The Christian right movement in the USA in the 1990s
This article analyses the factors that strengthened the influence of the Christian right movement in the USA in the 1990s. The author considers the organizational changes and ideological transformation within the movement and its effect on the political process in this period. The article identifies the problems facing the ...
The Christian context of H. Ch. Andersen’s fairy tales: The confines of the genre
The Christian context of H. C. Andersen’s fairy tales is considered from the perspective of the genre confines in view of the evolution of the author’s oeuvre. It is argued that the romanticism of Andersen’s fairy tales is rooted in his Christian worldview....
The Denominational Space of Modern Sweden: Christianity
This article considers spatial and temporal diffusion of Christian values in Sweden and examines the features of the country’s confessional space. The work aims to identify historical and geographical characteristics of the formation of Sweden’s Christian space and of its current transformation. Another ...
Social Christianity in F. A. Stepun’s philosophy of history
This article analyses Fedor Stepun’s idea of social Christianity. The au¬thor identifies the axiological context of the Baden School of Neo-Kantian thought in Stepun’s interpretation of Christian God. The significance of Christian politics in the philosopher’s assessment of socio-political processes ...
Poetics of the ‘ideal’: The ancient and Christian tradition in K. N. Leontyev’s novel Odysseus Polychroniades
This article examines the interaction between ancient and Christian world-view traditions in K. N. Leontyev’s novel Odysseus Polychroniades. Leontyev expresses Christian ideas using images of Greek heroes. The ancient tradition is represented in the pan-aesthetic attitude of the literary work. In the text,...
Christian foundations of F. I. Tyutchev’s oeuvre
This article revises the traditional views of Tyutchev as a panthesist, Schellingian, etc. Poems, articles, and letters are used to emphasise the Christian foundations of his oeuvre, which focuses on the anthropological problem of the ‘mystery of the human being’. The vicissitudes of human spirit, the dramatic conflict between two major metaphysical principles of anthropocentric free will and ...
Kants Begriff der Verbindlichkeit und die neuzeitliche Naturrechtslehre
... of the main concepts of early modern natural law, i. e. the concept of obligation. Starting with Pufendorf's concept of obligation, it will be demonstrated that the natural law is grounded on the will of God. In contrast, the concept of obligation in Christian Wolff's Philosophia practica universalis has no need to found the validity of obligation of natural law in God's will. Instead he developed a concept which was based on the idea of a free self-binding moral subject. Therefore, Wolff's Philosophy ...
The concept of ideal space in V.A. Zhukovky’s lyric poetry
This article analyses V. A. Zhukovsky’s images of ideal space in the context of Christian notions of paradise.
энциклопедический словарь: в 3 т. М., 1995.
словарь. М., 1994.
. Соч.: в 3 т. М.,...
Energy and the Ways of its Conceptualisation in Cognition: an Attempt at an Epistemological Analysis
... in the humanities and analyses the role of these processes in the formation of conceptual and terminological framework for different types of discourse. The study draws on an analytical description of the development of the concept of energy in the Christian Orthodox discourse. The description was provided from the perspective of transferology — a new metadiscipline aimed to study the meaning-focused transformations of epistemological formations when transferred between different fields of knowledge....
Kant on the rights of citizens in matters of religion: The concept of religious tolerance in the German Enlightenment
... prehistory of formulating the concept of religious tolerance and modelling relations between the state and different confessions, based on the rules of natural law, which date back to the early Enlightenment. For the first time, it was discussed at length by Christian Thomasius, whose endeavours marked the beginning of the Enlightenment in Germany. Moreover, a number of important aspects relate Thomasius’s early Enlightenment ideas and Kant’s late Enlightenment concept. Firstly, this is the perspective ...
The principle of sufficient reason in German philosophy of the Enlight-enment
... philosophical dispute over the Principle of sufficient reason arose in Germany. Despite the fact that this Principe was explicitly formulated by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz only at the end of the 17th century, a major dispute about it was triggered by Christian Wolff who had considerable influence on the German philosophy of Enlightenment. In German Metaphysic, he presented the “strong” definition of the principle and its proof. As a result, freedom was restricted, because the principle of sufficient ...
The notion of necessity in the German philosophy of the¬ Enlighten¬ment
... necessity and identifying its different types, for example, conditional and unconditional,absolute and hypothetical, moral, natural and others. The article considers the concept of necessity in the major philosophical works of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Christian Wolff,Immanuel Kant, August Christian Crusius and other authors, as well as their attempts at harmonizing the principle of sufficient reason with freedom. It is demonstrated that, in the 18th century, necessity was understood very broadly, it ...
