‘What can be described can happen too…’: describing text semantics as a model structure of transworld relationships
In this article, I explore the content-related and formal aspects of describing the multidimensional semantic organization of a text, particularly, I focus on the possibility of using the apparatus of modal semantics to identify the relationship between sentential complexes. To those ends, I employ the concepts of model, model structure, and centred world. The latter is a system of functions that correlate language expressions, the language expressions of a text, states of affairs (possible worlds) described by language expressions, and the contexts in which a ...
The principles of the concept analysis of the "male" and "female" in Russian linguistic mentality
This article offers the theoretical grounds and methods of semantic analysis of “male” and “female” categories developed on the basis of linguistic data. The author draws examples from the Russian language to demonstrate gender semantic models in Russian linguistic mentality, e. g. the general understandding of the “male” and the “female”, the content properties of these principles, etc.
. Пропозиция // Лингвистический ...
Events as a semantic framework for the construction of reality: the prospects of a transition to a dynamic ontology
... special event—a model taking into account the temporal factor in the development of reality. The second problem concerns the development of theoretical (mathematical) tools to describe such dynamics. In this connection, we identify the mathematical semantics of event processes. To build the necessary model, we use the methods of maxima/ minima and infinitesimal calculus and carry out an analysis of the threshold values of the event function. The third problem is the verification of the model and the description of its possible applications. In this ...
The synergy effect of economic metaphor in the interdiscursive space
This article considers the discursive models of developing the synergetic potential of economic metaphors. A cluster model of metaphor synergy is built on the basis of intertextual metaphor, which creates a powerful field of conceptual tension.... ... process of sense saturation and compaction of a text through creating new sources of entropy and successive clarification of semantic ambiguity. The analysis brings to light the interaction of various vehicles of sense which cannot be deduced from systemic ...
Structural and semantic types (models) of sentences and their transformation in academic texts in Russian and Polish
The author describes basic sentence models and their transformations in Russian and Polish academic texts. Sentence models are defined as structural and semantic types of sentences. Transformations employ such syntax means, as passivization, nominalizations, the use of participial constructions and others. The author points out the most popular transformed models in the analyzed academic texts and ...
The dream dictionary of G. H. Miller: The structural originality and cognitive models of interpretation
... of dreams, the polysemy of the key image, and the possibility of homonymy. Gender dependence and subject-object differentiation are identified as important features of dream interpretations in the dictionary. The author describes three mechanisms of semantic transformation behind the dream interpretation: metaphoric conversion, metonymic shift, and pragmatic extension.
1. Берестнев Г. И. Слово, язык и за их пределами. Калининград, 2007.
2. Самый ...
Verb collocations of the semantic field «Memory» with the component ‘Vergangenheit’ in the German media
24. Wylegała A. Managing the difficult past: Ukrainian collective memory and public debates on history // Nationalities Papers. 2017. Vol. 45, iss. 5. P. 1—18.
Rebrina L. M.
verb collocation, keyword, memory, past, representation, syntagmatics, semantics, structural-semantic models
The problem of meaning in Social Semiotics: deep semiotics as a conceptual extension of Social Semiotics
... signs upon a causal relationship, and symbols on social conventions. Language is the most important system of symbolisation. Indeed, language serves as a guide to the systems of rules, values, and socio-cultural practices. In this paper, I present a model of deep semiotics, which is interpreted as a semantic structure of social experience objectified into a sign. This structure includes the material form, the referential meaning, and the personal meaning (attitudes and experiences) of the sign. This model describes the levels and dynamics of the ...
Meaning in life and meaning in the text (roundtable proceedings)
... Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica, 7 (2), pp. 91—126.
Hintikka, J., 1969. Models for Modalities. Selected Essays. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company.
Hintikka, J., 1975. The intentions of intentionality and other new models for modalities. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company.
Hintikka, J., 1972. The Semantics of Modal Notions and the Indeterminacy of Ontology. In: D. Davidson and G. Harman, eds. Semantics of Natural Language. Synthese. Vol. 40. Springer, Dordrecht.
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On the problem of cultural reference of proverbs (the Russian proverbs with images of clothing)
... deistvitel'nost'yu: (Referentsial'nye aspekty semantiki mestoimenii) [Utterance and its correlation with reality: (Referential aspects of the semantics of pronouns)]. Moscow.
30. Paducheva, E. V., 1990. Reference. In: V. N. Yartseva, ed. Lingvisticheskii entsiklopedicheskii ... ... phraseologisms. Samples of entries]. Moscow, pp. 96—98.
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The role of proper names in the chronotope modelling in Yu. Buida’s short story Of the name of Lev
This article addresses the chronotope formation in the short story Of the name of Lev on the basis of the semantic potential of the main character’s anthroponyms. The author considers the role of the left-right opposition in the modelling of space and time in the text.
