Corpus-based studies in conference interpreting
Corpus-based interpreting studies (CIS) are a relatively recent “[…] Off-shoot of Corpus-based Translation Studies” to quote the seminal paper (1998) by the late Miriam Shlesinger, a constant source of inspiration for the T&I community. This line of research ...
Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology and a cognitive-semantic interpretation of Kant’s transcendentalism
This article analyses one of the recent realist interpretations of Kant — the one proposed by S. L. Katrechko. This interpretation is compared with the modern realistic understanding of Husserl’s phenomenology. Defined as cognitive-semantic, the interpretation is developed in several of S. L. Katrechko’s ...
Problems of interpreting legal norms in the court of justice
This article discusses the interpretation of legal norms by courts, which consist primarily in understanding the law. The interpretation of the law is often conducted alongside the interpretation of the statute, which requires serious professional and academic training, especially,...
Linguistics and dream interpretation in C. G. Jung’s works: The discovery of the method
This article examines the mechanisms of dream interpretation used by C. G. Jung. It is shown that they differ in depth. The surface level of linguistic consciousness is the focus of paronomasic connections between words in dream descriptions. Deeper levels are targeted by semantic mechanisms: associative,...
Are there Everett worlds?
... on each other with a force that, in principle, can be measured «with a dynamometer». Hence the conclusion that these worlds really exist. It is shown that, contrary to popular belief, the many-world (Everett) and «casual» (de Broglie — Bohm) interpretations coincide. A limited path integral was used to describe coordinate measurement in terms of multiworld interpretation.
1. Everett H. «Relative State» Formulation of Quantum Mechanics // Rev. Mod. Phys. 1957. Vol. 29, iss. 3. P....
‘Conservative symbolism’ in Erich Fromm’s theory of dreams
This article analyses attitudes relevant to dream interpretation according to Fromm. The central element is understanding the image of a dream as a symbol common to both the realm of dreams and culture in general. The key mechanism of symbol formation is cultural- associative, which is a function of ...
The dramaturgy of F.M. Dostoyevsky’s novel Crime and Punishment as interpreted by Józef Tischner
This article considers the features of literary and interpretative analysis of the dramaturgy of Fyodor Dostoevsky’s novel Crime and punishment by the Polish philosopher Józef Tischner.
Собр. соч.: в 15 т. Л., 1989. Т
Kant’s transcendentalism as a transcendental paradigm of philo¬so¬phiz¬ing
... the author introduces suchnew methodological concepts as “transcendental shift” and “transcendental perspective” (see CPR, B25) and “transcendental constructivism” or “pragmatism” (see “acts of pure thinking" (CPR, B81)). This interpretation of transcendentalism is based on the cognitive-semantic reading of the Critique in the light of Kant’s question formulated in a letter to M. Herz (of February 21, 1772): “What is the ground of the relation of that in us which we call ...
Aspects of the ‘transcendental’ according to Kant and Husserl: Logos, matheme, metaphor
This paper deals with the methodological and ontological significance of transcendentalism. The author advocates the understanding of transcendental philosophy as ontology and presents a critique of the interpretation given by David Carr, who attached a merely methodological significance to the concept of the ‘transcendental’. Within this interpretation, this paper considers the problem of differences between the ontological aspects of Immanuel Kant’s ...
The dream dictionary of G. H. Miller: The structural originality and cognitive models of interpretation
... The author examines its cultural characteristics, embeddedness in the context of dreams, the polysemy of the key image, and the possibility of homonymy. Gender dependence and subject-object differentiation are identified as important features of dream interpretations in the dictionary. The author describes three mechanisms of semantic transformation behind the dream interpretation: metaphoric conversion, metonymic shift, and pragmatic extension.
1. Берестнев Г. И. Слово, язык и ...
The concepts of citizenship and estate in Russian history — continuity and / or intermittence
The author studied the development of the concept “people” in contemporary history taking into account its possible interpretation as a bearer of sovereignty. This concept goes back to the time of early bourgeois revolutions. The author holds that there are certain parallels between the ideology of citizenship, the development of the concept “people / nation” and ...
Specific ways to interpret the biblical expressions paradise and hell in the headings of aphoristic definitions
This paper describes ways to interpret the lexemes paradise and hell in definition-like aphorisms resembling a dictionary entry. These definitions use both traditional universal ways to interprets words and specific ones, in particular, association, antonymy-based distinction, ...
Dream interpretation in the Assyrian Dream Book: The invention of tradition
This article identifies the cognitive tactics behind the interpretation of dreams in the ancient Assyrian text known as the Dream Book. Its basic characteristics include belief in the prophetic power of dreams, ritual orientation to men, regard for image polysemy and the use of symbols, employment of such mechanisms ...
