Mirrors and reflections in O. Grushin’s hovel The Dream Life of Sukhanov
This article analyse the motif-image of the mirror and its functions in the novel of the American writer O. Grushin. The author identifies the plot structuring role of the reflection as a method of creating the psychological portrait of the character and the reflection phenomena as a means of the personality’s self-identification and a marker of its disintegration.
1. Бахтин М. М. Проблемы поэтики ...
Die relative Wahrheit der Abbildtheorie in der Interpretation von H. Rickert
This article analyses, first of all, the epistemological theory of reflection (Abbildtheorie) of Heinrich Rickert, the main representative of the Baden Neo-Kantianism School. The author analyses the key arguments put forward by Rickert against the understanding of cognition as a reflection of reality. Rickert’s standpoint ...
Kant versus Vladimir Solovyov: gnosiology with reflection and without it
This article seeks to compare Immanuel Kant's and Vladimir Solovyov's gnosiologies. The comparison is based on the philosophers' attitude to reflection — a basic cognitive mechanism. If, according to Kant, the acquisition of true knowledge is impossible without reflection (including transcendental reflection), Solovyov builds his theory of knowledge on entirely different grounds, therefore,...
Transcendental reflection and the ideal of pure reason in Kant’s works
This article discusses the problem of correlation between the two fundamental concepts of Kantian philosophy — transcendental reflection and the ideal of pure reason. Based on the analysis of Kant’s three Critiques, the author demonstrates that the ideal of pure reason can be described as a goal that defines the shape of knowledge in any field of activity, whereas transcendental ...
I. Kant and J. Jungius: on the development of critical tradition in the 17th century German philosophy
This article presents a comparative analysis of the “critical programmes” of Joachim Jungius and I. Kant. J. Jungius’s “criticism” is characterised as methodological, whereas that of Kant as reflective. Kant’s “transcendental criticism” is based on transcendental reflection, whereas J. Jungius’s “methodological criticism” requires that critique is grounded in immediate rather than reflective knowledge. Kant is a subjectivist, ...
Estimation of Target Elevation Angles in Meter Radars
The problem of estimating the angles of the target location in the radar meter wave range, associated with the interference of direct and reflected from the earth's surface waves. In the area of small site angles, the directional patterns for the forward and reflected waves merge together and significantly distort the estimates of the target site angles. The possibility of solving the ...
Kant, neokantians, and phenomenologists of reflection and reduction
The article is devoted to comparison of Kant methodology and the phenomenology, which provide insight into the area of pure consciousness. Divergences in levels of its understanding are marked, disagreements concerning values of reflection and reduction between Kant and Neo-Kantian philosophers and representatives of phenomenology come to light. The analysis of basic concept of phenomenology, «intentionality», is carried out by means of Kant aprioristic forms.
1. Гуссерль ...
Light and shades of the Enlightenment. Reflections on “Utopias of the Age of Enlightenment” a book by A. V. Chudinov. M. : Integration: Education and Science, 2017. 96 p.
The article focuses on the book "Utopias of the Age of Enlightenment" by A. V. Chudinov. Analyzing this work, the author reflects on the contradictions and paradoxes of the Enlightenment: the utopian ideals of the Enlightenment, aimed at achieving universal happiness and prosperity, in practice were often associated with terror and violence.
1. Таньшина Н. П....
German youth slang as a reflection of modern reality
In this article, I consider how the environment affects the functioning of youth slang. I aim to explore how elements of today’s world are reflected in the vocabulary of young people. The objects of my study are units of today’s German youth slang, particularly, those identified as the most popular by surveys of the German publishing company Langenscheidt. I consider the main periods in ...
On the connection between the phenomena of corporeity and welfare in the adolescent self-awareness
... awareness of one's bodily experience and psychological well-being. The author puts forward a hypothesis that these phenomena might be connected. An empirical study helps identify three groups of test persons: those with vital, conformal, and personal reflection types of bodily capacities. The article emphasizes the positive relation between the level of bodily capacity awareness and the level of general psychological well-being.
1. Ложкин Г. В., Рождественский А. Ю. Феномен ...
