The conflict of the intellectual and the boor in the plays by S. Mrożek “Tango” and A. Chekhov “Cherry orchard”
This article examines the social and cultural conflict, the essence of which lies in the opposition of the intellectual and the boor in Chekhov's play “The Cherry Orchard” and in S. Mrożek play “Tango”. The comparative analysis of the works reveals the national, historical and social specificity of the conflict between the intellectual and the boor in the context of the crisis of modern ...
Playing with spectres
... heterogeneous structure in the realm of interactions between the ‘semiotic’ understood as a pre-linguistic condition of instinctive drives and the ‘symbolic’ manifested in socially oriented identification and discursive practices. The problem of play at the interface of its interactions is examined in the context of a danger of an ‘offensive of spectres’ against the reality, which can turn the latter in a ‘simulated hyperreality’. The author stresses Kant’s moral rigour in the context ...
Theatrical interpretation of a literary work from the standpoint of semiotic creativity
The study presents the results of linguosemiotic analysis of sign correlations between the play “The Elder Son” by Vampilov and 22 theatrical performances based on it (The International on-line Festival “The Elder Son — 55”, November, 2020). The play and its multimodal interpretations are viewed as parts of a unique communicative ...
Kant’s aesthetic theory in the light of H. G. Gadamer’s hermeneutic project
... distinguishes between aesthetic judgment and cognition, whereas Gadamer defines art as a method of cognition, an event that can become genuine under the condition of maximum of understanding. The author analyses the key categories of aesthetics — taste, play, and the beautiful. It is concluded that Kant understands the category of play from the perspective of the subject, whereas Gadamer interprets it as an instance of movement, independent from the observer. The correlation between Kant’s aesthetic ...
The international experience of integration of education, research, and business
The article considers three main types of integration of education, science and business. There are: American type, Japanese type and Mixed type. The main role in American type of integration plays Research University; the main role in Japanese type plays Government; the main role in Mixed type (mostly prevalence are in Central and Northern Europe) plays technological parks. The article considers merits and demerits of these types.
1. Карпенко ...
Metatheatre under the sign of Chekhov (based on plays by V. Levanov, O. Bogayev, A. Mardan)
Since Lionel Abel (1963), metatheatrical plays are understood as a piece of drama, whose object is the play itself. The author considers the reasons behind the frequent references to the personality and works of A. P. Chekhov found in modern metatheatrical drama and analyses the changes to the ...
The thematic field of black humour
... as cultural phenomenon thematically is organized as a semantic field and focuses on six major components: death and associated with it, destruction of human physiology, fear of danger, threats to beloved ones, social catastrophes, necrophilia. A “play principle” is actively being implemented in all these cases.
1. Борисов С. Б. Эстетика «черного юмора» в российской традиции // Из истории русской эстетической мысли....
Nikolay Kononov's novel “Flaneur” in the context of Polish messianism: history and myth
... of Kononov’s dialogue as the author of the novel “Flaneur” with Polish messianism, which is presented by Mickiewicz’s “Books and the Pilgrimage of the Polish Nation” and Slovatsky’s “Journey to the East”. Kononov’s parody and play with historical myths of Polishness allow the reader to compare his novel with the literary works of Gombrovich. The author concludes that Kononov’s Tadeush represents the anthropological trichotomy: clothing — body — soul. In the parody ...
Scenarios of increasing the economic efficiency of the Kaliningrad regional transport system
... limited contribution of transport to the regional economy. Particularly, it manifests itself at the level of regional gross value added, where the contribution of transport is much smaller than one might expect given the significant role the industry plays in the economy of the region. In this study, we examine major ways of increasing the economic efficiency of the regional transport system from the value added perspective. We posit that the structure of cargo handled and the redistribution of value ...
Sociocultural factors of cross-cultural sensitivity in university students
This article presents a theoretical analysis of the social-cultural factors contributing to the development of intercultural sensitivity of university students. The social environment of students’ training plays an important role in the development of intercultural sensitivity. Of special importance are three aspects: the size of the city or the type of the urban environment where students are study and live; the multicultural features of the environment ...
