The Masonic Word: Types and Functions
In the sources that guide the Masons, and in the sources that they produce themselves, the term “Word” dominates in the meaning of a “text, an idea or a communicative unit”. This determines the importance of the research. Its purpose is to identify the characteristics of the perception of the Word by the Masons, that is, to discover the typology ...
Family of words as the unity of the formal and the semantic: semantic exercises
The article discusses a system of semantic exercises for training schoolchildren to use families of words regarded as a unity of the formal and the semantic. The offered technique of defining the formal and semantic aspects of word families is reflected in four structural types of their organization, which depend on the initial word and its derivatives....
The Conjunction Functions of the Particle tolko: A Conjunction Particle vs a Conjunction Analogue
... 2015). Collection of scientific researches]. Erevan. pp. 50—58.
4. Apresyan, V. Yu., 2004. Pliability: language relations. In: Yu. D. Apresyan, ed. Sokrovennye smysly: Slovo. Tekst. Kul'tura. Sb. statei v chest' N. D. Arutyunovoi [The hidden meanings: Word. Text. Culture. Collection of articles in honor of N. D. Arutyunova]. Moscow. pp. 255—266.
5. Baranov, A. N., Plungyan, V. A., Rakhilina, E. V., 1993. Guide to the discursive words of the Russian language [Putevoditel' po diskursivnym slovam russkogo ...
The Theory of the Inner Form of the Word in the Semantic Research of A. A. Potebnja and W. von Humboldt
The article analyzes the influence of works by A. Potebnja and W. von Humboldt on the development of modern linguistic theory of the inner form of the word which became the basis for numerous modern studies in the spheres of semantics dealing with the issues of contextual meaning. The main foundations of the mentioned-above theory are being examined as well as the ways of creating the inner form of ...
Russian facets in J. Joyce’s neologisms and their interlanguage translation
The paper examines nonce words in James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake, particularly those originating from the Russian language. The research aims at defining word-formation patterns of the units in question and studying limitations of their interlanguage translation. Based on ...
The pragmatic functions of culture-specific words in a retrospective discourse
The author analyses the linguistic and pragmatic aspects of retrospective discourse which is structured by various means including culture-specific words. The author offers a systematized classification of these words depending on the effect these words produce on the reader. Special attention is paid to anthroponyms, toponyms, and temporal markers accumulating information which is important to the ...
History of the words starina and starik as terms of friendship in Russian
This article explores when and under what circumstances the words starik and starina emerged as terms of friendship in standard Russian language. These terms were often used by male characters in the prose of the Khrushchev Thaw — students, scientists, and engineers. It was initially assumed that these words ...
The “living” word in the light of modern cognitive studies (Dedicated to the anniversary of Alexandra Zalevskaya)
This article considers the key provisions relating to the nature and structure of the word in human mental space. The author distinguishes between the word as an asset of an individual (the “living” word) and the word as found in a dictionary. It is concluded that there is a dramatic difference between the mental lexicon and a dictionary ...
Sootechestvenniki (compatriots) in the 19th century: semantic profile based on the data of the National Corpus of the Russian language
The concept “sootechestvenniki” is one of the key tools for self-description of society; it is an instrument for drawing borderlines between “we” and “they”. The article describes the development of the meaning of this word since its coinage. The word appeared in the 18th century as a merger of the Old Slavic and Old Russian ‘otechestvo’ (fatherland, understood as one’s place of origin) and the French ‘compatriot’. This merger resulted in the formation of ...
Reflections on the dictionary of an integral type
The article focuses on the issue of an integral word description in dictionaries. The principle of integrity implies that the most complete information about a word is included in its dictionary entry. The word is an independent two-sided and multifunctional unit of a language, respectively, it raises ...
Feelings, emotions, sensations: On the representativeness of mental states in the Russian language
This article is devoted to the lexis of the Russian language denoting mental states. The study of the words and their functions rests on the psychological interpretation and classification of mental states. The author describes how a person’s mental life is expressed as a system of interacting and interdependent mental states in the language picture ...
A theoretical and methodological framework for the cognitive approach to word formation studies
... word-formation processes is supported by many linguists; however, still being insufficiently developed, it requires a systematization of new methodological tools. The author presents her own vision of the methodological and theoretical framework of cognitive word formation studies.
