issues of Theory and Practice, 3(65): in 2 Parts, Part 2, pp. 34-36.
Descartes, R., ...
Vernunft und Glaube. Zu Kants Deduktion der Gnadenlehre
... instead of vainly trying to make it dependent on one’s own deeds and thoughts. The renunciation of the attempt to justify one’s ... ... disposition, is thus enabled by the principle of the good. Thus one can reasonably hope to achieve goodness in one’s moral conduct because ... ... acquisition of rational claims. The justification of the claim of practical reason that faith is a necessary precondition of one‘s ... ... transcendental deduction of the categories, namely the restriction of theoretical reason to the sensible world. Faith in God’s grace ...
The metaphysics of science
... ‘metaphysics of science’. 20th century philosophy of science acknowledged empiricism and it was anti-metaphysic and positivistic. However, all forms of empiricism and positivism... ... other studies. In effect, philosophy is the cognition of the absolute universal in both theoretical (the true being) and practical (the supreme good) terms. ‘Transcendental’ philosophy was conceived as... ... revisited in view of metaphysics of self-consciousness and the doctrine of practical reason, freedom, identity, and dignity of a human being as a personality. It should...
On the Role of Gesinnung in Kant’s Ethics and Philosophy of Religion. Part I
... “virtues”, “sentiments”, “inclinations”, “aspirations”) to the critical works and then in the Critical period in Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason. Further problems arise from the complex pre-Kantian history of the concept... ... First Part of the Philosophical Theory of Religion. In: Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Practical Reason and Other Works on the Theory of Ethics. London: Longmans, pp. 323-360... ... 1992a. Dreams of a Spirit-seer Elucidated by Dreams of Metaphysics. In: I. Kant, 1992. Theoretical philosophy, 1755-1770. Translated and edited by D. Walford, R. Meerbote...
A. A. Fet as a theoretical and practical adherent of pure art¬ and the prob-lem of the nature of poetry
... guided by Kant’s principle of aesthetics stating that the function of art is constituting the world of values. It does not and cannot replace either science, which is meant to cognise the world, or morality, which is meant to organise the world of the ... ... principle of knowledge and rhetoric]. In: Bryushinkin, V.N. (ed.), Modeli rassuzhdenij — 3. Kognitivnyj podhod [Models of reasoning — 3. The cognitive approach], Kaliningrad. 3. Kant, I. 1965, Kritika sposobnosti suzhdenija [Critique of Judgment]....
Organisation of a sports and health-improving club for the disabled as a factor of activating mass physical culture and sports activity
This article focuses on the main reasons for insufficient involvement of disabled people in physical training and sports. As a form of practical application of theoretical knowledge, the author suggests establishing sports clubs for the disabled on the basis of universities training specialists in adaptive physical training.
П., Шапкова Л.
Адаптивная физическая ...
Kant, Gödel, and the problem of synthetic a priori judgements
... of synthetic a priori judgements in mathematics, formulated in the Critique of Pure Reason, have been raging for over two centuries. On the one hand, it was fiercely criticised... ... in the foundations of mathematics. Of interest are the ideas of the great logician and mathematician Kurt Gödel about the analytical nature of mathematics, put forward... ... prakticheskaya disciplina. K voprosu o sootnoshenii formal'noj i neformal'noj logiki [Logic as a theoretical and practical discipline. On the question of the relationship between formal and informal...
Kantian motives in logic and philosophy of science. Idea of Unity of a priory and empirical knowledge
Kant insisted on the inherent unity of a priori and empirical elements of cognition. To what extent further progress of philosophy and ... ... apriorism in its modest version do not contradict to modest type of empiricism. Real practice of logical and mathematical reasoning provides pry conjunctions of a priori and empirical elements of cognitive... ... 2001.
21. Langacker R. Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Stanford, 1987. Vol. 1 : Theoretical Prerequisites.
22. Salinas H. Does Your Language Shape How You Think? //...
Kantian motives in logic and philosophy of science. The idea of unity of a priory and empirical elements of cognition
Kant insisted on the inherent unity of a priori and empirical elements of cognition. To what extent further progress of philosophy and ... ... apriorism in its modest version does not contradict a modest type of empiricism. Real practice of logical and mathematical reasoning provides pry conjunctions of a priori and empirical elements of cognitive... ... 2001.
