Ontological taxonomy as a means to inventory the elements of the semantic metalanguage of cognitive analysis (based on E. V. Rakhilina’s monograph Cognitive Analysis of Object Names (Semantics and Collocations))
In this work, I address the problems of inventorying the semantic metalanguage used in cognitive analysis to describe the meaning and collocation characteristics of object names. I establish correlations between elements of the semantic metalanguage to explain the meanings of linguistic units and speech sections ...
On asymmetry in game-theoretic semantics
This article provides an analysis of the key aspects of game-theoretic semantics and demonstrates its advantages in presenting incomplete information and imperfect memory. The author identifies the limitations of J. Hintikka’s game-theoretic semantics as to the problem of asymmetry in semantic games. The article provides ...
Family of words as the unity of the formal and the semantic: semantic exercises
The article discusses a system of semantic exercises for training schoolchildren to use families of words regarded as a unity of the formal and the semantic. The offered technique of defining the formal and semantic aspects of word families is reflected in four structural types of their ...
‘What can be described can happen too…’: describing text semantics as a model structure of transworld relationships
In this article, I explore the content-related and formal aspects of describing the multidimensional semantic organization of a text, particularly, I focus on the possibility of using the apparatus of modal semantics to identify the relationship between sentential complexes. To those ends, I employ the concepts of model, model structure, and centred ...
As to the problem of the metalanguage describing substantial language and cultural units
This article deals with the underlying meaningful unities of human mentality, which allow to describe semantics of different semiotic unities. They are defined as basic semantic features able to put language semantics and exralinguistic reality as it is perceved by man at one cognitive level.
Семантика русского ...
The qualia structure and its role for linguistics research
... 2011 г.). URL: http://cognitive.rggu.ru/article.html?id=1696011 (дата обращения: 30.12.2011).
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15. Bouillon P., Busa F. The language of word meaning // Language Arts & Disciplines. Cambridge University Press, 2001.
16. Copestake A., Briscoe T. Semi-productive polysemy and sense ...
The Conjunction Functions of the Particle tolko: A Conjunction Particle vs a Conjunction Analogue
... proposes a new method for differentiating between a conjunction particle and a conjunction conjunctive. The analysis of the functions of the lexeme tolko (without considering the temporal meanings) revealed an interesting pattern. The lexeme’s functional semantics of the connector stems from four potential meanings — restrictiveness, adversativeness, concessiveness, and resultativeness. The author identifies the following variants of the lexeme tolko — an adversative- restrictive conjunction particle,...
The functioning of the vladyka lexeme in the Ostromir Gospels of 1056—1057
This article considers the use of the Vladyka lexeme to denote God the Father, Jesus Christ, and human rulers in the Ostromir Gospels with a Greek translation. The author analyses the semantics of the Church Slavonic lexemes as an equivalent to the paired Greek words, the way the matching Greek lexemes were selected, and the effect of semantic inconsistencies on the formation of the idea of the ruler in the consciousness of Slavs. ...
Semantic diffusion: the bilingual aspect
This article deals with the problem of semantic diffusion on the level of polysemantic and paronymic lexical units. A hypothesis on the storage of lexical-semantic variations of a polysemantic word in the mental lexicon of native speakers in diffusive way is developed on the basis of experimental ...
On the questions of correlation between semantic and social roles of adverbal actants
The article is devoted to analysing possible filling of the semantic valence of a verb by the participants of a situation (actants) performng various roles. The problem of the semantic and social role correlation is the focus of our attention.Moreover, the principles of marking semantic cases are considered; role ...
Semantic invariants of prophetic dreams and signs
The authors prove the possibility of revealing semantic invariants of prophetic dreams and folk signs. The study shows that such invariants do exist, and they stay with the other side of the language, belong to the deep sphere of human mentality (unconscious), have a special sign nature (they are ...
Interaction of comparative structures and their elements in modern russian prose
... works of Buida, Vodolazkin, Ivanov, Ilichevsky, Matveeva, Pelevin, Rubina, Slavnikova, Sokolov, Sorokin, and Stepnova. The authors employed the methods of description, comparison and the structural-semantic analysis and also took into account the semantic field organisation of lexical units. The article distinguishes between formal and semantic interaction of metaphors and similes. The most obvious manifestation of the formal interaction is the reversibility of tropes. Semantic interaction is ...
