Revisiting the Maxim-Law Dynamic in the Light of Kant’s Theory of Action
... Höffe, eds. 2009. Kant’s Moral and Legal Philosophy. Translated by N. Walker. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 134-155.
Allison, H. E., 1990. Kant’s Theory of Freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Atwell, J. E., 1986. Ends and Principles in Kant’s Moral Thought. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
Beck, L. W., 1960. A Commentary on Kant’s Critique of Practical Reason. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Bittner, R., 2001. Doing Things for Reasons. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kant on evil in the human nature
... are stressed and the features of “pure practical reason” as a necessary condition of human morality are analysed. Further, the article considers Kant’s definition of evil as a deviation of rules regulating the actions of a human being from their principle of morality. The author analyses the factors underlying the “predisposition” to evil. It is emphasised that Kant measures wickedness not by deeds but solely by the way of thinking. The author discusses the question as to whether the intelligible good,...
Inadvisable Concession: Kant’s Critique of the Political Philosophy of Christian Garve
The starting point of my study is Kant’s remark to the effect that Garve in his treatise on the connection between morality and politics presents arguments in defence of unjust principles. Recognition of these principles is, according to Kant, an inadvisable concession to those who are inclined to abuse it. I interpret this judgement by making a detailed comparison of the texts of the two treatises. I demonstrate that Garve’s ...
Frolova Ye. The theoretical and methodological issues of the revival of natural law
... evaluates moral foundations as an internal absolute value. However, a definition of morals is meaningful only as an individual experience of a person, social requirements become moral only through a self-determined person. Being critical and formal, the moral principle does not eliminate the possibility of a combination with certain temporary goals. The formulas of a categorical imperative are aimed at an individual but their requirements are based on such objective repre-sentations as law and state.This article ...
Moral inscrutability and self-constitution in Kant (translated from the English by V. Belonogova and D. Khizanishvili, edited by V. Chaly)
... N., 1996. Kant and the Moral Worth of Actions. The Southern Journal of Phi¬losophy, 34(2), pp.225—41.22. Prichard, H. A., 1912. Does Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake? Mind, 21, pp. 21—37.23. Reath, A., 2006. Hedonism, Heteronomy and Kant’s Principle of Happiness. In: Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Philosophy. Oxford University Press.24. Silber, J., 1960. The Ethical Significance of Kant’s Religion. In: Greene, T. M. and Hudson, H. H. eds. 1960. Immanuel Kant, Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone. New York: Harper and Row. pp. LXXIX—CXXXIV....
Feyerabend’s Natural Law Notes and their significance for Kant studies. Preface
Natural Law Notes of Feyerabend is one of the most important sources by the research of ethical and juridical views of Kant. Dating back to 1784 they distinctly demonstrate that the basic principles of Kant’s philosophy of right are not a late production of the philosopher, but they have been formed already in the middle of 80’s of 18th century. Therewith we can use this lectures notes for the studies of Kant’s moral philosophy too, because of their closeness to the Foundations of Metaphysics of Morals, what can help us to understand some not clear aspects of Kant’s ethical thought. One of such questions is the question of moral motivation, and namely how ...
Kant on Human Dignity: Autonomy, Humanity, and Human Rights
... autonomy and dignity should now be considered as the central claim of Kant’s ethics, rather than the universalisation of maxims. Kant’s ethics are termed as repugnant for they place a high demand on the universalisation of maxims as a universal moral principle. As a result, they argue that there is an urgent need to rescue Kant’s ethics from the controversies surrounding maxims and universalisability, and the best way to rescue his ethics is by “leaving deontology behind”. It must be left behind ...
Kant and the Constitution of Russian Federation
... to neither understand Kant’s “idealism”, nor explain the connection between this idealism and legal practice. The article presents two strategies corresponding to the spirit of Kant’s constitutional state in the modern Russian conditions: the principle of developing a moral (rather than competent) personality and the principle of population preservation. A necessary condition for the effectiveness of constitutional provisions is an increase in the moral and cultural level, which can be facilitated by examples of moral ...