Knutzen M. Philosophical Proof of the Truth of the Christian Religion
Survival of Russian Spirituality as the Eighth Christian Miracle
1. Михайлов А. С. Далеко ли до провинции? Благие порывы : очерки. Калининград, 2010.
Lexemes with the stem –БОГ- (GOD) in hagiographic texts of the 15th—17th centuries
... means of characterization of objects, phenomena, etc. The material of the analysis was taken from the texts of the XV—XVII centuries, which are a valuable source of information for the study of the system of values of Slavs, based on the axiology of Christian dogmas. The aim of this research is to identify the specificity of these lexemes, their interconnection as well as their relatedness to the concept of God. I defined a number of semantic criteria, according to which the studied lexical group ...
The ‘Faust zone’ in the works of Goethe and Pushkin
... problem of the ‘Faust zone’ in history is emphasised in the context of compari-son of different ideological and poetic interpretations of the Faustian archetype in the works of Goethe and Pushkin. It is concluded that Pushkin’s poetic ge-nius is Christian in its essence and related to the key characteristics of the Rus¬sian national identity.
1. Гёте И. В. Фауст // Гёте В. Собрание соч. : в 10 т. М., 1976. Т. 2.
2. Достоевский Ф. М. Пушкин ...
Kant’s cryptic notes (Afterword to publication)
... пределах только разума // Собр. соч. : в 8 т. Т. 6. С. 5—224.
15. Мосс М. Молитва // Социальные функции священного. СПб., 2000. С. 234—333.
16. Flittner Chr. G. Biographie Joh. Gottfr. Christian Kiesewetter’s Dr. und Professor der Philosophie // Kiesewetter J. G. Chr. Darstellung der richtigen Wahrheiten der Kritischen Philosophie. Flittner’sche Buchhandlung. Berlin, 1824. S. XIII—XXII.
17. Kant: Briefwechsel, Brief 394, von ...
On the role of religion in N. N. Alekseev’s axiological model of law
... of values and there setting in political domain. Paper argued how religion conducts genesis of law. In that sense religion evaluated like a link between morality and law. Essential item of philosophy of law of Nikolay Alexeev — is a superiority of Christianity in the midst of couple of religions in solution of problem in development of law. Author shows the historical role of Christianity in revealing of the idea of law per se.
1. Alexeev, N. N. 1918, Vvedenie v izuchenie prava [Introduction ...
Herzen and conservatives: attraction and repulsion
This article considers the common and the unique in the views and beliefs of A. I. Herzen (1812—1870) and Christian — both Russian and Western — conservatives. The author emphasizes that the attraction and repulsion between the freedom-loving supporter of revolutionary changes, Herzen, and sincere advocates of spiritual freedom — free conservatives ...
Russian and Latvian proverbs and sayings on sin
... sayings help identify the basic, universal ideas about sin, as well as particular, national ones. The author comes to a conclusion that the Russian mentality — unlike the Latvian one — reflects the interaction and partial interference between the Christian an folk worldviews, whereas the notion of sin is found in the intersection areas, which is indicative of their similarity rather than identity.
1. Васильев П. П. Грех // Христианство : энциклопедический ...
The phenomenology of Pushkin’s ‘universal sympathy (based on ‘Аscene from ‘Faust’, ‘The feast in the time of plague’, and ‘the Wanderer’)
... methodological approach is based on Valentin Nepomnyashchiy’s concept of the poetic momentum of Pushkin’s literary work, which is always in the stress field between the Christmas and Easter meta-codes. This field dictates the solution to the main Christian problem of correlations in the dialogue between God and the human being. It is concluded that Pushkin was aware of the dangers of ‘the mystery of iniquity’, which is closely connected with the ideas of Gnosticism when partaking spiritually ...
The thought of death and overcoming of death in B. Pasternak’s cycle ‘Some Songs in Letters So She Won’t Be Bored’
The intertextual connections with the Bible found in the cycle ‘Songs in Letters So She Won’t Be Bored’ (My Sister Life, 1917) help identify the features of artistic expression of the Christian ideas of immortality in the early works of B. Pasternak. An analysis of the author’s symbolism shows that the philosophising persona of Pasternak’s book ponders on death looking for the ways to overcome it. The way to overcome “boredom”— ...
