Kantian motives in logic and philosophy of science. Idea of Unity of a priory and empirical knowledge
Kant insisted on the inherent unity of a priori and empirical elements of cognition. To what extent further progress of philosophy and exact sciences confirmed (or modified) original Kant ideas? I'm inclined to judge that apriorism in its modest version do not contradict to modest type of empiricism. Real ...
Kantian motives in logic and philosophy of science. The idea of unity of a priory and empirical elements of cognition
Kant insisted on the inherent unity of a priori and empirical elements of cognition. To what extent further progress of philosophy and exact sciences confirmed (or modified) original Kant ideas? I'm inclined to judge that apriorism in its modest version does not contradict a modest type of empiricism. ...
The problem of empirical data validity in qualitative research
A study on the problems of social family-genetic memory may contain various mistakes made by senior respondents when recalling events of the past. The analysis of empirical data should take into account such memory-related mistakes. The interpretation of empirical data requires a special approach.
. Мемуары как объект исследования // Социс. 1989....
The influence of political and socioeconomic processes in the Russian Empire on the development of the Baltic Fleet
This paper explores the influence of the development processes taking place in the Russian Empire on the Baltic Fleet. Five periods of the Baltic Fleet development are identified. The Fleet is interpreted as a significant element of the state mechanism for defending national interests in peace and wartime.
1. Горшков С. Г. Морская ...
The rhetoric and logic of the representations of the Russian-Turkish War of 1877–1878 in Russian public discourse
The Balkan crisis of 1875—1876 and the ensuing Russo-Turkish war of 1877—1878 were the first major foreign policy challenges for the Russian Empire in the entirely new public sphere situation. The military reform of 1784, which replaced recruitment with conscription, translated in the involvement of the general public in the current events. The new public sphere, which had been developing ...
The concept “people” in A. S. Shishkov’s manifestoes in the discourse of the Patriotic War of 1812
Altshuller, M. G., 2007. Beseda lyubitelei russkogo slova: U istokov russkogo slavyanofil’stva [Conversation of lovers of the Russian word: At the origins of Russian Slavophilism]. Vol. 2. Moscow (in Russ.).
Boyko, P., 2012. The estates of the Russian Empire in the Patriotic War of 1812. Rusin, 4(30), pp. 29—38 (in Russ.).
Vishlenkova, E. A., 2011. Vizual’noe narodovedenie imperii, ili “Uvidet’ russkogo dano ne kazhdomu” [The visual ethnology of the empire, or “Not Everyone Is Given to ...
The attitude of university students towards health behaviour in the context of nutrition: empirical research
This article offers the results of an empirical study of inclination and the preparedness of students to make decisions in favour of health behaviour relating to nutrition. The authors suggest a multidisciplinary approach - based on social and economic psychology – to the problem of consumption ...
The Role of the Sublime in Kant’s Religion: Moral Motivation and Empirical Possibility
... awakens the moral feeling of subjects in the sense of the possibility of overcoming one’s perverted nature; 2) as moral perfection it provides immediate transparency to the end goal of morality; 3) just as in the case of associative construction of empirical concepts, the sublime provides the prototype for association through which empirical acts are determined as moral ones; 4) the image of Christ also acts as motivator by encompassing said transparency and standard in the idea of moral perfection....
Satisfaction of Polish Bank Employees with Incentive Systems: An Empirical Approach
... requirements for the efficiency of human resource management (HRM) and internal public relations make it a major management problem. The importance of this study lies in the fact that incentives affect all stages of HRM. This work reports the results of an empirical survey of Polish bank employees, which was aimed to establish to what degree incentive systems met employees’ expectations, and to analyse the impact of such incentives on employee satisfaction. The authors advance the thesis that male bank ...
Country Competitiveness: an Empirical Study
What makes countries competitive? What economic policies effectively influence country competitiveness? The aim of this research paper is to analyse country competitiveness empirically, in order to explore the factors that make countries competitive. This can allow governments to structure their business environment differently, and to elaborate strategies aimed at improving their countries’ overall competitiveness. Economic ...
