Linguistic and pragmatic potential of metaphors in political discourse
The linguistic and pragmatic analysis of expressive means in political texts is gaining popularityamong researchers. The study of the role of metaphor in enhancing the pragmatic effectiveness of political speech is relevant due to the fact that metaphor, being not only ...
Linguistic Means Expressing Argumentation in Judicial Discourse late 19th: The Prosecutor’s Speech in Dostoevsky’s The Brothers Karamazov
... M. Dostoevsky’s The Brothers Karamazov. The author identifies logical and psychological types of argumentation characteristic of the 19th-century courtroom speeches. Such speeches use a complex structure of theses and arguments and employ various pragmatic and rhetorical means and devices alongside compound and complex sentences. The force of persuasion of the prosecutor’s speech depends on its emotional effect on the jury. The author concludes that the distinctive characteristics of speeches ...
The orientation function of a newspaper headline as a key component of its pragmatics
The orientation function of newspaper headlines is considered as one of its major pragmatic properties. Special attention is paid to analysing verbal and non-verbal means of headline implementation of headlines that significantly increase its pragmatic potential. The study is based on headlines of the Russian federal and regional press ...
Subject development and pragmatic focusing in a scientific text
This article provides a general characterization of the pragmatic focusing, determines the role of the theme of the scientific text and its influence on the distribution of certain foci through its structure. As an illustration for the indicated statements, it proposes the linguistic analysis of the original ...
Pragmatic characteristics of complex sentences with relative clauses (based on German media discourse)
The purpose of this article is to describe pragmatic characteristics of complex sentences with relative clauses in the German media discourse. The author selects the following pragmatic schemes of hypotaxis structures of the studied type: specification, problematization, irony, simplification,...
The functional and pragmatic features of speech acts with the meaning of consent
This article deals with the main types of speech acts with the meaning of consent in the contemporary dialogical discourse. The author identifies the specific pragmatic features of speech acts of consent and offers their typology.
Н., Крейдлин Г.
Иллокутивное вынуждение в структуре диалога // Вопросы языкознания....
The pragmatic functions of culture-specific words in a retrospective discourse
The author analyses the linguistic and pragmatic aspects of retrospective discourse which is structured by various means including culture-specific words. The author offers a systematized classification of these words depending on the effect these words produce on the reader. Special attention ...
Parenthesis structures as a marker of the actualisation of irony in Nikolai Gogol’s works: the pragmatic aspect
This article considers irony as an independent textual category containing the author’s judgement and facilitating the expression of the author’s pragmatic attitudes in a literary text. The study investigates the potential and functioning of parenthesis structures as syntactic markers of irony in Nikolai Gogol's works. The assessment categories used to express the pragmatic attitudes of the ...
The dream dictionary of G. H. Miller: The structural originality and cognitive models of interpretation
... subject-object differentiation are identified as important features of dream interpretations in the dictionary. The author describes three mechanisms of semantic transformation behind the dream interpretation: metaphoric conversion, metonymic shift, and pragmatic extension.
1. Берестнев Г. И. Слово, язык и за их пределами. Калининград, 2007.
2. Самый полный сонник Миллера. М., 2013.
3. Топоров В. Н. Путь //Мифы ...
The mutual similarity of meanings and structures in a literary text
... pp. 81—112.
Hopper, P. and Thompson, S., 1980. Transitivity in grammar and discourse. Language, 56 (2), pp. 251—299.
Hopper, P. and Thompson, S., eds., 1982. Studies in Transitivity. Syntax and Semantics 15. N. Y., etc.
Jasinskaja, E., 2009. Pragmatics and Prosody of Implicit Discourse Relations. Ph. D. Tübingen.
Prince, E., 1981. Toward a taxonomy of given-new information. In: P. Cole, ed. Radical Pragmatics. N. Y. pp. 223—256.
Ruytenbeek, N., 2017. The comprehension of indirect requests: ...
On the speech-act nature of the verbal threat.
... академии наук. 2009. Т. 11, № 4 (5). С. 1337—1343.
13. Austin J. L. How to Do Things with Words. Oxford, 1962.
14. Brown P., Levinson S. Politeness: Some universals in language usage. Cambridge, 1987. P. 56—311.
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16. Niсoloff F. Threats and Illocutions // Journal of Pragmatics. 1989. Vol. 13, iss. 4. P. 501—522.
