Results: **31**

#### Consequences and Design in General and Transcendental **Logic**

In this article, I consider Kant’s dichotomy between general and transcendental **logic** in light of a retrospective reconstruction of two approaches originating in 14th century scholasticism that are used to demarcate formal and material consequences. The first approach (e. g., John Buridan, Albert of Saxony, Marsilius of Inghen) ...

#### Dilemmas of **logical** hylomorphism

**Logical** hylomorphism considers **logic** as a theory of formal relations. However, it is difficult to give a precise definition of these relations due to a multitude of interpretations of formality in **logic**. This paper acknowledges the dichotomy of the substantial ...

#### Kant, Gödel, and the problem of synthetic a priori judgements

... mentioned above, it is nevertheless compatible with Gödel’s results. Analysing proofs of existence of synthetic a priori judgements helps demonstrate that a solution to this problem is determined by the implicitly or explicitly accepted image of **logic**, whose key parameter is the object of **logic** or, in other worlds, the ideas about the nature of the **logical** and, therefore, the ideas about the boundaries of **logic** and mathematics.
1. Bryushinkin V. N., Popova V. S. 2010, Logika v russkom neokantianstve: ...

**Logic** Manuals for Women in the Late Enlightenment Era

In the focus of my attention there are six German-language textbooks in **logic** published in the second half of the eighteenth century. What distinguishes these books is that they were all written specially for women. While such works were fairly common in France and Italy during this period, they had something of an exotic ...

#### The central philosophical conception of the creator of **logical** algebra: On the bicentenary of George Boole

... logical-algebraic and theoretical-probabilistic methods in modelling thought processes. Despite the project’s failure, current developments in computer science and programming have surprisingly confirmed Boole’s ideas on the applicability of rigorous methods of **logical** calculus in the explication of thought processes.
1. Пушкарский А. Г. Джордж Буль и проблема психологизма в логике // Электронное научное издание Альманах Пространство ...

#### Problems of analytic and synthetic propositions in the history of **logic**

Certain historical facts relating to the history of discussions on the nature of analytic and synthetic propositions in **logic** are used to demonstrates that the interpretation of their states largely depend on the accepted image of **logic**.
1. Брюшинкин В. Н., Ходикова Н. А. Теория поиска вывода. Происхождение и философские ...

#### Kant's **logic** and Strawson's metaphysics

This article defines the way of interaction between formal and transcendental **logic** through introducing ontological considerations based on P. Strawson's descriptive metaphysics. The notions of a particular, a sortal universal and a feature universal are introduced into the transcendental limitation on the inferences of formal ...

#### The advantages and disadvantages of the **logical** approach to the argumentation modelling

This article considers the **logical** modelling of a set of arguments. The author shows that **logic** offers normative models, which impose the pre-set structure on the argumentation. The article introduces the notions of macro-, micro-, and mesostructure of argument sets as well as ...

#### Kant’s **logic** and Strawson’s metaphysics

This article defines the way of interaction between formal and transcendental **logic** through introducing ontological considerations based on P. Strawson's descriptive metaphysics. The notions of a particular, a sortal universal, and a feature universal are introduced into the transcendental limitation on the inferences of formal ...

#### Dialektik als Logik des Scheins. Zu Kants Lektüre von Michael Piccarts Isagoge

... contrast to the Königsbergian Aristotelianism (emphasised by Tonelli’s research). To further check the quality of Piccart as a source of Kant’s, a conceptual case-study is elaborated with Kant’s critical distinction between analytics as a “**logic** of truth” (KrV, B 85) and dialectics as a “**logic** of illusion” (KrV, B 86). Hereby, dialectics is understood as part of an Aristotelian division of **logic** in analytics, dialectics and sophistics (Königsberg/Rabe versus Altdorf/Piccart). As ...