The justification of legal punishment in Kant’s philosophy
... нем. Ю. И. Айхенвальда. М., 1992.
8. Bahnam G. Kants’s Practical Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
9. Gregor M. Laws of Freedom. Oxford, 1963.
10. Hill Th. E. Punishment, Conscience and Moral Worth // Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays / ed. by M. Timmons. Oxford, 2002. P. 233—254.
11. Höffe O. Categorical Principles of Law // transl. by M. Migotti. The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002.
12. Korsgaard C. M. Introduction to Kant’s Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals / transl. by M. Gregor. Cambridge, 1998.
13. Ripstein A. Force And Freedom: ...
Kant's philosophical ideas in Rober Nozik's political theory
... contains an attempt to utilize Kant's notion of individual freedom and the second formula of his categorical imperative (“the principle of humanity as an end in itself”) for the justification of his libertarian “minimal state”. This article analyses ... ... Categorical Imperative // The Philosophical Review.1995. Vol. 104, № 3. P. 353—385.
6. Kant I. Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals // The Cambridge Edition of Works of Immanuel Kant. Practical Philosophy. Cambridge, 1999. P. 37—109.
7. Kant I. The ...
God’s Law or Categorical Imperative: on Crusian Issues of Kantian Morality
.... S. Pluhar. Indianapolis & Cambridge: Hackett.
Kant, I., 2011a. Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. Translated by M. J. Gregor and J. Timmermann. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 2011b. Inquiry Concerning the Distinctness of the Principles of Natural Theology and Morals. In: I. Kant, 2011. Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime and Other Writings. Edited by P. Frierson and P. Guyer. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 221-248.
Krouglov, A. N., 2009. Filosofija Kanta v Rossii v konce XVIII ...
The ethical and philosophical antinomy of foundations of Kant’s theory of family law
The present paper focuses on the ethical and anthropological foundations of Kant’s philosophy of family law conceived as a “personal right that is real in kind”: the possibility of possessing a person as a property item presets the antinomy of moral and legal principles, which reproduces the conflict between Roman naturalistic legal theory and the contractual philosophy of natural law. The author also considers the ways to overcome this antinomy, as well as ensuing solutions to the problems relating to the ...
Arguments against Redistributive Justice based on Kant’s Doctrine of Private Right
... in distribution, and it should be of concern to Kantians too, since it is a mere principle of rectification of the two first principles. Due to the points I am going to make, I conclude that, if somewhere, redistributivism should make its case in Kant’s ... ... Hardy, Oxford, pp. 166—217.
2. Byrd, B. S. 2010, Intelligible Possession of Objects of Choice, in: Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals: A Critical Guide, ed. by L. Denis, Cambridge, pp. 93—110.
3. Höffe, O. 2010, Kant’s Innate Right as a Rational Criterion ...
Deduction of Freedom vs Deduction of Experience in Kant’s Metaphysics
... orients the methodological movement of deductions in opposite directions. Theoretical deduction proceeds from pure forms of sensible intuition to concepts of understanding and thence to fundamental principles. Practical deduction proceeds from a priori principles to the concepts of the metaphysics of morals and thence to moral feelings. Fourth, deduction in the theoretical sphere forbids speculative reason to go beyond experience. Practical deduction has pointed to the intelligible world and has proved its “legitimacy”.
Allais, L., 2015. Manifest ...
On the Role of Gesinnung in Kant’s Ethics and Philosophy of Religion. Part II
... Motroshilova and B. Tuschling. Volume 3. Edited by E. Y. Solovyev and A. K. Sudakov. Moscow: Moskovskii filosofskii fond, pp. 39-276. (In Rus.)
Kant, I., 2019. Metafizika nravov: Metafizicheskie osnovnye nachala ucheniia o dobrodeteli [The Metaphysics of Morals: Metaphysical First Principles of the Doctrine of Virtue]. In: I. Kant, 2019. Sochineniia na nemetskom i russkom yazyke [Works in German and Russian]. Edited by N. V. Motroshilova and B. Tuschling. Volume 5 (2). Edited by A. A. Guseynov and A. K. Sudakov. Moscow: Kanon+,...
