The justification of legal punishment in Kant’s philosophy
The subject matter of the article is the problem of justification of punishment within Kant’s practical philosophy. Modern interpretations tend to reduce this problem to the issue of “retributivism”: To what extent is Kant’s theory of punishment to be regarded as retributivist? While acknowledging ...
Hermann Cohens Konzept der Anthropodizee in der Sicht Jacob Gordins
... classical philosophy, Neo-Kantianism, and the West European and Jewish mysticism (cabbala). Gordin compares Cohen’s anthropodicy with Vladimir Soloviev’s one and shows that there is a similarity in their approaches. Both philosophers point out that the justification of man is possible only in form of the justification of humanity and not as for Berdyaiev in form of the justification of personality. But Gordin uses Soloviev’s concept of all-unity and Berdyaiev’s concept of creativity in order to ...
Vernunft und Glaube. Zu Kants Deduktion der Gnadenlehre
Kant’s deduction of the Christian doctrine of justification, respectively the doctrine of grace, leads to the question in what sense philosophy can deal with God’s grace without falsely replacing it with its own arguments. Kant’s answer (a) is that the imputation of evil without attempt to justify ...
Kant’s way to the perpetual peace in the XXIst century
... stresses that more significant results in establishing peace and politics were achieved in the second half of the 20th century than ever before. Kant played the decisive role in this process being the only philosopher who took the issue of philosophical justification of perpetual peace to the logical conclusion. One can say that the humanity is now firmly on the path towards perpetual peace, whose philosophical justification was given by Kant. It was Kant who gave the discussions the Archimedean ‘place ...
Taking Detours through the “Transcendental Dialectic”. The Principles of Homogeneity, Specification, and Continuity
... book” of the “Transcendental Dialectic” turn out to be possible reference points. Although this contextualisation demands further systematic and editorial reflections, it also allows the clarification of the status of the principles and their justification in relation to a subjective deduction. Kant offers with the subjective deduction, as introduced in the “Preface” (of the first edition of the Critique of Pure Reason) and again in the “first book” of the “Transcendental Dialectic”,...
The legitimation and criticism of violence in international law. A po¬litical science perspective
This article considers the practice of justification of arbitrary use of force, which poses a paradox and was not foreseen in Kant’s peace project. It is paradoxical because modern international law — unlike classical law — is aimed not at regulating wars but maintaining peace. However,...
G. P. Fedorov in the search of philosophy of culture
... culture and history and provides an overview of his ideas. The author addresses the problem of the sources of cultural development, its mechanisms, and patterns. Another focus is the analysis of the problem of cognition of culture and the methodological justification of such possibility in the framework of Russian philosophy abroad.
1. Братство Святой Софии : материалы и документы. 1923—1939. М. ;Париж, 2000.
2. Степун Ф. А. Г. П. Федотов ...
NOTA NOTAE rule in Kant’s syllogistics
The article analyses the meaning of the Nota Notae rule in Kant’s syllogistics; it defines two functions of the rule: justification of syllogistic inferences and regulation of modi reduction procedure.
Аналитики. Минск, 1998.
Логическое учение Аристотеля. М., 1960. ...
The conflict between the types of theoretical and practical rationality in Russian philosophy and science of the 19th century
... материалы. Саратов, 1971.
11. Юшкевич А. П. История математики в России. М., 1968.
12. Bachelard G. La formation de l’esprit scientifique. P., 1963.
non-Euclidean geometry, theory justification, visualization, type of rationality.
A justification of the content of professional training of masters in «Tourism» at IKBFU
This article considers the current state of the existing system of education in the Russian Federation and analyses the main problems of the development of human resources potential within the tourism industry, as well as the trends in the training of specialists in tourism and hospitality. The author emphasizes the need for training masters in tourism within the “Tourism” field of study and identifies the desired characteristics of a specialist’s qualification.
1. Основная образовательная программа...
International Scientific Conference “Kant and Solovyov: Convergences and Divergences”
... and Russian philosophers: in 2018, 230 years have passed since the publication of Kant’s main ethical work, the Critique of Practical Reason (1788), and, in 2019, 120 years will have passed since the publication of Solovyov’s final version of The Justification of the Good (1899). Both of these works are the apexes of two different, yet closely related, traditions of moral philosophy — the German and the Russian.
