The distinguishing characteristics of the existential LONELINESS verbal implementation in the authorial narrative discourse of F. Kafka
This article is devoted to considering the key notions of existential philosophy such as “existential intent” and “existential”. Scientific credence is given to their relevance to linguistic researches and correlation with the basic notions of cognitive linguistics. More specifically, this article exposes ...
Ideas of Kant’s theoretical philosophy in Peirce’s graph theory
... categories, changed their content, and transformed analytic and synthetic judgements into ampliative and explicative reasoning. Kant helped Peirce to overcome the doctrine of nominalism and develop the doctrine of critical realism. This paper addresses the existential graph theory, which is scrutinised from the perspective of transformations of Kant’s ideas. The graph theory was chosen, firstly, because of its chronological significance — it is the last logical theory of the American thinker. Secondly,...
Edward Stachura’s existential character and the Polish wedding chronotope
This article analyses the spatial and temporal structure of Edward Stachura’s short story “The Wedding” in an intertextual dialogue with Sta-nislaw Wyspianski’s play of the same name and in the existential literary-philosophical context. The author focuses on the problem of relations between the individual and the historical national community. The article analyses the logic of solving this problem in the romantic context of Wyspianski’s thinking ...
The existential strategies of the power over things: labour, acquisitiveness, adventure
Using the concept of «power over things», this article describes human experience in the ownership,management and disposal of things. The diversity of this experience manifests itself in the existential strategies of power over things distinguished by the author — labour, adventures and acquisitiveness. The suggested line of analysis extends the field of meanings and prospects of philosophical research on power, including that involving ...
On the logical inconsistency of Kant’s critique of the cosmological argument
The paper shows that the Kantian critique of cosmological argument does not take into account the existential presuppositions of Aristotelian syllogistic, so it is logically untenable. The basic idea of Kant is that the cosmological proof does not rely on the empirical premise (i.e. the existence of the world). Instead, it resorts covertly to the ...
Argumentum ad morti in the violence discourse: the semantics and pragmatics of ‘radical’ argumentation
..., or blocks communication. The illocutionary power of the appeal to death is determined by the means it uses, which range from inductive generalisation and deductions to approaching the limit of this generalisation, to the threat of going beyond the existential boundaries of the discourse, to the problem domain losing its existential status, and to the threat being carried out. All of them make communication insignificant and the subject, or even the opponent, non-existent. This style of argumentation ...
Existential Eschatological conception in V.Rozanov's "Apocalypse of our time" and "Disintegration of the atom" by G.Ivanov
... comparative analysis of V. Rozanov's "Apocalypse of our time" and G. Ivanov's prosaic poem , "Disintegration of the atom" in the context of eschatological traditions of Russian literature. Dialogical relations are established between the existential tragic perception of the two authors and the Old Believers' concept of spiritual antichrist.
1. Бердяев Н. А. Духи русской революции // Вехи. Из глубины. М., 1991.
2. Бердяев Н. А. Смысл ...
Jerzy Andrzejewski's “The Inquisitors” and Dostoyevsky's “The Grand Inquisitor”: Temptation as Existential Problem
The article compares the existential motifs of 'historical' novel “The Inquisitors” by Jerzy Andrzejewski and the parable chapter “The Grand Inquisitor” from Fyodor Dostoyevsky's “The Brothers Karamazov”. The motif of temptation connected with the interpretation of ...
“Kant’s theory of politics” in “existential liberalism” of Gerhardt
This article focuses on the interpretation of Immanuel Kant’s political views in V. Gerhardt’s “existential liberalism”. The author considers the basic elements of the “theory of politics” presented in this interpretation, emphasises the components of interpretation per se and additional reception, and offers a critical analysis of certain ...
Lessing’s Hamburg Dramaturgy in the “codes of hope” discourse of the Enlightenment
... “pre-critical” period of the Elightenment is based on trust in human sensibility, within which, probably unconsciously, in the conditions of newly established autonomy, he discovers the heteronomous orientation of the “compassion” and “fear” existentials underlying his theory of catharsis. In Lessing’s system, these “vertically” positioned psychological states prove to be bridges to nature, in which he seeks the truth. It explains his theory of realism in Hamburg Dramaturgy, which differs ...
