Rationality in liberal philosophical theories
This article suggests that rationality has to be treated as one of the basic categories of liberal philosophy. Together with freedom and equality, rationality lies at the anthropological core of liberalism, which makes it stand out among other political theories. The development ...
The development of philosophical education and the problem of rationality
This article considers the connection between the phenomenon of philosophical education and the problem of rationality in the framework of socialphilosophical discourse. The author examines the process of development of philosophical education institution as a means to transmit the basic values of classical European rationality. The role of philosophical education ...
The role of logic and the study of rationality within N. O. Lossky’s ideal-realistic concept
... author shows that it is determined by the ideal-realistic position of the thinker. “Intuitionistic” logic is presented as a philosophical interpretation of traditional logic in the framework of ideal-realistic teaching. N. O. Lossky relates the rationality of thinking to logic. The article reconstructs certain features of rationality in N. O. Lossky’s philosophical-logical concept.
1. Ермичев А. А., Никулин А. Г. А. И. Введенский и Н. О. Лосский: критицизм ...
Contemporary threats to the growth of rationality in the Russian society
This article considers the conflicting conditions of growth of rationality in the modern Russian society, identifies threats relating to the key trends in world community development, Russian science and education, and personality transformations.
1. Андреев А. Л. Общество и образование: ...
The conflict between the types of theoretical and practical rationality in Russian philosophy and science of the 19th century
This article analyses the formation of a new type of rationality in N. Lobachevsky's works. The author identifies the reasons for hostility against the new theory of outstanding Russian mathematicians and pays special attention to the development of rationality in Russian philosophical thought of the 19th ...
OPOIAZ and Bakhtin: the Decision Science’s perspective
Decision science is a relatively new discipline: the product of a cross-pollination among mathematics, psychology, economy and a few other branches of knowledge. It studies how humans make their choices and purports to provide a “rational framework for choosing between alternative courses of action when the consequences resulting from this choice are imperfectly known.” In and of itself decision science is a vast field of intersecting theories and methodologies that I will ...
Education in the context of the problem of rationality
This article considers rationality of practical activity as one of the criteria of development of society. The author analyses the efficiency of education as a social institution in this context. Education distinguishes between training and upbringing and emphasises the need ...
Rationality criteria of technical item multifunction degree in equipment park
Criteria of rationality of degree of multifunctionality of the technical park providing functioning of park of equipment are offered. Criteria are developed taking into account features of functioning of system of higher level of hierarchy, than the system providing ...
The synergetics and rationality of modern Russian society
This article analyses the features of the modern Russian society from the perspective of synergetic concept of social development. The author maintains that the type of rationality formed by synergetics can become the basis for practical activities in the 21st century Russia thus contributing to the solutions to acute socioeconomic problems.
1. Гэлбрейт Д. Новое индустриальное общество....
Kantian Rationality in the Philosophy of Science. Report of the First Conference of the Kantian Rationality Lab.
The international conference “Kantian Rationality in Philosophy of Science” was held on 9–11 October 2020 at the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (IKBFU) in Kaliningrad. Fifteen participants from different countries discussed aspects of the Kantian understanding of science and ...
Rationality of acting and philosophical education
This article analyses the axiological features of the phenomenon of rationality of acting in the framework of social-philosophical and cultural discourse. The author identifies the functions of philosophical education in the conditions of system crisis of modern civilization. Philosophical education is considered as a ...
The Embodied Practical Ideal: Kant’s Ethicotheology and Godmanhood
... question about the conditions that make actual experience possible: the ideal of holiness resides in reason, i. e. in the human being, but the dominance of radical evil over the human will puts it out of human reach either in thought or in practice. For rational thought it is more natural to imagine the practical reality of the archetype as the embodiment of the authentic man proceeding from God. Using the Gospel narrative about Jesus, Kant interprets the human nature of the archetype in the light of ...