God’s Law or Categorical Imperative: on Crusian Issues of Kantian Morality
... [Lectures on the Philosophical Doctrine of Religion]. Moscow, Kanon+, pp. 299-309. (In Rus.)
Marquard, A., 1885. Kant und Crusius: Ein Beitrag zum richtigen Verständnis der Crusianischen Philosophie. Kiel: Lipsius & Tischer.
Richter, A., 1876. Crusius, Christian August. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, Volume 4. Leipzig: Duncker und Humblot, pp. 630-631, [online]. Available at: <
; [Accessed 5 February 2019].
Rozhdestvensky, N. P., 1884. ...
Kantian Ethical Humanism in Late Imperial Russia
... in Imperial Russia and then the Soviet Union. The youngest of the three, Marxist humanism, stemmed from late Soviet-era philosophers, who advocated the idea that the human individual as such had a timeless intrinsic value. A second form of humanism, Christian humanism, emerged slowly in nineteenth-century Russia under the influence of Slavophilism. The Slavophiles with a deep sense of religiosity rooted in an understanding of the Church Fathers. They rejected the role of reason in evaluating moral ...
Christian Values and European Idea
1. Тэтчер М. Искусство управления государством. Стратегии для меняющегося мира М., 2003.
2. Иларион (Алфеев), митр. Православно-католические отношения на современном этапе. URL: http://www.patriarchia.ru/db/text/1319482.html (дата обращения: 16.03.2011).
Logic Manuals for Women in the Late Enlightenment Era
... neuern Philosophen erzehlet, die dahin gehörigen Bücher und Schriften angeführet, und alles nach Alphabetischer Ordnung vorgestellet werden, mit nöthigen Registern versehen. Leipzig: Gleditsch.
logic, German Enlightenment, popular philosophy, Christian Thomasius, Christian Wolff, Johanne Charlotte Unzer, Philippine Knigge, François Jacques Durand, Christian Gottlib Atze, Friedrich Eberhard Rochow
A. M. Kharitonova
Immaturity and the objective of a true reform in ways of thinking. Part II
.... Anthropologie Dohna-Wundlacken // Die philosophischen Hauptvorlesungen Immanuel Kants Nach den neu aufgefundenen Kollegheften des Grafen Heinrich zu Dohna-Wundlacken / hrsg. von A. Kowalewski. München ; Leipzig, 1924.
13. Baggesen J. Brief an Herzog Friedrich Christian vom 7. September 1792 // Timoleon und Immanuel. Dokumente einer Freundschaft. Briefwechsel zwischen Friedrich Christian zu Schleswig-Holstein und Kens Baggesen / hrsg. von H. Schulz. Leipzig, 1910.
14. Biester J. E. Brief an Kant vom 5. Oktober ...
Lutheranism in Finland: past and present
... decades, the number of Lutheran parishes and parishioners decreased. These processes were most pronounced in the first years of the 21st century. Probably, they mark the beginning of Finland’s transition to a ‘new society’ that is not based on Christian values. Similar processes are observed in other countries of United Europe. The authors establish a connection between secularisation processes in the society and changes in the administrative structure of the Lutheran church of Finland. A decrease ...
Inadvisable Concession: Kant’s Critique of the Political Philosophy of Christian Garve
... Moscow: Progress-Traditsiya. (In Rus.)
Stolleis, M., 1972. Staatsräson, Recht und Moral im philosophischen Texten des späten 18. Jahrhunderts. Meisenheim am Glan.
Warda, A., 1922. Immanuel Kants Bücher. Berlin: Martin Breslauer.
Williams, H., 2000. Christian Garve and Immanuel Kant: Theory and Practice in the German Enlightenment. Enlightenment and Dissent, 19, pp. 171-192.
Zande, J. van der, 1995. In the Image of Cicero: German Philosophy between Wolff and Kant. Journal of the History of Ideas,...
The concept of body and the problem of demarcation in new European metaphysics: from Descartes to Kant
... influenced Kant’s pre-Critical writings. Reducing that crucial distinction between two substances to the empirical sphere and the interpretation of soul and body as homogeneous phenomena are the main peculiarities of Kant’s position.
1. Blackwell R. J. Christian Wolff's Doctrine of the Soul // Journal of the History of Ideas. 1961. № 3.
2. Borsche T., Kaulbach F. Leib, Körper // Historisches Wörterbuch der Philosophie / Hrsg. von J. Ritter, K. Gründer. Bd. 5. Basel, 1980.