Czesław Miłosz’s “Theological treatise” in the context of Fyodor Dostoevsky’s religious worldview
..., 1985. Rozprawa o Jakóbie Boehmem [A work about Jakob Böhme]. Warsaw (in Pol.).
Milosh, Ch., 1992. Shestov, or the purity of despair. In Shestov, L. I., ed. Kirkegard i ekzistentsial'naya filosofiya (Glas vopiyushchego v pustyne) [Kierkegaard and Existential Philosophy (The Voice of One Crying in the Desert)]. Translated by S. N. Muravyov, pp. I—XVI. Moscow (in Russ.).
Milosh, Ch., 2010. Vtoroe prostranstvo. Orfei i Evridika: Poemy, stikhotvoreniya [The Second Space. Orpheus and Eurydice: poems....
Schelling’s Criticism of Ontological Argument and Interpretation of Kant’s Doctrine of the Ideal of Reason
... (In Rus.)
Richir, M., 1996. L’expérience du penser. Grenoble: Jérôme Millon.
Röd, W., 1992. Der Gott der reinen Vernunft: Die Auseinandersetzung um den ontologischen Gottesbeweis von Anselm bis Hegel. München: C. H. Beck.
Sartre, J.-P., 2007. Existentialism is a Humanism. New Heaven & London: Yale University Press, pp. 17-72.
Schelling, F. W. J. v., 1856a. Einleitung in die Philosophie der Mythologie. Erster Band. Zweites Buch: Philosophische Einleitung in die Philosophie der Mythologie ...
The Impact of COVID-19 on immigration: the transformation of Norwegian migration policy on asylum seekers
... COVID-19 and Migration in West and North Africa and Across the Mediterranean, Switzerland, available at:
. iom. int/system/files/pdf/covid19-and-migration-in-west-and-north-africa. pdf (accessed 25.04.2020).
12. Salazar, N. B. 2021, Existential vs. essential mobilities: insights from before, during and after a crisis, Mobilities, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 20—34. doi:
13. Kluge, H. H. P., Jakab, Z., Bartovic, J. 2020, D’Anna, V., Severoni ...
On poetic emotiology in poetry and beyond
... realised through conceptual metaphors, which bestow upon emotions new characteristics correlating to personal mental images of the emotional world. The linguistic means of representing emotions are closely linked to the features of the social period, to existential demands and to the state of public consciousness. The part of the article that is related to non-poetic communication interprets such links based on the examples of PR and advertising discourses. The particular "poetic" use of ...
Philosophy of Hermann Cohen (Publication, Foreword and Commentary by N. A. Dmitrieva)
... “Labour Artel”: L. P. Karsavin in 1918—1922. In: O. A. Dovgopolova and A. A. Kamenskikh, eds. 2017. Gumanitarnaja nauka v Rossii i perelom 1917 goda: ekzistencial’noe izmerenie [Humanitarian Science in Russia and the Turning Point of 1917: An Existential Dimension]. St. Petersburg: Aletheia, pp. 97-108. (In Rus.)
Savenko, G. V., 2002. Aleksandr Liverievich Sakketti. Proceedings of Higher Educational Institutions. Pravovedenie, 5, pp. 232-241. (In Rus.)
Sakketti, A. L., 1914. Curriculum vitae....
God’s Law or Categorical Imperative: on Crusian Issues of Kantian Morality
... 1957. Crusius, Christian August. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie, Volume 3. Berlin: Duncker und Humblot, pp. 432-433, [online]. Available at: <
; [Accessed 4 February 2019].
Sartre, J.-P., 2007. Existentialism Is a Humanism; including, A commentary on The Stranger. Translated by C. Macomber; introduction by A. Cohen-Solal; notes and preface by A. Elkaïm-Sartre, edited by J. Kulka. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Schiller, F., 1988. On Grace ...
The phenomenology of Pushkin’s ‘universal sympathy (based on ‘Аscene from ‘Faust’, ‘The feast in the time of plague’, and ‘the Wanderer’)
... [Universals of Russian literature]. Vol. 2. Voronezh. pp. 376—389 (in Russ.).
Gaidenko, P. P., 1966. Husserl’s intentionality problem and the existentialist category of transcendence. In: T. I. Oiserman, ed. Sovremennyi ekzistentsializm [Modern existentialism]. Moscow. pp. 77—107 (in Russ.).