The principles of the concept analysis of the "male" and "female" in Russian linguistic mentality
This article offers the theoretical grounds and methods of semantic analysis of “male” and “female” categories developed on the basis of linguistic data. The author draws examples from the Russian language to demonstrate gender semantic models in Russian linguistic mentality, e. g. the general understandding ...
Neither more nor less: the grounds for A.Skidan’s system
The author analyzes a series of verses by A.Skidan of a “Delirium” collection (1993) and establishes the equality of semantics between giving/gift and parting, breaking apart, which allows to bring the concept of “giving/ gift” to the core of the poet’s concept structure. The article defines a semantic invariant and studies the ways of its invariant development,...
The causes and consequences of the semantic devaluation of the words пафос and пафосный in modern Russian
This article considers the radical changes in the functioning of literary lexis in the Russian language of the early 21st century, namely the causes and consequences of the semantic devaluation of the noun пафос and its syntactic derivate, the adjective пафосный, whose semantic transformation is explained by the speech expansion of glamorous lifestyle as an aggressive subculture.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д....
Integrated approach to the event frame analysis
... variability and linguistic theory // Cognitive linguistics. 1997. № 8—1. P. 73—108.
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Imposture as a problem of reference: semiotics of the name in Boris Godunov
In this article, we continue to address the mechanisms of presenting oneself as another and another as oneself. In this regard, non-trivial features of the semantics of a proper name are described. Based on the analysis of contexts of inappropriate use of a name in a situation of imposture, described in Pushkin's tragedy Boris Godunov, the author considers semiotic mechanisms of transformation and assignment ...
Seme-symbol as a means of novel meaning formation in denominal verbs
... denominal verb analysis. Corpora of media texts provide material for the analysis. The author explores patterns of novel meaning formation in denominal verbs. The proposed method is based on the notion of ‘seme-symbol’. The author reconstructions the semantic structure of motivating nouns and determines the role of different elements in the semantic structure of the verb. It is stressed that context contributes to the actualization or neutralization of particular semes, which leads to redistribution ...
The semantic category of affectedness and its syntactic realisation
This article deals with affectedness, a semantic category which underlies particular syntactic phenomena determining syntactic rules and tendencies but having no morphological markers, not unlike other covert categories. It is relevant to direct object selection in various languages, be-passives ...
Communicative semantics theories by A. F. Losev and Z. A. Vardzelashvili
The article deals with a comparative analysis of the foundations of the theory of invariant communicative interpretive semantics by the Russian scholar A. F. Losev and the semantic concept developed by Z. A. Vardzelashvili, professor of Tbilisi State University of Economics.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Символика уединения и единения в текстах ...
The functioning of phraseological units with zoonym components in the Russian and Lithuanian languages
This article considers the semantics of Russian and Lithuanian zoonym phraseological units and performs their semantic and structural systematisation. The author identifies the cultural linguistic features of fixed expressions containing a zoonym component in the worldview of native ...
Psychology of dreams about the future
This article focuses on the particularities of prophetic dreams, namely, the a priori awareness of the prophetic nature of the dream and its semantics, possible individuality of image semantics, deformation of the temporal sequence of the dream and related event, rootedness in the emotional, and the genetic ability to have prophetic dreams. The study is based on K. Jung’s theory of the unconscious ...
On the problem of acausal semantic coincidences: the cognitive background of omens
The authors study the issue of acausal semantic coincidences (synchronicity) for the first time as omens of war in the Russian linguocultural tradition. The semiotic structure of omens is shown, and models of transformations of situational semantics in their signifier and signified are ...
The dream dictionary of G. H. Miller: The structural originality and cognitive models of interpretation
... of dreams, the polysemy of the key image, and the possibility of homonymy. Gender dependence and subject-object differentiation are identified as important features of dream interpretations in the dictionary. The author describes three mechanisms of semantic transformation behind the dream interpretation: metaphoric conversion, metonymic shift, and pragmatic extension.
1. Берестнев Г. И. Слово, язык и за их пределами. Калининград, 2007.
2. Самый ...
English and Russian evaluative adverbs
... adverbs. Chains of quasi-synonymous words linking the adverbs are constructed. An important feature of antonyms is the fact that negatively-oriented antonyms are marked with respect to the positive ones. The different methods for the determination of semantic metrics in the Osgood’s space are described. Usage of geodesic distance between two arbitrary words enables introduction of unambiguous metrics over the set of Russian (axes X) and English (axes Y) adverbs. Coordinates of antonyms and ...