17. Ohm E., Thompson V. Everyday reasoning with inducements and advice // Thinking and Reasoning. 2004. Vol. 10, № 3. Р....
Dynamics of Russian-speaking environment in the CIS and Baltic countries: cultural necessity or pragmatic request?
Foreign inclusions as a discursive phenomenon: Russian words in foreign texts
This article focuses on Russianisms used in Polish journalistic discourse. The author considers foreign inclusions as a component of the paradigm of foreign language units and identifies their pragmatic function.
1. Виноградов В. В. Вопросы образования русского национального литературного языка // Вопросы языкознания. 1956. № 1. С. 3—25.
2. Влахов ...
Dream interpretation in the Assyrian Dream Book: The invention of tradition
... ancient Assyrian text known as the Dream Book. Its basic characteristics include belief in the prophetic power of dreams, ritual orientation to men, regard for image polysemy and the use of symbols, employment of such mechanisms as metaphor, metonymy, pragmatic shifts, patronymic attraction, replacements based on the antonym principle. These mechanisms are identified as underlying the formation of symbolic content structures.
1. Берестнев Г. И. Слово, язык и за их пределами....
The linguopragmatic potential of comparison in the literary discourse: The case of Khaled Hosseini’s works
This article analyses the linguistic characteristics of similes in the works of modern American writer Khaled Hosseini. It provides an interpretation of the semantic, structural, and pragmatic features of comparative structures containing a comparison concept and a concept under comparison that have a referential correlation with the spheres of the spiritual and material world. It is concluded that that that stylistic device of simile,...
Communicative and pragmatic nature of intertextuality in English political discourse
The article discusses the communicative and pragmatic nature of intertextuality in political discourse, realized by different intertextual inclusions: allusions perform thematic functions in utterances specifying the thematic line in discourse while citations and phraseological units are used to ...
Realisation of the pragmatic potential of intertextuality in political discourse
The article discusses the pragmatic potential of inter-textual inclusions in political discourse and how this potential is determined by the commonly shared precedent knowledge held in the cognitive base of all the members of the society. The paper touches upon the notion of precedent ...
The linguistic-pragmatic features of the realization of speech acts of threat in the political discourses of Germany and Spain
... speech act of threat can take in the political discourses of two European countries: Germany and Spain. It attempts to identify similarities and structural differences in the realization of speech acts of threat at the lexical, grammatical, and pragmatic levels by politicians in these countries. The study relies on sixty-six speeches of German and Spanish politicians: Alexander Gauland, Alice Weidel, Mariano Rajoy, and Íñigo Méndez de Vigo.
1. Анцупов А. Я., Шипилов ...
Events as a semantic framework for the construction of reality: the prospects of a transition to a dynamic ontology
... think politics?]. Moscow, Logos (in Russ.).
Gerasimov, S.V., 2015. Closing the circle of manipulation. Filosofskie Nauki [Philosophical Sciences], 5, pp. 34-41 (in Russ.).
Zolyan, S.T., 2017а. “One and the same" historical event. Semantics and pragmatics. In: E.I. Pivovar, ed. Gumanitarnyye chteniya RGGU — 2016 [Readings in Humanities in RSUH — 2016]. Moscow, pp. 438-462 (in Russ.).
Zolyan, S.T., 2017б. "Repeatability" of events in historical discourse: semantics and pragmatics....
Age-related characteristics of English, American, and Russian compliments
... identification of semiotic markers of age identity. The promising area of linguistic research — social semiotics — lends an urgency to such a study. To achieve the goal of the research, I employ the methods of contextual analysis and semantic and pragmatic interpretation. The qualitative calculations ensure the relevance of the study, which takes into account the intentional and stylistic features of compliments and reactions to compliments. The need to study these aspects is explained by the ...
The functioning of performatives in the texts of documents: The case of appeal letters
This article deals with the functional and semantic features of performative verbs in the texts of documents. Performatives are defined as significant structure and content components of text solving the pragmatic task of establishing the contact between the addresser and addressee. The author identifies the communicative and pragmatic features of this genre of documents in view of its subgenre types.
