Linguistics in the 21st Century: Problems, Prospects, and Growth Points
This paper considers four problems that are most likely to affect the future development of linguistics: 1) linguistic diversity; 2) the text/system interpretation of language; 3) the role of quantitative methods; 4) the role of diachronic analysis. The author concludes that systemic, static, synchronic, qualitative linguistics is replaced by ...
History in Transcription and Transcription as History: Charles Bally in Soviet Linguistics
This article describes the results of a systemic study into the history of conveying the name of the Swiss linguist Charles Bally by the means of Russian transcription, in the 20th-century linguistic discussions. The author reconstructs the history of introducing Charles Bally’s works into Russian and Soviet linguistics, particularly, in the context of the ...
The linguistic paradigm in Kant studies
This article discusses the potential of the linguistic persona theory in the linguistic studies of Kant’s texts. Linguistic Kant studies is a scientific discipline focusing on the language of Kant's works. Such a study can be either independent or integrated int a logicalphilosophical analysis....
Kantian Philosophy and ‘Linguistic Kantianism’
The expression “linguistic Kantianism” is widely used to refer to ideas about thought and cognition being determined by language — a conception characteristic of 20th century analytic philosophy. In this article, I conduct a comparative analysis of Kant’s philosophy ...
On the problem of cultural reference of proverbs (the Russian proverbs with images of clothing)
..., and worldview of a nation. Images of garments in proverbs are a particular form of expressing the key ideas of a culture. Moreover, such images serve as condensers of the established etiquette, ethical, social, and other judgements. A cultural and linguistic analysis reveals cultural and linguistic limitations on the variability of clothing items in proverbs. The author describes cultural constants captured in the names of clothing items used in proverbs. Such constants are defined as essential ...
Daniel Everett and Cultural Linguistics
... Daniel L. Everett as exemplified in his major works Don’t Sleep, There Are Snakes and Language: The Cultural Tool. The aim of this study is to analyse the connection of these works to various schools of thought and to examine the possible link with linguistic cultural studies. Everett’s definitions of language and culture are contrasted with those of various schools in linguistics. It should be noted that Everett does not appear to use the term linguistic worldview. Yet, due to the rich empirical ...
The Concept of Soul: A Comparative Study of the Russian and the Armenian Pictures of the World
The author analyses the concept ‘soul’ as a means of representing reality in the brain through comparing two linguistic pictures of the world. It is known that a concept contains important cultural information, harbouring its concrete meaning in a linguistic unit. The study — a combination of cultural linguistic and comparative analysis of the concept — ...
Andrej Zaliznjak. Cutting off the unnecessary
This paper offers a polemic linguistic and philological view on the scientific heritage of one of the most prominent linguists of the 20th century, Andrej A. Zaliznjak (1935—2017), who authored fundamental works on the Russian and Old Russian languages. In different years, Zaliznjak ...
The principles of the concept analysis of the "male" and "female" in Russian linguistic mentality
This article offers the theoretical grounds and methods of semantic analysis of “male” and “female” categories developed on the basis of linguistic data. The author draws examples from the Russian language to demonstrate gender semantic models in Russian linguistic mentality, e. g. the general understandding of the “male” and the “female”, the content properties of these principles,...
Conceptual modelling of the process of polysemy solution using the corps
Any linguistic analysis when done on the basis of a natural language corpus produces results of much higher accuracy and a higher degree of representation. The use of corpora opens up new possibilities for investigating the mechanisms of the formation of ...
Discursive practices of the Russian diaspora in Estonia: language contacts
... (space: Estonia — Russia —the West relations; significant locations, space in the past and today (the empire, the Republic of Estonia, the Soviet Union); information space; time: historical periods, dates, holidays; time in information space, etc.), linguistic reflections (metalinguistic units denoting co-existence, knowledge, language acquisition, etc.), evaluations (objects of evaluation, types of evaluation) and self-identification (ethnic, denominational, cultural, socio-economic). The above ...
Integrated approach to the event frame analysis
... языке : дис. ... канд. филол. наук. Тамбов, 2006.
9. Bartlett F. Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology Cambridge, UK, 2004.
10. Garcia-Miguel J. Clause structure and transitivity // Oxford handbook of cognitive linguistics ed. by D. Geeraerts, H. Cuyckens. Oxford, 2007. P. 753—782.
11. Hudson R. Inherent variability and linguistic theory // Cognitive linguistics. 1997. № 8—1. P. 73—108.
12. Fillmore C. The case for case I Ch. Fillmore II Universals in ...
The Text and Discourse in the Light of Communicative Meaning Formation
... action or a flexible system of parameters that is constantly recreated and updated to ensure the correct interpretation of a semiotic act.