Anthropological foundations of John Rawls' political theory
The analysis of Rawls’ anthropological model, underlying his theory of justice, reveals its complex basis: on one hand, it is an attempt to attach broader and deeper Kantian philosophical foundations to “rational egoist” of classical utilitarianism (idea of autonomy, ability of self-determination through moral law); on the other hand, the notion of “life plan”, emphasizing rationality of human interests and actions and opening a possibility for ...
The Philosophy of Vasily Sesemann and Marburg Neo-Kantianism
... is interested in the Neo-Kantian aspiration to achieve a systematic unity of knowledge. The concept of one of the editors of the Russian version of the Logos international philosophical journal under¬goes a transformation from irrationality to the rationality of a higher order. The concept of irration¬ality is defined by the Russian thinker through the inexhaustible set of problems ‘ensuring’ eternal and continuous progress of objective cognition. According to Sesemann, the opposite of a rational,...
The Role of the Sublime in Kant’s Religion: Moral Motivation and Empirical Possibility
... I., 1992. The Jäsche Logic. In: I. Kant, 1992. Lectures on Logic. Translated and edited by J. Young. Cambrige: Cambridge University Press, pp. 521-641.
Kant, I., 1996a. Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. In: I. Kant, 1996. Religion and Rational Theology. Translated and edited by A. W. Wood and G. di Giovanni. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 39-216.
Kant, I., 1996b. The Conflict of the Faculties. In: I. Kant, 1996. Religion and Rational Theology. Translated and edited by A....
Formal Languages and Automata VI:-algebraic systems and transducers
... continuous starsemiring-omegasemimodule pairs. We dene !-algebraic systems and characterize their solutions
of order k by behaviors of algebraic nite automata. These solutions are then set in correspondence to !-context-free languages. Then we introduce rational and algebraic transducers, and abstract !-families of power series over quemirings and prove that rational and algebraic power series of nite and innite words constitute such abstract !-families of power series.
6. Berstel J. Transductions ...
The Third Immanuel Kant International Summer School “Kant on Science and Rationality”
Tetyuev L. I. Introduction to Jürgen Habermas’s communicative rationality: Lecture notes
Belov V. N., Ezhov I. A.
The Models of Reasonings — 2: Argumentation and Rationality
The economic problems of rational management of vital resources in regional enterprises
This article addresses the issues of rational resource management as the priority areas of modern Russian public policy. The study focuses on vital resources and the identification and optimization of losses associated with such resources. The authors propose a system of indicators for assessing ...
Wittgenstein’s followers vs Habermas: A solution to I. Berlin’s dilemma
... The Common Mind: An Essay on Psychology, Society and Politics. N. Y., 1996.
10. Pettit P. Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government. Oxford, 1997.
Granovskaya O. L.
history of 20th century political philosophy, value pluralism, social rationality, communicative rationality, I. Berlin, L. Wittgenstein, J. Habermas
The groundwater monitoring in the Novgorod region in the system of regional nature management
... fundamental reorganization and further development at the contemporary scientific and technical level, since groundwater resource management is impossible without a quantitative forecast of groundwater condition and properties.From the perspective of rational Nature management, the leading ecological function of underground hydrosphere is carried out by fresh underground waters. Rational Nature management underlies the sustainable development of the Northwest region, which is economically viable for ...
Morality and philosophical education
This article considers the possibility of philosophical education influencing moral consciousness in the conditions of contemporary societies. The author stresses the relevance of rational approach to moral issues from the perspective of contemporary philosophy and science. The institution of philosophical education is considered as a means to create a foundation for critical and reflective moral consciousness.
1. Апресян ...
Entrepreneur’s trust in banks in terms of behavioural economics
This article considers the issues of trust in banks in terms of the rationality of clients’ behavior and behavioural economy. The author’s empirical study of 370 owners of small and microfirms located in the Warmian-Masurian voivodeship suggests that approximately 69 % of the respondents prefer the services of Polish ...
Anthropological foundations of John Rawls' political theory
... attempt to attach broader and deeper Kantian philosophical foundations to “ratonal egoist” of classical utilitarianism (idea of autonomy, ability of self-determination through moral law); on the other hand, the notion of “life plan”, emphasizing rationality of human interests and actions and opening a possibility for happiness, connects Rawls’ theory to Aristotle’s virtue ethics and to contemporary communitarianism.