The Soteriological Aspect of the Murals in the Kaliningrad Cathedral of Christ the Saviour
The article explores the main principles behind modern church paintings. The author examines the key factors affecting the structure of mural paintings and pays special attention to their semantic content. The main objective of the analysis is to identify means of expressive visualisation of the Divine Oeconomy, which is the semantic fundamental of the murals’ iconography. The author employs the methods of iconographic and iconological ...
Semantic opposition as a means to explicate bipolar disorder in Stephen Fry’s autobiography Moab Is My Washpot
This article analyses the semantic oppositions essential for describing Stephen Fry’s bipolar affective disorder in his autobiography. This opposition is based on the ontological fragmentation of personality into the young I nar-rative and the mature I narrator. It is established ...
The translation of colloquial and low colloquial lexis into the Russian language: The semantic and stylistic aspects
The paper deals with some peculiarities of translating colloquial and lowcolloquial vocabulary functioning in the novels of S. Maugham into Russian. The features of translation equivalents are identified at the stylistic and semantic levels. The ways of compensating for the lost components of meaning are shown. In spite of that the colloquial and low-colloquial elements belong to typologically different languages, some similarities are observed at semantic and stylistic levels....
The synergy effect of economic metaphor in the interdiscursive space
... an instrument of sense production in the interdiscursive space. A study into the intertextual metaphor helps to describe the process of sense saturation and compaction of a text through creating new sources of entropy and successive clarification of semantic ambiguity. The analysis brings to light the interaction of various vehicles of sense which cannot be deduced from systemic semantics and belong to the sphere of discursive semantics. The intricate cluster chain contains units that not only actualize ...
Critical survey of some cognitive semantic theories in the dynamic semantic context by A. F. Losev
The article provides a critical analysis of some cognitive semantics theories, particularly the prototype theory and the theory of dynamic construal. It is stated that the source of the theory of dynamic conceptual semantics were formulated in the works by A. F. Losev and G. Guillaume’s mental grammar.
A poetic function in an expanding context: title — monoverse — polytext (on the example of Ivan Zhdanov's poetry)
The article analyses the poetic function as a mechanism for the semantic and compositional structuring of the text. The research aims to study repetition and parallelism, expanding the context from the heading to the minimal text and the textual unity within a poetic book and forming micro- and metacycles with ...
Ambiguity matters in linguistics and translation
... ambiguity or make wrong inferences since each recipient bears a different combination of cognitive, axiological, social, professional and gender attributes.
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On the problem of cultural reference of proverbs (the Russian proverbs with images of clothing)
This article explores proverbs as signs that preserve, transfer, and develop meanings rooted in the ethnic culture. The author investigates the ways cultural semantics is expressed in proverbs featuring clothing items. Another focus is the ways to refer to garment elements. Clothing items are universal realia; they form concepts, mythologemes, symbols, gauges, stereotypes, etc. in the realm of ideas about ...
Book review: Veselinov D., Angelova A. Речник на френските думи в българския език в шест тома
... of French words in the Bulgarian language in six volumes. Volume 1, A-B, Volume 2. Sofia, University Publishing House, 2015. 508 + 531 p. Sopostavitelnoe iazykoznanie [Comparative Linguistics], 1, pp. 109—113 (in Bulgarian).
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Infinitive sentences as a means of expressing modal semantics
The authors analyze modal semantics of infinitive sentences using examples from the Russian language of the second half of the 17th and early 18th centuries. Special attention is paid to the interaction of modal semantics with the pragmatic background of the utterance. The authors ...
Cultural Transfer and Etymology
This article considers the synthesis of information transference in space and time and examines the etymology of Indo-European lexis. The author pays attention to the origin of the lexis connected with the ‘bear’ semantics. The bear taboo was developing against the background of information passed on from one tradition to another and of ideas imported within cultural transfer. The analysis reveals the original Indo-European root for ‘bear’, which was tabooed ...
The Riddle as an Object of Linguistic Research
... The cultural meanings preserved in traditional riddles across nations have not been identified and described. However, filling this gap requires an analysis of the most prominent research works I the field. The most fundamental works on the structure, semantics, and pragmatics of riddles are considered in this article. The author reviews the ideas of Russian and international researchers on different aspects of riddle studies within the two major approaches — the philological and ethnolinguistic ...