Goethe, I. V., 1976. Faust. In: A. Anikst and B. Wilmont, eds. I. V. Goethe. Sobranie sochinenii v 10 tomakh [I. V. Goethe. Collected works in 10 volumes]. Vol. 2. Moscow (in Russ.).
Dostoevsky, F. M.,...
Factors of self-actualization of student youth in the context of cross-cultural interaction and the mastering of a macro-mediator language
... interview has been used as a method of research. The scenario features various factors of personality self-actualization during mastering macro-mediator language. Among many topics discussed during the interviews, there were the following ones: “Existential orientation towards the present or the past / future”, “Aims and means of activity”, “Solidarity with society as a whole or with a particular group”, “Degree of autonomy / conformism towards cultural-group influence”, “Predominant ...
Kants praktischer Platonismus
At the centre of discussion lies the reception of Plato’s philosophy, particularly his theory of Ideas, in Kant’s moral philosophy, his ethics and his doctrine of right. Kant saw himself as a follower of Platonism insofar as its anti-empiricist principles of human conduct are concerned, although his own version of practical rationalism differs considerably from Plato’s. This is also true of Kant’s conception of freedom and of human rights. The greatest impact on Kant’s moral philosophy is due to...
The phenomenon of twelve-tone music in Samuel Beckett’s short stories
... Samuel Beckett. Cambridge, 2011. Vol. 2 : 1941—1956.
17. Friedman A. W. Beckett's Musicals // Dans Études anglaises. 2006. T. 59. P. 47—59.
18. Gruen J. Samuel Beckett Talks about Beckett // Vogue. 1970. № 2. P. 108.
19. Harvey L. E. Art and the Existential in «En attendant Godot» // PMLA. 1960. Vol. 75, № 1. P. 137—146.
20. Krance Ch. (ed.). Samuel Beckett's Mal vu mal dit / Ill seen ill said : A bilingual, evolutionary, and synoptic variorum edition. N. Y. ; L., 1996. (Garland Reference ...
The eschatology of space in Mickiewicz’s Saint Petersburg poems and Pushkin’s The bronze horseman
... Petersburg flood. Pushkin’s position consists of two elements: the presence of a bystander in the text and compassion for Evegenii who falls victim to the flood. Pushkin combines an apologetic statist perception of ‘Peter’s own creation’ with tragic existential realisation of the neglected state, in which the ‘little man’ lives in the Saint Petersburg space.
1. Булгаков С. Н. Апокалипсис Иоанна (Опыт догматического истолкования). ...
The Book of Life in the hermeneutics of Johann Georg Hamann
... so within the complex dialectics of objectivation in the epistemological linguisticality of a prophet, a scientist, or a poet and, through them, reaches out to countless generations of the Reader, who is voluntarily or involuntarily involved in the existential fate of the ontological dialogue. The ‘death of the Book’, or the transformation of the Book into a simulacrum, may confirm the diagnosis given by many modern philosophers: the world of culture is turning into an autochthonous flicker ...
Translation of sociolect texts
A moment's reflection suffices to convince one that no language is homogeneous, being represented by a set of language variants or language existential forms, reflecting the heterogeneous character of the national culture. Notwithstanding variable nature of language, linguistic theorizing has been mostly based on standardized languages forms, rather than on natural speech dialects. ...
The problem of alien ego in A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky's methodology (Kantian motifs)
This article addresses the problem of presuppositions in a methodological work of A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky (1863—1919) — a Russian historian and theorist of historical science. The author identifies the existential strategies applied by Lappo-Danilevsky in the practical interpretation of Kant’s philosophy and specifies the meaning of A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky's work for modern philosophy of historical science.
1. Кант И. Критика чистого ...
Outside of all dimension: the motive complex of impersonality in Yegor Letov's poetics
The article explores the motive complex of impersonality in Yegor Letov's poetics as a unity of stable figurative series and typical strategies of poetic language. Confirmation-overcoming of the borders of I is an existential conflict, which is one of the most important constants of Yegor Letov's personal poetic ontology.
1. Авилова Е.Р. Телесность как основная универсалия авангардной модели мира ...
