Influence of hematopoietic growth factors on the activation status and functional activity of human T-lymphocytes
14. Cleveland D. W., Yen T. J. Multiple determinants of eukaryotic mRNA stability // New Biol. 1989. Vol. 1. P. 121—126.
15. Cousins D. J., Staynov D. Z., Lee T. H. Regulation of interleukin-5 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor expression // Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1994. Vol. 150. P. 50—53.
16. Farrar W. L., Brini A. T., Harel-Bellan A. et al. Hematopoietic growth-factor signal transduction and regulation of gene expression // Immunol Ser. 1990. Vol. 49. P. 379—410.
Periphrastic expressions in the epistles of the 14th-16th centuries
Periphrastic expressions are considered as a frequent means of evaluative meaning explication. The author describes the functions of such expressions as well as their connection to the linguistic etiquette of the 14th — 16th centuries.
Representation of emotions in literary texts (based on ‘La carte et le territoire’ by M. Houellebecq)
The author explores the ways of expressing emotions in the literary text using the novel ‘La carte et le territoire’ by Michel Houellebecq as an example. The main problem of research is the identification of specific way of expressing emotions in the literary text. The author proceeds ...
Linguistic Means Expressing Argumentation in Judicial Discourse late 19th: The Prosecutor’s Speech in Dostoevsky’s The Brothers Karamazov
This article analyses linguistic means of expressing argumentation in judicial discourse as used in the prosecutor’s speech in F. M. Dostoevsky’s The Brothers Karamazov. The author identifies logical and psychological types of argumentation characteristic of the 19th-century courtroom speeches....
Lexical means to express an author’s opinion in popular science groups on the VKontakte social network
Based on the materials of ten most-visited popular science groups on the VKontakte social network, this article considers key lexical means to express an author’s opinion. A typology of such means is introduced in the context of analysis. It is concluded that the lexical means used to express an author’s opinion influence the process of deformation and mutual integration of the functional ...
The verbalisation of punctuation marks in written and oral texts: The functional aspect
This paper considers the concept of verbalization of punctuation marks, its regular and expressive forms in spoken and written language. The author identifies the functions of verbalized punctuation and other written marks in literary (M. Vishnevetskaya, V. Makanin, I. Dubcova), journalistic (radio programmes), scientific and dictionary ...
The role of notary system in establishing correspondence between the will and expression of will of citizens of the Russian Federation
This article considers the problems of analysing will and will expression of citizens when performing legally significant actions. The author stresses the importance of analysing citizens’ will in view of the changes to the provisions of the law on the limitation of legal capacity of natural persons. The article ...
‘Impersonality’ Category Expression in Russian, Polish and Bulgarian Poetry: Semantic and Grammatical Typology
The article examines the means of expressing impersonality meanings in the works of contemporary Russian, Polish and Bulgarian poets. The author determines typological characteristics defining correlations between the lexical and semantic and functional grammatical categories of linguistic ...
Kantian Philosophy and ‘Linguistic Kantianism’
The expression “linguistic Kantianism” is widely used to refer to ideas about thought and cognition being determined by language — a conception characteristic of 20th century analytic philosophy. In this article, I conduct a comparative analysis of ...
Towards a Theory of Barotropic Geostrophic Currents
... geostrophic currents in a Cartesian and the polar coordinate system. The polar system is preferable for analysing geostrophic currents, since radial symmetry is intrinsic to these currents. We obtained ratios between the general hydrodynamic properties. The expressions of geostrophic current velocity components in terms of pressure were the most important among them. The procedure of deriving the expression of vorticity in terms of pressure was carried out. We determined that isobaths coincided with streamlines ...
‘What can be described can happen too…’: describing text semantics as a model structure of transworld relationships
... possibility of using the apparatus of modal semantics to identify the relationship between sentential complexes. To those ends, I employ the concepts of model, model structure, and centred world. The latter is a system of functions that correlate language expressions, the language expressions of a text, states of affairs (possible worlds) described by language expressions, and the contexts in which a text occurs. Existence in the worlds of the text correlates with the possibility of description. Presumably,...
Means to express appeal in the public service announcement discourse in the Russian, German, and English languages
This article considers the means to express appeal in public service announcements in the Russian, German, and English languages. Attention is paid to the characteristic features of appeal as a directive speech act. The comparative aspect of research makes it possible to identify both similarities ...