3. Carboncini S. Transzendentale ...
The 3rd international workshop Folk Culture and Orthodoxy at IKBFU
... open lectures delivered in the course of the workshop and analyses the positions of the participants of the discussion generated by I. A. Yesaulov’s presentation ‘Folk Culture and Orthodoxy’.
folk culture, art studies, literary work analysis, Christian traditions in culture
The concept of body and the problem of demarcation in new European metaphysics: from Descartes to Kant
... философии Готфрида В. Лейбница.
21. Ньютон И. Оптика, или Трактат об отражениях, преломлениях, изгибаниях
и цветах света. М., 1954.
22. Blackwell R. J. Christian Wolff's Doctrine of the Soul // Journal of the History of
Ideas. 1961. N 3.
23. Borsche T., Kaulbach F. Leib, Körper // Historisches Wörterbuch der Philosophie /
Hrsg. von J. Ritter, K. Gründer. Bd. 5. Basel, 1980.
24. Carboncini S. Transzendentale ...
I.P. Khmelnitsky at the Königsberg University of the 18th century
... Bd 8.
27. Lambert J. H. Philosophische Schriften. Hildesheim, 2007. Bd 8, Tl. 2.
28. Meusel J. G. Chmelnitzki (Johann) // Das gelehrte Teutschland oder Lexikon der jetzt lebenden teutschen Schriftsteller. Lemgo, 1796. Bd 1.
29. Mühlpfordt G. Christian Wolffs Lehre im östlichen Europa // Aufklärung. 2001. Bd 12/2.
30. Oljančyn D. Aus dem Kultur- und Geistesleben der Ukraine // Kyrios. Vierteljahresschrift für Kirchen- und Geistesgeschichte Osteuropas. 1937. Bd 2.
31. Pisanski G. Chr....
The Name of Prophet Abraham in the Old Russian Literature of XI—XIII centuries
The spread of Christianity in Russia contributed to the development of writing and had a direct impact on the thematic, genre, figurative features of spiritual, and later secular literature. In this article, we consider the image of Abraham, one of the Biblical forefathers,...
This article considers the correlation between the historical Christianity and the pure religion of reason, the figure of the biblical Christ of Nazareth and Kant's interpretation of his personality. The author focuses on the question, whether the Biblical Christ, as a real historical person, is the personification ...
Faces and Icons (on Vladimir Soloukhin's “The Black Boards”)
... and the spiritual state of the society as the main subjects of the book. The author outlines the connection between the icon and the ancient and contemporary history of Russia, arguing that its function is to bring the mind of a Russian back to the Christian tradition.
. Собр. соч.: в 5 т. М., 2006. Т. 3.
. Солоухин В.
А. // Русские писатели ХХ века: биографический ...
Was heißt Fortschritt im Wissen? Gnoseotopische Überlegungen zur Aufklärung und ihren Folgen
... epistemology of 18th-century rationalism. This article discusses the development in the shift from ignorance as a given to ignorance as a systematically reflected part of the conditions of human knowledge from a historical point of view through the examples of Christian Wolff, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, and Johann Georg Sulzer. The argument does not focus on the ‘completion’ of the rationalist system of 18th-century philosophy, but rather on the subversive quality of the introduction of subrational ...
Immanuel Kant, Emanuel Swedenborg and the metaphysics of the supersensible
The article is devoted to the dispute between two eminent people of the time — I. Kant and E. Swedenborg, a Swedish philosopher, scientist, engineer and poet, who, however, remained in the memory of humanity, mainly as the last Christian mystic, and the "King of visionaries." It is shown that, although E. Swedenborg's oeuvre was important for I. Kant, it was only a trigger for scrutinising serious philosophical questions pertaining to the nature and limits of human ...
The functioning of explicator lexemes of situational modality in the Aprakos of Mstislav the Great
... functioning of linguistic units expressing the meaning of situational modality (possibility, desirability, necessity). The article establishes a semantic correlation between the use of these explicators and the fundamental moral and ethical postulates of Christianity.
1. Баталина К. Е. Абстрактные имена существительные и категории сакрального текста как средства экспликации концептов христианской ...
Kant and the Problem of Optimism: The Origin of the Debate
... Philosophie, Bd. 35, pp. 779—789.