#### The Place of Hermann Cohen’s Ideas in the Philosophy of Dialogue

... anthropology. However, Cohen considers the problem of inter-personal relationships not in isolation, but as an important component of his entire philosophical system. Deduction of the concept of personality in Ethics of Pure Will is based on Cohen’s **logic** of the origin expounded in the first part of his system in The **Logic** of Pure Cognition. Cohen explains that the origin of the self-consciousness of I as a personality is not the external world, but another person, i.e. Thou. In turn, the partnership ...

#### Theoretical analysis of fuzzy **logic** and Q. E. method in economics

This paper analyzes the key elements of fuzzy **logic** and showes that through rational, behavioral economics and neo-classical economics it is possible to develop models using the Q. E. methodology. Therefore, it is plausible to apply contemporaneous Q. E. methodology in combination with the rationality ...

#### What is transcendental **logic**?

This article deals with Kant's justification of transcendental **logic**. The author shows how Kant draws the distinction between general and transcendental **logic**. The article analyses the essence of the new **logic** and its place in transcendental philosophy and considers the structural **logical** elements and their functions....

#### The role of **logic** and the study of rationality within N. O. Lossky’s ideal-realistic concept

This article focuses on the specific features of N. O. Lossky’s interpretation of certain **logical** themes. The author shows that it is determined by the ideal-realistic position of the thinker. “Intuitionistic” **logic** is presented as a philosophical interpretation of traditional **logic** in the framework of ideal-realistic teaching. N. O. Lossky ...

#### The history of opposition between formal and dialectical **logic** in Russian philosophy

This article shows that the opposition between formal and dialectical **logic** first emerged within Hegel’s dialectical **logic**. The article shows that in the framework of the division of time into «now» and «not now», the incorrect formal **logical** description of dialectical opposition disappears. The author comes to a ...

#### The **logical** models of the analytical generalisations and particularisations of concepts

This article examines the procedural structures of operations with concepts and offers the **logical** models of concept generalisation and particularisation, describes the types of operations, and determines the sources of **logical** fallacies of natural generalisations and particularisations.
1. Брюшинкин В.
Н.
Аргументация,...

#### The methodology of history of **logic**: the synthetic approach

The author justifies the synthetic approach in the methodology of history of **logic**, which is based on the “image of **logic**” concept, the principle of methodological dualism, and the porismatic model of science development.
1.
Брюшинкин В.
Н.
Аргументация, коммуникация, рациональность ...

#### On **logical** errors in Kant's table of judgements

This article focuses on the **logical** inconsistency of Kant's classification of judgements presented in the "Critique of pure reason". The author shows how Kant's division of judgements violates elementary **logical** rules. The article analyses an earlier attempt by G. Ryle ...

#### Über die Rolle der Ideen Kants in der Entwicklung der Logik und der universitären Philosophie in Russland

This article analyses the impact of Kant's ideas on the development of **logic** and University philosophy in Russia. The integrity of philosophy, psychology (pedagogy), and **logic** until the early 20th century implied that Kant's ideas influenced **logic** via its philosophical foundations (empiricism versus the rationalistic aspects ...

#### Transcendental **logic** and analytic of concepts

This article focuses o the functions, structure and effects of transcendental **logic** in the Analytic of concepts of Kant's "Critique of pure reason". The author explicates different aspects, rules, principles, the method and procedures of transcendental **logic**.
1. Брюшинкин В. Н. Взаимодействие ...

#### I. Kant in the development of N. O. Lossky’s philosophical views: The case of a translation

... characteristics of the new system of intuitivism, which emerged in a discussion of Kant’s epistemological system. The author identifies the key themes of transcendental philosophy that drew special attention of Lossky. These include the fundamental **logical** issues of the essence of **logical** connection, the nature of judgement and inference, and that of the synthetic and analytic. The article addresses the interpretation of the concept of ‘intuition’ by Lossky and the influence of this interpretation ...

#### The second application of transcendental **logic**

This article considers the functions, structure and actions of transcendental **logic** in “The Analytic of Principles” of Kant’s “Critique of pure reason”. The author explicates the specificity, rules, laws and the method of transcendental **logic** in this sphere of analytic.
1. Кант И. Критика чистого ...

