Family ethics and philosophy of love in Kant’s Lectures on Ethics
This article considers Kant’s deliberations on the essence and varieties of human love, based on the Lectures on Ethics. Kant distinguished between the love of benevolence (ethical love) — a commitment to the other’s wellbeing (discussed in Kant’s other ethical writings) — and a love of delight (aesthetical love), further divided into the sensual and intellectual ...
Kant’s Ethics in the Context of the Enlightenment. Report of the 12th Kant Readings Conference (Kaliningrad, 21-25 April 2019
... University, Kaliningrad. Traditionally, Kant Readings have been thematically universal, embracing all the areas of Kant’s legacy. This time the conference focused on practical philosophy, i.e. the historical grounds and modern significance of Kant’s ethical thought as compared to other philosophical projects of the Enlightenment era. Due attention was paid to the reception of the ethics of Kant and the Enlightenment by philosophers in Russia and the West. Breakout groups discussed aspects of interconnection ...
Reception of Cohen’s ethics in Russia
This article focuses on the perception of the ethical constructions of the founder of the Marburg school of Neo-Kantianism Hermann Cohen by Russian philosophers abroad. The author identifies three approaches, characteristic of this perception: from the perspective of Russian philosophy of law, from ...
Is Spinoza’s Ethics Heteronomous in the Kantian Sense of the Term?
The prevailing interpretations of Spinoza’s ethical theory view it as an example of heteronomy in the Kantian sense of the term. I make a case for the claim that is not in harmony with such interpretations. In the course of the argument I discuss Kant’s concepts of autonomy and heteronomy showing ...
Textual, moral and psychological voices of translation
... translation studies in the last decades, especially regarding literary translation. Voice is typically used in studies that investigate stylistic or structural characteristics of translated texts, intertextuality and other forms of multivocality and ethical questions related to agency, ideology and power in translation and interpreting. The first part of this article defines two essential concepts related to voice in translation — voice and text — and describes the state of the art of research ...
The thinking of nature and the nature of thinking — Cohen on Spinoza
... thinking and thinking of nature. Conducted by the author analysis allows to understand the main causes of a Cohen’s critical attitude to Spinoza. Spinoza's pantheism, according to Cohen, leads to various unacceptable conse-quences: identification of ethics as metaphysics, which is referred to as an ontology and rests on a false identity, the disappearance of the very possibility of ethics is no difference between being of nature and being of obligation, the opposition against finalism in the name ...
Kant on Human Dignity: Autonomy, Humanity, and Human Rights
... value of rational nature that the supreme principle of morality and the concept of human dignity are both grounded on it. Advocates of this reading argue that the notion of autonomy and dignity should now be considered as the central claim of Kant’s ethics, rather than the universalisation of maxims. Kant’s ethics are termed as repugnant for they place a high demand on the universalisation of maxims as a universal moral principle. As a result, they argue that there is an urgent need to rescue Kant’s ...
Betwee the thing and the human being: the ethical and anthropological problems in V. Nabokov’s novel Despair
The article considers the ethical and anthropological component of double discourse in V. Nabokov’s novel Despair. The author considers the problem of comparison between a person and a thing addressed by Nabokov. Parallels to the doppelganger discussion and ethical criticism ...
The communication of persons: Kant’s theory of marriage law held captive by pagan anthropology
... person as a thing and its use as a person”: Kant conceives marriage as an interpersonal relation in an external form of real possession, in the aspect of the objective and subjective goal of such relation, but primarily in the aspect of its legal and ethical possibility. Given the naturalistic interpretation of the constitutive act for this kind of law, the legal deduction of marriage comes in a desperate contradiction with Kant’s ethics of personal dignity, because it seems to lead to a mutual ...
Affection of Law: Fichte on the Place and Boundaries of Pure Ethics of the Imperative
In his popular 1806 lectures on religion Fichte considered five possible worldviews in the second of which, “the standpoint of legality”, one can readily recognise the ethics of law of the Stoical and Kantian type. Fichte stresses that in his youth he himself shared this worldview. However, he hastens to adduce a series of original arguments to show that this position is essentially incapable of delivering a pure and ...
Freedom and Arbitrariness. The Relevance of Kant’s Ethics and the Modern World. Report of the 16th Saratov Philosophical Workshop (Saratov, 14 May 2019)
This review presents the discussion on “Freedom and Arbitrariness. The Relevance of Kant’s Ethics and the Modern World”, which took place at the 16th Philosophical Workshop “I. Kant and the Current Problems of Modern Philosophy” held in Saratov on 14 May 2019. The discussion was organised by the Department of Ethics and Esthetics at the ...
