The metaphysics of science
A reflection on the meaning of Kant’s manuscript where he uses the expression ‘metaphysics of science’. 20th century philosophy of science acknowledged empiricism and it was anti-metaphysic and positivistic. However, all forms of empiricism and positivism lead to a negation of philosophy, replacing it with logical, methodological, historical,...
International research cooperation in the Baltic region: a scientometric analysis
... and the development of research cooperation in the field of Baltic studies. The authors consider the dynamics of research contribution and academic cooperation in the Baltic Sea countries in four leading fields — i. e. agricultural and biological sciences, Earth sciences, ecology and social sciences presented in the SciVerse Scopus scientometric database. The article provides a map of research cooperation in the Baltic Sea region.
1. Batorshina, I. A., Kuznetsova, T. Yu. 2012, Nacional'nye innovacionnye ...
The Universe of Science. The Architectonic Ideas of Science, Sciences and their Parts in Kant
... argue that Kant has developed a broad systematic account of the architectonic functionality of pure reason that can be used and advanced in contemporary contexts. Reason, in the narrow sense, is responsible for the picture of a well-ordered universe of science consisting of architectonic ideas of science, sciences and parts of sciences. In the first section (I), I show what Kant means by the architectonic ideas by explaining and interrelating the concepts of (a) the faculty of reason, (b) ideas (as ...
New stage in the development of political science in Russia
1. Gaman-Golutvina, O. V., Nikitin, A. I. (Ex. ed.) 2019, Sovremennaya politicheskaya nauka: Metodologiya [Contemporary Political Science: Methodology], Moscow (in Russ.).
2. Beck, N. 2000, Political Methodology: A Welcoming Discipline, Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 95, no. 450, p. 651—654.
3. King, G. 1991, On Political Methodology, Political Analysis,...
Kant and new mathematics 100 years later
Cassirer’s critique of Russell’s philosophy of mathematics and the Neo-Kantian philosophy of science and mathematics as a whole is of special relevance in the context of modern mathematics and mathematical physics. The fact that the modern standard axiomatic architecture of mathematical theories does not take into account the object-based character ...
Kant’s Dissertation for the Master’s Degree On Fire and the Transformations of his Ideas of Ethereal Matter
... Naturforscher. In 2 Bd. Berlin: De Gruyter & Co.
Amontons, G., 1703. Le thermomètre réduit à une mesure fixe et certaine, et le moyen d’y rapporter les observations faites avec les anciens thermomètres In: Mémoires de l’Académie Royale des Sciences 1703, pp. 50-56.
Asmus, V. F., 1973. Immanuel Kant, Moscow: Nauka. (In Rus.)
Beck, L. W., 1986. Introduction [to “Kant’s Succinct Exposition of Some Meditations on Fire”]. In: L. W. Beck, ed. 1986. Kant’s Latin Writings: Translations,...
The concept of paradigm in the theories of R. Merton and T. Kuhn: A comparative analysis
... Merton’s and Thomas Kuhn’s approaches to the concept of paradigm. Whereas Merton identifies the function of a paradigm in analysing data obtained within a social study, Kuhn considers a paradigm as a key notion at a certain stage of the development of science – that of normal science. It is stressed that, despite differences in approaches, the theories do not contradict but rather complement each other.
1. Mamedov A. K., Rybakova V. V. Scientific problem as a factor of science development // Science ...
On asymmetry in game-theoretic semantics
... L., Sandu G., Sevenster M. Independence-Friendly Logic a Game-Theoretic Approach. Cambridge, 2011.
3. Melliès P.-A., Abramsky S. Concurrent Games and Full Completeness // Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Symposium on Logic in Computer Science. Computer Science Press of the IEEE, 1999. P. 431—442.
4. Pietarinen A. Semantic Games in Logic and Epistemology // Logic, Epistemology and the Unity of Science. 2004. Vol. 1. P. 57—103.
5. Pietarinen A., Sandu G. Games in philosophical ...
GPS/GLONASS-tomography of ionosphere
The article tackles the problem of the reconstruction of ionospheric electron density height structure by means of GPS/GLONASS systems.
. Austen J.
R., Franke S.
J., Liu C.
D., Austen J.
R., Franke S.
J. et al.
А., Араманд Н.
А. и др.
// Исследование Земли из космоса....
Innovation Capacity of Russia and the Baltics: a Comparative Approach
... universitet «Vysshaja shkola jekonomiki».
5. Indikatory informacionnogo obshhestva: 2012 [Indicators of the Information Society: 2012], 2012, Moscow, Nacional'nyj issledovatel'skij universitet «Vysshaja shkola jekonomiki».