Kant on evil in the human nature
... wickedness not by deeds but solely by the way of thinking. The author discusses the question as to whether the intelligible good, i. e. the critical verification of rules regulating the actions against the categorical imperative, necessarily entail the empirically good. The conclusion is made that, in Kant’s works, the problem of evil is transferred from the empirical to noumenal sphere, from the real to intelligible world. Since Kant formulates the problem of evil in relation not to the empirical ...
Integration of Ethnic Groups and Regions into United Political and Legal Space: Characterising ‘Empire’ Scientific Category
The «empire» category is determined in legal science by historical and political characteristics and based on multi-structural public traditions. Imperial administration strengthens the asymmetrical status of ethnic groups and regions in their relation to ...
How transcendental are Kant’s principles of public law?
... and international researchers. The article strives to answer the question as to what type of ‘public’ is meant by these principles, whether these principles can serve as a priori criteria for selecting maxims, how efficient these principles are as empirical criteria for establishing legitimacy, and whether they can be characterized as ‘transcendental’. Kant’s discourse on publicity — a result of strenuous efforts presented in a number of writings and lectures — takes the reader to the ...
World War I refugees from the western regions of the Russian Empire: Sustaining life in the places of temporary residence
This article analyses the process of development and functioning of the state system of support for World War I refugees from the western territories of the Russian Empire in case of the central provinces of European Russia. It is concluded that the state system of refugee support proved to be efficient and managed to solve the problem of evacuation and relocation, as well as that of meeting the basic needs of millions ...
Kant’s transcendentalism and concept of the thing in itself
... (transcendentalism) and its central concept — the thing in itself is the kind of concept without which it is impossible to enter Kant’s philosophy (a paraphrase of Jacobi’s maxim). Methodologically, transcendentalism implies a transcendental turn from studying [empirical] objects to analysing the [transcendental] conditions of their cognition. Metaphysically, Kant’s transcendentalism rests on the crucial distinction between the thing in itself and the appearance. To give a more precise definition of Kant’s ...
Intellectuals in Multinational Empire: Russians, Germans, Latvians. 19th — beginning of 20th century
Origins and historical background of German federalism
... United States and had its own specifics. In this article, the author attempts at illuminating the historical origins of German federalism that developed at the end of the 19th century during the formation of the North German Union and the German Empire in 1871.
Maksimov I. P.
German Empire, Prussia, Federalism, Unitarism, O. von Bismarck
The Baltic Sea Region and the Black Sea Area: Two Pieces of the Same Puzzle
The foundations of regions: lessons from
and Nordic countries // Searching and researching the
region: proceedings from an international research seminar on
. 1998. April.
Gerner K., Karlsson K.-G.
Baltic empires, people of the Baltic. Session 2.
The Northern Dimension.
Information. Ministry for Foreign Affairs of
the Iron Curtain?...
Magistrates’ and volost courts of the Russian Empire on their way to amalgamation
... institutions. As a result, under certain conditions, community courts are subject to the magistrates’ court or even included in its structure, absorbed by it. This article investigates the background and course of this process in the history of the Russian Empire of the 19th/early 20th centuries. The author explains how volost courts gradually became part of the Justice of the Peace.
1. Горская Н. И. Земство и мировой суд в России: законодательство и практика ...
Tourism and the structure of attractiveness of the Baltic region metropolises
... arrivals of international tourists and international tourism revenues in the Baltic region. Regional metropolises, which include nine capitals and Saint Petersburg, have a pivotal role in the tourism space of the region. I propose a methodology for empirical research into the attractiveness of ten Baltic cities as perceived by international tourists. This methodology distinguishes three major components in the tourism industry of the Baltic metropolises: hotels, restaurants, and sights. I estimate ...
The experience of the application of regional approach to the governance of the Caucasian region of the Russian Empire in the beginning of the 19th century
... кавказскими территориями Российской империи (
вв.): обзор и основные законодательные акты. Екатеринбург, 2009.
Krasnyakov N. I.
Russia, empire, Kavkaz, integration, ethnos, region.
Resilience of cultural attitudes of local communities to risks: the «group / grid» model
The study focuses on the empirical test of the grid/group model applied to the actual perception of the environmental risks by the local community (the case of the potassium mine development in the village of Nivenskoe, the Kaliningrad region). It tests to what extent the structure ...
The concepts of citizenship and estate in Russian history — continuity and / or intermittence
... [Works in two volumes]. Vol. 2. Moscow, pp. 379—382 (in Russ.).