1. Васильев В. В. Неуловимая свобода: проблема ...
The pedagogical aspect of irrational borrower behaviour
Irrational borrower behaviour is considered as failure to develop competencies set out in the federal requirements for non-economic professional education. The authors describe the structure of preparedness for rational borrower behaviour as part of the cognitive, socio-affective, and hortatory components and of the practical borrowing experience. The article presents the results of an empirical study into the common types of irrational borrower behaviour and ...
John Rawls’ interpretation of categorical imperative in “Theory of Justice”
John Rawls’s interpretation of Kant’s categorical imperative is reviewed, some significant aspects of Rawls’ treatment of key notions of rationality, interests and ends are revealed, which limit the possibilities of application of Kantian ethics within Rawls’ liberal egalitarianism.
1. Калинников Л. А. Категорический императив и телеологический ...
Kant between liberalism and conservatism
... Thought of Immanuel Kant and Edmund Burke // The Journal of Religious Ethics. Vol. 36, № 3, Sep. 2008.
10. Louden, R. Kant's Human Being: Essays on His Theory of Human Nature. Oxford University Press, 2011.
11. Louden, R. Kant's Impure Ethics. From Rational Beings to Human Beings. Oxford University Press, 2000.
12. Seebom, Th. Kant’s Theory of Revolution // Social Research. Vol. 48, № 3 (Autumn, 1981). Р. 557—587.
liberalism, conservatism, political anthropology, Kant's «practical anthropology»....
Kistyakovsky on the nature of law
... neo-Kantian motive in Kistyakovsky's theory manifested itself in the reference to the normative nature of legal rules and law in general and its independence of any external authorities or internal motivations of human behavior. According to Kistyakovsky, the rational element of legal rules is their key characteristic. Not unlike concepts, law is created by reason, without which legal rules cannot be formulated. Legal rules are an expression of the normal (typical) human consciousness and behavior. However,...
Inter-organizational networks as seen by western economic sociology: An analysis of theoretical approaches
... capital // Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education. N. Y., 1986. P. 241—258.
4. Coleman J. Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital // American Journal of Sociology. 1988. Supplement. Vol. 94. P. 95—120.
5. Coleman J. Rational Action, Social Networks and the Emergence of Norms // Structures of Power and Constraint. N. Y., 1990. P. 91—112.
6. Davern M. Social Networks and Economic Sociology: A Proposed Research Agenda for a More Complete Social Science // American ...
Kants praktischer Platonismus
... particularly his theory of Ideas, in Kant’s moral philosophy, his ethics and his doctrine of right. Kant saw himself as a follower of Platonism insofar as its anti-empiricist principles of human conduct are concerned, although his own version of practical rationalism differs considerably from Plato’s. This is also true of Kant’s conception of freedom and of human rights. The greatest impact on Kant’s moral philosophy is due to the doctrine of the two worlds, the mundus sensibilis and the mundus intelligibilis,...
Maimon’s critique of I. Kant’s theory of analytic judge-ments
9. Maimon S. Versuch einer neuer Logik oder Theorie des Denkens. Tübingen, 2004.
10. Schechter O. The Logic of Speculative Philosophy and Skepticism in Maimon’s Philosophy: Satz der Bestimmbarkeit and the Role of Synthesis // Salomon Maimon: Rational Dogmatist, Empirical Skeptic. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003. P. 18—53.
analytic judgments, the determinable, determination, principle of contradiction, principle of determinability, real cognition, synthetic judgments, formal cognition
Kantian ethos in J. Rawls’s political philosophy
... reason; the content of "political justice" can be an object of construction; construction presupposes the use of practical rather than pure reason; moral philosophy requires a complex concept of a person; the function of moral philosophy is the rational defense of reasonable faith. The main differences between Kant’s and Rawls’s include the understanding of practical reason; the concept of a person based on fundamental ideas originating from different sources (political culture in Rawls’s ...