6. Indikatory nauki: 2012 [Science Indicators: 2012], 2012, Moscow, Nacional'nyj issledovatel'skij universitet «Vysshaja shkola jekonomiki».
7. Indikatory obrazovanija: 2011 [Indicators of Education: 2011], 2011, Moscow, Nacional'nyj issledovatel'skij universitet «Vysshaja shkola ...
J. N. Tetens’s ‘transcendental philosophy’ as a basic science¬ and criti¬cal propaedeutics to metaphysics
In his treatise On General Speculative Philosophy, J. N. Tetens sets out to justify the possibility and necessity of metaphysics as a general speculative science. His primary objective is to defend metaphysics against the opponents, the most serious of which, in Tetens’s opinion, is D. Hume. In this connection, Tetens sharply criticises traditional empiricism and develops a new perspective on experience ...
OPOIAZ and Bakhtin: the Decision Science’s perspective
Decision science is a relatively new discipline: the product of a cross-pollination among mathematics, psychology, economy and a few other branches of knowledge. It studies how humans make their choices and purports to provide a “rational framework for choosing ...
Neo-Kantian and phenomenological axiology in N. N. Alekseev’s philosophy of law
... analyzes receptions of phenomenological and neo-Kantian axiology trends in the interpretation of the concept and status of value in N. N. Alekseev’s philosophy of law. The author identifies the role of Neo-Kantian nomothetic—idiographic division of sciences proposed by the Southwest German school of Neo-Kantianism in interpreting the essence of law within Aleseev’s philosophy. It is shown that Alekseev uses Windelband's distinction between the due and the existing as a convenient methodological ...
Organisation of scientific research in Germany
This article considers the structure of research system in Germany. It describes the federal and state levels of research management. The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) bears primary responsibility for science and technology policy at the federal level. At the state level, this responsible is shared by the Ministry of Education and Science and the Ministry of Economy. The author emphasizes the role of the National Academy of Sciences “Leopoldina”,...
Condorcet interpretation of probability’s theory: the use of a mathematical construct to the field of social action
... forecasting. The methods he developed made it possible to predict the results of political elections and formed the basis for the theory of social choice. However, Condorcet’s ideas on the limits of mathematical constructs’ application in social and moral sciences opened up opportunities for social philosophy to go beyond the borders of speculative metaphysics and develop as a ‘practical’ science serving both the individual and the community. This paper also assesses Condorcet’s ideas in the history ...
On Fire. Dissertation for the Master’s Degree. Translation from the Latin into Russian, Preface and Notes by S. V. Lugovoy
..., the page numbers are in square brackets at the beginning of the page. Page footnotes, if indicated, draw on the commentaries of Lewis White Beck, the translator of the dissertation into English from the following edition: Kant, I., 2012. Natural Science, edited by E. Watkins, translated by L. W. Beck, J. B. Edwards, O. Reinhardt, M. Schönfeld and E. Watkins. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 713-714. It was important for the translator to follow the course of Kant’s thought and ...
Events as a semantic framework for the construction of reality: the prospects of a transition to a dynamic ontology
Events are the main element in the formation and presentation of a worldview across all the research disciplines in the humanities and other sciences. Cognising and understanding reality requires the consideration and construction of data, descriptions, correlations, and narratives, to all of which concrete events are the key. In this article, we analyse the connection between an event and ...
On the Semiotic Model of Image
... literaturovedcheskikh terminov [Dictionary of literary terms]. St. Petersburg (in Russ.).
Dokinz, R., 2013. Egoistichnyi gen [A selfish gene]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Il'in, M. V., Fomin, I. V., 2016. And the meaning, and the measure. Semiotics in the space of modern science. Politicheskaya nauka [Political science], 3, pp. 30—45 (in Russ.).
Lotman, Yu. M., 2000. Semiosfera [Semiosphere]. St. Petersburg (in Russ.).
Lotman, Yu. M., 1998. Structure of artistic text. In: Ob iskusstve [About art]. St. Petersburg. pp....
Trade Liberalisation and its Impact on Regional Development: Theoretical and Experimental Studies
... growth in developing countries, Journal of development economics, Vol. 39, no. 1, p. 31—57.
13. Egger, P., Huber, P., Pfaffermayr, M. 2005, A note on export openness and regional wage disparity in Central and Eastern Europe, The Annals of Regional Science, Vol. 39, no. 1, p. 63—71.
14. Ezcurra, R., Rodríguez-Pose, A. 2013, Does Economic Globalization affect Regional Inequality? A Cross-country Analysis, World Development, no. 52, p. 92—103.