The conference will be devoted to the study of overlaps and influences between ...
The psychological problems of development of professional culture of future lawyers in the context of its increasing quality
This article aims to give a theoretical and methodological, as well as empirical justification of the conceptual framework of formation of professional culture in future lawyers in the context of its increasing quality. The problem of professional culture of a lawyer was analyzed within
the three contexts: theoretical approaches ...
What is transcendental logic?
This article deals with Kant's justification of transcendental logic. The author shows how Kant draws the distinction between general and transcendental logic. The article analyses the essence of the new logic and its place in transcendental philosophy and considers the structural ...
Social practices and mechanisms of socialization of uncertainty
... the nature and features of uncertainty. The analysis rests on the concepts of multiple forms of capital, different orders of value, and field and habitus theory.
Human Capital. Chicago, 1964.
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On Justification. The Economies of Worth. Princeton, 2006.
Uncertainty and Economic Sociology: A Prelimninary Discussion
// American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2003. Vol. 62. №
3. P. 509—532.
Kant's philosophical ideas in Rober Nozik's political theory
Robert Nozik's political theory contains an attempt to utilize Kant's notion of individual freedom and the second formula of his categorical imperative (“the principle of humanity as an end in itself”) for the justification of his libertarian “minimal state”. This article analyses and criticizes this attempt on the following grounds: a) the anthropological models of Kant's and Nozik's theories are incommensurable; b) different notions of human nature result ...
The content of practicum for bachelors and masters of education
... the professional training of future teachers as well as the content of all types of practica in the continuous training of a teacher of informatics within bachelor’s and master’s programmes. The theoretical significance of the study lies in the justification of the content of all types of practica from the perspective of the praxeological approach – theory of successful activities. The practical significance lies in that the presented integrated system of practicum content, which includes ...
The Text and Discourse in the Light of Communicative Meaning Formation
... correct interpretation of a semiotic act.
1. Arutyunova, N. D., 1990. Discourse. In: V. N. Yartseva, ed. Lingvisticheskii entsiklopedicheskii slovar' [Linguistic encyclopedic dictionary]. Moscow, p. 136—137.
2. Vdovichenko, A. V., 2016. Communicative justification of grammar. To the question of limits of grammatical description conventionality. Russkii yazyk za rubezhom [Russian language abroad], 4, p. 78—84.
3. Vdovichenko, A. V., 2016. On the non-self-identity of the linguistic sign. The causes ...
Sensitivity to cultural differences in students with different cross-cultural experience
This paper offers a theoretical justification of the problem of intercultural sensitivity and analyses Russian and international approaches to studying the phenomena. The author presents the results of an empirical study into the in-tercultural sensitivity of students with different ...
The thinking of nature and the nature of thinking — Cohen on Spinoza
... importance of ethics and logic through the metaphysics of identity of the divine substance.
1. Kogen G. 2012, Teorija opita Kanta [Theory of experience of Kant], Per. s nem. V. N. Be¬lova, Moscow.
2. Kogen G. 2008, Obosnovanie etiki Kantom [Kantian justification of ethics] / Per. s nem. V. N. Belova // Immanuil Kant i aktualnije problem sovremennoj filosofii. Sb. nauch. trudov / pod obchej red. V. N. Belova i L. I. Tetjueva. T. 2. Moscow.
3. Poma A. 2012, Kriticheskaja filosofija Germana Kogena ...
Kistyakovsky on the nature of law
... Kogen, Natorp, Shtammler i dr. [Fundamentals of legal philosophy in scientific idealism. Marburg school of philosophy: Kogen, Natorp, Shtammler, etc.], Moscov, t. 1.10. Solovyev, V. S. 1988, Opravdanie dobra. Nravstvennaja filosofija, v 2 tomah [Good justification. Moral philosophy], Moscov.
The development of dairy farming: forecasts and trends
... the development of dairy cattle breeding in Russia during the implementation of the policy of import substitution. The methodical basis of research is a set of methods of economic and mathematical modeling, including scenarios and their quantitative justification. Special attention is paid to the method of extrapolation modeling linear and nonlinear trends. The method of trend modeling has been supplemented by the method of expert assessment. The empirical basis of the forecast calculations was ...