Freedom and Arbitrariness. The Relevance of Kant’s Ethics and the Modern World. Report of the 16th Saratov Philosophical Workshop (Saratov, 14 May 2019)
... of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (Moscow). The discussion of Kant’s treatment of the problem of freedom was prompted by the historical and philosophical context of the perception of his ideas by German and Russian Neo-Kantians as reflected in the presentations and interventions during the course of the discussion.
Kantian ethics, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Hermann Cohen, Ernst Cassirer, Vasily Seseman, Alexander Veideman, Sartre’s humanism, critical reflection, categorical ...
M. Karamzin: the experience of interdisciplinary reflection (on the conference at the I. Kant Baltic Federal University)
Tsvigun T. N.
On pure beauty and cultural values. Reflecting on L. Kalinnikov’s book A. Fet’s philosophical worldview: Influences of I. Kant and A. Schopenhauer
21st Century Youth (Students’ Reflections)
“To think of an object and to know an object is… not the same”, or E. T. A. Hoffmann and “Transcendental analytic”
In the article the question is raised about the Kantianism of E. T. A. Hoffmann on the example of the story from “The night stories”, which shows that the transcendental reflection as an important gnoseological form makes the practical sense in the human life.
1. Берковский Н. Я. Э. Т. А. Гофман // Берковский Н. Я. Романтизм в Германии. СПб., 2001.
2. Гёррес ...
“To think of an object and to know an object is… not the same”, or E. T. A. Hoffmann and “Transcendental analytic”
The article raises the question about the Kantianism of E. T. A. Hoffmann displayed in the story from “The night stories”, which shows that the transcendental reflection as an important gnoseological procedure has important practical sense in the human life.
1. Berkovskij N. Ja. Je. T. A. Gofman // Berkovskij N. Ja. Romantizm v Germanii. SPb., 2001.
2. Gjorres J. Aforizmy ob iskusstve… // Jestetika nemeckih ...
Development of quasi-symbols based on connotations of verbal units meanings
... manner, a quasi-symbol is a type of symbol that has a verbal nature. The study has objectified connotations based on the semantics of secondary nomination signs and has shown that connotations, regardless of their nature, are culturally marked. They reflect the picture of the world developed in a certain linguistic culture. Culture chooses a language unit to express its meanings, giving it new cultural functions. The unit is chosen due to the connotations included in the composition of its sememes....
Ontological taxonomy as a means to inventory the elements of the semantic metalanguage of cognitive analysis (based on E. V. Rakhilina’s monograph Cognitive Analysis of Object Names (Semantics and Collocations))
... Object Names (Semantics and Collocations) (Rakhilina 2010). I focus on the units of the semantic metalanguage, i. e. words and phrases denoting phenomena of reality. Such words and phrases comprise the lexicon of the metalanguage used in the semantic reflection of the author of semantic descriptions. The inventory of the semantic elements follows the alphabetical clustering principle. The ‘ontological taxonomy’ covers clusters, at the apex of which are the denominations of fragments of the world ...
The idea of destiny and its intertextual projections in ‘fairstory’ in “The Djinn in the Nightingale's Eye” by A. Byatt
The originality of the author's aesthetic conception lies in A. S. Byatt’s reflections on the origins of creative energy and their connection with the processes taking place on the border of the real merging with the imaginary, Otherworldly. The author shows the role and organization of these poetical paradigms in the text, ...
Investigation of changes in the paramets of thin films structures during ion implantation
In this paper were investigated the change of parameters of structures of thin film during ion implantation. Thickness of thin films before and after ion implantation were investigated by X-ray reflectivity. Also, crystal structure, average crystallite size and lattice constant were investigated by X-ray diffraction. The possibility of using ion implantation technique as method of changing grains size in structures was demonstrated.
1. Тетельбаум ...
Opposition of modalities in petition formulas as a reflection of the business correspondence culture in the Russian languagee of late XVII — early XVIII cc.
... the formulas that make up phraseological units. Employing a functional-semantic analysis of the modalities of possibility/impossibility in the texts of petitions, the authors identify the role of these modalities in the structure of business documents reflecting the culture of communication and social relations during the studied period in the history of Russian society.
1. Волков С. С. Лексика русских челобитных XVII века. Формуляр, традиционные ...