“Kant’s theory of politics” in “existential liberalism” of Gerhardt
This article focuses on the interpretation of Immanuel Kant’s political views in V. Gerhardt’s “existential liberalism”. The author considers the basic elements of the “theory of politics” presented in this interpretation, emphasises the components of interpretation ...
The problem of poets’ “testimony” (Z/K or vivisection. The book of proceedings by M. Zolotonosov and M. Kononov)
... Zolotonosov and the poet Nikolai Kononov Z/K or Vivisection. The book proceedings. The author analyses the issues of possibility/ impossibility of a constructive dialogue between a critic and a poet, the cognoscibility/incognoscibility of poetry, the interpretation and understanding of poetic texts, etc.
1. Золотоносов М., Кононов Н. З/К, или Вивисекция. Книга протоколов. СПб., 2002.
poem, poetic texts, poetics, author, reader, understanding,...
Kant's argumentation in the scholia to theorem VI in “Nova dilucidatio”: T. Pinder and J. Schmucker’s interpretations
This article considers Kant’s objection to the ontological argument in his early work “A New Elucidation of the First Principles of Metaphysical Cognition”. The alternative interpretations of Kant’s argumentation offered by T. Pinder and J. Schmucker are discussed. The author comes to the conclusion that none of these interpretations has advantages over the traditional one.
1. Ермолаев В. К.. Аргументация ...
Communicative semantics theories by A. F. Losev and Z. A. Vardzelashvili
The article deals with a comparative analysis of the foundations of the theory of invariant communicative interpretive semantics by the Russian scholar A. F. Losev and the semantic concept developed by Z. A. Vardzelashvili, professor of Tbilisi State University of Economics.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Символика уединения и единения ...
Kant's argumentation in the scholia to theorem VI in “Nova Dilucidatio”: The traditional interpretation and related problems
... Elucidation of the First Principles of Metaphysical Cognition (Nova dilucidatio). The author explains the importance of the pre-critical argument analysis for the understanding of argumentation presented in the Critique of Pure Reason. The traditional interpretation of the arguments in Nova dilucidatio and related problems are discussed in detail.
1. Гегель Г. В. Ф. Лекции о доказательстве бытия Бога // Гегель Г. В. Ф. Философия религии....
The justification of legal punishment in Kant’s philosophy
The subject matter of the article is the problem of justification of punishment within Kant’s practical philosophy. Modern interpretations tend to reduce this problem to the issue of “retributivism”: To what extent is Kant’s theory of punishment to be regarded as retributivist? While acknowledging the significance of this question the author stresses a more fundamental ...
On interpreting the legal category “form of government” (the case of Russia and Kazakhstan)
The article justifies the need to clarify the true content of such a fundamental legal category as the “form of government”, since, so far, neither scientifically nor at the practical level, there hasn’t been given any unambiguous interpretation. The authors point to one of the typical conceptual errors in elucidating the content of this category, admitted by some legal theorists: the essence of the “form of government of the presidential republic” concept is interpreted with ...
George Balanchine, a teacher (1904—1983)
... Russian-US dancer and choreographer who was invited to the USA in 1933 by Lincoln Kirstein's. Balanchine founded the School of American Ballet following the Russian ballet tradition. The author focuses his attention on several movements of classical dance as interpreted by Balanchine.
1. Суриц Е. Балет и танец в Америке. Очерки истории. Екатеринбург, 2004.
2. Martins P. Far from Denmark. Boston; Toronto, 1982.
3. Schorer S. Balanchine Technique. Florida,...
A competency-based interpretation of professional education results: History and objectives
This article presents a brief analysis of the causes of transition to compe-tency interpretation of vocational education outcomes in Russia and abroad. The authors consider the interpretation of the basic categories of ‘competence’ and ‘competency’ in the education systems of the USA, the UK, Germany, France, and Russia, as ...
Interpretation of musical pedagogic processes as artistic and creative activity of a teacher-musician
The article analyses different approaches to research on the specificity and principles of the interpretation of professional (musical) and pedagogical activity of a teacher-musician and offers an original research approach applied to the problem of preparation a teacher-musician to artistic and creative activity.
On combining translator training with foreign language teaching
... Moscow. Flinta. Nauka (in Russ.).
Carreres, Á., 2006. Strange Bedfellows: Translation and Language Teaching. The Teaching of Translation into L2 in Modern Languages Degrees: Uses and Limitations. In: Sixth Symposium on Translation, Terminology and Interpretation in Cuba and Canada, Canadian Translators, Terminologists and Interpreters Council. Available at:
. org/ACTI/2006/papers/Carreres.pdf [accessed 10 September 2018].
Carreres, Á., 2014. Translation as a means and as an end: ...