Character’s existence in the Königsberg/Kaliningrad toposphere: Yu.N Ivanov’s Dances in the Crematorium and Michael Wieck’s The Decline of Königsberg
... [The Kingdom of Spirit and the Kingdom of Caesar]. Moscow.
2. Vik, M., 2004. Zakat Kenigsberga. Svidetel'stvo nemetskogo evreya [Sunset of Koenigsberg. Evidence of a German Jew]. St. Petersburg; Potsdam.
3. Gaidenko, P. P., 1994. Man and history in the existential philosophy of Karl Jaspers. In: Yaspers, K. Smysl i naznachenie istorii [Meaning and purpose of history]. Moscow. pp. 5—26.
4. Gil'manov, V. Kh., 2010. Problemy regional'noi literatury: «kenigsbergskii tekst» kak predmet khudozhestvennogo ...
The apologia of reason in J. Chr. Gottsched’s classicistic system: On the 250th anniversary of the philosopher’s death
... standard. It is stressed that, in the context of the problem of consciousness and being symmetry/asymmetry, the ontological argument brings to the fore questions about the current place of modern civilizational process, which shows distressing symptoms of existential foundation deficiency. The authors reconsider the historical and philosophical significance of Gottsched’s Enlightenment classicism to estimate the danger of the de-ontologisation of reason, which leads to the loss of reality. The phenomenon ...
The resonance of a tragic sound: G. Ivanov’s poetry in B. Ryzhy’s interpretation
The author analyses the specific features of B. Ryzhy’s poetry, showing that G. Ivanov’s works influenced his poetic manner. The author reveals the reasons of commonality of their existentialistic worldview, which was predetermined by some biographic and sociocultural factors. Reinterpreting G. Ivanov’s key motifs and imagery, B. Ryzhy enriches his lyrics by bringing in Soviet and post-Soviet connotations. G. Ivanov’s tragic intonation gains a new sound expressing the experience of man living in...
Modality as a basis of Kant’s philosophical system and its connection to the language structure
... another argument in favour of the organicity of his philosophy. However, the philosophical ideas of Kant’s system can serve as basis for a theory of grammatical moods. Kant’s revolutionary idea of values, knowledge, and norms as three aspects of existential reality lead to a conclusion that modality and moods are not identical, despite being interrelated. The categories of modality do not express the essence of moods but rather the conditions for their functioning. This gives a new perspective ...
Anagrams in the discourse of baroque ‘tacit theology’: The case of the Königsberg poetic circle of the 17th century
The problem of anagrams is linked to the paradigm secret of baroque poetry. It is shown that the essence of this poetry is a special type of poetic mimesis reflecting the existential and ontological fracture of being, which manifests itself in the lyrical persona of the poetic subject. Anagrams of the names of 17th century Königsberg poets – Simon Dach, Robert Roberthin, and Andreas Adersbach – comprise an ironical ...
Radovan Karadžić’s All-Autumn poetry collection in the Serbian- Russian context
This article considers the content and style of R. Karadžić’s poetry and their multiaspect proximity to Russian poetry. Such features include philosophicity, special lyricism oriented to the existential feeling of the author, tragic perception of the world and the place of the persona in it. Moreover, it is humour and propensity for a paradox characteristic of folklore.
1. Блок А. А. «Да. Так диктует вдохновенье…»....
Ekphrasis as a structural element of the world of art and a marker of modern society’s attitude to it in the novel by D. Tartt «Goldfinch»
... ekphrasis as part of artistic structure in D. Tartt’s «The Goldfinch», its plot and images of characters. The paper proves that ekphrasis helps the writer to describe the important tendencies of the existence of culture in the contemporary society. Existential motifs connected with the meeting of characters with the art treasures are also analyzed.
1. Анцыферова О. Ю. «Южный миф» и роман Донны Тартт «Маленький друг» // Филология и ...
The motif of light and the criticism of the autonomous subject in the works of I. Murdoch
... Nice and the Good // Bookos.org : [сайт]. URL:
(дата обращения: 05.02.2016).
13. Murdoch I. The Sacred and Profane Love Machine // Ibid.
Gilmanov V., Timonina T.