1. Апресян Ю. Д. Перформативы ...
Ideas of Kant’s theoretical philosophy in Peirce’s graph theory
... without E-type pronoun: How Peirce’s Graphs capture the uniqueness implication of donkey sentences, in Synthese, no. 192 (4), pp. 971—990.
8. Hookway, C., 1985. Peirce, London, Routledge and Kegan Paul.
9. Hookway, C., 2002, Truth, Rationality, and Pragmatism: Themes from Peirce, New York, Oxford University Press.
10. Keeler, M., 1995, The Philosophical Context of Peirce's Existential Graphs. University of Washington, Seattle, available at:
The prosodic means to convey modal-evaluative meanings in portrait interviews
... portrait interview, this article considers the ways to express the evaluative modal meanings of veracity/falsity and willingness/possibility/obligation by the medium of intonation. The study identifies the role of prosodic variation in achieving the pragmatic objectives of the mentioned genre.
1. Баженова Е. А. Категория оценки // Стилистический энциклопедический словарь русского языка / под ред. М. Н. Кожиной....
The functional and pragmatic features of assonance phraseological reflexes
... group of phraseological reflexes based on an assonance rhyme with an initial interrogative utterance. Assonance phraseological reflexes cannot perform a descriptive or nominative function acting in the process of verbal interaction only as markers of pragmatic intentions. Therefore, the attempts to describe them in terms of traditional semantics prove unsuccessful. A proper study of assonance phraseological reflexes is possible only in the framework of speech act theory. From the cognitive perspective,...
Intonational means of expressing the "new" and the "given" categories in English, Russian and Spanish
10. Ladd D. R. The Structure of Intonational Meaning. Bloomington, 1980.
11. Levis J. M. Teaching Focus for Conversational use. 2001. 55(1). P. 47—54.
12. Riesco-Bernier S., Romero-Trillo J. The acoustics of ‘newness’ and its pragmatic implications in classroom discourse // Journal of Pragmatics. 2008. V. 40, Issue 6. P. 1103—1116.
13. Zubizarreta M. L. Prosody, Focus, and Word Order. Cambridge, 1998.
Makarova E. N.
"given", "new", sentence nucleus,...
The Welfare State (Social State) in the Russian Federation as a Constitutional Principle and its Practical Implementation
... of the granting the Charge-Free Land Property for multi-child families, and also so-called project of the "Charge-Free Far Eastern Hectare". Based on the conducted analysis the authors of the article have made several suggestions regarding pragmatic realization of the constitutional principle of the Welfare State (Social State), and also regarding further modernization of the existing projects of social innovations in the Russian Federation.
The authors are investigating the content ...
On the role of anthroponyms in language and culture
... свойства испанских антропонимов. Воронеж, 2010.
6. Суперанская А. В. Общая теория имени собственного. М., 2008.
7. Boyko L. Properly translated proper names: a step towards pragmatic equivalence// Language and ideology : selected papers from 6th International pragmatics conference. 1999. Vol. 2.
8. Bromberger C. Pour une analyse anthropologique des noms de personnes //Langages, 16e année, n° 66. Juin 82. Le Nom ...
A programming language and translation
... important problem is adapting such terms to the system of the target language. Translators working in IT are required to have extensive expertise in informatics. Only this will guarantee the choice of a translation strategy adequate for the task of pragmatic adaptation.
1. Ваулина Е.Ю. Информатика. Толковый словарь. М., 2005.
2. Герасимова Н.И. Прагматическая адаптация IT-текстов информационного дискурса ...
Pragmatic aspects of gender-specific compliments in the English language culture
....files.wordpress.com (дата обращения: 20.03.2016).
12. The free dictionary. [URL:
(дата обращения: 20.03.2016).
complimentary utterances, gender, English linguaculture, pragmatics
Motives behind breaking language norms in the English political discourse
... linguistic factors influencing the development of the semantic content of language anomalies and encouraging the use of the latter in public speech. The study found that the ability of linguistic deviations to acquire and convey relevant stylistic and pragmatic meanings in the discourse space enhanced the semantic content, expressiveness, and emotionality of these meanings. All this creates conditions for anomalies to function in political texts as expressive stylistic means that have a high ...