Neo-Kantian and phenomenological axiology in N. N. Alekseev’s philosophy of law
This paper analyzes receptions of phenomenological and neo-Kantian axiology trends in the interpretation of the concept and status of value in N. N. Alekseev’s philosophy of law. The author identifies the role of Neo-Kantian nomothetic—idiographic division of sciences proposed by the Southwest German school of Neo-Kantianism in interpreting ...
Dilemmas of logical hylomorphism
Logical hylomorphism considers logic as a theory of formal relations. However, it is difficult to give a precise definition of these relations due to a multitude of interpretations of formality in logic. This paper acknowledges the dichotomy of the substantial and dynamic models of formality. Firstly, the author suggests revising certain interpretations of Aristotelian syllogistics and attempts to answer the question ...
The ionosphere effects from Poincare waves in the atmosphere
The article focuses on the possibilities of physical interpretation of global ionosphere agitations in the period of elevated geomagnetic activity.
The authors offer a physical interpretation of this phenomenon based on the assumption about the agitation of planetary Poincare waves in atmosphere. The analysis ...
The Text and Discourse in the Light of Communicative Meaning Formation
This article analyses differences between the static and dynamic interpretations of the text and discourse. The concept of a communicative action (a semiotic act) is considered as the main distinguishing factor that is crucial for the communicative model of text but is ignored within the language model. The communicative ...
H. Rickert’s notion of value and its interpretation is S. I. Hessen’s philosophy
... природе и науки о культуре. М., 1998. С. 15—42.
5. Риккерт Г. О системе ценностей // Риккерт Г. Науки о природе и науки о культуре. М., 1998. С. 363—391.
interpretation, neo-Kantianism, axiology, value, history
Zagirniak M. J.
Is Spinoza’s Ethics Heteronomous in the Kantian Sense of the Term?
The prevailing interpretations of Spinoza’s ethical theory view it as an example of heteronomy in the Kantian sense of the term. I make a case for the claim that is not in harmony with such interpretations. In the course of the argument I discuss Kant’s concepts ...
Consequences and Design in General and Transcendental Logic
... Richard Lavenham), the validity of a formal consequence stems from the formal understanding of the consequent in the consequence’s antecedent. I put forward the hypothesis that in his logical taxonomy, Kant attempted to reconcile the substitutional interpretation of formal consequences and a formal analysis of the transcendental relations of objects of experience. However, if we interpret the limitations imposed by transcendental logic on the power of judgement in the spirit of the scholastic ...
I. Kant in the development of N. O. Lossky’s philosophical views: The case of a translation
... transcendental philosophy that drew special attention of Lossky. These include the fundamental logical issues of the essence of logical connection, the nature of judgement and inference, and that of the synthetic and analytic. The article addresses the interpretation of the concept of ‘intuition’ by Lossky and the influence of this interpretation on the translation of Kant’s Anschauung.The author identifies a number of reasons that inspired the intuitivist to translate the CPR. Fol¬lowing Kant’s ...
World War II and the Great Patriotic War in History Books of the CIS and EU Countries: Questions, Approaches, Interpretations. (Moskow, 8–9 of April, 2010)
Kant’s philosophical system and the principles of its interpretation
... system has had a strange history: from the moment of its inception, it exhibited critical contradictions; however, later, it was demonstrated that the contradictions existed not in the system of the Königsberg philosopher, but rather in the mind of the interpreter, and the system proved to be even more solid than before. This process has taken more than two centuries and seems to be endless. It is akin to a rock that waves break against and then recede falling into myriads of splashes. This article ...
From the fall of man to the image of the Antichrist : Biblical allusions in W. Gombrowicz’s novel Pornografia
This article analyses W. Gombrowicz’s novel Pornografia as a parodic interpretation of Nietzsche’s overman philosophy. The myth of the fall of man from the Book of Genesis and the biblical and eschatological myth of Antichrist are considered as the interpretive key to the novel.
1. Гомбрович В. Космос....
Analytical Kant studies, transcendental idealism, and the thing in itself
In modern theoretical analytical philosophy, the interest in Kant is primarily due to discussions on the nature of sensory perceptions, on the epistemological status of experience, and on the so-called ‘constructivism’. The conflict of interpretations goes so far that some consider Kant to be a conceptualist, while others consider him an anti-conceptualist. For some, he is an internalist and, for others, an externalist. For some, he is a constructivist and, for others is a realist. ...
The role of logic and the study of rationality within N. O. Lossky’s ideal-realistic concept
This article focuses on the specific features of N. O. Lossky’s interpretation of certain logical themes. The author shows that it is determined by the ideal-realistic position of the thinker. “Intuitionistic” logic is presented as a philosophical interpretation of traditional logic in the framework of ideal-realistic ...