The foundations of I. Kant’s and V. Solovyov’s moral philosophies
... postulates of practical reason don’t overcome subjectivism, but bring to the foundation of Kant’s ethic the double meaning and uncertainty. The author notes, that for all his respect to Kant’s ethic, Russian philosopher constructs ethic on his own principles. In the foundation of his moral philosophy Solovjev puts down the idea of Good, characterizing it as lawful, autonomous and all-united (vseedinoje). Solovjev proposes to regard the feelings of shame, pity and reverence as the primary data of human moral, disregarding the warnings ...
How transcendental are Kant’s principles of public law?
... found in Kant’s later writings. Finally, the author considers a moderate interpretation that makes it possible to harmonise the publicity principles as (meta) principles of lawmaking and law enforcement with the core of Kant’s system of law and morals. This resolves the issue of direct efficiency of these principles, whereas the declaration of the formal character of the ‘doctrine of happiness’ dispels doubts over the implicitly a posterior and empirical nature of criteria introduced as formal and a priori ones.
1. Arendt, H. 2011, O politicheskoj ...
Kants praktischer Platonismus
At the centre of discussion lies the reception of Plato’s philosophy, particularly his theory of Ideas, in Kant’s moral philosophy, his ethics and his doctrine of right. Kant saw himself as a follower of Platonism insofar as its anti-empiricist principles of human conduct are concerned, although his own version of practical rationalism differs considerably from Plato’s. This is also true of Kant’s conception of freedom and of human rights. The greatest impact on Kant’s moral philosophy ...
A triune community: Fichte’s family law against the background of Kant’s practical philosophy (I)
... which views the family union as a natural-and-moral community of sexes, which only subsequently assumes a legal form through the principle of law. Fichte’s viewpoint is juxtaposed with Kant’s concept of family law complemented by Kant’s ideas on the ... ... of love. According to Fichte, sexual appeal takes on the shape of a self-sacrificing impulse of love in the soul and in the moral character of a woman; yet, only a man is capable of becoming aware of everything that is morally present in himself and ...
Kantian Ethical Humanism in Late Imperial Russia
... Renaissance Scotland. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 1-9.
Shpet, G. G., 2006. Socialism or Humanism. Publicated by T. G. Shchedrina. Kosmopolis [Cosmopolis], 1, pp. 77—90. (In Russ.)
Solovyov, V. S., 1899. Opravdanie Dobra [Justification of the Moral Good]. St. Petersburg: M. M. Stasiulevich. (In Russ.)
Solovyov, V. S., 2001. Kritika otvlechennykh nachal [Critique of Abstract Principles]. In: Polnoe sobranie sochineniy i pisem: v 20 t.: Sochineniya v 15 t. [Complete Works and Letters in 20 Volumes. Works in 15 Volumes], Volume 3: 1877—1881. Edited by N. V. Kotrelev. Moscow: Nauka, pp. 8-360. (In Russ.)
Trubetskoy, S. N.,...
Multiculturalism and morality in a globalised public space
... correlation between the phenomena of multiculturalism and morality in a globalized public space. Human community is considered within intercultural relations and associated interpersonal conflicts. A search for the ways of personal development based on clear moral principles is studied in the context of the methodological possibilities of multiculturalism. It is argued that the integration of a globalised com¬munity takes place within the moral development of a public space incorporating of a variety of cultures
Affection of Law: Fichte on the Place and Boundaries of Pure Ethics of the Imperative
The Holy Bible, 21st Century King James Version (KJ21): 1994. Gary: Deuel Enterprises.
Fabbianelli, F., 2000. Fichte e il Jacobi dello “Allwill” e del “Woldemar”. In: F. Fabbianelli, 2000. Antropologia trascendentale e la visione morale del mondo. Il primo Fichte e il suo contesto. Milano: Guerini, pp. 183-207.
