Another Critical Idealism of Hermann Cohen
... religion of reason and the developing the concept of Judaism. According to Cohen, thinking is the thinking of first elements. However, he understands the first elements not only as the beginning of any thinking process, but also as the first principle of critical thinking, whereas the ‘first principles’ of critical thinking are the act of questioning. Cohen believes that thinking is generated from itself. Thinking sets itself as the goal and objective, which emphasises the self-expanding nature of thinking,...
Critical thinking and modern education in humanities
This article addresses the transmission of critical thinking in modern conditions via the humanities. The author identifies the basic features of critical thinking and stresses its significance. The humanities — foremost, philosophy — are considered as a means to create elements of critical thinking....
On the nature of thinking without representation
... Orient Oneself in Thinking?” where he speaks of the “need of reason”. Since the “need of reason” is necessary for the practical interest of reason itself, it directs, according to Kant, not only practical reason, but also general systematic and critical thinking. It is “common sense”, as the location of this “need of reason”, that can and must be accepted as a valid and ra-tional premise for thinking.As a follower of the tradition of Kant’s transcendental philosophy, the founder of Marburg ...
The formation of critical thinking in foreing language learning
The article describes a new coursebook designed for students studying Biotechnology. The new coursebook facilitates the formation and development of critical thinking skills in the process of foreign language learning. The formation of critical thinking is one of the main objectives of pedagogy since it ensures successful functioning of the individual in the modern information society.
1. Благодатин ...
The thinking of nature and the nature of thinking — Cohen on Spinoza
... and rests on a false identity, the disappearance of the very possibility of ethics is no difference between being of nature and being of obligation, the opposition against finalism in the name of necessary natural laws. Therefore, we are talking about thinking that even in small things not engaged in scientific idealism and therefore far from the critical philosophy of Cohen. In the philosophy of Spinoza saw Cohen ontological metaphysics, which is based on the erro-neous principle of identity. It cancels the possibility of the ethics as prevents the existence of nature distinguished from being ...
Kant in Nikolai Strakhov’s philosophical research (An experience of epistemological orientation)
... Nikoljukin, Moscow, 477 p.
17. Skatov, N. N. 2000. N. N. Strakhov (1828—1896), Strakhov, N. N. Literaturnaja kritika [Literary Criticism], St Petersburg, p. 3—41.
18. Strakhov, N. N. 1895. Anglijskaja psihologija [English psychology], Filosofskije ... ... [Philosophical Essays], St Petersburg, p. 374—427.
20. Strakhov, N. N. 1895. Glavnaja cherta mishlenija [The main feature of thinking], Filosofskije ocherki [Philosophical Essays], St Petersburg, p. 100—122.
21. Strakhov, N. N. 1906. O vremeni [About ...
A Relation to the Politikal Revolution as a Touchstone for Practical Philosophy
This paper presents a critical review of an article by the eminent Russian Kantianist Prof A. N. Kruglov published under the title “Immaturity and the objective of a true reform in ways of thinking” in Kantovsky Sbornik (issues 3—4, 2014). The critical analysis focuses on the practical conclusion, in which Prof Kruglov expresses his negative attitude to the French Revolution and shows ambiguous disapproval of Kant’s positive attitude to it. This ambiguity can discredit modern practical philosophy,...
University education and critical thinking
This article considers the development and conceptual content of university education in the diachronic and synchronic dimensions; the author analyses its role in the formation of critical thinking. The latter is interpreted in the value-instrumental rather than logical-methodological sense.
педагогической мысли христианского средневековья: пособие для учащихся ...
The regional aspect of developing educational and research culture
... possibility of its formation under certain pedagogical conditions. The development of educational and research culture is planned in view of certain features of the Kaliningrad region through introduction of research problems and development of students’ critical thinking. The authors used a number of pedagogical conditions for the development ofeducational and research culture for the successful application of the regional component.
1. Богатенкова Н. В., Муштавинская И. В. Технология ...
Strategy of Critical Perception of Media Information: Formation in Language Training
The article deals with the problems of media education for language students. The author assumes that the most efficient ways of developing students’ critical thinking skills is the integration of language and media education. The key role in such integrated course may belong to a complex of task-oriented activities based on media texts.
Реалити-шоу на современном ...
Maimon’s critique of I. Kant’s theory of analytic judge-ments
... his theoretical evolution: while in “Essay on Transcendental Philosophy” (1790) he had generally agreed with the definitions given to them by Kant, in “Essay Towards a New Logic or Theory of Thought” (1794) he already accomplished a detailed criticism of Kant’s differentiation between analytic and synthetic judgments. According to Maimon, the definition given to analytic judgments by Kant deprived these judgments of the status of thinking at all, since it reduced them to the extraction of something, which the thinking had already ins erted in to the concept, from the same concept. Maimon proposed his own formulation of the difference between analytic and synthetic judgments, based ...