1. Arutyunova, N. D., 1990. Discourse. In: V. N. Yartseva, ed. Lingvisticheskii entsiklopedicheskii slovar' [Linguistic encyclopedic dictionary]. Moscow, p. 136—137.
2. Vdovichenko, A. V., 2016. Communicative justification of grammar. To the question of limits of grammatical description conventionality. Russkii yazyk za rubezhom [Russian language abroad], ...
Hybrid texts as a form of interaction between avant-garde artistic and political discourses
... ‘convergence of discourses’. The analysis focuses on the interaction between avant-garde art and political discourses, which have been in close contact since the 20th century and have common typological features. The main methods used in this study are the linguistic pragmatic method, the linguistic poetic method, and discourse analysis. The article proposes a definition of hybridization and hybrid texts while distinguishing between the linguistic, genre, multimodal, and multimedia types of hybridization....
The media image of San Escobar in the space of fictional worlds: a socio-semiotic perspective
... Minister of Foreign Affairs Witold Waszczykowski. Major changes in the communicative space, the dominance of digital media resources and multimodal messages, the hegemony of visual culture and the increased impact of the social factor on the specifics of linguistic transformations contribute to the growing popularity of social semiotic studies. In the theoretical part of the paper, I give a brief analysis of the evolution of the concept of "context" in linguistics from the perspective of systemic ...
Text localization as a task of translation
... the European context: Materials of the International Scientific and Practical Conference. Stavropol, Publishing House of the North-Caucasian Federal University, pp. 346—348.
6. Shurlina O. V., 2014. The difficulties of "localization" as a linguistic and cultural adaptation of software texts. Vestnik VSU. Series: linguistics and intercultural communication, No. 1, pp. 83—87 (in Russ.).
7. Shadrin V. I., 2015. Localization of the information text and the problem of dehumanization of the ...
Categorization as a basic cognitive procedure
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An introduction ...
Conceptualisation of transfer and translation in modern linguistics
... studies, and semiotics and compares them with the theory of cultural transfers. The authors identify key notions of each theory or school. Some of these notions — code, opposition, discretion, and border — permeate the scientific vocabulary of many linguistic schools. However, these terms easily acquire new meanings and interpretations in research works. The continuity of communication space is key to semiotic and cultural transfer approaches. The paper shows how scholars conceptualise translation ...
On the Dual Role of the Translator of Poetry and the Division of Roles
... of a translator of poetry. The study identifies certain components of the process, within which a translator acts simultaneously as a transmitter of the original culture, a mediator between the reader and the author of the source text, a co-author, a linguistic innovator, a poet, and a linguist. The two latter roles are crucial for translating poetry. Translators of poetry create ‘their own’ texts. It is obvious that they cannot distance themselves completely from their poetic selves and their ...
The text in the context of the Tartu Semiotic School: problems and prospects
... semioticheskaya shkola [Yu. M. Lotman and the Tartu — Moscow semiotic school]. Moscow: Gnozis (in Russ.).
Bart, R., 1989. Izbrannye raboty: Semiotika: Poetika [Selected works: Semiotics: Poetics]. Moscow: Progress (in Russ.).
Benvenist, E., 1974a. Levels of linguistic analysis. In: E. Benvenist, ed. Obshchaya lingvistika [General linguistics]. Moscow: Progress (in Russ.).
Benvenist, E., 1974b. The formal apparatus of utterance. In: E. Benvenist, ed. Obshchaya lingvistika [General linguistics]. Moscow: ...
Generative linguistics by N. Chomsky in the world language study
The article focuses upon the impact of Noam Chomsky’s ideas of generative linguistics on Grammar, Phonology, Semantics, Psycholinguistics, Cognitive Science, Computational Linguistics as well as the role of his theory in the modern paradigm of language knowledge.
Эволюция лингвистических ...
Case-technologies as the means of managerial competence formation of bachelors of linguistics
The article describes the relevance of the managerial competence formation of bachelors of linguistics. The assence of the imperative function, which realizes managerial activity of the foreign language teacher is analysed. The main features of the management of the educational process are characterized. In order to form the managerial competence ...
Formation of Ferdinand de Saussure's authentic terminological system
This article is devoted to the terminological analysis of F. de Saussure's 1872—1911 authentic texts. A component analysis makes it possible to identify the characteristics of formation of general linguistic terms. It is established that F. de Saussure's terminology (118 preterms) is based on existing lexical units of different systems. Tectological mechanisms transformed Saussure’s terminology into a linguistic terminological system consisting ...
“Russian people” in the literature and documents of the 19th century: an experience of linguistic portraiture
... 2008. Ideologemes “people” and “nationality” in Russian journalism of the XIX century. Vestnik RGGU. Seriya: Literaturovedeniye. Yazykoznaniye. Kul’turologiya [Bulletin of the Russian State Humanitarian University. Series: Literary Studies. Linguistics. Culturology], 11, pp. 228—235 (in Russ.).