1. Абросимова Л. С., Милевская Т. В. К вопросу о культурно-когнитивной природе словообразования // Когнитивные исследования языка ...
The problem of gaps, non-equivalent words and national concepts, existing in the Public Relations terminology
This paper describes lacunes, non-equivalent words and culture-specific concepts in the Public Relations terminology. It is the first time that the relationships between the concept, sememe and lexeme have been analyzed.
Author's word usage as a means to create a literary image in the Tales in two parts by A. I. Solzhenitsyn
This paper offers the results of the study on the word-building capacities and lexical potential of verbs and nouns in the tales in two parts by A. I. Solzhenitsyn. Special attention is focused on the occasional word construction patterns, which are used by the writer as a means to create a literary image.
. О языке художественной прозы: Избранные труды. М., 1980.
From Energy of Word to Energy of Thing: Development of Linguistic and Philosophical Ideas of Alexander Potebnya in Works of Sergey Bulgakov
The article focuses on the scientific heritage of Alexander Potebnyа, the central figure in the history of Russian linguistic and philosophical tradition, and Sergey Bulgakov's doctrine of word and language, presented in the work «Philosophy of Name». The comparative analysis reveals the following: a) the key elements of S. Bulgakov’s doctrine historically genetically rooted in A. A. Potebnya's linguistic research; b) the basic difference ...
What did Winston Churchill say about the Battle of Gumbinnen?
... русских войск в Восточной Пруссии 20 августа 1914 года //
Вестник Балтийского федерального университета им. И. Канта. 2012. Вып. 6.С. 144—148.
3. Churchill in His Own Words: The Life, Times and Opinions of Winston Churchill in His Own Words / ed. R. M. Langworth. Ebury press, 2012.
Dementyev I. O.
Semantic diffusion: the bilingual aspect
This article deals with the problem of semantic diffusion on the level of polysemantic and paronymic lexical units. A hypothesis on the storage of lexical-semantic variations of a polysemantic word in the mental lexicon of native speakers in diffusive way is developed on the basis of experimental research.
1. Английская синонимика: введение в теорию синонимии и методику изучения ...
Conceptual modelling of the process of polysemy solution using the corps
... basis of a natural language corpus produces results of much higher accuracy and a higher degree of representation. The use of corpora opens up new possibilities for investigating the mechanisms of the formation of the cognitive structure of a polysemous word, as well as facilitates the identification of individual senses. The author proposes a probabilistic conceptual model (algorithm) of cognitive operations underlying the process of word sense disambiguation.
1. Захаров В. П. Корпусная ...
The lexical structure of the Life of St. Martyr Irina (according to the Synodal version)
This article deals with the verbs conveying semantic dominants of hagiographic texts; an integrated approach to the analysis of language facts makes it possible to establish that the features of verbal word forms function according to the type of hagiography and its composition.
1. Болотнова Н. С. Лексическая структура художественного текста в ассоциативном аспекте. Томск,...
Language as mimesis (lyric poetry in H.-G. Gadamer’s herm¬e¬neutics)
... increase in being. Gadamer uses lyrical poetry to show that mimesis should be regarded as transformation into structure (Verwandlung ins Gebilde) and addresses the world as a significant whole. He explains mimesis in poetry by analogy with the “inner word” doctrine and comes to the conclusion that the finite human language is rooted in the infinite whole of the world’s experience, which makes a lyrical poem a hermeneutical process and an event of truth.
1. Аристотель. Поэтика....
Philosophical Discourse and the Conceptualisation of Word Formation
... khudozhestvennoi literatury [Active processes in the language of modern Russian literature]. Moscow.
7. Onatskaya, O. I., 2005. Stanovlenie defisnogo napisaniya slov v russkom pis'me XVIII — pervoi poloviny XIX veka [Becoming of hyphenated spelling words in Russian writing of ХVIII — the first half of XIX century]. Cand. philol. sci. diss. thesis. Moscow.
8. Podoroga, V. A., 1995. Vyrazhenie i smysl [Expression and meaning]. Moscow.
9. Fateeva, N. A., 2004. Directories "by", "from" ...
The concept “people” in A. S. Shishkov’s manifestoes in the discourse of the Patriotic War of 1812
... State Humanitarian University. Series: Literary Studies. Linguistics. Culturology], 11, pp. 228—237 (in Russ.).