Algorithm for creating conceptual metaphors
... is a phenomenon associated with cognitive and conceptual processes; it reflects the interdependence of the individual's thinking and the peculiarities of the language representation of certain concepts. Understanding the process of information transfer ... ... emergence of metaphor in discourse // Applied Linguistics. 2006. № 27/4. P. 671—690.
11. Charteris-Black J. Corpus approaches to Critical Discourse Analysis. N. Y., 2004.
12. Fabiszak M. A Conceptual Metaphor approach to war discourse and its implications....
Disinformation (fake news, propaganda) as a threat to resilience: approaches used in the EU and its member state Lithuania
... the Union’s approaches to ensuring resilience. Currently, there are three approaches to the problem in the EU. The first one, used by the European Commission, is the recognition of citizens’ right to information as well as of the need to promote critical thinking and information literacy. This approach fits into the adaptive paradigm of action in the information space and the concept of autopoietic resilience. The second approach, taken by the European External Action Service, is to expose fake news and ...
Morality and philosophical education
... http://www.slate. com/articles/news_and_politics/foreigners/2014/12/the_world_is_not_falling_apart_ the_trend_lines_reveal_an_increasingly_peaceful.html (дата обращения: 08.05.2015).
Gorkov I. A.
philosophical education, morality, critical thinking, rationality
Kant, Nietzsche, and the Enlightenment: A comparative analysis
This article provides a comparative analysis of I. Kant’s and F. Nietzsche’s critical approaches, which is carried out in the context of the thinkers’ attitudes to the problem of the Enlightenment. In ... .... 139—150.
2. Volkova N., Ivanov M. 2014, Svobodnoe myshlenie i otvet I. Kanta na vopros: chto takoe prosveshchenie? [Free thinking and Kant’s answer to the question: What is Enlightenment?], IX Kantovskie chteniya… [IX Kantian reading…], p. 238—241....
Darwinism as the Missing Link in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
... of ontologies, by changing dualism to pluralism because dualism is too narrow to accommodate all the autonomous components of critical philosophy. Thus spirit and freedom find a new place separate from the sphere of physical nature; the category of adaptation ... ... Interpretation and Defence. New Haven; London: Yale University Press.
Arnauld, A. and Nicole, P., 1996. Logic, or, The Art of Thinking: Containing, Besides Common Rules, Several New Observations Appropriate for Forming Judgment. Translated and edited by ...
Cohen and Natorp’s Philosophy of Religion: the Argument about the Boundary of Reason
... Marburg School and still continues among those who study that School. The reason for this is that “fitting” philosophical thinking about the phenomenon of religion into the classical triad of any system of philosophy, i. e. effectively formulating ... ... the problems of religion and its place in philosophical constructions, Cohen and Natorp, first, retained their commitment to critical idealism and remained loyal to their philosophical school to the end and, second, followed the principle of mutual respect,...
Cognitive-semantic modelling of the metaphoric choice devices
... addresses the metaphor as a cognitive-semantic device. Metaphor is able to shed light on intuitive and creative mechanisms of thinking process, thus filling the blanks in the fund of logically objective human knowledge, which opens the possibility to describe ... ...
История и философия науки. М., 2005.
Pankratova S. A.
association, cognitive model, critical rationalism, metaphoric
The Real Target of Kant’s “Refutation”
... Philosophical Quarterly, 61(242), pp. 184-186.
Dahlstrom, D., 2018. Truth, Knowledge, and “the Pretensions of Idealism”: A Critical Commentary on the First Part of Mendelssohn’s Morning Hours. Kant-Studien, 109(2), pp. 329-351.
Descartes, R., 1996.... ... 1998. Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Longuenesse, B., 2008. Kant’s “I think” versus Descartes’ “I am a Thing that Thinks”. In: D. Garber and B. Longuenesse, eds. Kant and the Early Moderns....
On the Role of Gesinnung in Kant’s Ethics and Philosophy of Religion. Part I
... Gesinnung reveals the whole range of its problematic potential when it has to be translated into other languages: there are no ready-made equivalents. The problem stems from the evolution of this concept in Kant himself from the pre-Critical (“mode of thinking”, “convictions”, “virtuousness”, “virtues”, “sentiments”, “inclinations”, “aspirations”) to the critical works and then in the Critical period in Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason. Further problems arise from the complex pre-Kantian history of the concept of Gesinnung which influenced Kant’s philosophy. Among the sources that had a particularly ...
The "aesthetic turn": from Kant and romanticism to modern philosophy
... romantic doctrine of "new mythology" and aestheticisation of life, the discovery of a fragment as a way of poetic thinking became topical in contemporary debates about reality, knowledge, human being and society.