Buschmann, C. 1989, Die philosophischen Preisfragen und Preisschriften der Berliner Akademie der Wissenschaften im 18. Jahrhundert, in: Förster, W. (hg.), Aufklärung in Berlin, Berlin, pp. 165—228.
Carboncini, S. 1986, Christian August Crusius und die Leibniz-Wolffische Philosophie, in: Heinekamp, A. (hg.), Beiträge zur Wirkungs- und Rezeptionsgeschichte von Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Stuttgart, pp. 110—125.
Ciafardone, R. 1983, Von der Kritik an Wolff zum vorkritischen ...
Tolerance as Feeling of Life
... СПб., 2002.
7. Попадин А. Самосознание калининградцев. [Электронный ресурс]. URL:http://www. popadin. narod. ru/samosoznanie. html
8. Уолцер М. О терпимости. М., 2000.
9. Kohnen J. Christian Täge’s, ehemaligen Russischen Feldpredigers, Lebensgeschichte.Zu einem Königsberg-Beitrag August Samuel Gerbers // Das Preußenland als Forschungsaufgabe. Lüneburg, 2000.
The image of Svyatopolk in the Tale of Boris and Gleb: predestination or freedom of choice?
The hagiographical image of Svyatopolk is analysed as one determined by Christian anthropology. The author asserts that Svyatopolk performs an evil deed neither due to predestination, nor under the influence of fatal circumstances, but of his own free will. Svyatopolk embodies the model of a person of string will, which is ...
The mythical thinking of B. Pasternak in the cycle Romanovka
This article considers the features of the manifestation of B. Pasternak’s mythologism in his early cycle “Romanovka” (included in the book My Sister, Life). The author emphasises the Christian nature of the poet’s interpretation of the war and revolution period of 1917. Special attention is paid to the means of the implementation of the author’s idea of the Fall, punishment, and atonement in Russia at that historical moment. The ...
Territorial structure of the denominational space of the South-East Baltic
The South-East Baltic is a meeting place of three branches of Christianity: Orthodoxy, Catholicism, and Lutheranism. Dominant in the Baltic region, these religious confessions define the cultural landscape of the area. At the same time, they have an indirect effect on socio-economic development. In this study, we ...
Parable of the prodigal son in the image-conceptual field of Leonid Leonov's novel "The Pyramid"
... Леонова «Пирамида» и русский космизм // Век Леонида Леонова. Проблемы творчества. Воспоминания. М., 2001.
Leonid Leonov, a novel, the narrator, the ideological content, morality, Christianity, religious values
The interpenetration of literature and religious discourses in the post-war period (a case study of the Austrian Wort und Wahreit magazine
... Leser. 1981. №
]. Schuld ist individuell! «Kollektivschuld» ist ein Nonsense
// Wort und Wahrheit.
Wort und Wahrheit, literature, religion, Christian avant-garde, true
word, interdisciplinary dialogue.
Christmas motif in R. L. Stevenson's story "Markheim"
... Stevenson's story "Markheim" shows an essential role of Christmas motifs in the semantic space of the work. There are various forms of expressing this motif in the key moments of the plot. The value space of the main character is connected to the Christian values inherent in Christ-mas motifs, and the story line develops along the rules of a Christmas story.
1. Амелина Е. Е. Феномен двойничества в новеллах Р. Л. Стивенсона «Маркхейм» ...
Historical Prussia in the mirror of confessional relations
... Вильнюса. Страницы истории. Вильнюс, 2003.
16. Штрокорад А. Русь и Литва. Рюриковичи против Гедиминовичей. М.,2004.
history of culture, religion, ethnic group, paganism, Christianity, Prussia, Lithuania.
The Paradise theme in G. Kh. Andersen’s tales
... в сказке Ганса Христиана Андерсена «Снежная королева» в образовательном пространстве // Молодой ученый. 2015. № 22.1. С. 39—41.
Dorofeeva L. G.
Andersen, Christianity, Romantic period, genre, theme, plot, hero, axiology, space, time
Merezhkovsky and F. Sologub: Gogol's imprint in the dialogue about poshlost’
... Rabinowitz S. J. Fedor Sologub and His Nineteenth-century Russian Antecedents // Slavic and East European Journal. 1978. Vol. 22, №. 3. P. 324—335.
Lisakov P. D.
Merezhkovsky, Sologub, Gogol, poshlost’, kham, the devil, the Antichrist, the New Christianity