Fichte, J. G., 2005. The System of Ethics According to the Principles of the Wissenschaftslehre. Translated and edited by D. Breazeale, G. Zöller. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Fichte, J. G., 1849. The Way towards the Blessed Life, or The Doctrine of Religion. Translated from the German by W. Smith....
Kants Freiheitsargument. Diskussion von Heiko Puls: Sittliches Bewusstsein und Kategorischer Imperativ in Kants Grundlegung: Ein Kommentar zum dritten Abschnitt. Berlin und Boston: De Gruyter, 2016. 318 S.
Heiko Puls’ work Sittliches Bewusstsein und Kategorischer Imperativ in Kants Grundlegung: Ein Kommentar zum dritten Abschnitt, presents an attempt to show that, in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant’s argumentation for the objective value of the categorical imperative is almost based upon the same principle as the one presented in the second Critique. More precisely, Puls claims that, like in the Critique of Practical Reason, the Groundwork operates with some kind of fact of reason-theory, which means that our consciousness of the moral law is ...
Some aspects of John Rawls’s first principle of justice
... Disparate variations of the relative priority rule seem more convincing. The author gives a generally positive assessment of the improved formulation of the first principle of justice and emphasises that the principles of justice must take into account moral principles. Moreover, rights and freedoms should include those relating to personal and family lifestyle, childbirth and parenting and priority should be given to those freedoms that contribute to the development of the feeling of justice and the realisation ...
Kategorische Rechtsprinzipien in Zeiten der Postmoderne. Interview mit Prof. Dr Otfried Höffe
This interview explores the extent to which Kant’s philosophy, which postulates certain moral principles categorically, has influenced the contemporary theory of justice. Many academics believe such principles to be relative and emphasise that justice lies beyond the remit of science. Otfried Höffe is convinced that categorical legal principles ...
Convergence of legal thinking from the perspective of the uncertainty principle
... Rechtsphilosophie. Berlin, 1988.
15. Piaget J. Méthodologie des Relations Interdisciplinaires // Archives de Philosophie. Recherches et documentation. 1971. № 34(4). P. 539—549.
Shcherbakov M. G.
transdisciplinary approach, integrative legal thinking, moral law, uncertainty principle, complementarity principle, implementation of methodology, categorical imperative
Vernunft und Glaube. Zu Kants Deduktion der Gnadenlehre
... This reference to God implies that one makes oneself susceptive to the principle of the good instead of vainly trying to make it dependent on one’s own deeds and thoughts. The renunciation of the attempt to justify one’s evil disposition, i.e. the moral conversion to a good disposition, is thus enabled by the principle of the good. Thus one can reasonably hope to achieve goodness in one’s moral conduct because of God’s grace. A transcendental deduction (b) has to justify conditions that enable the acquisition of rational claims. The justification of the ...
Kant’s philosophical system and the principles of its interpretation
... in Kant, I. Iz rukopisnogonaslediya (materialyi k «Kritike chistogo razuma») [From the manuscript heritage (material to "Critique of Pure Reason»)], Moscow.6. Kant, I. 1965, Osnovyi metafiziki nravstvennosti [Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals], in Kant, I. Sobranie sochineniy v 6 tomah [Collected works in 6 volumes], Moscow, t. 5.7. Kant, I. 1965, O primenenii teleologicheskih printsipov v filosofii [On the Use of Teleological Principles in Philosophy], in Kant, I. Sobranie sochineniy v 6 tomah [Collected works in 6 volumes], Moscow, t. 5.8. Kant, I. 1980, Pismo K. L. Reyngoldu 28—31 dekabrya 1787 g. [Letter to K. L. Reinhold 28—31 December 1787], in Kant I. Traktaty i ...
Spiritual foundations of law
This article attempts to elucidate the fundamental connection between law and morals. The authors substantiate the thesis about the spiritual nature of law as a methodological principle of theoretical and practical jurisprudence. The subject content of spiritual foundations of law is demonstrated through the triunity of dignity, autonomy, and mutual respect and trust. Alongside factual and legal aspects, the article addresses ...