#### The thinking of nature and the nature of thinking — Cohen on Spinoza

... based on the erro-neous principle of identity. It cancels the possibility of the ethics as prevents the existence of nature distinguished from being of obligation, and over which dominates the necessity of natural laws. This distinction and the union of **logic** and ethics for Cohen is equally necessary and complemen¬tary. This fundamental principle of critical idealism overcomes Spinoza's pantheism, the reducing ethics to **logic** and devastating importance of ethics and **logic** through the metaphysics of ...

#### Towards methodology of humanities on the way to reform in **logic**

The article discusses several options for developing the methodology of the humanities by means of the "reform of **logic**" which is understood as the "organon" of cognition. I argue that the theories of Hermann Cohen, Wilhelm Windelband and Ernst Cassirer deliver the examples for the transition from epistemology to philosophy of culture, and the theories ...

#### Kant and new mathematics 100 years later

... Russell // Perspectives on Science. 2010. № 4(18).
P. 383—408.
11. Jonson A. K. Neo-Kantianism // Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. URL: http://www.iep.utm. edu/neo-kant/ (дата обращения: 19.01.2015).
12. Pulkkinen J. Thought and **Logic**: The Debates Between German-Speaking Philoso-phers and Symbolic Logicians at the Turn of the 20th Century. P. Lang, 2005.
13. Rheinberger H.-J. On Historicizing Epistemology. Stanford University Press, 2010.
14. Rodin A. Axiomatic Method and Category ...

#### The genesis of the subject in syntax as a manifestation of verbal and **logical** thinking

... разработка и учебные задания к спецкурсу «Грамматическая синонимия». Л., 1984.
Ieronova I., Soskina S.
thinking type, grammatical sentence, in-phrasal and out-phrasal morphology, grammatical categories, **logical** categories, inference, incidence, communication type, subject formation, cognitive evolution
5-12

#### An algorithm for assessing the development of pro-fessional competences in the military (MATLAB modelling)

This paper describes the design and theoretical algorithm of assessing the level of professional competences in the military based on modelling in matlab fuzzy **logic** toolbox. The presented method of fuzzy modelling makes it possible to improve the modelling of different educational objects and processes and takes into account the human factor. In education, the method can be more effective that the results of ...

#### The rhetorical turn in argumentation theory

... focuses on the key aspects of the rhetorical approach developed by Christopher Tindale and emphasizes its significance for modern theory of argumentation. The article examines the historical background of the rhetorical turn and its relation to informal **logic** and pragma-dialectics. The author argues that it is justified to consider different approaches to argumentation as complementary.
1. Blair J. A. Tindale’s Acts of arguing: A rhetorical model of argument // Informal **Logic**. 2000. Vol. 20 (2).
...

#### Set of algorithms for constructing university timetable – part 1: system of evaluating timetable quality based on fuzzy **logic** and features of algorithm for searching an optimal timetable

... approach uses a multicriterion expert system with two quality
indexes: the average penalty imposed on timetabling and highest penalty imposed on one of the constraints. The system based on a series of intelligible rules and use the algorithms of fuzzy **logic** for getting the final evaluation of timetabling was created. An algorithm for searching a set of Pareto optimal timetables based on the Pareto simulated annealing algorithm is constructed.
1.
Рутковская Д., Пилиньский М....

#### Curriculum development on the basis of interdisciplinary **logical** link models

This article deals with the methods of curriculum development in the framework of process approach on the basis of interdisciplinary **logical** link analysis.
1.
Стандарты
и директивы для агентств гарантии качества в высшем образовании на территории Европы // Европейская ассоциация ...

#### I. Kant and J. Jungius: on the development of critical tradition in the 17th century German philosophy

... science is protonoetic philosophy (philosophia protonoetica), whose major task is to identify the elemental operations of mind and the underlying laws. These laws serve as the basis for critique, which is aimed against the critique of reasoning and is of **logical** nature. However, according to Jungius, it is not traditional but mathematical **logic** — which he interprets inthe manner of constructivism — that should be the instrument of critique. Traditional **logic** is a reflective science and thus cannot ...