The maximum likelihood method as applied to chirp signals
This article presents signal processing through linear frequency modula-tion (chirp signals) using the maximum likelihood method. The authors have obtained main expressions describing the optimal algorithm for processing these signals, as well as expressions for chirp signal dispersion (Rao-Cramér dispersion). The article presents key findings of model calculations during the reception of chirp signals.
Core explicators of the modal meaning expressing certainty/uncertainty in the poem "Dead Souls" by N. Gogol and their equivalents in translation versions
The article deals with parentheses and particles as one of the ways of expressing certainty and uncertainty in Russian and their equivalents in English. The research is based on the poem by N. Gogol "Dead Souls" and its two translation versions.
1. Беляева Е. И. Достоверность // Теория ...
Means to express implicit judgements about characters in N. V. Gogol’s poem Dead Souls and its translation into German
Irony is considered as a means to express implicit judgements in N.V. Gogol's poem Dead Souls. The author analyses lexical units comprising the ironic semantics of judgements about characters. Special attention is paid to comparing irony explicators used in the original text and the poem’s ...
Modern tendencies in media communication
... the so-called game component of communication. Some neologisms are created as a result of a deviation from the traditional derivational models. There are also polycode neologisms. Generally speaking, neologisms are used as a means of increasing the expressiveness of media texts and a means of expressing assessment.
1. Русский язык конца XX столетия (1985—1995). М., 1996.
2. Диброва Е. И., Касаткин Л. Л., Николина Н. А., Щеболева ...
The Praed model sentences: meaning and speech functions.
... author concludes that the sentences of the Praed structural scheme are used in everyday communication for transmitting both objective (dictum) and subjective (modus) information. They are used to reflect the state of a person or the environment, to express the attitude of the subject of speech to the speech situation, to characterize the degree of his confidence in the transmitted information. Most often, such sentences are used by the subject of speech to generalize and at the same time emotionally ...
Development of quasi-symbols based on connotations of verbal units meanings
... serve as the basis for the development of a quasi-symbol meaning. A quasi-symbol is an element of an intermediate, linguocultural system, generated as a result of close interaction between language and culture. While a symbol is a sign of culture that expresses some idea in an imperative manner, a quasi-symbol is a type of symbol that has a verbal nature. The study has objectified connotations based on the semantics of secondary nomination signs and has shown that connotations, regardless of their ...
Grammatical antithesis as a mean of objectifiction of emotional meaning in the discource
... Рябцева Н. К. Язык и естественный интеллект. М., 2005.
11. Хазагеров Т. Г., Ширина Л. С. Общая риторика. Ростов н/Д, 1999.
Samigulina F. G.
discourse, linguistic means of expression of emotions, emotional assessment, category of intensity, expressivity, grammatical antithesis.
Сonservative therapy of atypical endometrial hyperplasia and well-differentiated endometrial carcinoma: immunohystochemical aspects
... процессы эндометрия: этиопатогенез, клиника, диагностика, лечение // Акушерство и гинекология. 2011. № 4. С. 16—21.
11. Ahmed R. H. Ahmed, Eman M. S. Muhammad. E-cadherin and CD10 expression in atypical hyperplastic and malignant endometrial lesions // J. Egypt Nation. Can. Inst. 2014. Vol. 26, № 4. P. 211—217.
12. Carico E., Atlante M., Giarhieri E., Raffa S. E-Cadherin and Alpha-Catenin Expression in Normal, Hyperplastic ...
A. G. Baumgarten’s aesthetic-semiotic concept
In this article, we consider the semiotic concept developed by Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, a founder of modern aesthetics. We describe the principles of the semiotic theory, as expressed in Baumgarten's Metaphysica, particularly in the parts ‘Ontology’ and ‘Psychology’, in which he introduced the basic semiotic terminology. We pay special attention to the general context of Baumgarten’s Aesthetica. This context had ...
The filtration radio pulse maximum likelihood method
This article presents a solution to the problem of resolution of two radio impulses through the maximum likelihood method. The authors have obtained expressions for the optimum processing of a set of two radio impulses in the domains of their orthogonality and non-orthogonality, as well as expressions for the dispersion of radio impulse parameters (Rao-Cramér dispersion). The article presents the ...
Linguistic means of expressing strategies and tactics in the texts of charter documents of a volunteer organisation
... article presents the results of a communicative study of the charter documents of “Proryv” volunteer centre. The author describes the main communicative strategies and tactics used in the regulations on the centre establishment and job descriptions to express the communicative purpose of regulating department and employee activities. The author identifies the linguistic means of implementing said strategies and tactics in the texts of these documents.