The problem of meaning in Social Semiotics: deep semiotics as a conceptual extension of Social Semiotics
Semiotic systems are closely associated with social practices, within which the former record, store, and disseminate social experience. These systems affect the human consciousness to change the semantic picture of the world, behaviour, and the way one perceives reality. Almost all cultural artefacts perform the function of a sign. As a semiotic system develops special signs emerge to replace the artefacts by denoting them. Iconic signs are based ...
Phraseologisms with the кот/katė component in the Russian and Lithuanian language pictures of the world
This article is devoted to the investigation of semantics of Russian and Lithuanian zoonym phraseology with the кот/katė component. Its semantic and structural systematization is carried out, linguocultural peculiarities of phraseological units containing the кот/katė component in the world ...
Revisiting Schleiermacher’s On the Different Methods of Translating: On the Foundations of Translation Relativity Theory
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Semiotic Hybridisation as the Basis of Internet Meme Semantics
... the lack of academic research into multimodal features of internet memes. The aim of the research work is to analyse the process of semiotic hybridisation in internet memes. The authors hold that semiotic hybridisation in internet memes construes the semantics of these units, while their verbal and non-verbal components interact on the conceptual level. The theory of conceptual integration elaborated by J. Fauconnier and M. Turner can provide a theoretical foundation for the analysis of semiotic hybridization....
Meaning in life and meaning in the text (roundtable proceedings)
... pp. 72—130 (in Russ.).
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Events as a semantic framework for the construction of reality: the prospects of a transition to a dynamic ontology
... special event—a model taking into account the temporal factor in the development of reality. The second problem concerns the development of theoretical (mathematical) tools to describe such dynamics. In this connection, we identify the mathematical semantics of event processes. To build the necessary model, we use the methods of maxima/ minima and infinitesimal calculus and carry out an analysis of the threshold values of the event function. The third problem is the verification of the model and ...
The concept of WILL in the semantics of deontic modality
The article is a result of the theoretical interpretation of the conceptual component of Will in the semantics of deontic modality expressing the attitude to one's own or other people’s actions to achieve a certain state of things. Will determines the potential and voluntary nature of deontics. These semantic characteristics are to be taken into ...
Verb collocations of the semantic field «Memory» with the component ‘Vergangenheit’ in the German media
The article analyzes verb collocations of the semantic field “Memory” with the component ‘Vergangenheit’, which are commonly used in German media; it describes structural, semantic and syntagmatic characteristics of the verb collocations. The source of the research data is newspaper texts ...
‘The Radical Black Colour’. On the Semantics of the Black Colour in Anarchist Discourse
The subject of this paper is the semantics of the colour black in anarchism. The author analyses the sociocultural and ontological aspects of the colour black as a symbol of anarchist criticism of power and the state. The anarchist black colour is counterposed to the white colour — ...
The Nature of Appearance in Kant’s Transcendentalism: A Seman- tico-Cognitive Analysis
... (external to us) and the representation (within us). On the other hand, appearance as an object of empirical intuition mediates the objective thing and its subjective representation. The introduction of the concept of appearance allows Kant to solve the semantic problem of the conformity of the representation to the object. In this case, appearance is not an object, but just a designation of the object (KrV, B 235). Thus, appearance cannot be understood ontologically as a physical object or a relation....
The philosophical aspects of anagrams
... identify the cognitive mechanisms of anagrams. General conclusions about the functioning of anagrams in the philosophical discourse are made. The author stresses the originality of their structuring (text forming) function, the expansion of discursive semantics created by them and its orientation to the sphere of the irrational; the mechanisms of interaction between the semantic structure of the philosophizing personality and the texts created by them are identified.
1. Азарова Н. М. Анаграмма ...
Phraseological potential of the somatism сердце / cœur / Herz in the Russian, French and German languages
The article offers a comparative analysis of phraseological units with the component cердце / cœur / Herz in the Russian, French and German languages. As a result, not only the similarity of semantic attraction in the idioms of the languages of unrelated families is revealed, but also the factors that determine the difference in the semantic charge of both nuclear and differential semes. The proposed corpus of illustrative material allows ...
The lexical structure of the Life of St. Martyr Irina (according to the Synodal version)
This article deals with the verbs conveying semantic dominants of hagiographic texts; an integrated approach to the analysis of language facts makes it possible to establish that the features of verbal word forms function according to the type of hagiography and its composition.
1. Болотнова ...