Baltic accent

2021 Vol. 12 №3

Back to the list Download an article

Functions of syntactic structures in the context of jakobson’s model of communication



The article discusses the role of the syntactic level of the organisation of a poetic text in the formation of a model of literary communication. The research aims to identify the role of syntactic structures in the construction of lyric discourse and to explore the poetic function of grammar units in the text. The author employs the principles and techniques of linguopoetic analysis and the methodology of constructing a communicative act, which was developed in the works of Vinogradov, Shcherba, Jakobson and Lotman and others. Special attention is paid to the functional potential of syntactic forms in relation to lyrics. The concept of artistic communication has been clarified. In this study, it is understood as an interaction between the writer and the reader in the process of interpreting a poetic work. The poetic function of syn­tactic means is analysed on the example of Yevgeny Boratynsky’s poem "Autumn", which plays a special role in his creative heritage. Along with the poetic function, the emotive, phat­ic, conative, referential and metacommunicative functions of syntactic constructions are re­vealed. The author demonstrates the breadth of the functional spectrum of syntactic units in poetic discourse. The semantics of sentences is an integral part of the semantic structure of a poetic text. Poetic syntax, closely related to the melody, metrics and composition of the poetic text, plays a key role in creating rhythm. In Yevgeny Boratynsky's poem, the ‘twilight’ syn­tax with its particular complexity of organisation contributes to the archaization of the style of the philosophical elegy and brings it closer to the traditions of preaching, psalm, and spir­itual ode.


Baratynskii, E. A., 1989. Polnoe sobranie stikhotvorenii [Complete collection of po­ems]. Leningrad (in Russ.).

Feshchenko, V. V., 2021. Artistic communication: from semiotic models to linguo-aesthetic theory. Slovo. ru: baltiiskii aktsent [Slovo. ru: Baltic accent], 12 (1), pp. 7—31 (in Russ.).

Gin, Ya. I., 2006. O poetike grammaticheskikh kategorii [On the poetics of grammati­cal categories]. Petrozavodsk (in Russ.).

Ginzburg, L., 1974. O lirike [About the lyrics]. Leningrad (in Russ.).

Kozhinov, V. V., 1970. Kak pishut stikhi: o zakonakh poeticheskogo tvorchestva [How they write poetry: about the laws of poetic creativity]. Moscow (in Russ.).

Kozhinov, V. V., 1978. Kniga o russkoi liricheskoi poezii XIX veka: Razvitie stilya i zhanra [The book about Russian lyric poetry of the XIX century: Development of style and genre]. Moscow (in Russ.).

Lotman, Yu. M., 2011. Poetic tongue-tied language of Andrei Bely. In: O poetakh i poezii [About poets and poetry]. St. Petersburg, pp. 681—687 (in Russ.).

Lotman, Yu. M., 2011. Two “Autumns”. In O poetakh i poezii [About poets and poetry]. St. Petersburg, pp. 511—520 (in Russ.).

Patroeva, N. V., 2016. “Twilight” syntax of E. A. Baratynsky (based on the collec­tion “Twilight” 1842). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. 2. Yazy­koznanie. [Bulletin of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 15 (2), pp. 105—119 (in Russ.).

Patroeva, N. V., 2017. Syntax of Russian poetry of the 18th century in connection with the metrics, stanza and genre of the poem. Voprosy yazykoznaniya [Questions of linguistics.], 6, pp. 20—41 (in Russ.).

Peshkovskii, A. M., 1956. Russkii sintaksis v nauchnom osveshchenii [Russian syntax in scientific coverage]. Moscow (in Russ.).

Shcherba, L. V., 1957. Literary language and ways of its development (in relation to the Russian language). In: Shcherba L. V. ed. Izbrannye raboty po russkomu yazyku [Selected works on the Russian language]. Moscow, pp. 130—140 (in Russ.).

Syntactic Dictionary of Russian Poetry of the 18th Century: in 4 volumes, 2017. Vol. 1. Kantemir, Trediakovskii; ed. N. V. Patroeva. St. Petersburg (in Russ.).

Syntactic Dictionary of Russian Poetry of the 18th Century: in 4 volumes, 2019. Vol. 2. Lomonosov; ed. N. V. Patroeva. St. Petersburg (in Russ.).

Jakobson, R., 1975. Linguistics and poetics. In: Strukturalizm: “za” i “protiv” [Struc­turalism: “pro” and “contra”]. Moscow, pp. 193—230 (in Russ.).

Jakobson, R., 1987. Questions of poetics. Postscript to the book of the same name. In: Jakobson R. ed. Raboty po poetike [Works on poetics]. Moscow, pp. 80—98 (in Russ.).

Jakobson, R. O., 1983. Poetry of grammar and grammar of poetry. In: Semiotika [Semiotics]. Moscow, pp. 462—482 (in Russ.).

Zolyan, S. T., 2014. Semantika i struktura poeticheskogo teksta [Semantics and struc­ture of poetic text.]. Moscow (in Russ.).