Hybrid texts as a form of interaction between avant-garde artistic and political discourses
... discourses’. The analysis focuses on the interaction between avant-garde art and political discourses, which have been in close contact since the 20th century and have common typological features. The main methods used in this study are the linguistic pragmatic method, the linguistic poetic method, and discourse analysis. The article proposes a definition of hybridization and hybrid texts while distinguishing between the linguistic, genre, multimodal, and multimedia types of hybridization. Special ...
On the morals-centrism of Kant’s transcendental anthropology and the role of morals in human nature
This article proves that Kant’s philosophical system is a system of transcendental anthropology, which acts as a method in Kant’s pragmatic anthropology. The essence of transcendental anthropology is the metaphysics of morals. This role of morals manifests itself in the primacy of practical reason over theoretical reason. The humanity owes its development and existence to practical ...
The notion of anthropology in Kant's philosophy
This article analyses different definitions, types and tasks of Kant's anthropology: Is "moral" or "practical" anthropology identical to "pragmatic" anthropology? Does anthropology aim to answer the question about the vocation of a human being? To what extent is metaphilosophy present in the Anthropology? What is the 'fundamental' transcendental anthropology? The idea of an anthroponomy ...
Infinitive sentences as a means of expressing modal semantics
The authors analyze modal semantics of infinitive sentences using examples from the Russian language of the second half of the 17th and early 18th centuries. Special attention is paid to the interaction of modal semantics with the pragmatic background of the utterance. The authors identify a variety of modal meanings, including those of necessity and obligation expressed by constructions with an independent infinitive in legislative directive documents. The authors analyze the ...
The Riddle as an Object of Linguistic Research
... meanings preserved in traditional riddles across nations have not been identified and described. However, filling this gap requires an analysis of the most prominent research works I the field. The most fundamental works on the structure, semantics, and pragmatics of riddles are considered in this article. The author reviews the ideas of Russian and international researchers on different aspects of riddle studies within the two major approaches — the philological and ethnolinguistic ones. The article ...
N. M. Karamzin in the jubilee articles: semiotics and pragmatics of the image
The article presents an overview of the anniversary texts about N. M. Karamzin, and analyses semiotics and pragmatics of his image. The author assumes that the jubilee event and constructing N. M. Karamzin’s image depends on the socio-cultural context and identifies forms of "revival" and “modernizing” the celebrant.
1. Балдин А. ...
Traditional Structures in Contemporary Chinese Poetry
... Eugene, Oregon, October 1983. Amsterdam, p. 399—436.
10. Fang, J., Connelly, M., 2008. Chinese Measure Word Dictionary. Boston.
11. Li, C. N., Thompson, S. A., 1981. Mandarin Chinese: A Functional Reference Grammar. Los Angeles.
12. Li, W., 2000. The pragmatic function of numeral-classifiers in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of Pragmatics, 32, p. 1113—1133.
13. Ming, D., 2017. Letter from Beijing: New Poets and New Trends in China. Available at:
Analytic philosophy, its history, and Kant
... analysis in the twentieth century. Princeton, 2003. Vol. 1, 2.
24. Story of analytic philosophy: plot and heroes / ed. by A. Biletzki, A. Matar. L., 1998.
25. Stroll A. Twentieth-century analytic philosophy. N.Y., 2000.
26. Talisse R. B., Scott F. A. Pragmatism: a guide for the perplexed. L., 2008.
analytic philosophy, history of philosophy, analysis of language, linguistic turn, Kant’s philosophy
Makeeva L. B.
A transcendental analysis of mathematics: The constructive nature of mathematics
... the level of concepts of the understanding to the level of sensual intuition, where mathematical acts are performed, followed by a subsequent return to the initial level. On this basis, the author develops a theory of transcendental constructivism (pragmatism). In particular, Kant's ‘intuitionism’ of mathematics can be understood as structural properties of mathematical language or its ‘logical space’ (Wittgenstein; cf. mathematical structuralism). In his theory, Kant distinguishes between ...
Kant’s transcendentalism as a transcendental paradigm of philo¬so¬phiz¬ing
... subject (immanent metaphysics; meta—psychology)). For this purpose, the author introduces suchnew methodological concepts as “transcendental shift” and “transcendental perspective” (see CPR, B25) and “transcendental constructivism” or “pragmatism” (see “acts of pure thinking" (CPR, B81)). This interpretation of transcendentalism is based on the cognitive-semantic reading of the Critique in the light of Kant’s question formulated in a letter to M. Herz (of February 21, 1772): ...