Kant and Hegel, an alleged right and the ‘inverted world’
The category of power is one of ontological predicates discussed by Kant in lectures on metaphysics. This concept expresses relation of substance to its attributes and plays an important role in Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit. Law is a simple form of unity incorporating an idea of the play of powers, whereas power is a category that makes it possible to understand the supersensible as a realm of laws. This interpretation ...
Functions of syntactic structures in the context of jakobson’s model of communication
... this study, it is understood as an interaction between the writer and the reader in the process of interpreting a poetic work. The poetic function of syntactic means is analysed on the example of Yevgeny Boratynsky’s poem "Autumn", which plays a special role in his creative heritage. Along with the poetic function, the emotive, phatic, conative, referential and metacommunicative functions of syntactic constructions are revealed. The author demonstrates the breadth of the functional ...
Children's daily life play in the post-war years (based on the material of the Ukrainian SSR)
The author makes an attempt to characterize the daily life play of the Soviet children in the postwar period. The analysis of the issue was carried out on the background of theoretical works on the topic, as well as archival materials and the results of the questionnaire. The study allows to identify the main ...
Legal Consciousness at the Early Stage of Personality Development from the Perspective of Russian Neo-Kantian Philosophy of Pedagogy
... state of morality and legal consciousness during early childhood, and Rubinstein’s position on this issue is closer to the position of Natorp than to that of Hessen. Furthermore, I examine the differences in the views of the Russian Neo-Kantians on play as an activity crucial for the understanding of human childhood. According to Hessen, play is anomic, whereas Rubinstein sees it as a collaborative activity that can engender respect for other people and their rights, i.e., to legal consciousness....
Formation of the cultural landscape of the modern Kaliningrad region in the stone age
The authors reflect on the interaction of nature and society in the territory of the modern Kaliningrad region in the Stone Age. Natural factors played a decisive role in the formation of the region’s cultural landscape. In the Stone Age, anthropogenic changes in the natural environment were minimal and were mainly noticed in separate components of the natural landscape. At the boundary of the ...
The formation of the political elite in Lithuania at the turn of the 1980s—1990s: the role of “moral politicians”
... article considers the trend of structural changes in the political elite of the Republic of Lithuania in the post-Soviet period through analyzing the role of the so-called “moral politicians” — intellectuals, artists, and cultural figures, who played a decisive role in the period of the communist system disintegration and further development of the country's policy. The role of the political elite, which is understood according to R. Putnam and J. Higley's definition, is considered in the conditions ...
The glottodidactic drama: Playing the life
This article reveals the potential of drama as a methodological technique in teaching Polish as a foreign language. The author describes and classifies drama-exercises used in the modern methodology of teaching Polish..
. Co to jest drama
Spiritual foundations of Orthodox pedagogical culture
This article identifies the dominant ideas of global and national culture comprising a special realm of pedagogical values designated as Orthodox pedagogical culture. These ideas are identified as spiritual foundations – an aggregate of standards playing a key role in describing the phenomenon of Orthodox pedagogical culture.
1. Амфилохий (Радович Ристо, митр. Черногорский и Приморский). Человек — носитель вечной жизни....
Semi-geodetic transformation of temporary images
Often while seismic data processing one gets time dependent images (time cuts, time migration), in which time plays the role of the «depth» variable. If in some approximation the wave propagation velocity is known, these images can be transformed into the true ones. In this article for this purpose it is proposed to use semi-geodesic transform associated with ...
Jerzy Andrzejewski's “The Inquisitors” and Dostoyevsky's “The Grand Inquisitor”: Temptation as Existential Problem
... motifs of 'historical' novel “The Inquisitors” by Jerzy Andrzejewski and the parable chapter “The Grand Inquisitor” from Fyodor Dostoyevsky's “The Brothers Karamazov”. The motif of temptation connected with the interpretation of the Gospel plays the key role in both texts.
. Мрак покрывает землю // Анджеевский Е. Сочинения: в 2 т. М., 1990. Т. 2.
. «Врата рая» ...
