Meaning of proper names in contexts of attitudes: de re naming and fictions
The author explores the meaning of proper names and other types of singular terms in the context of propositional attitudes, combining the problems of empty names, rigid designators and non-specific reading. An object in the attitudes can be given to the agent as such (de re), in the description (de dicto), as well as in several intermediate ways. From the analysis of the phenomenon of rigid designation, I move on to the theory of the object, where I consider two alternatives — strict, or Leibnizian, and weak. The first explains the actual non-existence by impossibility, the second — by occasionality. Here there are two ways of defining non-existent (fictional) objects — kinship and the counterpart relation, which are realized in frames that are different in their features. Nonspecific character is inherent in the kinship and counterpart relation in different ways. A special case is formed by hybrid worlds in which the real and the fictitious meet. The result of my analysis is five variants of a weakened de re reading of proper names and other singular terms in the context of attitudes. I describe their features, touching on the cognitive effect of narration, which operates with the appropriate attitudes.
Geurts, B., 2017. Fictional Commitments. Theoretical Linguistics, 43 (1—2), pp. 53—60.
Heim, I., 1983. File change semantics and the familiarity theory of definiteness. In: R. Bäuerle, Ch. Schwarze and A. von Stechow, eds. Meaning, Use and the Interpretation of Language. Berlin, pp. 164—190.
Kamp, H., 2015. Using proper names as intermediary between labelled entity representations. Erkenntnis, 80, pp. 263—312.
Kamp, H., Genabith, J. V., Reyle, U., 2003. Discourse representation theory. In: D. Gabbay and F. Guenthner, eds. Handbook of philosophical logic, 10. Heidelberg, pp. 125—394.
Kripke, S., 1979. Puzzle about Belief. In: A. Margalit, ed. Meaning and Use. Synthese Language Library (Texts and Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy), 3. Dordrecht, pp. 239—283.
Kripke, S., 1980. Naming and Necessity. Cambridge, МА.
Kripke, S., 2011. Vacuous names and fictional entities. In: S. Kripke, ed. Philosophical troubles. Oxford, pp. 52—74.
LaPorte, J. Rigid Designators. In: E. Zalta, ed. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Available at: https://plato. stanford. edu/entries/rigid-designators [Accessed 10 September 2021].
Leibniz, G. W., 1982. Reasoning about metaphysics. In: G. W. Leibniz, ed. Sochineniya v chetyrekh tomakh [Papers in four volumes], 1. Translated by V. P. Preobrazhenskii. Moscow, pp. 125—163 (in Russ.).
Leibniz, G. W., 1984. Correspondence with Queen Sophia-Charlotte of Prussia and Kurfürstin Sophia. In: G. W. Leibniz, ed. Sochineniya v chetyrekh tomakh [Papers in four volumes], 3. Translated by V. P. Preobrazhenskii. Moscow, pp. 371—393 (in Russ.).
Lewis, D., 1968. Counterpart Theory and Quantified Modal Logic. Journal of Philosophy, 65 (5), pp. 113—126.
Lewis, D., 1978. Truth in fiction. American Philosophical Quarterly, 15, pp. 37—46.
Maier, E., 2017. Fictional names in psychologistic semantics. Theoretical Linguistics, 43 (1—2), pp. 1—45.
Méndez-Martinez, J. L., 2019. What Counts as “a” 174 Sound and How “to Count” a Sound. Synthesis philosophica, 67 (1), pp. 173—190.
Mikirtumov, I. B., 2018. Semiotic facts. Logiko-filosofskie shtudii [Logical and philosophical studies], 16 (4), pp. 311—334 (in Russ.).
Mikirtumov, I. B., 2020. The logic of the naming relation and identification. Logiko-filosofskie shtudii [Logical and philosophical studies], 18 (2), pp. 112—133 (in Russ.).
Montague, R., 1973. The Proper Treatment of Quantification in Ordinary English. In: J. Hintikka, J. Moravcsik and P. Suppes, eds. Approaches to Natural Language. Dordrecht, pp. 221—242.
Rami, D., Zimmermann, T. E., 2017. Imagination, Psychologistic Semantics, and the Paradox of Fictional Names. Theoretical Linguistics, 43 (1—2), pp. 71—80.
Recanati, F., 2012. Mental files. Oxford.
Recanati, F., 2017. Fictitious Anchors. Theoretical Linguistics, 43 (1—2), pp. 81—93.
Schwager, M., 2011. Speaking of qualities. In: E. Cormany, S. lto and D. Lutz, eds. Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT), 19. New York, pp. 395—412.
Sudo, Y., 2014. On De Re Predicates. Proceedings of WCCFL, 31, pp. 447—456.
Tiskin, D., 2016. Aspects of naming and names of aspects. Vestnik SPbSU. Series 17. Philosophy. Confl ict studies. Culture studies. Religious studies, 4, pp. 75—84.