A triune community: Fichte’s family law against the background of Kant’s practical philosophy (II)
... interpreted based on his moral anthropology of sexes as a moral fact and a legal status. A divorce, once accomplished in the moral substance, transforms the personal union of family partners into a concubinage, which is seen considered in an essentially ... ... Fichte, J. G., 2014. Osnova jestestvennogo prava soglasno prinzipam naukoucheniya [Foundations of Natural Right according to the Principles of the Science of Knowledge], Moscow.
marriage, divorce, separation, concubinage, compulsion, love, legal personality,...
Moral und Dogma: Alois Riehls Neukantianismus im Spannungsfeld zwischen Religion und Politik
The aim is to examine Alois Riehl’s contribution to the “culture war” (Kulturkampf) in the second half of the nineteenth century. We show that he used Kant’s autonomy principle to argue against the idea that religious dogmatism is a fundament of morality. We prove this thesis by focusing on the forgotten historical background, which is important for an understanding of Morals und Dogma. Originally this essay was an expert opinion for the court case of the socialist H. Tauschinski who was accused ...
I. Kant’s and E. Husserl’s practical philosophy
... between Kant’s and Husserl’s practical philosophies. Another important result is identifying the principles and departure point ideas for both thinkers. These are a shared understanding of the relationship between theoretical and practical reason, the principle of the ‘purity’ of moral motives and compulsoriness of the a priori, the idea of parallelism between logic and ethics, the interaction between will and mind, and the determining role of the categorical imperative. The author stresses that an adequate understanding of the ...
On the Role of Gesinnung in Kant’s Ethics and Philosophy of Religion. Part I
... Elucidated by Dreams of Metaphysics. In: I. Kant, 1992. Theoretical philosophy, 1755-1770. Translated and edited by D. Walford, R. Meerbote. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 302-359.
Kant, I., 1992b. Inquiry Concerning the Distinctness of the Principles of Natural Theology and Morality. In: I. Kant, 1992. Theoretical philosophy, 1755-1770. Translated and edited by D. Walford, R. Meerbote. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 243-286.
Kant, I., 1998. Critique of Pure Reason. Translated and edited by P. Guyer, A. W. Wood....
From Kant's “kingdom of ends” to an economic model
... transaction cost economics // International Journal of Social Economics. 2010. Vol. 37, iss 10. P. 755—763.
12. Kant I. Gesammelte Schriften (Akademie-Ausgabe). Berlin, 1900.
13. Korsgaard Ch. Creating the Kingdom of Ends. N. Y., 1996.
14. Trotsak A. The principle of sufficient reason as a correlate of free will and moral law in Kant’s and Schopenhauer’s philosophy // Journal of Siberian Federal university, Humanities & Social Sciences. 2014. № 7(6). P. 1049—1059.
15. Yovel Y. Kant & Philosophy of history. Princeton, 1980.
Trotsak A. I.
One day of a Russian traveller in Königsberg: N. M. Karamzin and a ‘fitting place’ in the world history
... foundation of the original pedagogy of Königsberg, which was called by K. Garber “an emblem of apocalypse” is Kant’s philosophical conviction that humanity will attain “perpetual peace” in the graveyard of humankind unless they make the “moral law” the initial principle of any causality. It is shown that N. M. Karamzin unveils the essence of this law with impressive precision and brevity in his letter.
1. Берковский Н. Я. Романтизм в Германии. Л., 1973.
2. Гадамер Х....
The variants of solutions to the problem of life saving in a casuistic situation by means of I. Kant's and A. Schopenhauer's ethics
... 3. S. 332—346.
14. Kiowsky H. Die intuitive Erkenntnis bei Schopenhauer und Eduard von Hartmann // Prima Philosophia. 1997. Bd. 10. H. 1. S. 473—481.
15. Pickel G. Das Mitleid in der Ethik von Kant bis Schopenhauer. Erlangen, 1908.
casuistry, moral principles, the practice of medicine
Trotsak A. I.