Mukhina, G. A., 2015. Russian critics of the 19th century about Russian identity. Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Seriya “Istoricheskiye nauki” [Bulletin of the Omsk University. Series "Historical ...
The Riddle as an Object of Linguistic Research
The article considers the riddle as an object of linguistic research. Today, studying riddles remains relevant, since they have not been examined from the perspective of cultural linguistics. The cultural meanings preserved in traditional riddles across nations have not been identified and described....
Gender studies in Russian linguistics
Gender studies in Russian linguistics largely depend on the development of linguistics and society. Instances of sexism in the Russian language are associated with the level of grammar and observed in proverbs and gender clichés. The author examines differences in communicative ...
Ambiguity matters in linguistics and translation
... of ambiguity, its sources and character, i. e. whether ambiguity is intended or not. Intended ambiguity occurs when the speaker intentionally does not follow the logic of conceptual clues (primes) and opts for a set of communicative strategies and linguistic means, which allow him/her to offer several possible interpretations of one event or even refer to several different events. I explore a rarely analyzed event-referential ambiguity, which requires additional conceptual information for disambiguation ...
Historical realia in teaching Russian as a foreign language
... on extralinguistic (historical) information and thus contributes to cultural competences.
1. Vereshchagin, E. M., Kostomarov, V. G., 1990. Yazyk i kul'tura: Lingvostranovedenie v prepodavanii russkogo yazyka kak inostrannogo [Language and Culture: Linguistic Studies in Teaching Russian as a Foreign Language]. Moscow.
2. Vereshchagin, E. M., Kostomarov, V. G., 1980. Lingvostranovedcheskaya teoriya slova [Linguistic and regional studies theory of words]. Moscow.
3. Gogol', N. V., 1952. Vechera na ...
Theoretic and methodological background of projecting pedagogical technologies into the framework of the linguist training curricula
The article deals with the theoretic and methodological background of projecting pedagogic technologies into the framework of the linguist training curricula. It reveals the main trends of the educational process, as well as approaches to understanding major intrinsic constituents and structure of educational projection.
Freud’s cognitive and linguistic insights in the theory of dream interpretation
This article stresses the theoretical ‘touching points’ of S. Freud’s theory of dream in¬terpretation and modern cognitive linguistics. The authors stress the relevance of such lin¬guistic transformations as metaphor, metonymy, symbolisation, paronymy, homonymy, language game, and associative networks for Freud’s theory. Moreover, polysemy, initial context conditions, ...
From Energy of Word to Energy of Thing: Development of Linguistic and Philosophical Ideas of Alexander Potebnya in Works of Sergey Bulgakov
The article focuses on the scientific heritage of Alexander Potebnyа, the central figure in the history of Russian linguistic and philosophical tradition, and Sergey Bulgakov's doctrine of word and language, presented in the work «Philosophy of Name». The comparative analysis reveals the following: a) the key elements of S. Bulgakov’s doctrine historically genetically ...
Mapping Poetic Bilingualism in Europe: Language Contacts and Cultural Transfers
... interactions are particularly persistent in the contexts where either writers (poets) exist in multilingual sociocultural environments or they are moving from one country to another throughout their literary career. Existing in two or more cultural and/or linguistic spaces at the same time and thus making transfers across the boundaries of different languages easier, more efficient, and more conscious, multilingual poets serve as exemplary agents of cultural transfer. This study analyses different cases ...
Linguistic focus of territory branding
The study of territory branding as a part of communicative process requires the detailed analysis of advertising and PR-texts placed on accessible Web-portals. The current study presents a linguistic analysis of means of the territory management optimizing and of defining the role of linguistic means in the branding discourse. The material of the study is the number of texts (original and translated) in Russian, English and German placed ...
Linguistic personality as a subject of political discourse
This article deals with various concepts of linguistic personality. The article also describes relevant parameters of political discourse. Linguistic personality of a politician considers as a dynamic syncretic phenomenon.
1. Бабайцева В. В. Избранное, 1955—2005 : сб....
Linguistic Means Expressing Argumentation in Judicial Discourse late 19th: The Prosecutor’s Speech in Dostoevsky’s The Brothers Karamazov
This article analyses linguistic means of expressing argumentation in judicial discourse as used in the prosecutor’s speech in F. M. Dostoevsky’s The Brothers Karamazov. The author identifies logical and psychological types of argumentation characteristic of the 19th-century ...
The qualia structure and its role for linguistics research
... the analysis of the works by J. Pustejovsky on the generative lexicon and Qualia structures. Special attention is paid to the functions of the Qualia structure roles, their possible combination with frames. Such a combination offers new prospects for linguistic research.
1. Апресян Ю. Д. Лексическая семантика. Синонимические средства языка. М., 1970.
2. Виноград Т. К процессуальному пониманию семантики ...
