Structural and semantic types (models) of sentences and their transformation in academic texts in Russian and Polish
The author describes basic sentence models and their transformations in Russian and Polish academic texts. Sentence models are defined as structural and semantic types of sentences. Transformations employ such syntax means, as passivization, nominalizations, the use of participial constructions and others. The author points out the most popular transformed models in the analyzed academic texts and reveals the systemic nature ...
The dream dictionary of G. H. Miller: The structural originality and cognitive models of interpretation
... of dreams, the polysemy of the key image, and the possibility of homonymy. Gender dependence and subject-object differentiation are identified as important features of dream interpretations in the dictionary. The author describes three mechanisms of semantic transformation behind the dream interpretation: metaphoric conversion, metonymic shift, and pragmatic extension.
1. Берестнев Г. И. Слово, язык и за их пределами. Калининград, 2007.
2. Самый полный ...
On the problem of acausal semantic coincidences: the cognitive background of omens
... университета. История. 2017. № 49. С. 128—131.
17. Юнг К. Г. Синхронистичность. М., 1997.
Berestnev G. I., Kamalova A. A.
synchronicity, semiotics, metaphor, metonymy, paronomasia, symbol, deep semantics, semantic transformations, cultural linguistics
The causes and consequences of the semantic devaluation of the words пафос and пафосный in modern Russian
... radical changes in the functioning of literary lexis in the Russian language of the early 21st century, namely the causes and consequences of the semantic devaluation of the noun пафос and its syntactic derivate, the adjective пафосный, whose semantic transformation is explained by the speech expansion of glamorous lifestyle as an aggressive subculture.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Ненормативные явления и язык // Язык и логическая теория : сб. науч....
Transformations in the Communicative Characteristics of Political Discourse in the Current Information Space
... legitimately. Another focus is the current ‘conflict of interpretations’ in regard to the markers and symbols of political language. To identify the metamorphoses of PD and to understand their genesis, the author investigates the main features of and transformations in the cognitive mechanism of PD and traces the emergence of the isomorphism of semiotic systems characteristic of politics/authorities and mass culture. These processes cause the semantic space of PD to embrace mass culture referents.
1. Apresyan, Yu. D., 1966. Idei i metody sovremennoi strukturnoi lingvistiki (kratkii ocherk) [Ideas and methods of modern structural linguistics (short essay)]. Moscow. pp. 253—254.
Imposture as a problem of reference: semiotics of the name in Boris Godunov
In this article, we continue to address the mechanisms of presenting oneself as another and another as oneself. In this regard, non-trivial features of the semantics of a proper name are described. Based on the analysis of contexts of inappropriate use of a name in a situation of imposture, described in Pushkin's tragedy Boris Godunov, the author considers semiotic mechanisms of transformation and assignment of identity. The article shows that Pushkin's intuition allowed him to see the problems that arose in the analytical philosophy of the name of the second half of the 20th century. Pushkin consistently creates contexts in ...
Generative linguistics by N. Chomsky in the world language study
.... Y.; Evanston
n overview // Language: psychological and biological aspects. Cambridge
Bondarenko I. V.
transformational grammar, surface structure, deep structure, transformations, universal grammar,
mental structures, cognitive linguistics, generative language models, syntactic semantics, generative phonology,
phonological rules, mental representations language faculty, language competence.
Formal languages and automata VII: Formal tree series (Part I)
... series // J. Automata, Languages and Combinatorics. 2003. Vol. 8. P. 219285.
25. Fischer M. J. Grammars with macro-like productions // 9th Annual Symposium on Switching and Automata Theory. 1968. P. 131142.
26. Fulop Z., Vogler H. Syntax-Directed Semantics. Springer, 1998.
27. Fulop Z., Vogler H. Tree series transformations that respect copying //Theory of Computing Systems. 2003. Vol. 36. P. 247293.
28. Gecseg F., Steinby M. Tree Automata. Akademiai Kiado, 1984.
29. Gecseg F., Steinby M. Tree Languages / Handbook of Formal
Languages. Springer, 1997. Vol....