Мифология: авторская программа.
(дата обращения: 20.03.2011).
The text in the context of the Tartu Semiotic School: problems and prospects
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Pyatigorskii, A. M., 1962. Nekotorye obshchie zamechaniya otnositel'no rassmotreniya teksta kak raznovidnosti signala. Strukturno tipologicheskie issledovaniya [Some general remarks ...
Understanding scientific texts on the basis of modelling semantic links: theoretical foundations of the conception
... человека / под ред. Г. И. Косицкого. М., 1985.
26. Струков А. И., Серов В. В. Патологическая анатомия. М., 1995.
Vishnyakova S. A.
modeling of the scientific text, intratext communications, semantic
schemes, a method of modeling of the text, the text information, misunderstanding overcoming.
Some aspects of time verbalisation in the English and Russian languages
... Mieder W. Dictionary of American proverbs. N. Y. ; Oxford, 1992.
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Verbal aggression in modern poetry: conventional and unconventional functioning of discourse markers
... Psychologii, 6, pp. 168—173 (in Russ.).
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Lutovinova,... ... Russ.).
Paducheva, E., 2010. Semanticheskie issledovaniya: semantika vremeni i vida v russkom yazyke. Semantika narrative [Semantic Research: Semantics of Time and View in Russian. Narrative semantics]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Kibrik, A. A. and Podlesskaya,...
Latent Evaluation in Infinitive Writing
The article deals with the results of an experiment on modelling the reader's perception of infinitive writing modal semantics. The author argues
that the reader's interpretation of infinitive writing bases on connotation semantics of a poetic text rather than on the 'grammar of poetry'.
Бродский и инфинитивное ...
Generative linguistics by N. Chomsky in the world language study
... psychological and biological aspects. Cambridge
Bondarenko I. V.
transformational grammar, surface structure, deep structure, transformations, universal grammar,
mental structures, cognitive linguistics, generative language models, syntactic semantics, generative phonology,
phonological rules, mental representations language faculty, language competence.
Development of quasi-symbols based on connotations of verbal units meanings
... connotations are moved to the nuclear part of the new sememe of the cultural sign. Thus, cultural knowledge is transferred to the language system, and then verbal signs are transferred to the culture system. Since the cultural intent of the quasi-symbol is modeling the behavior of the interpreter, the development of symbols is based on connotations that reflect cultural attitudes, ideologies, and norms.
language, culture, semantics, connotation, quasi-symbol
Metaphorisation as a pattern of term formation in Russian and English within the semantic field “Insurance”
Term formation is viewed through the cognitive linguistics paradigm. The term is characterized as a semeiotic model correlating with a certain cognitive discourse pattern. Metaphorisation is defined as the nomination pattern. In the following article we tried to pick out the major cognitive characteristics of the term formation within the semantic field «Insurance» as it is represented in Russian and English insurance glossaries.
Фразеология в свете современных лингвистических парадигм. М., 2008....
The genitive of quality as used in typological characterisation of a person
This paper describes the syntactic model termed as the adnominal genitive of quality, as well as its use in the archetypisation of a person. It is argued that the semantics of a noun functioning as an adnominal attribute produces two types of cultural-linguistic archetypes. An attribute noun referring to a sphere of moral or behavioural characteristics (‘человек слова’, ‘man of success’, ‘człowiek ...
Dynamics of syntactic sense realisation and conceptual shifts at the periphery of syntactic fields
... Beitrag zur linguistischen Beschreibung kognitiver Strukturen und ihrer Rolle bei der Produktion und Verarbeitung von Texten // Mannheimer Studien zur Linguistik. Bd. 8. Frankfurt am/M, 1988.
Salkova J. A.
two-level semantics, conceptual shift, semantic model, cognitive
points of reference, minimal text unit, dynamics of field widening,
blending of meaning, conceptual sphere of minimal text units.
Hybrid texts as a form of interaction between avant-garde artistic and political discourses
..., cinema. Logos, 28 (1), pp. 233—260 (in Russ.).
Chukhrukidze, K. K., 1999. Pound & £. Modeli utopii XX veka [Pound & £. Models of the utopia of the 20th century]. Moscow (in Russ.).
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Experiences in translation: the text as a pattern, the pattern as a text
... we discuss the methodological prospects of using the term ‘pattern’ in the analysis of a literary text. We identify the semantic and categorial field of the term, propose a definition of ‘pattern’ as projected on language material, and correlate ... ... its basic pattern does not coincide with its textual realizations, provided the latter are very similar at the prototype or model level. Therefore, the relationship between the pattern and a resultant text is isomorphic to the relationship between language ...