21. Langacker R. Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Stanford, 1987. Vol. 1 : Theoretical Prerequisites.
22. Salinas H. Does Your Language Shape How You Think? //...
Kistyakovsky on the nature of law
This article explores the contribution of the Russian philosopher and theorist of law, neo-Kantian Kistyakovsky, to the understanding of the essence of law. He supported methodological pluralism and identified four theoretical and two practical concepts of law. The neo-Kantian motive in Kistyakovsky's theory manifested ... ... of legal rules is their key characteristic. Not unlike concepts, law is created by reason, without which legal rules cannot be formulated. Legal rules are an expression...
Current trends in the development of a green finance system: methodology and practice
The concept of green growth and sustainable development is turning into a global ideology guiding the transformation ... ... and corporate social responsibility, on the other. This study aims to consider the theoretical and practical aspects of creating a national green finance model ensuring sustainable growth... ... Journal of Law and Economics, no. 3, p. 1—44.
9. Buchanan, J., Brennan, G. 1985, The Reason of Rules, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
10. Buchanan, J., Tullock, G...
The conflict between the types of theoretical and practical rationality in Russian philosophy and science of the 19th century
This article analyses the formation of a new type of rationality in N. Lobachevsky's works. The author identifies the reasons for hostility against the new theory of outstanding Russian mathematicians and pays special attention to the development of rationality in Russian philosophical thought of the 19th century.
1. Архив АН СССР. Ф. 1. Оп 3. № 19.
2. Вавилов С. И. Исаак Ньютон. 4-е изд., доп. М., 1989....
Monotowns: A New Take on the Old Problem
... that would account for the relations between major stakeholders and use the tools developed in the framework of the new institutional ... ... concept, the authors present their own approach. They identify key reasons behind monotown vulnerability and systematize stakeholders’ ... ... risk management in monotowns from the viewpoint of international practices; and identify structural alternatives of outweighing ... ... aspekty issledovanija [Small and medium-sized cities: scientific and theoretical aspects of the study], Ekaterinburg; Perm, 105 p.
Russia's accession to the WTO as an important factor of the country's integration into the world economy
... economy. However, it can adversely affect a number of enterprises and industries within the national economy. Thus, there is a need ... ... preparedness for operating under WTO membership conditions, which can be practically applied in the development of measures aimed at increasing ... ... the research. This article offers the author's assessment of the reasonability of Russia's accession to the WTO and suggests methodological ... ... possible implications is quite difficult to attain, it is both theoretically and practically feasible.
1. Vardomsky, L. B., ...
The concept of postulate in Kant's philosophy
... For Kant, postulates are originally subjective propositions necessarily supposed as objective ones. Otherwise, the systematic theoretical cognition and compliance with the moral law become impossible. However, this feature of Kant’s word usage is hardly taken into consideration.... ... под ред. И. Т. Касавина, В. Н. Поруса. М., 1996.
23. Beck L. W. A commentary on Kant's Critique of practical reason. Chicago, 1960.
24. Crusius Chr. A. Weg zur Gewißheit und Zuverläßigkeit der menschlichen Erkenntniß. Leipzig, 1747....
The fifth wave of the European Union enlargement: pro et contra
This article analyses the principal complex of economic and political motivations of the states of Central and Eastern Europe and the EU members ... ... EU enlargement towards the East. Special attention is paid to the discussion on the reasonableness of the EU enlargement and the positions of certain EU members.
1. Borchardt... ... accession: an analysis of reform requirements], Problemy teorii i praktiki upravlenija [Theoretical and Practical Issues of Management], no. 2,
16. Rasshirenie ES na Vostok. Predposylki...
Ambiguity matters in linguistics and translation
... distinct senses ascribed to one sign. It is inherent to language and speech. In this article, I reflect on the types of ambiguity,... ... argue that problems in disambiguation may occur for a variety of reasons: the translator and\or the recipient may have a wrong reference,... ... Press.
Graham, R., 2001. Statutory interpretation: Theory and Practice. Toronto: Emond Publishing.
Fodor, J., 1998. Concepts: ... ... Linguistic Inquiry, 1, pp. 357—359.
Lyons, J., 1975. Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Cambridge Cambridge University Press....
Kant and the Crusians in the Debate on Optimism
... in detail the arguments advanced by the Crusians A. F. Reinhard and D. Weymann against the actual world as the best of all possible ... ... pre-critical period, the early Kant advocated beliefs in sphere of practical philosophy that he later radically changed in the critical ... ... Optimismus. Studia Leibnitiana, 10(2), pp. 222-246.
13. Kant, I., 1992. Theoretical Philosophy, 1755—1770. Translated and edited by D.... ... Cambridge University Press.
15. Kant, I., 1998. Critique of Pure Reason. Translated and edited by P. Guyer, A. W. Wood. Cambridge: ...