The Riddle as an Object of Linguistic Research
... Dal', V. I., 1863. Tolkovyi slovar' zhivogo velikorusskogo yazyka [Explanatory dictionary of the living Great Russian language]. Moscow. Part. 1.
4. Zhurinskii, A. N., 1989. Semanticheskaya struktura zagadki: Nemetaforicheskie preobrazovaniya smysla [Semantic structure of the riddle: Non-metaphorical transformations of the meaning]. Moscow.
5. Kenges-Maranda, E., 1978. Logic of riddles. In: G. L. Permyakov, ed. Paremiologicheskii sbornik. Poslovitsa. Zagadka (Struktura, smysl, tekst) [Paremiological collection. Proverb. Riddle (Structure, meaning,...
Formal languages and automata VII: Formal tree series (Part II)
... series // J. Automata, Languages and Combinatorics. 2003. Vol. 8. P. 219285.
27. Fischer M. J. Grammars with macro-like productions // 9th Annual Symposium on Switching and Automata Theory. 1968. P. 131142.
28. Fulop Z., Vogler H. Syntax-Directed Semantics. Springer, 1998.
29. Fulop Z., Vogler H. Tree series transformations that respect copying //Theory of Computing Systems. 2003. Vol. 36. P. 247293.
30. Gecseg F., Steinby M. Tree Automata. Akademiai Kiado, 1984.
31. Gecseg F., Steinby M. Tree Languages // Handbook of Formal Languages. Springer, 1997....
The lexical structure of the Life of St. Martyr Irina (according to the Synodal version)
... Ирины // Жития Святых. Минея Четья. Месяц май / 8-е синодальное изд. М., 1998.
hagiography, lexical structure of text, Russian verb, semantic structure of word, concept structure of word form, semantic transformations
Events as a semantic framework for the construction of reality: the prospects of a transition to a dynamic ontology
... descriptions. On the contrary, we can benefit from considering the phenomena in the context of opportunities for the constructive transformation of reality. We address three major problems. The first problem concerns the possibility of a dynamic description ... ... development of theoretical (mathematical) tools to describe such dynamics. In this connection, we identify the mathematical semantics of event processes. To build the necessary model, we use the methods of maxima/ minima and infinitesimal calculus and ...
On the problem of cultural reference of proverbs (the Russian proverbs with images of clothing)
... deistvitel'nost'yu: (Referentsial'nye aspekty semantiki mestoimenii) [Utterance and its correlation with reality: (Referential aspects of the semantics of pronouns)]. Moscow.
30. Paducheva, E. V., 1990. Reference. In: V. N. Yartseva, ed. Lingvisticheskii entsiklopedicheskii ... ... folk songs of P. V. Kireevsky]. Leningrad. Vol. 2.
37. Stepanov, Yu. S., 1974. Emile Benveniste and linguistics on the way of transformations. In: E. Benvenist. Obshchaya lingvistika [General Linguistics]. Moscow, pp. 5—16.
38. Stepanov, Yu. S., Proskurin,...
The vegetative code in Nikolai Kononov’s short story “Ansatasiya’s Amnesia”
The second article of the series considers the role of the vegetative code in conveying the core of N. Kononov’s hidden semantic system, namely, the de-velopment of the dual and the plural from the singular I (ego). The paronymy between the Russian ... ... English corn makes it possible to progress to the Russian ovyos (oats), which represents this development in different linguistic transformations. It is shown how the description of the vegetative cycle of oats (or the singularity/duality and plurality of ...
Textonics: an introduction to electronic philology
... textuality in electronic networks and the ways of their reading, writing and transformation. Electronic texts are much more fluid and transformable than paper texts and oral utterances. Textonics is a combination of theoretical and practical work with digital ... ... different configurations of digital texts: megatext — a collection of texts that are perceived and studied as a single thematic or semantic whole; unitext — the totality of all megatexts; supratext — the text of a higher order in relation to the given one; ...
On poetic emotiology in poetry and beyond
... significant cognitive and semantic characteristics: a drive to display emotions, desire and the unattainability of the desired. The semantic features of emotives are revealed in the structures of the 'inner speech': in interrogative structures and pseudo-dialogical ... ... illusions" are considered on the example of PR-discourse and advertising discourse. Attention is focused on discursive transformations associated with the formation of a mythological world in which its own special laws operate. In both discourse ...