I. Kant’s and E. Husserl’s practical philosophy
... problematizes Kant’s thesis about the primacy of practical reason. This is the starting point and leitmotif in analysing the nature of revision of Kant’s ideas, premises, and problems in the first draft of Husserl’s practical philosophy (scientific ethics). Comparative analysis reveals terminological and conceptual similarities and differences between Kant’s and Husserl’s practical philosophies. Another important result is identifying the principles and departure point ideas for both thinkers....
The system of ethical codes of modern Russia
This article considers the formation of ethical codes in modern Russia. The authors investigate legal acts regulating the creation, implementation, and preservation of ethical standards. The article offers a system of ethical codes and identifies certain problems of their application.
1. Бережкова ...
Services: the ethics and aesthetics of the game
This article considers services as a sphere of social and economic interac- tion with features of game, which makes it possible to approach the analysis of ethic and aesthetic properties of the game taking place in the space of service. The author attempts to define the term “game modality” as a condition for symbolic interactions.
1. Костина А. В. Массовая культура как феномен ...
The foundations of I. Kant’s and V. Solovyov’s moral philosophies
The grounds of construction of ethical systems of Kant and Solovjev are comparatively tested in this article. Noting the obvious strenghts of Kant’s ethics, Solovjev finds, that because of its absolute formalism it doesn’t have the complete implementation in the objective world....
Revisiting the Maxim-Law Dynamic in the Light of Kant’s Theory of Action
... yields us three exhaustive and mutually exclusive types namely, “maxims that are not potential laws”, “maxims that are potential laws” and “laws that are not maxims”.
Albrecht, M., 2009. Kant’s Justification of the Role of Maxims in Ethics. In: K. Ameriks and O. Höffe, eds. 2009. Kant’s Moral and Legal Philosophy. Translated by N. Walker. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 134-155.
Allison, H. E., 1990. Kant’s Theory of Freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press....
Kant’s and Fichte’s ethics as sources of Schopenhauer’s philosophy
This article aims to demonstrate the centrality of Kant’s and Fichte’s ethics to the development of Schopenhauer’s ideas of 1811—1813. The author proves the following theses based on the philosopher’s manuscripts and the first edition of his dissertation. Firstly, for a long time, Kant’s ‘moral law’ was a major ...
On the Role of Gesinnung in Kant’s Ethics and Philosophy of Religion. Part I
... uniform translation of the term into Russian with a corresponding grounding of my choice.
Abbott, T. K., 1883. First Part of the Philosophical Theory of Religion. In: Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Practical Reason and Other Works on the Theory of Ethics. London: Longmans, pp. 323-360.
Alisson, H. E. 1990, Kant’s Theory of Freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Anon., 1735. Gesinnet seyn. In: J. H. Zedler, ed. 1735. Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon Aller Wissenschafften und Künste ...
The variants of solutions to the problem of life saving in a casuistic situation by means of I. Kant's and A. Schopenhauer's ethics
This article demonstrates the application of I. Kant’s and A. Schopenhauer’s principles of ethics to the real case of transplantation of an organ, which was not HIV tested.
1. Брюшинкин В. Н. Системная модель аргументации как основа методологии компаративистских исследований ...
The Role of the Sublime in Kant’s Religion: Moral Motivation and Empirical Possibility
... Kritik der Urteilskraft. Berlin and Boston: De Gruyter, pp. 99-119.
Forschner, M., 2005. Immanuel Kant über Vernunftglaube und Handlungsmotivation. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung, 59(3), pp. 327-344.
Hare, J., 1996. The Moral Gap: Kantian Ethics, Human Limits, and God’s Assistance. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Hughes, F., 2007. Kant’s Aesthetic Epistemology: Form and World. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Kant, I., 1992. The Jäsche Logic. In: I. Kant, 1992. Lectures on Logic. Translated ...
God’s Law or Categorical Imperative: on Crusian Issues of Kantian Morality
The ethics of Kant and the ethics of Crusius are strikingly similar. This is manifested in a whole range of principles and concepts. Crusius’ moral teaching hinges on the rigorous moral law which has to be obeyed absolutely, and which makes it different ...
The scope of ethical-pedagogical activity of a teacher
This article explains the need for the development of the «ethical-pedagogical activity» notion and justifies the order of the usage of the terms «ethical» and «pedagogic». The author distinguishes the standards of ethical attitude and the standards of pedagogical attitude and analyses the peculiarities of ethical-pedagogical activity.
Сочинения: в 4 т. ...