1. Баландина Н. А. Дискурс переговоров ...
The means to express the category of performativity
This article analyses the concept of performative utterance, its primary characteristics, and properties. Audio and video sources are employed to identify secondary forms expressing performative utterances in the mother-child communication and to examine the use of such utterances in the speech. This type of utterances is considered as characteristic of the speech of a woman performing the social role of a mother.
Intonational means of expressing the "new" and the "given" categories in English, Russian and Spanish
The article explores the intonation means of expressing the "given" and the "new" in English, Russian and Spanish. It represents the results of phonetic research proving the difference in the nucleus’s role when signaling the new information in three languages.
1. Николаева ...
Repetition as a means to convey irony in a literary text (based on Gogol’s works and their translation into German)
Irony is considered as a means to express an author's implicit judgement in a literary text. The article describes the use of repetition as a syntactic and textual means to express irony in N. V. Gogol's works and their translations into German. A comparative analysis is carried out to ...
The modal microfield of necessity in official and business documents in the Russian and Polish languages
Official and business documents published in modern Russian and Polish periodicals serves as the material for analyzing the expression plane of necessity microfield. The authors identify its central and peripheral components, as well as common properties and intralinguistic features in the set of expressive means of the given microfield.
1. Ваулина С. С. Языковая ...
The development of everyday language in the German-speaking countries in the framework of the sociolinguistic concept of language evolution
... language. It is established that, under the influence oral discourse conditions, the antinomies of language development are resolved in regional spoken languages predominantly in favor of the system (usage vs system), the speaker (speaker vs listener), expressivity (regularity vs expressiveness), and the code (code vs text).
1. Едличка А. Теория языковой культуры сегодня // Новое в зарубежной лингвистике М., 1988. Вып. 20 : Теория ...
Modal particles, their function and meaning in the texts of the «St. Petersburg Vedomosti» newspaper (late 18th — mid19th centuries)
... author explores the function and role of modal particles in the texts of the St. Petersburg Vedomosti newspaper. Modal particles are describes as a means of representing the position of the author of newspaper texts, and speaking broadly, and a means of expressing subjective modality. Modal particles accentuate modal and textual meanings and bring socially significant information to the reader. The author analyses the role of modal particles in enriching news texts with modal and qualitative shades: ...
The media image of San Escobar in the space of fictional worlds: a socio-semiotic perspective
... 136—137 (in Russ.).
Bakhtin, M. M., 1986. Estetika slovesnogo tvorchestva [Aesthetics of verbal creativity]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Belovodskaya, А., 2016. On the issue of the media image analysis methodology (on the example of the corpus of Internet memes expressing the Putin media-concept). Przegląd Rusycystyczny, 4 (156), pp. 118—131 (in Russ.).
Bershidskiy, L., 2013. Moskva pokhozha na Mordor, Ukraina — na stranu hobbitov [Moscow is like Mordor, Ukraine is like a hobbit country]. Available at: ...
Philosophical Discourse and the Conceptualisation of Word Formation
... studies hyphenated complexes in Russian, French, and German philosophical discourses. The author identifies key word-formation models that use the hyphen. In philosophical discourse, the hyphen serves as a linguistic tool to convey dialectic thinking that expresses the conceptualization of the limited/the unlimited, under-certainty or emerging certainty, and motion and stillness. In philosophical texts, hyphenated complexes facilitate the tendency towards a perfect dialectic form in language — a form ...
Evaluative lexis as a component of subjective modality in the Russian handwritten newspaper Vesti-kuranty
Based on the materials of the handwritten Vesti-Kuranty newspaper, this article analyses the functional significance of evaluative lexis — adjective, adverbs, and nouns with subjective modal meanings conveying expressive emotional reactions of the author of a newspaper text to the described histori-cal events, as well as the temper and actions of its participants.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Типы языковых значений: Оценка. Событие....
Lexical explicators of the modality of necessity in the Old and New Testament (the Synodal translation into Russian)
... Testament. The aims of this study are to identify similarities and differences in the use of lexemes explicating the microfield in the biblical texts and to produce a comparative analysis of modal meanings of objective-subjective and objective necessity expressed through relevant lexemes. Another objective is to assess the influence of the meanings of necessity on the semantic orientation of the biblical texts manifested in the difference between the precepts of the Old and New Testament. I employ the ...