The significance of the critique of A. I. Vvedensky’s ‘new psychophysiological law’ for Russian philosophy
... Using the tools of criticism, the Russian philosopher identified the metaphysical origins in scientific knowledge in order to eliminate them, although preserving the particular critical field of metaphysics dealing with issues transcending the available rational knowledge. Such an approach to the role of metaphysics, as well as demarcation of the border between philosophy and psychology amid the need for coherent knowledge provoked sharp criticism. The author describes Vvednesky’s position, which can ...
Condorcet interpretation of probability’s theory: the use of a mathematical construct to the field of social action
Probability theory, which emerged as early as the 17th century thanks to the works of Pascal and Fermat, served for a long time as a tool of professional mathematicians. It was not considered a means of rational prediction of social actions. In the late 18th century, Nicolas de Condorcet (1743—1794) first proposed to apply probability theory to moral and political disciplines thus creating a basis for social forecasting. The methods he developed made ...
The teaching on postulates in Kant’s lectures on philosophical theory of religion
“Lectures on Poelitz’s philosophical theory of religion” are one of the four surviving manuscripts of Kant’s lectures on rational theology. The Lectures include an introduction, two parts, and an appendix. The introduction contains an overview of the basic questions and problems of rational theology, namely: the concept of theology, arts of natural theology, the idea of ...
Is Spinoza’s Ethics Heteronomous in the Kantian Sense of the Term?
... Spinoza’s thought that make every heteronomous interpretation of his practical philosophy extremely unlikely. These are i) identification of moral value in the quality of an agent’s law-oriented motivation, ii) distinction between human nature as rational and affective, ascribing different sets of laws to each, iii) endowment of reason with moral content, iv) recognition of the non-subjective notion of goodness. Added to this is my discussion of freedom and necessity in Kant and Spinoza in which ...
Analytic philosophy: a historico-critical survey
... L. : Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1971.
32. The Philosophy of Georg Henrik von Wright / ed. by Hahn L. and Schilpp P. A. // The Library of Living Philosophers. Chicago, 1989.
33. Cultural Relativism and Philosophy / ed. by Dascal M. Leiden, 1991.
34. Rationality and Relativism / ed. by Hollis M. and Lukes S. Oxford, 1982.
35. The Revolution in Philosophy / ed. by Ayer A. J. [et al.] With an Introduction by Ryle G. L., 1956.
36. Der Wiener Kreis der wissenschaftlichen Weltauffassung. Herausgegeben ...
Current trends in the development of a green finance system: methodology and practice
The concept of green growth and sustainable development is turning into a global ideology guiding the transformation of national economies. The focus is shifting from quantitative assessments of performance to rational choice conditions. Rationality is becoming the decisive factor behind sustainable green growth, and a change in the financial model that supports such growth may be needed. Therefore, the most urgent problems relating to sustainable growth are ...
The problem of rationality of history in Russian philoso¬phy abroad in the 1920s-1950s
This article examines Russian philosophy of history abroad. The author identifies the features of object of research and gives its general characteristics.
Состояние постмодерна. М.; СПб., 1998.
Россия за рубежом: история культуры русской эмиграции. 1919—
1939. М., 1994.
Историография философии: четыре жанра // Джохадзе И.
Д. Неопрагматизм Ричарда Рорти. М., 2001. С. 180—198.
Постмодернистский буржуазный либерализм // Джохадзе И.
Kant on Human Dignity: Autonomy, Humanity, and Human Rights
This paper explores the new frontier within Kantian scholarship which suggests that Kant places so much special importance on the value of rational nature that the supreme principle of morality and the concept of human dignity are both grounded on it. Advocates of this reading argue that the notion of autonomy and dignity should now be considered as the central claim of Kant’s ethics, ...
‘Conservative symbolism’ in Erich Fromm’s theory of dreams
... interpretation according to Fromm. The central element is understanding the image of a dream as a symbol common to both the realm of dreams and culture in general. The key mechanism of symbol formation is cultural- associative, which is a function of human rational thinking. It is suggested that images of dreams should be interpreted from this perspective.