Male Cinderella: the character, genre, and poetics of Jerzy Kosiński's novel Being There
... typological comparison with the prece-dent images of world literature; the plot and composition structure is de-scribed; the genre is identified. Using the analysis of the novel’s key episodes, the article stresses the meaning-creating function of the reflection technique. The receptive field of the novel is identified.
1. Косинский Е. Садовник / пер. с англ. И. Кормильцева // Иностранная литература. 1997. № 10. С. 73—115.
2. Кормильцев ...
Evaluation of a work of art in journalistic texts: E. Vodolazkin’s novel Lavr
... channels of mass communication: published in the quality newspaper Vedomosti, and the TV channel Russia-Kultura. The author concludes that media texts of the analyzed type demonstrate a gradual, stage-by-stage unfolding of artistic evaluation, which is reflected in the language forms of journalistic works. This structure of evaluation reflects a change in the object of evaluation.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Типы языковых значений: Оценка. Событие. Факт. М....
Principles of geological interpretation of the scattered waves field
... cavernous reservoirs. These reservoirs are very perspective object for oil deposits exploration. The researchers are based on original prestack migration method — Common Scattering Point, which makes it possible to get two independent time cubes: reflected waves cube and scattered waves cube. The last are generated in fractured zones.
1. Кремлев А. Н., Ерохин Г. Н., Зверев М. А. и др. Волновое ОГТ — новый метод исследования геологических ...
Anagrams in the discourse of baroque ‘tacit theology’: The case of the Königsberg poetic circle of the 17th century
The problem of anagrams is linked to the paradigm secret of baroque poetry. It is shown that the essence of this poetry is a special type of poetic mimesis reflecting the existential and ontological fracture of being, which manifests itself in the lyrical persona of the poetic subject. Anagrams of the names of 17th century Königsberg poets – Simon Dach, Robert Roberthin, and Andreas Adersbach – comprise ...
‘Term memory’ and its varieties in the history of the genre nomination of English novel
The history of interaction between romance and novel reflects the richness and originality of English prose and contemporary theoretical reflections about the novel as a free-form and the semantics of its terminological definitions. This was enshrined in the dual terminological definition of novel in English ...
The hagiographic genre of the life of Alexander (Plutarch’s Comparative biographies)
... Alexander the Great, the images of the protagonist and the narrator, the unreality and the deification of the protagonist. There is a certain typological convergence between bios as a genre and Plutarch’s ancient biographies. This convergence is reflected in the structure of Alexander’s biography, which is built according to a certain model, a plot-scheme pattern, and includes Alexander’s birth, childhood, upbringing, adolescence, maturity, his victories, lifetime deification and death....
Images of Paradise in the Russian Poetry of the End of the 20th Century
... The author analyzes the images of the Forbidden fruit and the Tree of knowledge, and reinterprets the expulsion from Paradise into exile in Paradise. It is emphasized that the poetry of the period under consideration is characterized by philosophical reflections on Paradise as a Purgatory; it shows the traumatism of paradise freedom, which is determined by the experience of this poetic generation of moving from the literary underground to the centre of the literary process and by changing the reality ...
Modern tendencies in media communication
The authors analyse the process of word formation in Russian media as a reflection of the global trends in modern communication. A structural and semantic analysis of word formation is done to identify the most productive models. The authors employ pragmatic analysis to determine the role of neologisms in media texts. The ...
Pushkin texts in the description of characters by Dostoevsky and Nabokov
... Materialy i issledovaniya [Dostoevsky. Materials and research]. Vol. 19. St. Petersburg. pp. 259—281 (in Russ.).
Bakhtin, M. M., 1979. Problemy poetiki Dostoevskogo [Problems of Dostoevsky's poetics]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Berkov, P. N., 1958. About one reflection of the «Stone guest» of Pushkin by Dostoevsky. In: P. N. Berkov, ed. Pushkin. Issledovaniya i materialy [Pushkin. Research and materials]. Moscow, Leningrad. pp. 394—398 (in Russ.).
Blagoi, D. D., 1972. Dostoevsky and Pushkin. In: K. ...
Translation of sociolect texts
A moment's reflection suffices to convince one that no language is homogeneous, being represented by a set of language variants or language existential forms, reflecting the heterogeneous character of the national culture. Notwithstanding variable nature of language,...