The analysis of modus situations in expressions containing the verb to lack
The author explores the semantics of the verb ‘to lack’ and the way the speaker categorizes situations when perceiving and asseessing them. The verb ‘to lack’ expresses implicit negation embedded in the verb meaning, which actualizes some modus situations. The objective of the article is to identify and analyse situations verbalized in the utterances with the verb ‘to lack’. These situations are the results ...
Infinitive sentences as a means of expressing modal semantics
... half of the 17th and early 18th centuries. Special attention is paid to the interaction of modal semantics with the pragmatic background of the utterance. The authors identify a variety of modal meanings, including those of necessity and obligation expressed by constructions with an independent infinitive in legislative directive documents. The authors analyze the dependence of the semantics of these constructions on the genre of the text.
1. Буралова Р. А. Оптативные высказывания ...
Linguistic and pragmatic potential of metaphors in political discourse
The linguistic and pragmatic analysis of expressive means in political texts is gaining popularityamong researchers. The study of the role of metaphor in enhancing the pragmatic effectiveness of political speech is relevant due to the fact that metaphor, being not only a way of expressing ...
Lexemes with the stem –БОГ- (GOD) in hagiographic texts of the 15th—17th centuries
The article explores lexemes stemming from Rus. бог- (god), which were used in the texts of the XV—XVII centuries. This stem expressed the concept of God and was used as a means of characterization of objects, phenomena, etc. The material of the analysis was taken from the texts of the XV—XVII centuries, which are a valuable source of information for the study of the system ...
Rhythm and Metaphor in the Art of the Icon
Using art history interpretation methods and the methods of historical cultural studies, the author demonstrates the role of rhythm and metaphor as the most expressive artistic means of icon painting. The interaction of rhythm and metaphor is an integral part of the imagery and semantics of icon painting. It is stressed that the entire theological and aesthetic image of icons, which is based on rhythm and ...
Parenthesis structures as a marker of the actualisation of irony in Nikolai Gogol’s works: the pragmatic aspect
This article considers irony as an independent textual category containing the author’s judgement and facilitating the expression of the author’s pragmatic attitudes in a literary text. The study investigates the potential and functioning of parenthesis structures as syntactic markers of irony in Nikolai Gogol's works. The assessment categories used to express the ...
The concept of WILL in the semantics of deontic modality
The article is a result of the theoretical interpretation of the conceptual component of Will in the semantics of deontic modality expressing the attitude to one's own or other people’s actions to achieve a certain state of things. Will determines the potential and voluntary nature of deontics. These semantic characteristics are to be taken into account for a systemic description ...
Some aspects of time verbalisation in the English and Russian languages
... Ch. D. A Dictionary of selected synonyms in the principal Indo-European languages. Chicago, 1949.
28. Cambridge international dictionary of English. Cambridge, 1998.
29. Devos F., Van Gyseghem N., Vandenberghe R. et al. Modelling vague lexical time expressions by means of fuzzy set theory // Journal of Quantitative Linguistics.1994. Vol. 1, № 3. P. 189—194.
30. Evans V. The meaning of time: polysemy, the lexicon and conceptual structure// Journal of Linguistics. 2005. Vol. 41, № 1. P. 33—75....
The EU strategy for the Baltic region: where are we now?
This article is dedicated to the EU strategy for the Baltic Sea region approved by the European Commission in October 2009. The Strategy expresses the intention to strengthen regionalisation in the framework of the EU. It distinguishes the Baltic region as an independent priority target of the complex strategy for the EU development and gives an additional incentive to the resolution of ...
Search on a regime of processing of leaky wave antenna
An expression for the radiated power through the slit of the constructed system leaky wave antenna is obtained. The equation of balance of power in the waveguide is evolved. The loss of the wave power from the waveguide through the slit is taken into account....
The intertexteme as an instrument in the past — present — future dialogical space of urbanism practices: an intersemiotic analysis of graffiti and inscriptions in Gdansk and Kaliningrad
... semantic formation in the narrative urban practices, the authors conclude that the urban inscription is a symbolically organized space in which the interpreter deals with signs of various semiotic systems and employs cultural meanings and conventions expressed in both verbal and graphic forms. The recognizability of intertextemes in both authentic and modified forms contributes to the attractivity of the urban text and its dialogical nature.
Arutyunova, N. D., 1990. Diskurs. In: V. N. Yartsev,...