The impact of changes in dissolved organic carbon concentration in a solution on the sorption of platinum compounds
... the impact of changing dissolved organic carbon concentration in a solution on the sorption of platinum (II), (IV) compounds (K2PtCl4, H2PtCl6) at different soil horizons. The authors prove that even small concentrations of dissolved organic carbon play an important role in platinum sorption in soil and background minerals.
1. Benjamin M. M., Leckie J. O. Conceptual Model for Metal-Ligand-Surface Interactions During Adsorption // Environ. Sci. Technol. 1981. № 15(9). P. 1050—1057.
2. Frimmel ...
New and “Old” Sources in N. Karamzin's History of the Russian State
... archaeography, its development and achievements in the late 18th — early 19th centuries. The most important of the new sources N. Karamzin used are investigated, including referencing in footnotes. It is concluded that the History of the Russian State played a considerable role in the popularization of documental heritage of ancient and medieval Russia.
1. Карамзин Н. М. История государства Российского. URL:
The woman as seen by a man in modern Russian chanson
... image of a woman as presented in Russian modern chanson. The author identifies two female images – the mother and the lover. The image of the mother has hardly changed over the last seventy years. The image of the lover has inversed: earlier, she played with the man, now she is his plaything. Female images are analysed from the perspective of C. G. Jung’s analytical psychology.
1. Берестнев Г. И. Слово, язык и за их пределами. Калининград, 2007.
Edward Stachura’s existential character and the Polish wedding chronotope
This article analyses the spatial and temporal structure of Edward Stachura’s short story “The Wedding” in an intertextual dialogue with Sta-nislaw Wyspianski’s play of the same name and in the existential literary-philosophical context. The author focuses on the problem of relations between the individual and the historical national community. The article analyses the logic of solving this problem in the romantic ...
The lexical unit beautiful as a means to express the axiological fragment of A. S. Pushkin’s world image
The poetry and plays of A.S. Pushkin serve as the material for identifying the lexical–semantic paradigm of means of explicating the idea of the beautiful in its external and eternal manifestations.
1. Алимпиева Р. В. Лексема прекрасный ...
The energy of biosphere and the evolution of the Earth's crust
This article discusses the role of bioaccumulation of solar energy by sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. The authors corroborate the idea that the interaction between solar energy and biosphere play the decisive role in the Earth’s crust formation.
1. Коржинский Д. С. Преувеличение солнечной энергии в энергетике земной коры // Изв. АН СССР. Сер. геол. 1955. № ...
Victories and defeats of General Barclay de Tolly in the novel by L. Tolstoy «War and Peace»
The article analyses various means of creating the image of Barclay de Tolly, a great Russian commander who played, according to historians, a decisive role in defeating Napoleon in the Patriotic War of 1812. The author concludes that his portraying in the novel was very powerful not only due to the re-creation of the dominating attitude towards the general ...
Mathematical modeling of a injury of a backbone
A plenty of proceedings of various disciplines fundamental and applied science is devoted to studying of vertebral damage. The special role in studying this pathology is played with methods of mathematical modelling since allow to predict development of adverse deformations of a backbone and to optimize methods of elimination of these damages. Using mathematical model three-vertebra a complex the algorithm of surgical ...
Typological differences between the coastal regions of Russia's Western borderlands
... article focuses on the economic features of 11 federal subjects of the Russian Federation located along its maritime borders in the west of the Arctic, Baltic and Azov-Black Sea basins. The regions under study vary from each other, but each of them plays a vital role in the country's economy. The author aims to identify their typological differences in order to improve federal and regional policy towards to the coastal regions of the Western Borderlands. To attain the goal, first, the types ...
The Polish minority in the Republic of Lithuania: internal and external factors
... Lithuania and Russia, and the Russian minority in Lithuania. Our analysis shows that the EU membership of Lithuania and Poland did not provide an instant solution to the problem of the Polish minority but rather attenuated it. Although the EU factor played a significant role before the accession of Poland and Lithuania to the Union, its influence is very limited today. The effect of the Russian factor is different. Strained Polish-Russian relations do not affect the relations between the Polish ...
