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2019 Vol. 10 № 2

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Lexemes with the stem –БОГ- (GOD) in hagiographic texts of the 15th—17th centuries

DOI
10.5922/2225-5346-2019-2-4
Pages
45-55

Abstract

The article explores lexemes stemming from Rus. бог- (god), which were used in the texts of the XV—XVII centuries. This stem expressed the concept of God and was used as a means of characterization of objects, phenomena, etc. The material of the analysis was taken from the texts of the XV—XVII centuries, which are a valuable source of information for the study of the system of values of Slavs, based on the axiology of Christian dogmas. The aim of this re­search is to identify the specificity of these lexemes, their interconnection as well as their re­latedness to the concept of God. I defined a number of semantic criteria, according to which the studied lexical group forms various paradigms. I argue that there is quantitative hetero­geneity in the use of lexemes with the stem бог- (God) in the XV—XVII centuries. This het­erogeneity was expressed in the dominance of the lexeme analysed over others. The identified lexemes are grouped according to the following semantic features: designation of people relat­ed to God, characteristics of the activity of a specific historical personality, an abstract con­cept, an object or a phenomenon of that time, or a polysemantic word. This large group of lexemes consists of the words characterizing a person, an object or a phenomenon on the basis of the following attributes — 'worthy of God's praise, '(not) worthy of praise', 'possessing Divine wisdom', 'following the path of God', etc. I argue that lexemes with the stem бог- (God) in the texts of the XV-XVII centuries are parts of a broader paradigm of 'conforming to the standards of Christian dogmas, positively assessed vs not corresponding to the standards, negatively assessed”. This assessment forms the basis of the axiology of the Christian doctrine.

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