15. Ezcurra, R., Rodríguez-Pose, A. 2014, Trade ...
The Development of a Criminalistics Theory in Russia and the United States: A Comparative Analysis
Drawing on a comparative analysis of current research and academic literature published in Russia and the United States, I describe the stages of the development of forensic science in the two countries. I analyse the structure and major areas of modern criminalistics. Special attention is paid to the relevant philosophical and methodological framework and the functions of forensic science. I give a detailed account of Russian ...
Kant’s Asynchronicity Concerning Newtonian Space and Gravity in his Pre-Critical Writings
... Reflections on Space and Time. In: Euler Archiv [E 149]. Translated by M. Saclolo & P. Wake. [online] Available at:
[Accessed 26 August 2019).
Fischer, H. -P., 1985. Kant an Euler. Kant-Studien, 76, pp. 214-220.
Friedman, M., 1994. Kant and the Exact Science. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Görg, E. 2015. Zum Gravitationsgesetz bei Newton, Kant und Fries. Kant-Studien, 106(2), pp. 259-275.
Hyder, D. 2019. Kant on Time I: The Kinematics of the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Kant-Studien,...
Clusters in the institutional perspective: on the theory and methodology of local socioeconomic development
... type of organisation, the development of mesoeconomic systems is closely connected to competition for innovative rent. The article outlines the methodology for cluster studies, which makes it possible to consider such relatively new to the regional science phenomena as innovative and “transborder” clusters.
1. Gareev, T. R. 2007, «Voshodjawie» modeli regional'nogo razvitija, lokal'nye proizvodstvennye sistemy i razvitie malogo i srednego biznesa [«Rising» model of regional development, ...
‘Reaching out’ beyond the text: philosophical notes
... that the divide between the humanities approach and the philosophical approach to the text lies in their methods. I emphasise that language has a synthesizing role within the philosophical approach to the text. Finally, I draw attention to the ‘science of communication’, within which the message as a whole is conceptualized.
Avdeev, A., 2009. Zhitie prepodobnogo Paisiya Galichskogo [The life of Saint Paisii Galichski. Investigations and texts]. Moscow: PSTGU Publishing House (in Russ.)....
Inter-organizational networks as seen by western economic sociology: An analysis of theoretical approaches
... aspects of network form of interorganizational interaction, and embeddedness effects.
1. Alter C., Hage J. Organizations working together. Newbury Park, 1993.
2. Benson K. J. The Interorganizational Network as a Political Economy // Administrative Science Quarterly. 1975. Vol. 20, № 2. P. 229—249.
3. Bourdieu P. The forms of capital // Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education. N. Y., 1986. P. 241—258.
4. Coleman J. Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital // ...
The transcendental theory of experience and modern philoso¬phy of science
This article sets out to develop a transcendental theory of science based on the original interpretation and modern development of Kant’s transcendentalism (theory of experience). The author shows that modern (postpositivistic and analytical) philosophy of science
follows the spirit of Kant’s “Copernican ...
The Institutional Architecture of Territorial Innovative Systems: Towards a Spatially Targeted Regional Policy
... политико-культурный подход к рыночным институтам // Экономическая социология. 2003. № 4 (1). С. 45—63.
11. Ahuja G. Collaboration networks, structural holes, and innovation: A longitudinal study // Administrative Science Quarterly. 2000. № 45 (3). P. 425—455.
12. Barca F., Mccann P., Rodríguez-Pose A. The case for regional development intervention: Place-based versus place-neutral approaches // J. of Regional Science. 2012. № 52 (1). P. 134—152.
I. Kant and J. Jungius: on the development of critical tradition in the 17th century German philosophy
... transcendental reflection, whereas J. Jungius’s “methodological criticism” requires that critique is grounded in immediate rather than reflective knowledge. Kant is a subjectivist, whereas J. Jungius is an objectivist and realist. For J. Jungius, the basic science is protonoetic philosophy (philosophia protonoetica), whose major task is to identify the elemental operations of mind and the underlying laws. These laws serve as the basis for critique, which is aimed against the critique of reasoning and is ...
Elements of science fiction in the French postmodernist discourse: The case of B. Werber’s novel The Thanatonauts
This article presents an interdisciplinary study on text linguistics, lingu-o¬poetics, and narratology. It addresses the problems of modern science fiction discourse and analyses the ideas of the leading theorists of postmodernism — J.-F. Lyotard and J. Derrida — as well as those of scholars focusing on the sci-ence fiction discourse — T. Todorov and R. Lachmann. The practical material ...