Murdoch, Heidegger, Platonism, Existentialism, principle of autonomy, «vacuum of the abandonment of Being», «death of light»
Time in N. O. Lossky’s ideal realism
... stressed that time is a form of events initiated by substantial actors in the process of world creation. The author analyses the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of time. The features of synchronous and asynchronous aspects of cognising existential processes by an agent are identified in the framework of epistemology.
1. Гайденко П. П. Время. Длительность. Вечность. Проблема времени в европейской философии и науке....
Studies into the history of Russian Neo-Kantianism in Poland
... Obolevitch. The authors consider A. Noras’s idea about the development of the neo-Kantian concept into post-Neo-Kantianism as rather heuristic. One of the main features of this development is the ontologization of cognitive process and the recognition of existential characteristics of the knowing subject as primary and exerting a significant impact on its cognitive structure. This ‘ontological turn’, typical of Russian Neo-Kantianism and, in particular, Sergey Hessen, Boris Yakovenko, and Vasily Sesemann,...
The spatial model of conceptual metaphor in A. Ilichevky’s collection of short stories An Asinine Jaw
This article considers the structure of the conceptual metaphor of death in A.V. Ilichevsky’s collection of short stories An Asinine Jaw. The existential spatial model of the mentioned metaphor and the specific character of its cognitive-semantic organization are revealed. The author identifies the specific features of the metaphorical reconsideration of Russian reality and the ways of the ...
The opportunities of political agents in the context of Kant’s project of perpetual peace
This article focuses on the interpretation of Kant’s political philosophy given by V. Gerhardt within his “existential liberalism” and by J. Habermas in the applied part of his communicative theory. The author addresses similarity and complementarity in the identification of political agent and its properties.
1. Кант И. К вечному миру ...
The non-realistic meaning of life as a determinant of personality development crisis
This article theoretically and empirically analyses the regularities of emergence and course of existential crisis caused by the acceptance and the attempts at implementation of non-realistic meaning of life.
Стратегия жизни. М., 1991.
Immaturity and the objective of a true reform in ways of thinking. Part I.
... individual was closely linked to the topic of social and political transformational advancing progress. Although, in the article on enlightenment, Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason, and Anthropology, Kant provides a deep philosophical and existential interpretation of revolution as a true transformation of the way of thinking (Denkungsart), disposition (Gesinnung), the inner world of the self (Innern), and transformations relating to the formation of noumenal nature. Nevertheless, in the ...
The Role of Political Elites in the Development of Politics of Memory in the Baltic States
... University of Aarhus, p. 18—19.
29. Lieven, A. 1994, The Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence, New Haven, London, p. 68.
30. Luik, J. 2008, Meie kohustus, Diplomaatia, no. 54.
31. Mälksoo, M. 2006, From Existential Politics Towards Normal Politics? The Baltic States in the Enlarged Europe, Security Dialogue, Vol. 37, no. 3, p. 289.
32. Mälksoo, M. 2009, Liminality and Contested Europeanness: Conflicting Memory Politics in the Baltic Space. In: Berg,...
From the fall of man to the image of the Antichrist : Biblical allusions in W. Gombrowicz’s novel Pornografia
... nadliteratura. Kraków, 2002.
7. Gombrowicz W. Dziennik. Kraków, 2001. T. 2.
8. Gombrowicz W. Kurs filozofii w sześć godzin i kwadrans. Kraków, 2006.
9. Gombrowicz W. Testament. Rozmowy z Dominiquie de Roux. Kraków, 2004.
Gombrowicz, Nietzsche, existentialism, fall of man, Antichrist.
Reading is Bad for You (a Parable of National Self-Identification)
1. Хрестоматия по древней русской литературе / под ред. Н. И. Прокофьева. М., 1973.
2. Ломоносов М. Избр. произведения. Л., 1986.
3. Чехов А. П. Собр. соч.: в 12 т. М., 1955. Т. 6.
4. Bäcker I. Die existentielle Unbehausheit der Cecov’schen Drei Schwestern.Zum Wertestatus der Textrealität in der russischen Kultur // Eigen-und fremdkulturelle Literaturwissenschaft / Veröffentlichungen des Thomas-Mann-Lehrstuhls an der RGGU Moskau; Institut für deutsch-russische Kulturbeziehungen...