The problem of meaning in Social Semiotics: deep semiotics as a conceptual extension of Social Semiotics
... and symbols on social conventions. Language is the most important system of symbolisation. Indeed, language serves as a guide to the systems of rules, values, and socio-cultural practices. In this paper, I present a model of deep semiotics, which is interpreted as a semantic structure of social experience objectified into a sign. This structure includes the material form, the referential meaning, and the personal meaning (attitudes and experiences) of the sign. This model describes the levels and ...
About Coinciding and Interpretation of Connections Induced on an Family of Centered Planes
... centered planes in projective space is investigated. It is shown that composite clothing of this family induces 6 bunches of group connections. In each of this bunches one connection is allocated. Their conditions of coinciding are found. Geometric interpretation each of them is done.
Бондаренко Е. В
. Связности на многообразии центрированных плоскостей в проективном пространстве // Диф. геом. многообр....
Analytic Work on Kant — Idealism, Things in Themselves, and the Object of Knowledge
The article sketches the development of Kant interpretation in analytic philosophy. The author turns to Kant’s transcendental idealism and three well-known difficulties about things in themselves which Kant’s idealism generates: problems about unknowability, noumenal-affection and category-application,...
Use of results of interpretation of scattered waves on the CSP method at the assessment of resources of the field of hydrocarbons with fracture collectors
Results of an assessment of resources of a field with fracture and cavernous type of a collector are given. The technique of complex interpretation of seismic data on the CSP method is described, allowing to receive such important parameters, as the area of distribution of a fracture collector and its thickness. Importance of exact definition of a form and the size of deposits in carbonates ...
Inadvisable Concession: Kant’s Critique of the Political Philosophy of Christian Garve
... that Garve in his treatise on the connection between morality and politics presents arguments in defence of unjust principles. Recognition of these principles is, according to Kant, an inadvisable concession to those who are inclined to abuse it. I interpret this judgement by making a detailed comparison of the texts of the two treatises. I demonstrate that Garve’s work is an eclectic attempt to combine in one concept the lessons of historical experience with the ideas drawn from British empiricism ...
Darwinism as the Missing Link in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
... accommodate all the autonomous components of critical philosophy. Thus spirit and freedom find a new place separate from the sphere of physical nature; the category of adaptation explains how different ontologies can coexist; while the problem of two interpretations of transcendental idealism (two-world vs. two-aspect interpretation) finds a solution through their reconciliation.
Allison, H. E., 2004. Kant’s Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Defence. New Haven; London: Yale University ...
V.Ye. Cheshikhin as a populariser of the Tristan and Iseult motif in Russian culture
This article examines the work of V.Ye. Cheshikhin as a translator, populariser, and interpreter of the legend of Tristan and Iseult — the basis of libretto to R. Wagner’s opera. The author identifies the basic assumptions of V.Ye. Cheshikhin’s critical concept: Wagner as an “interpreter of the old legend”, the connection between ...
The Instruciton of Vladimir Monomakh as a confession and self-report: On the problem of interpretation
... "deed" and "confession and selfreport" (M. Bakhtin) and is related to the fact that the way a text is created is determined by non-literary considerations; the internal plot unfolds as a confession. The creation of the Instruction is interpreted as a deed, which determines the way to salvation for a lay prince.
Владимира Мономаха // Памятники литературы Древней Руси: Начало русской литературы: ...
Kant’s appearance as an objective-objectual [gegenständlich] representation
... (objective-objectual ‘gegenstänslich’) representation. It would be unwise to identify appearance with thing-in-itself, which was characteristic of pre- Kantian philosophy (naïve realism), or appearance with representation, which was the case in phenomenalist interpretations of transcendentalism à la Berkley (interpretation of two objects). Kant’s appearance, as emphasised in BXXVII of his Critique, is an appearance of an object (thing-initself), which — although implicitly — suggests a semantic relationship ...
Disinformation (fake news, propaganda) as a threat to resilience: approaches used in the EU and its member state Lithuania
... resilience. The second approach, taken by the European External Action Service, is to expose fake news and the media spreading it. In combining adaptive and paternalistic paradigms of action in the information space, this approach employs a more static interpretation of resilience. Lithuania has adopted a third approach, which is dominated by the paternalistic paradigm and homeostatic resilience. This approach consists of the state isolating citizens from certain information. Thus, the popular use of ...
Freud’s cognitive and linguistic insights in the theory of dream interpretation
... associative networks for Freud’s theory. Moreover, polysemy, initial context conditions, and the transfer of content from one coding into another — from the iconic image system into the symbolic conceptual one — also play an important role in dream interpretation. It is concluded that Freud anticipated key theoretical principles of modern cognitive linguistics.
1. Аверинцев С. С. Вода // Мифы народов мира. М., 1991. Т. 1. С. 240.
2. Арутюнова Н. Д. ...