The Kaliningrad Region as a Potential Coastal Transport Cluster
... significance of the article lies in justifying the production of practical recommendations for developing the region’s transport potential based on the cluster theory. One of the major results of the study that is presented in this article is the justification of the need for modernising the information and organisational elements of the regional transport complex alongside modernising the transport system infrastructure.
1. Tanaka K. Transport geography in Japan // Journal of Transport Geography....
The policy of cosmopolitism: from universalism to pluralism
This article is devoted to the search for an adequate justification for the modern policy of cosmopolitism. The author maintains that the legitimation of cosmopolitism is of rather cultural than political nature. Liberal cultural pluralism based on universal political and legal principles (Kant and Rawls) ...
Intellektuelle Anschauung und philosophische Schwärmerei. Kant und die Aufklärung des philosophierenden Subjekts
... the enlightenment of the philosophizing subject by tracing his criticism of philosophical enthusiasm (“Schwärmerei”). For Kant intellectual intuition (“intellektuelle Anschauung”) serves in case of philosophical enthusiasm as a reason for the justification of philosophical knowledge. This determination is a threat for his project of enlightenment, because it entices the philosophizing subject to contradict the maxim of self-thinking. In order to show the link between Kant’s criticism of ...
Kant on the rights of citizens in matters of religion: The concept of religious tolerance in the German Enlightenment
... then natural right compendia, it might seem strange to us today. Kant distinguished between three branches of government. However, they were not identical in the name or function to the executive, legislative, and judicial powers. Of interest is the justification of the exclusion of certain powers from the monarch’s authority — the monarch must not dispense justice or rule in a way that is demeaning to his or her greatness. Moreover, the section covers the problem of the rights and obligations ...
Moral inscrutability and self-constitution in Kant (translated from the English by V. Belonogova and D. Khizanishvili, edited by V. Chaly)
... postulates a transcendental structure similar to the unity of transcendental apperception in order to unify all volitions of an agent and make the initial application of freedom possible. The first innovation gives rise to a number of questions as to the justification of maxims, whereas the second leads to the theory of moral self-constitution, which was not completed within Kant’s practical philosophy. Together, they create a voluntaristic image of Kant, which undermines the philosopher’s earlier ...
Representation of religious and confessional values of the Reformation and Protestantism in the phraseological heritage of Martin Luther
... determined by the basic ideas of the Protestant creed. The main attention is paid to the representation in the phraseological units of the key provisions of the religious and moral renewal of the person, proclaimed by reformists, namely the concepts of justification by faith, Christian freedom, upbringing and education of a new person, vocation and labour as religious and spiritual values.
Буянова Л. Ю. Фразеология как культурный код познания и духовное ...
Aesthetics in the system of Paul Natorp’s philosophy
... philosophy of religion. The author analyses the understanding of aesthetics and philosophyof arts and creative works in line with the Neo-Kantian tradition. The article focuses on the thinker’s contribution to the philosophy of the Marburg School and the justification of idealism. Philosophical aesthetics serves as a science and a link between the laws of nature and the moral world. The Neo-Kantian gives the lost connection to the sensible intuition back to aesthetics thus linking its significance to ...
Revisiting the Maxim-Law Dynamic in the Light of Kant’s Theory of Action
... their reality). Such a classification yields us three exhaustive and mutually exclusive types namely, “maxims that are not potential laws”, “maxims that are potential laws” and “laws that are not maxims”.
Albrecht, M., 2009. Kant’s Justification of the Role of Maxims in Ethics. In: K. Ameriks and O. Höffe, eds. 2009. Kant’s Moral and Legal Philosophy. Translated by N. Walker. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 134-155.
Allison, H. E., 1990. Kant’s Theory of Freedom....
Kants Denkraum: Subjektivität als Prinzip. Interview mit Prof. Dr. Jürgen Stolzenberg
... Jürgen Stolzenberg, board member of the Kant-Gesellschaft and co-editor of the Kant-Lexikon (2015), explores a wide range of topics — from Leibniz and Wolff to Heidegger and Husserl. The leading idea of Stolzenberg’s philosophical research is the justification of the principle of modern subjectivity in Kant’s philosophy and its transformations until our days. He discusses the meaning and development of the concept of self-consciousness and the understanding of subjectivity in Kant’s ethics ...