Teachings of Prince Vladimir in the contemporary discourse of the “Mystery of Iniquity”
The author shows special significance of a change of heart and mind of Prince Vladimir, the "miracle of miracles" (Metropolitan Hilarion), which despite all the internal and external hardships of Russia, still reflects its main essence — faithfulness to the Law of Christ.
1. Карташёв А. В. История Русской Церкви. М., 2006. Т. 1.
2. Митрополит Иларион. Слово о законе и благодати // Повести ...
The Development of Russian Social Geography: Challenges, Trends, Priorities
... 3, p. 17—27.
10. Trofimov, А. М. 1999, Osobennosti formirovanija sovremennyh nauchnyh shkol v rossijskoj geografii (kriticheskoe osmyslenie krizisa v geografii) [Features of formation of modern Russian scientific schools in geography (critical reflection of the crisis in geography)], Nauchnyj potencial otechestvennoj geografii [The scientific potential of the national geography], Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, Maikop, p. 89—90.
11. Shuper, V. А. 2001, Geograficheskaja ...
“The Turn towards Ontology” in Russian Neo-Kantianism in the Late 1910s and Early 1920s (Lev Salagov and Nikolai Boldyrev)
... (consciousness, being, committing to consciousness) and to assert that the main task of genuine epistemology is exclusively the study of the cognitive relationship, committing to consciousness. They enable Boldyrev, proceeding from the separation of reflection and sensibility, to build a doctrine on the self-unfolding of being. Similar tendencies — a turn towards ontology — were observed in the same period in West European philosophy, including German Neo-Kantianism. However, the concepts of ...
Kant’s Asynchronicity Concerning Newtonian Space and Gravity in his Pre-Critical Writings
... different stages his philosophy of nature went through. Further, it helps to understand the influence of Euler on Kant’s development in natural philosophy and his critical philosophy in general, as Kant under the influence of Euler formed deeper-going reflections on Newton’s theory of space and these mark turning points of his development.
Biener, Z. and Schliesser, E., 2014. Introduction. In: Z. Biener and E. Schliesser, eds. 2014. Newton and Empiricism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp....
Discursive practices of the Russian diaspora in Estonia: language contacts
... — Russia —the West relations; significant locations, space in the past and today (the empire, the Republic of Estonia, the Soviet Union); information space; time: historical periods, dates, holidays; time in information space, etc.), linguistic reflections (metalinguistic units denoting co-existence, knowledge, language acquisition, etc.), evaluations (objects of evaluation, types of evaluation) and self-identification (ethnic, denominational, cultural, socio-economic). The above is not only ...
Baroque music: the aesthetic and social ideals
This article analyses the evolution of aesthetic ideals of baroque as the reflection of changes that took place in social consciousness. The author formulates the content standards of aesthetic ideal of baroque music and focuses on the history of spread of baroque music in East Prussia in the 17th century.
The concept of the European Union’s normative power
... convergence], Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta, Ser. 6, no. 1, p. 52–66.
4. Yudin, N. V. 2013, Zhestkij vzgljad na «mjagkuju silu»: kriticheskij analiz monografii Dzh. Naja «Budushhee vlasti» [Hard look at ‘soft power’: critical reflections on ‘The Future Power’ by Joseph S. Nye], Moscow State University Bulletin. Series 25. International Relations and World Politics, no. 4, p. 134–163.
5. Yudin, N. V. 2015, Sistemnoe prochtenie fenomena mjagkoj sily [A systemic approach ...
Family of words as the unity of the formal and the semantic: semantic exercises
The article discusses a system of semantic exercises for training schoolchildren to use families of words regarded as a unity of the formal and the semantic. The offered technique of defining the formal and semantic aspects of word families is reflected in four structural types of their organization, which depend on the initial word and its derivatives.
Лингвометодическая интерпретация учебного текста //
Moral theology and the cosmological argument. Comments and delibera¬tions on a little-known Reflection of Kant
... written before the last third of the 1780s. Finally, it will be shown that the term ‘moraltheologie’, and the positive connection between moral philosophy and theologycontained in it, is a relatively late innovation in the Kantian corpus. A central reflection bearing on this point, R 4582 (AA, XVII, S. 601), will also be used to clarify several features of Erich Adickes’s methodology in preparing the Nachlaß volumes of the Kant-Ausgabe published by the former Prussian Academy of Sciences.