Kutafin, O. E., 2004. Rossiiskoe grazhdanstvo [Russian citizenship]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Lohr, E., 2017. Rossiiskoe grazhdanstvo. Ot imperii k Sovetskomu Soyuzu [Russian citizenship. From Empire to the Soviet Union]. Translated from English by M. Semikolennykh. Moscow (in Russ.).
Malakhov, V. S., 2014. Kul’turnye razlichiya i politicheskie granitsy v epokhu global'nykh migratsii [Cultural differences and political boundaries in ...
Neo-Kantian and phenomenological axiology in N. N. Alekseev’s philosophy of law
... understanding features of social phenomena. The article considers the context of Windelband’s philosophy in Alekseev’s interpretation of the role of the rule in philosophy of law. It is shown that Alekseev employs the distinction between the a priori and empirical, suggested by the theory of values, in his philosophy. Values are identified as a basis for the development of law and morals in Alekseev’s philosophy. Comparing reality and values makes it possible to see how Alekseev combines the id eas ...
On the logical inconsistency of Kant’s critique of the cosmological argument
... shows that the Kantian critique of cosmological argument does not take into account the existential presuppositions of Aristotelian syllogistic, so it is logically untenable. The basic idea of Kant is that the cosmological proof does not rely on the empirical premise (i.e. the existence of the world). Instead, it resorts covertly to the ontological proof. This is the second stage of the proof, when fr om the notion of a necessary being (ens necessarium) they move to the concept of a most real being ...
The concept of the European Union’s normative power
... Manners, I. (eds.), Values and Principles in European Union Foreign Policy, London, p. 114–130.
10. Bickerton, C. J. 2011, Legitimacy Through Norms: The Political Limits to Europe’s Normative Power. In: Whitman, R. (ed.), Normative Power Europe: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives. Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, p. 25–44.
11. Bull, H. 1982, Civilian power Europe. A contradiction in terms? Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 21, no. 2, p. 149–170.
12. Cochran, M. 1999, Normative ...
Effects of multidimensionality in theoretical models of middle-latitude F-region of ionosphere
Check of working capacity of multidimensional non-stationary model of F-region of ionosphere on the basis of comparison of the given modeling calculations and the data received from empirical model IRI is spent.
Латышев К. С., Зинин Л. В., Ишанов С. А.
Математическое моделирование околоземной космической плазмы // Энциклопедия низкотемпературной ...
Empirical and theoretical approaches to the movement control of the exoskeleton
The article presents two possible approaches to controlling the movement of the exoskeleton. The first approach is the empirical determination of control actions on a person, their amplification and realization in the drives located in the hinges-joints of the exoskeleton. The essence of the second approach in the synthesis of analytical functions that provide anthropomorphic ...
Trade Liberalisation and its Impact on Regional Development: Theoretical and Experimental Studies
The existing theoretical and empirical literature focusing on interconnections between international trade, trade liberalisation, and economic development provides ample evidence pertaining to nations and industries. However, another dimension of trade liberalisation — the assessment ...
The Armenian problem in the Ottoman Empire and its consequences in the 1990s of the XIX century
The article examines the causes and results of mass repressions of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire at the end of the XIX century. The connection of the national liberation movement in Western Armenia and Crete was revealed. The power methods of diplomacy in European countries were analyzed.
1. Архив внешней политики ...
No politics: François Guizot’s historiosophy before 1814
This paper analyses the historiosophical views of François Guizot (1787—1874) based on his works from the period of the First Empire (1804— 1814). The established chronological framework makes it possible to identify the foundations of the great thinker’s historical theory — foundations cleansed of the political influence of the Bourbon Restoration (1814—1830) and the ...
On the nature of gmina courts in the Kingdom of Poland
This article focuses on the problem of the nature of gmina courts in the Kingdom of Poland, which is of fundamental significance for identifying their role in the judicial system of the Russian Empire. Based on an analysis of historical and legal facts and documents, it is concluded that, from the 15th through the 19th centuries, the nature gmina courts gradually evolved from social (as part of the emerging local governments) to public (resulting ...