Steven Makin’s ontological argument: The concept of necessary exis¬ten¬ce of God
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16. Prior A. N. Is Necessary Existence Possible? // Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. 1955. Vol. 15, № 4. P. 545—547.
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The Universe of Science. The Architectonic Ideas of Science, Sciences and their Parts in Kant
... Kant and the Exact Sciences. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Gava, G., 2014. Kant’s Definition of Science in the Architectonic of Pure Reason and the Essential Ends of Reason. In: Kant-Studien, 105(3), pp. 372-393.
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Kant, I., 1992. The Jäsche Logic, in: Lectures on logic. Translated ...
Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology and a cognitive-semantic interpretation of Kant’s transcendentalism
... thing in itself is defined as a transcendental object and/or phenomenon. It is emphasised that, in a certain sense, the second variant of S. L. Katrechko’s interpretation antecedes Husserl’s phenomenology, which introduced a substantive a priori justification of human experience. This is a realist interpretation of Husserl’s philosophy. At its core is a fundamental principle of phenomenology — the validation of knowledge by a reflective examination of its premises and the everyday experience ...
Deduction of Freedom vs Deduction of Experience in Kant’s Metaphysics
... between transcendental deduction of concepts and deduction of the fundamental principles of pure practical reason in Kant’s metaphysics. First of all it is necessary to examine Kant’s attitude to the metaphysics of his time and the problem of its new justification. Kant in his philosophy explicated not only the theoretical world of cognition, but also the practical world of freedom. Accordingly, the fundamental means of proving metaphysics’ claims are the deduction of pure concepts of understanding ...
A transcendental analysis of mathematics: The constructive nature of mathematics
... transcendental philosophy (transcendentalism) focuses on both the human method of cognition in general [CPR, B 25] and certain types of cognition aimed at justifying their objective significance. This article aims to explicate Kant’s understanding (resp. justification) of the abstract nature of mathematical knowledge (cognition) as the “construction of concepts in intuition” (see: “to construct a concept means to exhibit a priori the intuition corresponding to it”; [CPR, A 713/В 741], which is ...
Norway’s International Development Assistance Policy in the Current International Environment: Mechanisms of Justification
This article addresses the basic mechanisms of Norway’s current Development Assistance policy. The author analyses the strengthening of the financial policy and principal mechanisms for justifying Norway’s participation in the ODA as well as the country’s foreign policy objectives attained through assistance. The article examines specific features of Norway’s development policy, which are crucial to understand contemporary international aid practices. The country’s development policy implemented...
The Paradox of Kant’s Transcendental Subject in German Philosophy in the Late Eighteenth Century
... Debate. Cham: Springer.
Reinhold, K. L., 2011. Essay on a New Theory of the Human Capacity for Representation. Translated by T. Mehigan and B. Empson. Berlin & New York: De Gruyter.
Rouba, M. V., 2019. The Problem of the Transcendental Subject and Its Justification in Kant’s Critical Philosophy. Journal of the Belarusian State University. Philosophy and Psychology, 2, pp. 9-14. (In Rus.)
Schopenhauer, A., 1969. Appendix: Criticism of the Kantian Philosophy. In: A. Schopenhauer, 1969. The World as ...
Russia’s energy policy in the Baltic region: a geoeconomic approach
....ru/common/img/uploaded/files/pdf/analytics/pg1.pdf (accessed 20 March 2013).
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Kantian Ethical Humanism in Late Imperial Russia
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Around the “social pedagogy” of Paul Natorp: Vladimir Dinze in the debates on national upbringing. Part 2
... pedagogiki i psihologii [Problems of pedagogy and psychology], no. 3, p. 194—199.
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A transcendental analysis of mathematics: The abstract nature of mathematical knowledge
... transcendental philosophy (transcendentalism) focuses on both the human method of cognition in general [CPR, B25] and certain types of cognition aimed at justifying their objective significance. This article aims to explicate Kant’s understanding (resp. justification) of the abstract nature of mathematical knowledge (cognition) as the “construction of concepts in intuition” (see: “to construct a concept means to exhibit a priori the intuition corresponding to it”; [CPR, A713/В 741], which is ...