Transformations in the Communicative Characteristics of Political Discourse in the Current Information Space
... in the states of the post-Soviet space]. Moscow. p. 32.
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17. Zolyan, S. T., 2016. Semiotics and pragmasemantics of political ... ... predskazali rost populizma v Rossii po zapadnoi modeli [Kremlin experts predicted the growth of populism in Russia by the Western model]. Available at:
58fccb959a7947263bd9d666?from=main [Accessed 22 December 2017]....
Metaphoric vectors of time
... conceptual structure of time metaphors in the Modern English period. The pragmatic shift in the axiological perspective of metaphoric models results in the loss of the inner value-laden meaning of time.
1. Бондарева Л. М. К проблеме интерпретации ... ... Представления о времени в древнем языке и сознании. М., 2000.
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13. Corpus of Historical ...
The Text and Discourse in the Light of Communicative Meaning Formation
... communication: the problems of semiosociopsychology]. Moscow.
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text, discourse, communication, communicative action, dynamic model, static model, parameters of communicative procedure
The Image of the World Revealed In Words: Ludwig Wittgenstein and The Iсonic Semiotics
... Slovo.ru: baltiiskii aktsent [Slovo.ru: The Baltic accent], 9(2) (in Russ.). doi: 10.5922/2225-5346-2018-2.
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Fomin, I. V., 2018. On the semiotic model of the image. Slovo.ru: baltiiskii aktsent [Slovo.ru: The Baltic accent], 9(2) (in Russ.). doi: 10.5922/2225-5346-2018-2....
Pushkin as a personal myth of the Russian avantgarde
... art. Through negation, the avant-garde strives to ‘discharge’ Pushkin and to show his strangeness to classical cultural models. By making the poet its own, the avant-garde uses him to secure its position in the literary field. Another focus of the ... ... as a genius who worked with the sound texture of the poem. Kruchyonykh demonstrates that for Pushkin the shift is a powerful semantic generator of poetry, a tool that makes an error ‘the rule of breaking rules’: semantic deviations turn into neologisms,...
The spatial model of conceptual metaphor in A. Ilichevky’s collection of short stories An Asinine Jaw
... the conceptual metaphor of death in A.V. Ilichevsky’s collection of short stories An Asinine Jaw. The existential spatial model of the mentioned metaphor and the specific character of its cognitive-semantic organization are revealed. The author identifies ... ... Ilichevsky’s short story collection, the conceptual metaphor of death is identified on the basis of the common conceptual metaphor semantics of “vision/no-vision” and “dream”.
1. Дехнич О. В. Концептуальная метафора People ...
Steven Makin’s ontological argument: The concept of necessary exis¬ten¬ce of God
....243—261.4. Gorbatova, Y. V., 2014, Semantika vozmozhnykh mirov: urovni analiza i ponyatie suschestvovania [Possible Worlds Semantics: Levels of Analyses and Concept of Ex¬istence], Izvestia Ural’skogo Federal’nogo Universiteta. Seria 3: Obschestvennye ... ... [“Allocution” or Dialogue with the Fool? Logic and Rhetoric of ‘Proslogion’], Modeli Rassughdenia-1: Logika i arguntatia [Models of Reasoning-1: Logic and Argumntation], p. 170—180.6. Kant, I., 1994, Kritika chistogo razuma [Critique of Pure Reason],...
Traditional Structures in Contemporary Chinese Poetry
... by means of phonographics. A linguistic analysis of relevant contexts shows that all the linguistic means contribute to the semantic cohesion of the text and make a bridge to the space of classical images and the tradition of the 20th century Chinese ... ... 13: Oriental Studies], 3, p. 52—53.
5. Lotman, Yu. M., 1995. K osnovaniyam modeliruyushchei poetiki [To the foundations of modeling poetics]. Available at:
[Accessed 22 July 2016].
6. Aoshuan, T....
The model of space in F. Kafka’s literary works
... deals with the structure of “Space” in Franz Kafka’s literary works such as “Der Prozess”, “Das Schloss” and “Die Verwandlung”. Special attention is paid to the peculiarities of the narrative perspective and the functioning of the semantic opposition “down — up”.
Франц Кафка. М., 2000.
От Кафки к Кафке. М., 1998.
Сознание человека и его связь ...
Conceptual metonymy of the structure of the utterance
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14. Kövecses Z., Radden G. Metonymy: Developing a Cognitive Linguistic View // Cognitive Linguistics. 1998. Vol. 9, iss. 1. P. 37—77.