Donelaitis and Kant: to the issue of the hermeneutic of survival in the era of the “mystery of iniquity”
... Soch. v 8 t. [Works in 8 volumes]. T. 3. Moscow.
7. Kant, I. 1994, Metafizika nravov [Metaphysics of morals]. In: Kant, I. Sobr. soch. v 8 t. [Works in 8 volumes], T. 6. Moscow.
8. Kant, I. 1994, Osnovopolozhenija k metafizike nravov [Basic principle to the metaphysics of morals]. In: Kant, I. Sobr. soch.v 8 t. [Works in 8 volumes], T. 4. Moscow.
9. Kant, I. 1994b, Chto takoje prosvescenije? [What is Enlightenment?]. In: Sobr. soch. v 8 t. [Works in 8 volumes], T. 4. Moscow.
10. Kant, I. 1994b, Spor fakultetov ...
The notion of necessity in the German philosophy of the¬ Enlighten¬ment
... which undermines the foundation of ethics. Many philosophers tried to avoid such fatalism through expanding and refining the concept of necessity and identifying its different types, for example, conditional and unconditional,absolute and hypothetical, moral, natural and others. The article considers the concept of necessity in the major philosophical works of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Christian Wolff,Immanuel Kant, August Christian Crusius and other authors, as well as their attempts at harmonizing the principle of sufficient reason with freedom. It is demonstrated that, in the 18th century, necessity was understood very broadly, it held a special place in metaphysics in general and, in particular, in such metaphysical disciplines as cosmology, psychology,...
Kant im Diskurs der „Technologien der Hoffnung“. Aus Anlass der 5. Wiederkehr der Verleihung der Kaliningrader Universität den Namen Kants
... possibility of freedom, i. e. on whether the human being is capable of the practical implementation of the free causality of moral law. Due to its history, Kaliningrad is meant to become a window to Kant's ontology of hope.
1. Вышемирский ... ... Schiller F. Sämtliche Werke. 5 Bde. Herausgegeben von Wolfgang Riedel. Bd. 5. München, 2004.
heteronomous and autonomous principles of reality, ontological gap, subject-oriented ontology, intersubjectivty of 'practical reason'
Gilmanow W. H.
The metaphysics of science
... razuma [Critique of Pure Reason] in: Kant, I. Sochinenija v shesti tomah [The works in six volumes], vol. 3, Moscow.
3. Kant, I. 1964b, Issledovanie stepeni jasnosti prinzipov estestvennoj teologii I morali [Inquiry Concerning the Distinctness of the Principles of Natural Theology and Morality] in: Kant, I. Sochinenija v shesti tomah [The works in six volumes], vol. 2, Moscow.
4. Kant, I. 1965а, Prolegomeni ko vsjakoj buduschej metafisike, moguschej pojavitsja kak nauka [Prolegomena to any future metaphysics that may appear as a science] ...
The motif of light and the criticism of the autonomous subject in the works of I. Murdoch
9. Murdoch I. An Accidental Man // Ibid.
10. Murdoch I. Henry and Cato // Ibid.
11. Murdoch I. Metaphysics as a Guide to Morals. L., 2003.
12. Murdoch I. The Nice and the Good // Bookos.org : [сайт]. URL:
(дата ... ... I. The Sacred and Profane Love Machine // Ibid.
Gilmanov V., Timonina T.
Murdoch, Heidegger, Platonism, Existentialism, principle of autonomy, «vacuum of the abandonment of Being», «death of light»
A. A. Fet as a theoretical and practical adherent of pure art¬ and the prob-lem of the nature of poetry
... complimentary to revolutionary-democratic poetry. A. Fet was guided by Kant’s principle of aesthetics stating that the function of art is constituting the world of values. It does not and cannot replace either science, which is meant to cognise the world, or morality, which is meant to organise the world of the social. The principle of purity characteristic of Kant’s philosophy was applied by A. Fet to art. It means that art for art’s sake is not limited to aesthetic values but includes their whole range. A. Fet gives the role of the ultimate end and value to poetry ...