Kant between liberalism and conservatism
... Revolution: Kant and Locke // Philosophy & Public Affairs. Vol. 36, № 4 (Fall, 2008). Р. 375—404.
9. Insole, Ch. Two Conceptions of Liberalism. Theology, Creation, and Politics in the Thought of Immanuel Kant and Edmund Burke // The Journal of Religious Ethics. Vol. 36, № 3, Sep. 2008.
10. Louden, R. Kant's Human Being: Essays on His Theory of Human Nature. Oxford University Press, 2011.
11. Louden, R. Kant's Impure Ethics. From Rational Beings to Human Beings. Oxford University Press, 2000.
The categorical imperative of the karma-yogin
This article offers a comparison of certain fundamental ethical ideas of Eastern philosophical traditions with Kant's categorical imperative aiming to corroborate the thesis about the moral unity of humanity and give a moral assessment of the state of Russian society.
1. Вивекананда С. Карма-йога....
Kant’s lectures on natural law: Justice and conscientiousness
... of Kant’s practical philosophy. Firstly, this relates to the formation of the Königsberg philosopher’s views on law. However, the lecture notes (especially the introduction) are of equal importance to understanding certain problems of Kant’s ethical concept and interpretation of the connection between ethics and law. An important role is played by the concept of Billigkeit, which is rather difficult to translate into the Russian language and is found in other Kant’s texts on practical philosophy....
Kantian Approaches to Human Reproduction: Both Favourable and Unfavourable
... University Press.
Hannan, S., Brennan, S. and Vernon, R. eds. 2016. Permissible Progeny? The Morality of Procreation and Parenting. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kant, I., 1997. Moral Philosophy: Collins’s Lecture Notes. In: I. Kant, 1997. Lectures on Ethics. Edited by P. Heath and J. B. Schneewind; translated by P. Heath. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 37-222.
Kant, I., 1993. Grounding of the Metaphysics of Morals. Translated and edited by J. W. Ellington. Indianapolis: Hackett.
The Knight of Contemporary Russian Kantiana. On the 85th Birthday of Leonard Kalinnikov
... and their Role in Kant’s System of “Criticism”. Kantian Journal, 1(10), pp. 4-11. (In Rus.)
Kalinnikov, L. A., 1989. Interpretation and Principles. Kantian Journal, 1(14), pp. 81-90. (In Rus.)
Kalinnikov, L. A., 1993. Vl. Solovyov and I. Kant: Ethical Convergencies and Divergencies. Kantian Journal, 1(17), pp. 101-116. (In Rus.)
Kalinnikov, L. A., 1994. Vl. Solovyov and I. Kant: Ethical Convergencies and Divergencies. II. Human-Godness or God-Humanity? Kantian Journal, 1(18), pp. 45-58. (In ...
From Kant's “kingdom of ends” to an economic model
The article considers the connection between ethics, in particular Kant’s practical philosophy, and economics. The author examines historical reasons for Kant’s ethic not to have become part of the economic discourse and interprets modern business processes from Kant’s perspective. The article ...
A triune community: Fichte’s family law against the background of Kant’s practical philosophy (I)
Based on Fichte’s Foundations of Natural Right, recently published in Russian for the first time, this article investigates the logic and basic statements of Fichte’s theory on family law. The first part of the study is dedicated to Fichte’s ethical and metaphysical “deduction of marriage”, which views the family union as a natural-and-moral community of sexes, which only subsequently assumes a legal form through the principle of law. Fichte’s viewpoint is juxtaposed with Kant’s concept ...
Kantian Ethical Humanism in Late Imperial Russia
... of a Kantian humanism in Imperial Russia, but one that cannot be forgotten is Boris N. Chicherin, who combined Kantian morality with a distinct favouring of Hegelianism. What emerges most strongly in the repeated attempts to construct a humanistic ethics in late Imperial Russia and into the Soviet period is that Kant’s powerful and pervasive philosophical presence could not be ignored.
Barsukov, N. P., 1895. Zhizn’ i trudy M. P. Pogodina [Life and Works of M. P. Pogodin], Volume 9. St. Petersburg: ...
Kant on evil in the human nature
This article focuses on the analysis of the problem of evil in Kant’s works. The author attempts at reconstructing the key stages of Kant’s logic of ethics and, on this basis, reconstructs his idea of evil. Of special importance is the analysis and criticism of the anthropology-focused study of the sources of good and evil in the work Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. The author sees ...
The Fourth Immanuel Kant International Summer School “Kant on the Normativity of Laws: Logic, Natural Science, Ethics” (25-31 August 2020)
12th Kant-Readings International Conference “Kant and the Ethics of Enlightenment: Historical Roots and Contemporary Relevance”
‘How is philosophical ethics possible?’ A review of the conference
Belov V., Tetyuev L.