Altshuller, M. G., 2007. Beseda lyubitelei russkogo slova: U istokov russkogo slavyanofil’stva [Conversation of lovers of the Russian word: At the origins of Russian Slavophilism]. Vol. 2. Moscow (in Russ.).
Boyko, P., 2012. The estates of the Russian Empire in the Patriotic War of 1812. Rusin, 4(30), pp. 29—38 (in Russ.).
Vishlenkova, E. A., 2011. Vizual’noe narodovedenie imperii,...
Formal Languages and Automata VI:-algebraic systems and transducers
... power series, matrices andxed point theory. The sixth paper of this series deals with the basic results in the theory of !-algebraic systems over quemirings generalizing the classical context-free grammars generating languages overnite and innite words. The presentation of these results is based on continuous starsemiring-omegasemimodule pairs. We dene !-algebraic systems and characterize their solutions
of order k by behaviors of algebraic nite automata. These solutions are then set in correspondence ...
WORD AND DEED: LANGUAGE IN DISCURSIVE PRACTICES
WORD AND DEED: LANGUAGE AND DISCOURSE
The word in a poetic text
The word in poetic text
The word and its poetical function
The Use of Dialectal Words and Borrowings from Adjacent Languages in Foreign Language Teaching
The Russian Word: Creating the Image of Russia Abroad. A round table discussion. Compiled by A. Chernyakov
Russian World Today: Thoughts and Opinions. The Proceedings from the International Youth Humanities Forum, Russian Word in Russia and Abroad in the 21st Century. Compiled by T. Tsvigun
Lexemes with the stem –БОГ- (GOD) in hagiographic texts of the 15th—17th centuries
... are grouped according to the following semantic features: designation of people related to God, characteristics of the activity of a specific historical personality, an abstract concept, an object or a phenomenon of that time, or a polysemantic word. This large group of lexemes consists of the words characterizing a person, an object or a phenomenon on the basis of the following attributes — 'worthy of God's praise, '(not) worthy of praise', 'possessing Divine wisdom', 'following the path ...
Functions of somatisms in the poetry of B. Pasternak
The article analyzes the somatic vocabulary in the poetry of B. Pasternak. It is concluded that the poet actively uses the words of this semantic class that is associated with some peculiarities of his world perception. The quantitative analysis of somatic elements shows that more than 100 somatisms are used in the poet's lyrics. Of these, the words associated with visual ...
Author's modality in N. M. Karamzin's "Poor Lisa"
... relations between the “narrator” and the “author” is in the focus. The analysis og the story shows that the category of the author’s modality gets implemented with the language means of various levels, i. e. evaluative adjectives, explicit modal words and word combinations (certain word-combinations with modal verbs and predicatives), particular syntactic structures, etc.
1. Ваулина С. С., Кукса И. Ю. Модальность предложения — модальность ...
Ontological taxonomy as a means to inventory the elements of the semantic metalanguage of cognitive analysis (based on E. V. Rakhilina’s monograph Cognitive Analysis of Object Names (Semantics and Collocations))
... metalanguage to explain the meanings of linguistic units and speech sections in E. V. Rakhilina’s monograph Cognitive Analysis of Object Names (Semantics and Collocations) (Rakhilina 2010). I focus on the units of the semantic metalanguage, i. e. words and phrases denoting phenomena of reality. Such words and phrases comprise the lexicon of the metalanguage used in the semantic reflection of the author of semantic descriptions. The inventory of the semantic elements follows the alphabetical clustering ...
Traditional Structures in Contemporary Chinese Poetry
... and in young children. In: C. G. Craig, ed. Noun classes and categorization: Proceedings of a Symposium on Categorization and Noun Classification, Eugene, Oregon, October 1983. Amsterdam, p. 399—436.
10. Fang, J., Connelly, M., 2008. Chinese Measure Word Dictionary. Boston.
11. Li, C. N., Thompson, S. A., 1981. Mandarin Chinese: A Functional Reference Grammar. Los Angeles.
12. Li, W., 2000. The pragmatic function of numeral-classifiers in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of Pragmatics, 32, p. 1113—1133....
Culture-specific words in the poem «Dead Souls» by N. V. Gogol: the problem of translation
... Dictionary. L., 1995.
10. ABBYY Lingvo x 5 : [электрон. словарь]. URL:
ru-ru/support/lingvox5_sr/ (дата обращения: 30.12.2018).