1. Купер Дж. Энциклопедия символов. М., 1995.
2. Д. Тресиддер. Словарь символов. М., 1999.
The typological characteristic of culture in G. P. Fedotov’s philosophy
... // Там же.
5. Федотов Г. П. Новое отечество // Там же.
Savintsev V. I.
culture, culture genesis, civilisation, mass culture, elite culture, Western culture, Eastern culture, national culture, supranational culture, rational culture,
The rational bases of N. A. Berdyaev’s personalist concept of culture
This article considers N. A. Berdyaev's views on the origins of culture from «cult» and analyses the types of mass behavior characteristic of industrial culture, namely, «bestialism», «naturalism», «technitsism», and «cesarism ».
Воля к жизни и воля к культуре // Смысл истории. М., 1990.
О культуре // Философия творчества, культуры и искусства: в 2 т. М., 1994. Т. 1.
Предсмертные мысли Фауста // Там же.
О рабстве и...
Transzendentalphilosophie als kritische Bestimmung des Standpunkts. Eine wissenschaftstheoretische Annäherung
... understanding, which are directed towards the field of possible experience and provide a connection of cognition through reasons and consequences, as well as the regulative principles of reason, which form maxims of research, astronomy is a proper and rational natural science. The analysis of the case studies of astronomy shows that Kant uses the term transcendental within the framework of the “Transcendental Logic” of the Critique of Pure Reason to denote conditions that are constitutive for the ...
Generating function and its application for generalization of Legendre polynomials
... polynomials. Moskow, 1978. (in Russian)
2. Dzhrbashyan M. M, Kitbalyan A. A. On one generalization of Chebyshev polynomials// Reports of Armenian SSR Academy of science. 1964. Vol. 38, N 5.P. 263—270. (in Russian)
3. Rovba E. A. Orthogonal systems of rational functions on the segment and quadratures of Gauss-type // Mathematica Balkanica. 1999. Vol. 13, N 1—2. P. 187—198.
Rouba Y., Smatrytski K.
Legendre polynomials, generating function, orthogonal systems
The rhetorical turn in argumentation theory
.... Tindale’s Acts of arguing: A rhetorical model of argument // Informal Logic. 2000. Vol. 20 (2).
2. Govier T. Problems in argument analysis and evaluation. Dordrecht, 1987.
3. Grice P. Aspects of reason. Oxford, 2001.
4. Johnson R. H. Manifest rationality: A pragmatic theory of argument. Mahwah, 2000.
5. Perelman C., Olbrechts-Tyteca L. The new rhetoric: A treatise on argumentation. Notre Dame, 1969.
6. Tindale C. W. Rhetorical Argumentation: Principles of Theory and Practice. SAGE Publications ...
Cognitive-semantic modelling of the metaphoric choice devices
Теоретическое знание: структура, историческая эволюция. М., 2000.
История и философия науки. М., 2005.
Pankratova S. A.
association, cognitive model, critical rationalism, metaphoric
About generations of curves of genus 2 of p-rank 1 over finite fields
... Funktionenkörper der Charakteristik p // Monatshefte f. Math. und Phys. 1936. 43. P. 477—492.
5. Deuring M. Die Typen der Multiplikatorenringe elliptischer Funktionenkrper // Abh. Math. Sem. Univ. Hamburg, 1941. 14. P. 197—272.
6. Norman H. Many rational points: coding theory and algebraic geometry // Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003. P. 47—55.
curve over field, finite field
The features of metaphors in “prophetic” dreams
... spontaneity, integration into cultural contexts, elimination of functional borders between nominativity and predicativity, closeness to the object and cognitive metaphors. The author arrives at a conclusion that, in dreams, the metaphor brings together the rational and irrational spheres.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Языковая метафора // Лингвистика и поэтика. М., 1979.
2. Берестнев Г. И. Лингвистика сновидений // Логический ...