Kant and the Crusians in the Debate on Optimism
... the Crusians A. F. Reinhard and D. Weymann against the actual world as the best of all possible worlds and in favour of the actual world as one of the good worlds, Kant’s counterarguments put forward in the mid-1750s drafts and in An Attempt at Some Reflections on Optimism (1759), and further polemical attacks on this topic against Kant by D. Weymann in his works of 1759—1760. I trace the evolution of Kant’s views on optimism from the mid- to the late-1750s, when this concept — once characteristic ...
Was heißt Fortschritt im Wissen? Gnoseotopische Überlegungen zur Aufklärung und ihren Folgen
... when irreducible yet systematically repressed elements of human ignorance were integrated into the epistemology of 18th-century rationalism. This article discusses the development in the shift from ignorance as a given to ignorance as a systematically reflected part of the conditions of human knowledge from a historical point of view through the examples of Christian Wolff, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, and Johann Georg Sulzer. The argument does not focus on the ‘completion’ of the rationalist ...
The solution of a problem of detection of a signal at vertical sounding of an ionosphere
In the real work the solution of a problem of determination of parameters of the radio impulse reflected from an ionosphere is considered. The noise component, and also the multibeam structure of a signal arising at formation two magnetoionic component is thus considered. Expression for definition of probability of reception of a radio impulse ...
The “rustle of language”: the poetics of decoded audio elements in the lyrical poetry of M. Tsvetaeva and J. Brodsky
This article considers the problems of language and word reflection in the works of the two poets and examines the mechanisms of written works. The authors attempt to interpret the complex of M. Tsvetaeva and J. Brodsky’s themes and motifs in the context of Barthes’s “rustle of language” concept.
Transzendentalphilosophie als kritische Bestimmung des Standpunkts. Eine wissenschaftstheoretische Annäherung
... within the framework of the “Transcendental Logic” of the Critique of Pure Reason to denote conditions that are constitutive for the possibility of an object in general and for describing necessary regulative conditions of experience. With these reflections, Kant places his transcendental philosophy in a long tradition of philosophical thought in which the celestial bodies are the preferred subject.
Allison, H. E., 2004. Kant’s Transcendental Idealism. An Interpretation and Defence, Revised ...
Christian foundations of F. I. Tyutchev’s oeuvre
... conflict between two major metaphysical principles of anthropocentric free will and veneration of god – these and similar issue comprise the world-view foundation of the physiophilosophical and love poems and philosophical historical and political reflections of the poet.
1. Аксаков И. С. Биография Фёдора Ивановича Тютчева. М., 1886.
2. Литературное наследство. М., 1989. Т. 97 (книга первая).
3. Тютчев Ф. И....
The ideology of the New Left as reflected in the Italian cinematography of the 1960—70s
This article is aimed to investigate the visualisation of ideological mechanisms in the context of Italian cinematography of the 1960-70s.
. Кино на ощупь: сборник статей 1990—1997 гг. СПб, 2005.
Разлогов К., Мельвиль А.
Контркультура и «новый» консерватизм. М., 1981.
энциклопедия. Кино Европы / [сост. М. Черненко]. М., 2002.
Жан-Луи Трентиньян. М., 1987.
Анти-Эдип. Капитализм и шизофрения....
Poetry sets the pace of life
This article is the author’s lyrical reflection on the literary life in modern Lithuania. One of its particular aspects is poetical festivals of different levels. In this context, the author considered the 50th festival “The spring of poetry” dedicated to the 300th anniversary of the ...
Ionospheric station of vertical sounding of an ionosphere «Vector»
... sounding of an ionosphere the difficult signal in the form of the М sequence, containing 16 positions is used. Ways of further modernization of station are shown. Them treat expansion of opportunities of determination of parameters of signals at twofold reflection from an ionosphere.
1. Авдюшин С. И. Радиозондирование ионосферы спутниковыми и наземными ионозондами. М., 2008.
2. Гинзбург В. Л. Теория распространения ...
The methodological framework of S. L. Frank’s philosophy of culture
This article is dedicated to the analysis of the methodological framework of S. L. Frank’s philosophical reflection of culture. The basic principle of the philosopher’s methodology is the idea of “antinomic monodualism”, which interprets the ontological content of culture as a dual unity of the real and divine senses.