Kokovina L. V.
lexeme, theme group, national-cultural component of the word meaning, translation, adequacy, equivalent
The Name of Prophet Abraham in the Old Russian Literature of XI—XIII centuries
... Old Testament. The author analyzes the mentioning of his name in various contexts of ancient Russian literature of the 11th-13th centuries — the Tale of Bygone Years, the Teaching and Prayer of Theodosius of Pechersky, the Ostromir’s Gospel, the Words and Instructions of Cyril of Turov, the Tale of Boris and Gleb and some others. The author distinguishes free and formulaic references to the prophet’s name. An example of free reference is a comparison of the events of the recent past with an ...
National conceptual picture of the world and the political nation
... Украины : сб. ст. / ред.-сост. И. Булкина. М., 2002.
3. Грицанов А., Румянцева Т., Можейко М. История философии : энциклопедия. URL:
%C4 %C5 %CD%D2 %C8 %D7 %CD%CE%D1 %D2 %DC (дата обращения: 10.02.2017).
4. Гумилев Л. Н. Этногенез и биосфера земли. Л., 1990.
5. Зинченко В. Г., Зусман В. Г., Кирнозе З....
The illocutionary aims of the positive-evaluative speech acts (in English artistic discourse)
... общение: Процессы и единицы. Калинин, 1988.С. 117—123.
9. Шмелева Т. В. Модель речевого жанра // Жанры речи. Саратов, 1997.С. 31—34.
10. Austin J. L. How to do things with words. Oxford, 1962, 1973.
11. Brown P., Levinson S. Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge,1987.
12. Fraser B. Hedged Performatives // Syntax and Semantics. N. Y., 1975. Vol. 3.Speech Acts. P. 187—210.
13. Kinsella S. Shopaholic ties ...
On fate and/or providence in Pushkin’s short story ‘The blizzard’
.... Russkie poety. Antologiya v 4 t. [Russian poets. Anthology in 4 vol.]. Vol. 1. Мoscow. pp. 286—294 (in Russ.).
Zlatoust, Ioann svyatitel', n. d. O sud'be i providenii. Slovo chetvertoe. O budushchem sude [About fate and providence. The fourth word. About the future trial]. Available at:
[Accessed 20 May 2019] (in Russ.).
Kostomarov, N. I., 1993. Domashnyaya zhizn' i nravy velikorusskogo naroda v XVI i XVII stoletiyakh [Home life and customs ...
Evolution of the special question in English (based on examples from the Gospel of John)
... The author structures his research in the following way: 1) definition of the special question as a type and the description of the types of special questions; 2) a brief description of the compared versions of the Gospel; 3) an inventory of question words for each version of the Gospel and a brief etymological description of each lexeme; 4) the analysis of the word order in examples taken from the three versions; 5) the analysis of the ratio of synthetic and analytical means in the construction of ...
Lexical chellenges of computer games translation
... of game localisation based on the comparison of Enlish and Russian versions of videogames. The research is focused on typical lexical challenges in the process of translation, in particular, interpretation of context-independent and context-dependent words, non-equivalent words and neologisms, and “false friends of the translator”.
1. O’Hagan M., Mangiron C. Game Localization: Translating for the global digital entertainment industry. Amsterdam ; Philadelphia, 2013.
2. Bernal-Merino M. On ...
Technology vs. spirituality: On the meaning of education in the conditions of information and knowledge society
In everyday life, the words "information" and "knowledge" are often used to explain each other, which leads to tautology. In pedagogical literature, the situation is similar. Through comparing the notions of "information" and "knowledge",...
The functional features of verbs with antonymic prefixes in the panegyrical works of F. Prokopovich
... русских глаголов со связанными основами. Волгоград, 2006.
. Сочинения /под ред. И.
П. Еремина. М.; Л., 1961.
Russian language, verb, word formation pattern, prefixal semantics, word formation antonymy, synchrony, diachrony.
German youth slang as a reflection of modern reality
... review the events that affected its formation. I provide evidence that there is a link between events taking place in the lives of young people and in their country, on the one hand, and neologisms that emerge in youth slang, on the other. I list slang words and expressions most popular among the youth in 2014–2018 according to Langenscheidt. I describe key trends, events, and elements of life today that have found reflection in the language of young people. I conclude that the most popular slang ...