The concept of the European Union’s normative power
.... Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, p. 25–44.
11. Bull, H. 1982, Civilian power Europe. A contradiction in terms? Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 21, no. 2, p. 149–170.
12. Cochran, M. 1999, Normative Theory in International Relations: A Pragmatic Approach. Cambridge.
13. Damro, C. 2011, Market power Europe, Paper prepared for EUSA Biennial Conference Boston, MA, USA, March 3–5, 2011.
14. Diez, T., Manners, I. 2007, Reflecting on Normative Power Europe. In: Berenskoetter, F., Williams,...
'Indifference' Verbal Reflexes in Contemporary Russian Language
The article analyses the pragmatic and onomasiological aspects of ‘indifference’ verbal reflexes in the contemporary Russian language. The author deals with the challenges of speech reactions studies connected with national peculiarities and indirect speech representations....
The rhetorical turn in argumentation theory
... Acts of arguing: A rhetorical model of argument // Informal Logic. 2000. Vol. 20 (2).
2. Govier T. Problems in argument analysis and evaluation. Dordrecht, 1987.
3. Grice P. Aspects of reason. Oxford, 2001.
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6. Tindale C. W. Rhetorical Argumentation: Principles of Theory and Practice. SAGE Publications (Kindle ...
Semantic invariants of prophetic dreams and signs
7. Юнг К. Г. Синхронистичность. М. ; Киев, 1997.
8. Даль В. И. Пословицы русского народа : в 2 т. М., 1984. Т. 2.
Evstafieva M. A., Tsvetkova A. A.
metaphor, metonymy, semantics, pragmatics, symbol, prophetic dream, superstitions, synchronicity
The biblical anthoponyms Jospeh the All-comely and Mary Magdelene in Marina Tsvetaeva’s poetic interpretation
This paper studies the informative and associative aspects of the precedent biblical anthroponyms Jospeh the All-comely and Mary Magdalene as units of Marina Tsvetaeva’s personosphere. The author characterizes the text formation and pragmatic functions of the mentioned anthroponyms in Tsevtaeva’s poetic text. The role of cultural contexts in the formation of the informative and associative field of anthropoetonyms.
1. Блох М. Я. Имена личные в парадигматике,...
On the moralcentrism of Kant's transcendental anthropology and the role of morals in human nature (continuation)
This article proves that Kant's philosophical system is a system of transcendental anthropology, which acts as a method in Kant’s pragmatic anthropology. The essence of transcendental anthropology is the metaphysics of morals. This role of morals manifests itself in the primacy of practical reason over the theoretical one. The humanity owes its development and existence to the practical ...
The thematic field of black humour
(дата обращения: 12.04.2017).
6. Хармс Д. Сны большого Млина. СПб., 2001.
Evstafyeva M. A.
semantic closeness, key concept, wry humor, anecdote, Russian sacred tales, metonymy, pragmatics, play
Grammatical antithesis as a mean of objectifiction of emotional meaning in the discource
In the article general description of pragmatical usage of the different shape-generating suffixes are presented, the role of linguistic category of intensity and it’s influence upon the realization of the emotional axiological connotative meaning in these suffix are exposed. As an example ...
Cognitive and pragmatic aspects of German social-political discourse
The German social-political discourse is regarded to be a cognitive space with its certain structure and dynamic character, it can be studied from both syncronistic and dyachronistic points of view.
Когнитивная лингвистика и проблемы композиционной семантики в сфере словообразования // Известия АН. Серия литературы и языка. 2002. Т. 61, №
1. С. 13—24.
О современном понимании термина «концепт» в лингвистике и культурологи // Реальность...
On the illocutionary “responsibility” of the author in a dramatic paratext
This article deals with the heterogeneity of author's illocutionary intentions in the process of creating a dramatic paratext. It is suggested that the pragmatic orientation of typologically different paratextual structures can be purely directive (prescriptive) as well as narrative, which emphasizes the transgenre character of paratext. The article addresses the specific features of implementation of ...