1. Бодрийяр Ж. Символический ... ... 2006.
11. Lacoue-Labarthe Ph., Nancy J.-L. The literary absolute. N.Y., 1988.
12. Norris Ch. What’s wrong with postmodernism: critical theory and the ends of philosophy. Baltimore, 1990.
13. Welsch W. Undoing aesthetics. L., 1997.
philosophy of Romanticism,...
The Paradox of Kant’s Transcendental Subject in German Philosophy in the Late Eighteenth Century
... existence of the transcendental subject, whatever the term means, is not open to question since it arises from the very essence of critical philosophy, the fundamental status of the subject is sometimes questioned in this period. Although the meaning of the ... ... the concept of the transcendental subject, even though the results of their reflections did not always coincide. These authors think of the transcendental subject in its relationship to the transcendental object, or as “something = х”, and in terms ...
The attempts of founding of the Russian Idea as a Russian nation specific component of intercultural communication
The article reviews the foundation and development of the concept of the Russian Idea in the Russian philosophical and social thinking, its main definitions, content, as well as critics. The significance of development of national identity and cultural self-determination for effective intercultural communi-cation is pointed out. Besides, the role of the Russian Idea as a Russian nation specific component, forming the national ...
Kant on evil in the human nature
... deviation of rules regulating the actions of a human being from their principle of morality. The author analyses the factors underlying the “predisposition” to evil. It is emphasised that Kant measures wickedness not by deeds but solely by the way of thinking. The author discusses the question as to whether the intelligible good, i. e. the critical verification of rules regulating the actions against the categorical imperative, necessarily entail the empirically good. The conclusion is made that, in Kant’s works, the problem of evil is transferred from the empirical to noumenal sphere,...
The media image of San Escobar in the space of fictional worlds: a socio-semiotic perspective
... ed. Yazyk i kultura konca XX veka [Language and culture of the end of the XX century]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Lakoff, G., 1988. Thinking in the mirror of classifiers. Novoe v zarubezhnoj lingvistike [New in foreign linguistics], 23, pp. 12—52 (in Russ.... ... pp. 24—39.
Fairclough, N., 2003. Analysing Discourse. Textual Analysis for Social Research. London.
Fairclough, N., 1995. Critical Discourse Analysis: the Critical Study of Language. London.
Fairclough, N., 1989. Language and Power. London.
The linguistic paradigm in Kant studies
..., 1988. Rol' chelovecheskogo faktora v yazyke. Yazyk i myshlenie [The role of the human factor in the language. Language and Thinking]. Moscow.
2. Novodranova, V. F., 2009. Category of linguistic personality in language for special purposes. In: I. Yu.... ... Sitten»). Cand. philol. sci. diss. Kaliningrad.
13. Chernenok, I. G., 2008. "Freedom": a concept and an image in the critical discourse of I. Kant. In: E. Yu. Vaganova et al., eds. Aktual'nye problemy lingvistiki, pedagogiki i metodiki prepodavaniya ...
On combining translator training with foreign language teaching
... Petersburg.: “Soyuz” Publishing House (in Russ.).
Alexeeva, I. S., 2008. The current state of translation theory in Russia (critical review). Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta [Bulletin of S. Petersburg University], (9) 1, pp. 26—38 (in Russ.... ... Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. pp. 279—288.
Pym, A., 1993. Epistemological problems in translation and its teaching: A seminar for thinking students. Caminade.
Pym, A., 2003. Redefining Translation Competence in an Electronic Age. Meta, 48 (4), pp. 481—497....
On the Role of Gesinnung in Kant’s Ethics and Philosophy of Religion. Part II
... part of this article; the second part examines the novel features that Kant brings to the interpretation of this concept in the critical period. In the Critique of Practical Reason these include the questions of manifestation of Gesinnung in the world, apprehended ... ... Kant’s concept of Gesinnung into Russian (aspiration, inclination, intention, virtue, virtuousness, conviction, attitude, mode of thinking, thoughts, mood, disposition and umonastroenie), the author comes to the conclusion that the uniform variant umonastroenie ...
How transcendental are Kant’s principles of public law?
... kritika nasilija v mezhdunarodnom prave. Politologicheskaja perspektiva. Per. s nem. A. S. Zil'bera [The Legitimation and the Criticism of Violence in International Law. A political science perspective], in: Kantovskij sbornik [Kant’s Compendium]. 2013.... ... Nesovershennoletie i zadacha istinnogo preobrazovanija obraza myshlenija [Immaturity and the Objective of a True Reform in Ways of Thinking], in: Kantovskij sbornik [Kant’s Compendium]. No. 49(а), 50(б).
15. Salikov, А. N. 2013, Mirnyj proekt I. Kanta ...