Baltic Factor in Russia-France Relations
... in Poland, which was an event of particular importance. The monarchies of the two countries had to take into account new social phenomena, which were more pronounced in France. After the suppression of the uprising in the Polish part of the Russian Empire, Polish emigrants residing in France became the stumbling block for the development of Russia- France relations. The article explores the role of P. de Barante, Ambassador of France to Russia and describes France and Russia’s trade and economic ...
Kant between liberalism and conservatism
... understanding of aims and values of a political process (which is, however, quite remote from the pluralism and individualism of some contemporary theories) is balanced by his reservations concerning the prospects of their realization, based on his «empirical anthropology», which is remarkably close to conservative skepticism. Kant's liberalism lies in the domain that he called «pure» or «metaphysical», whereas his «empirical», «real-world» estimation of the prospects of liberal project ...
Measuring performance of cultural organizations on the data of the envelopment analysis
... the benefits of applying a non-parametric “Data Envelopment Analysis” that is based on comparison of input and output indicators, to performance measurement of cultural organizations. Using statistical data on Russian federal theatres, the author empirically tests their performance that relates to such aspects as organization’s reputation, artistic excellence, maximization of access to cultural assets, etc. Based on statistics of the Russian Ministry of Culture in 2012—2016, the author analyses ...
From the History of the Kokand branch of the Volga-Kama Commercial Bank
... for the operations of the Kokand branch of the Volga-Kama Commercial Bank. Soviet historiography considered banks as a tool of ‘colonialism’ – both Western and Russian. Using archival data, I prove that the financial institutions of the Russian Empire took into account local circumstances and encouraged exportoriented production. I examine interbank correspondence, annual reports by the director of the branch, and branch audit reports. This work is the first attempt in historiography to examine ...
Audiovisual translation and reception
... impact captions with a focus on research methodology. In: S. Hansen- Schirra and S. Grucza, eds. Eye-tracking and Applied Linguistics. Berlin: Language Science Press. pp. 31—58.
Perego, E., 2016. History, Development, Challenges and Opportunities of Empirical Research in AVT. Across Languages and Cultures, 17(2), pp. 155—162.
Romero-Fresco, P., 2015. The Reception of Subtitles for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing in Europe. Bern: Peter Lang.
Suojanen, T., Koskinen, K. & Tuominen, T., eds., 2015. User-centered ...
East Prussia Between the French ‘Hammer’ and the Russian ‘Anvil’: The Napoleonic Era
... 2013. С. 61—74.
24. Dufraisse R., Kérautret M. La France napoléonienne. Aspects eхtérieurs (1799—1815). P., 1999.
25. Histoire de la diplomatie française / présentation de D. Villepen. P., 2005.
26. Lentz Th. Nouvelle histoire du Premier Empire. P., 2002. T. 1 ; 2004. T. 2.
27. Napoléon et l'Europe/ dir. J.-C. Martin. P., 2002.
28. Napoléon et l'Europe. Regards sur une politique. Actes du colloque / dir. Th. Lentz. P., 2005.
29. Palluel-Guillard A., Lovie J. L'episode napoléonien. ...
Administrative resource at the elections to the State Duma of the third convocation in the North-Western provinces of Russia
The article analyzes the administrative control over the elections to the State Duma of the third convocation of the Russian Empire in the Northwestern provinces. The local and central administration employed a wide variety of methods. The electoral legislation was radically changed (the provision on elections to the State Duma of June 3, 1907); the government removed unreliable ...
Maimon’s critique of I. Kant’s theory of analytic judge-ments
... Versuch einer neuer Logik oder Theorie des Denkens. Tübingen, 2004.
10. Schechter O. The Logic of Speculative Philosophy and Skepticism in Maimon’s Philosophy: Satz der Bestimmbarkeit and the Role of Synthesis // Salomon Maimon: Rational Dogmatist, Empirical Skeptic. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003. P. 18—53.
analytic judgments, the determinable, determination, principle of contradiction, principle of determinability, real cognition, synthetic judgments, formal cognition
Barkhatkov A. S.
Objective Criminological Characteristics of Justifiable Defence and Excessive Defence Situations
... justifiable defence and excessive defence situations. The author analyses and compares objective criminological characteristics of the situations of justifiable and excessive defence. The article is based on the legislation of the Russian Federation and empirical research conducted by the author.