Anthropological ideas of Immanuel Kant and the problem of interreligious conflicts in the modern society
This article analyses Kant's anthropological ideas, his interpretation of affections and passions of human soul. It is claimed that everything that is inconsistent with reason, including passions and affections, should play a secondary, subordinate role in religion. Religious conflicts should be resolved through an appeal to universal moral values and the decrease in the pressure of religion ideology components that are not directly related to morality.
The development of a Russian-Polish cross-border region: the role of the Kaliningrad agglomeration and the Tri-City (Gdansk—Gdynia—Sopot)
... Kaliningrad agglomeration. A systemic approach is used to analyse a variety of relationships, reflected in a map showing the diversity of geographical areas of cooperation. The University of Gdansk and the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University are playing an important role in the development of Russian—Polish relations. Although the intensity of cross-border ties has decreased in recent years amid tensions between Russia and the West, there is hope that bilateral socio-economic benefits will ...
The ‘сool war’ in the Baltic Sea Region: consequences and future scenarios..
The relevance of this topic is determined by the Baltic region playing a special role in the current confrontation between Russia and the West, which is most accurately defined by the term ‘cool war’. Russia borders on the EU and NATO in that region. In this study, I aim to demonstrate the impact of the ‘cool ...
Tourism and the structure of attractiveness of the Baltic region metropolises
International tourism is playing an increasingly important part in the life of all the nine countries of the Baltic region. In this contribution, I analyse the statistical data for 2010—2017 regarding the numbers of arrivals of international tourists and international tourism ...
A Lax pair for the (1+3) nonlinear equation
Integral systems with four independent variables have special signifi-cance in mathematics and physics. The discovery of inverse scattering method played an important role in reconsidering the place of integrable systems of nonlinear partial differential equations in mathematical sciences. The search for a systematic approach to developing exact solutions of such systems has become one of the main ...
The motif of temptation in G. G. Byron’s mystery play Cain
This article considers one of the most complex works of Byron. The author focuses on the key motif in the plot of the philosophical drama. The analysis shows that Byron’s interpretation of the Biblical events makes it possible to conclude that, striving for absolute freedom, the human being is incapable of protecting themselves from the spiritual captivity of passions and their soul cannot remain independent from such opposite forces as the light and the darkness, good and evil, god and the devil...
Freud’s cognitive and linguistic insights in the theory of dream interpretation
... homonymy, language game, and associative networks for Freud’s theory. Moreover, polysemy, initial context conditions, and the transfer of content from one coding into another — from the iconic image system into the symbolic conceptual one — also play an important role in dream interpretation. It is concluded that Freud anticipated key theoretical principles of modern cognitive linguistics.
1. Аверинцев С. С. Вода // Мифы народов мира. М., 1991. Т. 1. С. 240....
The formula «If there is no God, everything is allowed» in the poetic interpretation of Czeslaw Milosz
... reinterpretations of the precedent formula “If there is no God, everything is allowed” in the poems “If not”, “Meaning” and “Oeconomia divina”. It is concluded that the poems under study form a "triptych", where the leading role is played by dialectics of word and silence.
1. Гильманов В. Х., Копцев И. Д., Мальцев Л. А. Т. Манн и Ф. М. Достоевский: к проблеме эссенциального диалога между Германией ...
The Russian language, dialogue of cultures, and F. M. Dostoyevsky
.... The article analyses the increasing interest in Russian culture in Lithuania, as well as the motivation for learning the Russian language, which can be explained by the desire to learn and understand Russian culture, read a book, watch a move or a play, feel a poem, etc. It is stated that a certain motivation for learning the Russian language can be the increasing interest in the works of F. M. Dostoyevsky.
1. Анненский И. Книга отражений. М., 1979.
2. Вайсета ...
Russian soft power in the Baltic States through the lens of research: traditions, competition, confrontation
... current forms of Russian soft power are becoming less productive in the region and their use in the negative political context of bilateral relations has the opposite effect for Russia – the country loses in reputation and image. The main factor at play is the information content of the Russian-language media space. At odds with the historical and political views of a significant part of the Baltic States’ ruling class, it is becoming the target of counteraction. At the same time, Russian high ...