Metaphoric vectors of time
... and Modern English periods. Lexicographic and textual data are drawn to exemplify cognitive shifts that bring about gradual transformation of the conceptual structure of time metaphors in the Modern English period. The pragmatic shift in the axiological ... ... Представления о времени в древнем языке и сознании. М., 2000.
12. Benthem J. van. Semantics of Time // Time, mind, and behaviour. Berlin ; Heidelberg ; N.Y. ; Tokyo, 1985. P. 266—278.
13. Corpus of Historical ...
The myth as a source of cultural legitimation: the rock and hip-hop versions of the legend of Orpheus and Eurydice
... lyrics and their inclusion in a greater cultural context. The study explores the forms of representation of Orpheus’s dual semantics as the archetypical poet and musician as well as of the general motifs of temptation/seduction and selling one’s soul.... ... centuries to exploit deep¬er levels of the mythological metasystem and to build new cultural mythologies. Contemporary artists transform the traditional models of mythical think¬ing, having placed them into current sociocultural contexts.
1. Бабенко ...
‘Term memory’ and its varieties in the history of the genre nomination of English novel
The history of interaction between romance and novel reflects the richness and originality of English prose and contemporary theoretical reflections about the novel as a free-form and the semantics of its terminological definitions. This was enshrined in the dual terminological definition of novel in English literary studies as romance (stressing its genesis from chivalry romance) and novel (nominating the subsequent genre transformations).
1. Бахтин М. М. Роман как литературный жанр // Бахтин М. М. Собр. соч. : в 7 т. М., 2012. Т. 3. С. 608—643.
2. Бройтман С.Н. Историческая поэтика....
The principle of anagramming from an intralighustic perspective: phonetics and syntax
This article considers general conditions for anagrammatic transformations from the perspective of phonological processes and rules of syntax, which helps to identify fundamental cognitive ... .... Соссюр Ф. де. Труды по языкознанию. М., 1977.
anagrams, phonetics, syntax, logic, conversion, semantics, phonological processes, metatheses
The myth as a source of cultural legitimation: the rock and rap versions of Orpheus and Eurydice. Article 1
... Eurydice (2018), we analyse interpretations of the ancient myth in today’s popular culture. We demonstrate how the plot and motif transformations of the pre-text bridge the gap between history and modernity. In both the rock opera and the hip-hopera, the ancient ... ... Creator under the yoke of profane mass culture. We explore how the ideology of the rock and rap subcultures affects the general semantics of the new myth of ‘mass culture Hades’. We consider secondary semiotisation of the concepts of contemporary musical ...
The functional perspective of political discourse
This article considers the interaction between the functional and semantic categories of theme and rheme forming the basis for the generation, information deployment, and functioning of discourse.... ... political text incorporates several types of the themerheme progression formed through replacing the theme with the rheme and the transformation of the latter into the theme. It is concluded that the effective communicative impact of discourse is achieved ...
Functions of somatisms in the poetry of B. Pasternak
... analyzes the somatic vocabulary in the poetry of B. Pasternak. It is concluded that the poet actively uses the words of this semantic class that is associated with some peculiarities of his world perception. The quantitative analysis of somatic elements ... ... parts of the human body which act as personifying details. Often somatisms are presented as part of phraseological units, both transformed and not, but in both cases a new figurative meaning is generated, often not embedded in these idioms.
Theatrical interpretation of a literary work from the standpoint of semiotic creativity
... that can help to deepen the analysis of the meaning construction in the heterogeneous discourse of drama. Semiotic resonance is understood as the correlations of recurrently used signs accompanied by the amplification of meaning and emergence of new semantic projections. The investigation of the play — theatrical performance transformations made it possible to identify the specific levels of semiotic creativity, which correspond to the degree of pragmatic identity of the original content and its modulations. The author singled out the level of pragmatic equivalence and the ...