ГОВД г. Черняховска Калининградской области. 1997. Дело № 25438.
justifiable defence, excessive defence.
The Belarus Business Environment as Assessed by the Management of Leading Finnish Companies Operating in the Country
... capital were registered in Belarus by the beginning of 2013. Finnish companies founded three dozen of these foreign firms. A lack of scientific reports on the perception of foreign businesspeople in the Belarusian business environment necessitated an empirical study. This article studies the attitudes of the directors of Finnish firms operating in Belarus on the Belarusian business environment. In September-October 2013, the author conducted interviews with directors of 10 Finnish corporations. The ...
Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology and a cognitive-semantic interpretation of Kant’s transcendentalism
... objective modes. The article considers two variants of the cognitive-semantic interpretation. The first one is based on Kant’s famous question as to how synthetic judgments are possible a priori. The variant defines the objective thing in itself as an empirical object that affects our sensibility. The second variant is based on the question ‘On what ground rests the relation of what we call representation in us to the object?’, as Kant put it in his letter to Herz. The subjective thing in itself ...
The methodological framework for the study of Russian philosophical and historical thought abroad
This article examines the approaches to the study of Russian philosophy of history aboard. The author focuses on the specific features of the object of research, outlines the principles of empirical material organisation, and gives its general characteristics.
Современная философия истории США. Иваново, 1998.
Countries of the Baltic Region in the Global Culinary Space
... creating a global culinary space where culinary traditions of different countries interact and compete. The author sets out to explore characteristic features of the culinary space of nine Baltic States as part of the global culinary space. The author uses empirical data on the number of restaurants serving different national cuisines in the main cities of the region. The Baltic culinary space incorporates the world’s leading cuisines (Italian, Japanese, Chinese, etc.) as well as the local cuisines of ...
Personality health of a professional
The article offers an original professional training oriented concept of personality health based on the criterion of subjective well-being. The author examines the theoretical model of the levelled structure of subjective wellbeing and its empirical application to professionals in different fields: traffic controllers, teachers and doctors.
Модель субъективного экономического благополучия // Психологический ...
Knowledge Management and the Increase of SME Competitiveness: a Case Study
... Hicks R., Dattero R., Galup S. A Metaphor for Knowledge Management: Explicit Islands in a Tacit Sea // Journal of Knowledge Management. 2007. Vol. 11, № 1.
17. Sveiby K. E., Simons R. Collaborative Climate and Effectiveness of Knowledge Work- An Empirical Study // Ibid. 2002. Vol. 6, № 5.
18. Robertson S. A Tale of Knowledge-Sharing Systems // Ibid. Vol. 6, № 3.
19. Riege A. Actions to Overcome Knowledge Transfer Barriers in MNCs //Ibid. 2007. Vol. 11, № 1.
20. Beveren V. J. A Model ...
The Evolution of Settlement Areas of Ingrian Finns in Northwest Russia in the Second Half of the 20th Century
... ethnic composition of the Republic of Karelia], 2005, Vol. V, Petrozavodsk.
15. Troinitskii, N. А. (ed.), 1903, Pervaja vseobshhaja perepis' naselenija Rossijskoj imperii 28 janvarja 1897 goda [The first general census of the population of the Russian Empire 28 January 1897], Vol. 37. Sankt-Peterburgskaja gubernija [St. Petersburg Province]. St. Petersburg, XX, 265 p.
16. Troinitskii, N. А. (ed.), 1905, Pervaja vseobshhaja perepis' naselenija Rossijskoj imperii 28 janvarja 1897 goda [The first general ...
Geosituational Modelling of Coastal Marine Systems
... have done extensive research on the diversity of approaches and models of the regional geosituations as well as on identifying the most promising coastal marine areas. Some of the models presented in the present paper are qualitative, while others are empirical and statistical ones. However, the majority of the models can be referred to as forms of graphic and image mapping. The significance of the regional models lies in their specificity, a more detailed character (compared to the generalist ones) ...
Monotowns: A Quantitative Analysis
The authors propose an empirical analysis of the current situation in monotowns. The study questions the perceived seriousness of the ‘monotown problem’ as well as the actual challenges it presents. The authors use a cluster analysis to divide monotowns into groups for ...