Anagrams in M.A. Bulgakov’s works
This article considers the types of anagrams used by Bulgakov in creating the names of characters. The analysis is based on the novels The White Guard, The Master and Margarita, The Fatal Eggs, Diaboliada, and Heart of a Dog, the play Flight, and various satirical articles and essays.
1. Амфитеатров А. В. Собр. соч. : в 10 т. М., 2000. Т. 1.
2. Булгаков М. А. Собр. соч. : в 8 т. М., 2007—2011.
3. Гаспаров Б. М. Литературные ...
Modern geopolitical research in Russia
... marine geopolitics, ethnic geopolitics, geoeconomics, ecopolitics, political geoconflict studies, and mediageopolitics. We consider geopolitics and ethnic geopolitics to be priority areas of geographical and geopolitical studies. Geography plays a major role in the comprehensive geopolitical studies into territories of different size. Geopolitics of post-Soviet space, geopolitics of Russia, domestic geopolitics, and critical geopolitics examine the combined effect of the properties ...
Mediation models in education
... institution, described the role of mediator teacher in each of the described models. The analysis of the application of these models in teaching shows considerable differences in goals and objectives of mediation, as well as the functions of the teacher, playing the role of mediator.
1. Базовый курс медиации: рефлексивные заметки / М. С. Бойко и др. ; под общ. ред. С. В. Лабода. Минск, 2011.
2. Симаева И. Н., Чуприс ...
Neither more nor less: the grounds for A.Skidan’s system
... structure. The article defines a semantic invariant and studies the ways of its invariant development, analyzes connection between the relevant concepts and categories of space and movement, life and death. The semantic reconstruction is performed through play Multilanguage anagram code, which is used by Skidan to develop the text of basic semantic structures.
1. Бенвенист Э. Словарь индоевропейских социальных терминов. М., 1995.
2. Виноградов ...
Particular features of Polish Hamlet in the novels “Homeless” by S.Zeromski and “Red Shields” by Y. Iwaszkiewicz
... as agent- ascetic personality and reflecting “ego”. The analysis concludes that Zheromsky within the frames of realistic novel successively implements the Hamlet’s psychological personality model while Ivashkevich a mystical effect of “Hamlet play” and his protagonist if a psychological type different from a Shakespeare’s one.
1. Брандес Г. Гений Шекспира. Король трагедии. М., 2014.
2. Выготский Л. С. Психология искусства....
The role of the Kaliningrad region in the development of Russian-German relations
Germany is one of the principal partners of the Russian Federation. The Kaliningrad region plays a significant role in the development of partnership between the two countries, but the existing opportunities for development are not fully exploited. This article analyses the development, current state and prospects of an increasing role of the ...
The Pythagorean-mathematical component of P. A. Florensky’s social philosophy
... state, people are units, Pythagorean numbers, or monads that have value not by themselves, but as parts of the whole set; this set-state is dominated by the supreme monad-hero vested with the theurgic grace of deciding the fates of people. Florensky plays the role of a “social engineer” who develops the concept of a good state, whereas the human being serves as material for this social and mathematical structure.
1. Андроник (Трубачев), иеродиакон. К 100-летию ...
Alchemic symbols as a means of psychoanalytical description in N. Kononov's story «Source of Injury»
... by the solar symbolism, appears as a projection of Ego and of momentary consciousness. Olya, who is associated with the images of the moon and air, appears as a projection of the Anima, which refers to the subconscious. The narrator and his character play the role of the conscious part of the psyche abiding behind the momentary consciousness. Although the narrative is evidently about a mental illness, a split personality in the state of psychosis, it still structures past events and their analytical ...
On the territorial differences in chain organisation of retail in the Russian Federation
... factor, whose value is close to essential: the geographical remoteness from Moscow. However, many regions of central Russia have a low share of retail chains. One cannot exclude that a significant role in the development of interregional differences is played by institutional factors, which can become a focal point of further research.
1. Санников О. В. Особенности розничной торговли в России // Проблемы местного самоуправления....