The Universe of Science. The Architectonic Ideas of Science, Sciences and their Parts in Kant
... Truth and Justification. Translated by B. Fultner. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
Kant, I., 1991. The Metaphysics of Morals. Translated by M. Gregor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 1992. The Jäsche Logic, in: Lectures on logic.... ... and Theory of the Heavens or Essay on the Constitution and the Mechanical Origin of the Whole Universe According to Newtonian Principles. Translated by O. Reinhardt. In: E. Watkins, ed. 2015. Kant: Natural Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,...
Kant’s way to the perpetual peace in the XXIst century
This article presents the key ideas of the book Für den Frieden, in which the author scrutinises the basic principles of the Japanese constitution with the help of the works of Erasmus of Rotterdam, Kant, and Salomo Friedländer. The ... ... depends on the development of personality, since it is that acts in the real world as an agent of freedom and ratio essendi of morality, whereas freedom is the ‘cornerstone’ for people striving for peace with all their hearts. The author of the article ...
Kants Begriff der Verbindlichkeit und die neuzeitliche Naturrechtslehre
... vorkritischen Schriften und Reflexionen, Meisenheim am Glan.
31. Schneewind, J. B. 1998, The Invention of Autonomy. A History of Modern Moral Philosophy, Cambridge.
32. Schreiber, H.-L. 1966, Der Begriff der Rechtspflicht. Quellenstudien zu seiner Geschichte, Berlin.... ... Geschichte des Toleranzbegriffs von Samuel Pufendorf bis Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Würzburg.
natural law, obligation, duty, principle of autonomy
Kant’s fundamental idea of state and law in Pushkin’s Boris Godunov
... Immanuila Kanta. Vyp. 4 [Questions theoretical legacy of Immanuel Kant. Vol. 4], Kaliningrad.
12. Tomashevskij B. V., 1956, Pushkin. Kn. Pervaya (1813—1824) [Pushkin. The first ыbook (1813—1824)]. Moscow-Leningrad, USSR Academy of Sciences Publishing.
principles of state and law, monarch, Kant's Metaphysics of Morals, epistemology of art, Boris Godunov tragedy
Kant and Hegel, an alleged right and the ‘inverted world’
... of actions in the sensible world. A condition for cognising freedom is the categorical imperative. Apparently, applying the moral law formula may lead to contradictions. One of these contradictions is contained in the famous question regarding the alleged ... ... information to save a human life rather than lies proper. The idea of ‘inverted world’ is not a formal abstraction but the principle behind the movement of historical life. A phenomenological analysis of the polemic between Kant and Constant shows that ...
The policy of cosmopolitism: from universalism to pluralism
... cosmopolitism is of rather cultural than political nature. Liberal cultural pluralism based on universal political and legal principles (Kant and Rawls) proves to be insufficient. However, it provides the means to solve the problems and to avoid the extremes ... ... cosmopolitism, such as the European “negative identity”, juridification, and new modern forms of identity-centred political moralism akin to the “hyperdemocracy of the masses”.
1. Бек У. Власть и ее оппоненты в эпоху ...
The psychological profile of the robber in A.S. Pushkin’s novella Kirdzhali
... фольклорная традиция //Московский пушкинист. М., 1999. Вып. 5.
3. Пушкин А. С. Полн. собр. соч. : в 10 т. М., 1958.
text, concept, Pushkin, Karađorđe, Kirdzhali, robber, axiology, moral principles, sin.
Between faith and disbelief: the theme of life and death in Yu. N. Ivanov’s novel Dances in the Crematory: Ten Episodes from the Life of Königsberg
... episodes from the life of the main character in the textual space of the novel. I prove that, at the ideational-thematic level, the principle of fragmentarity is manifested in the novel in the form of a series of antithesis themes and binary oppositions (peace/war,... ... reveal the author’s worldview and integrate semantically different dimensions of the novel — subjective, psychological, moral, philosophical, and fictional ones. These oppositions emphasise the novel’s leitmotif (the metaphor of the road as a person’s ...