15. Nunberg G. Transfers of Meaning // Journal of Semantics. 1995. Vol. 12, № 2. P. 109—132.
Rakhmankulova S. E.
sentence structure, proposition, concept, conceptual metonymy, metonymic model
Modern tendencies in media communication
The authors analyse the process of word formation in Russian media as a reflection of the global trends in modern communication. A structural and semantic analysis of word formation is done to identify the most productive models. The authors employ pragmatic analysis to determine the role of neologisms in media texts. The following phenomena are characteristic of the modern media discourse: the presence of foreign language elements (derivational models and affixoids) ...
A woman as seen by a man in modern Russian chanson
... original features include a greater number of details in the ‘self-portrait’, orientation towards the male psychological models of perceiving reality, and the use of an image of an ageing woman. Love and at the same time freedom are presented as a ... ....php?pid=3522 (дата обращения: 25.06.2013).
modern Russian chanson, gender, concept, linguistic reconstruction, semantics, text, cultural linguistics
Berestnev G., Yevstafyeva M.
The myth as a source of cultural legitimation: the rock and hip-hop versions of the legend of Orpheus and Eurydice
... lyrics and their inclusion in a greater cultural context. The study explores the forms of representation of Orpheus’s dual semantics as the archetypical poet and musician as well as of the general motifs of temptation/seduction and selling one’s soul.... ... levels of the mythological metasystem and to build new cultural mythologies. Contemporary artists transform the traditional models of mythical think¬ing, having placed them into current sociocultural contexts.
1. Бабенко Н. Г. Причины ...
New verbal nouns with the meaning of an abstract action or state
... nouns’ productivity and contribution to the word formation in the contemporary Russian language. Dictionaries of new lexis, media texts, and the Russian National Corpus are used to identify and describe the most productive wordformation types and models for verbal nouns with procedural semantics. The author investigates the connection between such nouns and denominative neo-derivatives with a meaning of an abstract action. The study follows the anthropocentric paradigm.
1. Ваулина С. С., Девина О. С. Авторская ...
Dilemmas of logical hylomorphism
... as a metatheory, Aristotelian syllogistics addresses formal relations between the perfect and imperfect rules of inference rather than the canonical structures of categorical statements. The absence of a strict distinction between logical syntax and semantics in Aristotelian syllogistics and his reductive approach to the patterns of inferences (i. e. the syllogistic moods in the three figures) shifts focus from the schematic to dynamic model of formality. Secondly, the author assesses the logical hylomorphism of Alexander of Aphrodisias, who connected it with metaphysical form vs. matter dichotomy. Thirdly, it is argued that Kant’s transcendental logic is a logic in the formal sense....
Reflections on the dictionary of an integral type
... and multifunctional unit of a language, respectively, it raises the issue of the amount and type of information about the lexical unit in the dictionaries of an integral type. The author of the article offers a solution to this problem. The proposed model of the integral dictionary is designed to embody the following ideas of modern lexicography: 1) the semantic principle of vocabulary organization, 2) the multidimensional description of the word, 3) the inclusion of encyclopedic, cultural, linguistic, and, if necessary, historical information, following the compex description principle, (4) “live” ...
The myth as a source of cultural legitimation: the rock and rap versions of Orpheus and Eurydice. Article 1
... of the dead in the name of love merges with its semiotic double: the neo-mythological plot about the symbolic death of the Creator under the yoke of profane mass culture. We explore how the ideology of the rock and rap subcultures affects the general semantics of the new myth of ‘mass culture Hades’. We consider secondary semiotisation of the concepts of contemporary musical culture in terms of archaic models of thinking. The revision of the mythological plot by assigning to it relevant sociocultural meanings is viewed as an experience of aesthetic legitimation of a work of mass art and its inclusion in a broader cultural context.
1. Асоян ...
The Praed model sentences: meaning and speech functions.
... status of uninflected words, which are the main members of the sentences of the Praed structural scheme. The author considers that such words should be classified as predicative adverbs rather than a special grammatical category. The article proposes a semantic typology of such adverbs functioning in modern colloquial speech. The author concludes that the sentences of the Praed structural scheme are used in everyday communication for transmitting both objective (dictum) and subjective (modus) information....
The moving boundaries of news translation
... Across Languages and Cultures, 19(2), pp. 205—220. 10.1556/084.2018.19.2.4.
Conway, K., 2008. A Cultural Studies Approach to Semantic Instability: The Case of News Translation. Linguistica Antverpiensia, 7, pp. 29—43.
Conway, K., 2011. Everyone Says ... ... Communication, 5(2), pp. 145—153. 10.1080/14708470508668890.
Tsai, C., 2006. Translation through Interpreting: A Television Newsroom Model. Translation in Global News, University of Warwick.
Tsai, C., 2010. News Translator as Reporter. In: C. Schäffner and S....