A system of oppositions in A. Grin’s short story «Fandango» and their game transformations
... Grin’s “Fandango”, M.Yu. Lermontov’s “In the wild north…”, and H. Heine’s “Ein Fichtenbaum” is used to prove that A. Grin’s implicit language game is based on a multilingual anagrammatic code. The article examines the implicit semantics of the short story based on the writer’s game projections into his own works.
1. Википедия : свободная энциклопедия : [сайт]. URL: http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki (дата обращения: 17.03.2014).
Freud’s cognitive and linguistic insights in the theory of dream interpretation
... Freud’s theory of dream in¬terpretation and modern cognitive linguistics. The authors stress the relevance of such lin¬guistic transformations as metaphor, metonymy, symbolisation, paronymy, homonymy, language game, and associative networks for Freud’s ... ... psychology, psychoanalysis, dream, cognitive linguistics, metaphor, metonymy, symbol, paronomasia, language game, pragmatics, semantics, associative networks, semiotics
Vasilyeva I., Tsvetkova A. S.
The problem of meaning in Social Semiotics: Max Weber today
A human activity is based on the constant creation, transmission and transformation of meanings and texts. All the forms of representation of this activity (culture, history, literature, art, politics, law, etc.) can be considered as semantic ensembles consisted from meaningful actions. The concept of “meaning” is fundamental not only in linguistics amd semiotics, but also in M. Weber's theory: thesubject of sociology is the understanding of “the meaning of behavior”. Based ...
The moving boundaries of news translation
... Across Languages and Cultures, 19(2), pp. 205—220. 10.1556/084.2018.19.2.4.
Conway, K., 2008. A Cultural Studies Approach to Semantic Instability: The Case of News Translation. Linguistica Antverpiensia, 7, pp. 29—43.
Conway, K., 2011. Everyone Says ... ... Meta: Translators' Journal, 57(4), pp. 884—908. 10.7202/1021223ar.
Kwieciñski, P., 1998. Translation Strategies in a Rapidly Transforming Culture: A Central European Perspective. The Translator, 4(2), pp. 183—206. 10.1080/13556509.1998.10799019.
History of the words starina and starik as terms of friendship in Russian
... started to function as terms of friendship in a very similar way. Both were used at first to address an elderly stranger. At some point, they turned into means of language play and speech stylisation to finally lose their connection to folk speech and the semantics of age. The first one to complete the transformation was the word starina. As to starik, it apparently began to be used as a term of friendship in languages of groups.
Vinogradov, V. V., n. d. Istoriya slov [History of words]. Available at: https://
The formation of the narrative and the performative in public communication
... Zhenett, ed. Figury [Figures]. Vol. 1. Moscow (in Russ.).
Zinkevich, O. V., 2018. Localization as a process of linguistic transformation of the structure and content of a dynamic text. Izvestiya Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo ehkonomicheskogo ... ... 203—204 (in Russ.).
Blank, A., 1999. "Why do new meanings occur? A cognitive typology of the motivations for lexical Semantic change". In: A. Blank and P. Koch, eds. Historical Semantics and Cognition. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter....
Events and narration in socio-cultural practices
... and narratives. As a result of this interaction, stable links ‘events-narratives’ appear; they influence the formation and transformation of social and cultural processes in society. Event-narrative links form the basis of the system of norms and values ... ... symbolic politics. Diskurs [Discourse], 6 (3), pp. 5—20 (in Russ.).
Gerasimov, S. V. and Tul'chinskij, G. L., 2018. Events as a Semantic Basis for the Construction of Reality: Prospects for the Transition to a Dynamic Ontology. Slovo.ru: Baltic accent, 9(3),...
The media image of San Escobar in the space of fictional worlds: a socio-semiotic perspective
... multimodal messages, the hegemony of visual culture and the increased impact of the social factor on the specifics of linguistic transformations contribute to the growing popularity of social semiotic studies. In the theoretical part of the paper, I give ... ... Language and Power. London.
Grice, P., 1975. Logic and Conversation. In: P. Cole, J. Morgan, eds. Speech Acts. Syntax and Semantics. New York. pp. 41—58.
Halliday, M. A. K., 1985. An Introduction to Functional Grammar. London.
Halliday, M. A. K.,...