Language as a person's achievement and as a self-organizing system
... explores the basic properties of language as a person’s achievement. The author proceeds from the interpretation of language proposed by L. V. Shcherba and A. A. Zalevskaya, in which language is represented as a socio-personal continuum of linguistic phenomena of different ontology. The purpose of the article is to describe the basic properties of human language as a complex self-organizing system of processes. Active and subjective character of reality and knowledge representation ...
Cognitive and speech characteristics of an author of a mnemonic text
The focus of the article is on various aspects of the creative identity of an author of a mnemonic text represented by the concept of cognitive and communicative subject. The features of the author’s cognitive, communicative, discursive, and linguistic identities are described and the ways of their representation are shown in the case of the memoirs of the Lithuanian writer B. Sruoga Dievų miškas. The term ‘mnemonic discourse’ is introduced as a linguistic phenomenon connecting texts ...
Some aspects of time verbalisation in the English and Russian languages
The article focuses upon basic means of the 'time' category explication in the English and Russian lexicon and grammar; special emphasis is laid upon linguistic instantiations of axiological sense.
1. Балашова Л. В. Метафора в диахронии (на материале русского языка XI—XX веков). Саратов, 1998.
2. Бондарко А. В. Временные ...
Linguistics and dream interpretation in C. G. Jung’s works: The discovery of the method
This article examines the mechanisms of dream interpretation used by C. G. Jung. It is shown that they differ in depth. The surface level of linguistic consciousness is the focus of paronomasic connections between words in dream descriptions. Deeper levels are targeted by semantic mechanisms: associative, metaphorical, and metonymical ones. In these conditions, of special importance is the ...
Feminization of lexical changes as a problem of gender linguistics
The main aim of the article is to describe the problem of feminization of lexical changes in the light of gender linguistics. The article analyses the
means of expressing gender in the modern French by studying feministic neologisms which appeared in the language as a result of word-building processes and metaphorical transfer of meaning. In order to prove the ...
The problem of meaning in Social Semiotics: Max Weber today
... meanings and texts. All the forms of representation of this activity (culture, history, literature, art, politics, law, etc.) can be considered as semantic ensembles consisted from meaningful actions. The concept of “meaning” is fundamental not only in linguistics amd semiotics, but also in M. Weber's theory: thesubject of sociology is the understanding of “the meaning of behavior”. Based on the Weber’s definitions and their possible modification, we suggest the transdisciplinary synthesis around ...
Traditional Structures in Contemporary Chinese Poetry
... used in contemporary Chinese verse. The analysis aims to demonstrate the work of traditional textual mechanisms in contemporary Chinese poetry and to describe their functional features. Poems by Dai Weina, Han Bo, Tashi Tentso, and Zhang Zao employ linguistic means that simultaneously engage several levels of utterances. These linguistic means include non-trivial semantic links created by means of phonographics. A linguistic analysis of relevant contexts shows that all the linguistic means contribute ...
Compounds in Fyodor Ivanov’s texts (based on «A letter…» and «A petition…» of 1666)
... compounds, on the one hand, and the general meaning of two documents from the manuscript legacy of an ideologist of the mid-17th-century Russian Orthodox schism and his worldview, on the other. The study aims to consider through the prism of diachronic linguistic personology the texts authored by the dyak Fedor Ivanov. The content of the article is a product of its methodology, namely, continuous sampling, using which 193 with several roots were obtained; context analysis; and interpretation. From the ...
The Image of Contemporary Russia n Language and Culture: the Thematic Issue of «Russian Review»
... international research works are taken into consideration. Nowadays researchers become increasingly interested in the category of image. A noticeably stronger position of anthropological, communicative and pragmalinguistic approaches to the analysis of linguistic phenomena and discursive practices has led to an intensive study of the image of state, as well as head of state in various spheres of communication. The image of the country is an intangible resource, which is extremely important not only ...
The model of development of organisational and managerial competence in bachelor students in linguistics
This article considers the problem of developing managerial competence in the process of professional training of bachelors in linguistics. On the basis of the system, competence-based, learner-centered, and communicative approaches, the author builds a model of managerial competence formation in bachelors in linguistics. The author’s model comprises methodological, structural,...
Professional universality of linguists: providing a rationale of the concept
This paper sets out to examine professional universality as an intrinsic essential characteristic of a linguist, a thorough consideration of which provides a rationale of the expedience and necessity of the importance of professional universality for promoting a better competitiveness and professional development in contemporary system of professional ...
The ‘training’ concept in Russian military discourse of the 19th century
The author emphasises the high frequency of the use of ‘training’ concept in the linguistic world image of the 19th century and analyses the representative of the concept in the linguistic usage of military sublanguage of the 19th century. The article offers a cognitive description of linguistic factors in the framework of diachronic ...