Kant’s Ethics in the Context of the Enlightenment. Report of the 12th Kant Readings Conference (Kaliningrad, 21-25 April 2019
... philosophy of education, including ways to counter various forms of intellectual enslavement. The possibilities of applying Kant’s ethical principles were discussed in close connection with the interpretation of the latest trends in the development of science and technology. It was noted that the intellectual and social communication environment of today has much in common with that of the Enlightenment era, which makes the philosophical strategy proposed during that era amenable to adaptation and ...
Internal migration as studied by political science
Studying the features of research by political science into internal migration requires a reassessment of theoretical ideas about the essence of this social phenomenon, which are offered by other paradigms. This way, it becomes possible to consider internal migration as a significant social determinant....
Formal Languages and Automata VI:-algebraic systems and transducers
... algebraic power series of nite and innite words constitute such abstract !-families of power series.
6. Berstel J. Transductions and Context-Free Languages.
7. Bloom St. L., Esik Z. Iteration Theories. EATCS Monographs on Theoretical Computer Science. Springer, 1993.
8. Bychi J. R. On a decision method in restricted second order arithmetic // Proc. Int. Congr. Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, 1960. Stanford University Press, 1962. P. 111.
9. Cohen R. S., Gold A. Y. Theory of ...
Kant and the Problem of Optimism: The Origin of the Debate
... first of a two-part series, this article studies the historical context in which appeared Kant’s 1759 lecture advertisement leaflet entitled An Attempt at Some Reflections on Optimism. The study describes the requirements of the 1755 Berlin Academy of Sciences’ competition for a comparison of G. W. Leibniz’s and A. Pope’s systems and an assessment of optimism. Another focus is the philological difficulties of translating Pope’s proposition “Whatever is, is right” into the French language ...
Innovative economy in the Baltic Sea region
... University-Industry-Government Innovation in Action], translated by A. Uvarov, Tomsk, TUSUR.
6. Dezhina, I. 2011, Osobennosti rossijskoj «trojnoj spirali» otnoshenij mezhdu gosudarstvom, naukoj i biznesom [Features Russian «Tripal Helix» relations between the state, a science and business], Innovations, no. 4, p. 47—55.
7. Pilyasov, A. (ed.). 2012, Sinergija prostranstva: regional'nye innovacionnye sistemy, klastery i peretoki znanija [Space synergy: regional innovative systems, clusters and knowledge overflows],...
Border functions as a factor of development of border regions and the formation of cross-border regions
The border as a spatial and socio-cultural phenomenon has been an immediate subject of study for a long time. A convincing reason supporting this statement is the existence of an independent branch of science on borders, "limology" (Latin: limes — Border). For the geographical sciences border is also a traditional subject of study, where the interest focuses on its impact on the geographical objects (border regions) and the functions possessed ...
The Development of Russian Social Geography: Challenges, Trends, Priorities
Promoting the development of social geography (one of the most important components of present-day social sciences) is especially important for contemporary Russia. In the last 25 years Russian social geography has seen dramatic disciplinary changes. On the one hand, it has widened its scope. On the other hand, it has suffered from a growing contradiction ...
Kantian motives in logic and philosophy of science. Idea of Unity of a priory and empirical knowledge
Kant insisted on the inherent unity of a priori and empirical elements of cognition. To what extent further progress of philosophy and exact sciences confirmed (or modified) original Kant ideas? I'm inclined to judge that apriorism in its modest version do not contradict to modest type of empiricism. Real practice of logical and mathematical reasoning provides pry conjunctions of a priori ...
Kantian motives in logic and philosophy of science. The idea of unity of a priory and empirical elements of cognition
Kant insisted on the inherent unity of a priori and empirical elements of cognition. To what extent further progress of philosophy and exact sciences confirmed (or modified) original Kant ideas? I'm inclined to judge that apriorism in its modest version does not contradict a modest type of empiricism. Real practice of logical and mathematical reasoning provides pry conjunctions of a priori ...
Kantian Motives in Neuroscience
Review: Valentin A. Bazhanov, Brain — Culture — Society: Kantian Programme in Cognitive Science. Moscow: Kanon+ ROOI “Reabilitatsiya”, 2019, 288 pp.
Bazhanov, V. A., 2019. Brain — Culture — Society: Kantian Programme in Cognitive Science. Moscow: Kanon+ ROOI “Reabilitatsiya”. (In Rus.)
Lorenz, K., 1982. Kant’s Doctrine of ...
Crimea in the legacy of B. D. Grekov, fellow of the Academy of Sciences
Crimea holds a very special place in the biography of B. D. Grekov (1882—1953), an outstanding Russian historian and a fellow of the Soviet Academy of Sciences. Crimea was his long-standing research interest and a place of work and leisure. Some of his years spent in Crimea were very productive, and others were hard and lean. This article presents archive materials and other publications to analyse ...