Kant und das Recht der Lüge
... altruistic motives, which was criticised by Kant in the article "On a supposed right..." The article considers the advantages and disadvantages of arguments drawn in Kant's work. The author proves and specifies the admissibility of lie due to ethical and legal principles put forward by Kant in other publications and lectures, namely: need for self-defence and internal legal duty to humanity (categorical imperative).
1. Кант И. Метафизика нравов. Ч. 1: Метафизические ...
The critical philosophy of Hermann Cohen. Chapter 6. Ethics
Poma A. (translated from Italian by O. A. Popova; foreword, editorship and verification of German quotations by V. N. Belov)
A review of the ‘War, peace, ethics, and the diversity of cultural worlds: Kant, neo- Kantianism, and modern challenges’ international research conference
Belov V. N., Tetyev L. I.
The ethical and philosophical antinomy of foundations of Kant’s theory of family law
The present paper focuses on the ethical and anthropological foundations of Kant’s philosophy of family law conceived as a “personal right that is real in kind”: the possibility of possessing a person as a property item presets the antinomy of moral and legal principles, which ...
Moral inscrutability and self-constitution in Kant (translated from the English by V. Belonogova and D. Khizanishvili, edited by V. Chaly)
....4. Caswell, M., 2006. The Value of Humanity and Kant’s Conception of Evil. Journal of the History of Philosophy, 44(4), pp. 635—63.5. Cherkasova, E., 2005. On the Boundary of Intelligibility: Kant’s Conception of Radical Evil and the Limits of Ethical Discourse. The Review of Metaphysics, 58(3), pp. 571—84.6. Felicitas Munzel, G., 1999. Kant’s Conception of Moral Character: The “Critical” Link of Morality, Anthropology, and Reflective Judgment. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press....
Feyerabend’s Natural Law Notes and their significance for Kant studies. Preface
Natural Law Notes of Feyerabend is one of the most important sources by the research of ethical and juridical views of Kant. Dating back to 1784 they distinctly demonstrate that the basic principles of Kant’s philosophy of right are not a late production of the philosopher, but they have been formed already in the middle of 80’s of 18th ...
Kant and Solovyov: Convergences and Divergences. Report of the International Conference (Kaliningrad, 15-16 November 2018)
... philosophical tradition and the second to the perception and critique of Kant’s practical philosophy by Solovyov. The speakers also paid attention to historical-philosophical problems as well as to various aspects of Kant and Solovyov’s treatment of ethics, aesthetics, politics, law, religion and culture in general. The review sums up the presentations and discussions.
Vvedensky, A. I., 1901. On Mysticism and Criticism in Solovyov’s Theory of Cognition. Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii [Problems ...
Kant's categorical imperative as a subject of critical analysis
This article is an attempt at a comprehensive analysis of the core of Kant's ethics — the categorical imperative. The author considers and analyses critical comments of different philosophers and specialists in Kant's philosophy regarding the categorical imperative.
1. Alquié F. La morale de Kant. Paris, 1974.
2. Cohen H....
The concept of the European Union’s normative power
... Politics, no. 4, p. 134–163.
5. Yudin, N. V. 2015, Sistemnoe prochtenie fenomena mjagkoj sily [A systemic approach to “soft power”]. International Trends, Vol. 13, no. 2, p.96–105.
6. Mayer, H., Vogt, H. (eds.), 2006, A Responsible Europe? Ethical Foundations of EU External Affairs, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.
7. Aggestam, L. 2008, Introduction: Ethical Power Europe? International Affairs, Vol. 84, no. 1, p. 1–11.
8. Bailes, A. J. K. 2008, The EU and a “Better World”, International ...
Anthropological foundations of John Rawls' political theory
... autonomy, ability of self-determination through moral law); on the other hand, the notion of “life plan”, emphasizing rationality of human interests and actions and opening a possibility for happiness, connects Rawls’ theory to Aristotle’s virtue ethics and to contemporary communitarianism.
1. Васильев В. В. Неуловимая свобода: проблема этических оснований системы Канта // Философская этика и нравственное ...
Über den Vorgänger des Pudels Ponto, und nebenbei des Katers Murr, oder Über den natürlichen und übernatürlichen Kantianismus
This article analyses the works of E. T. A. Hoffmann through the example of the novel "A Report on the Latest Adventures of the Dog Berganza". The author shows the influence of Kant's epistemological and ethical ideas on the Weltanschauung of E. T. A. Hoffmann for whom the human nature and the essence of humanity became one of the central problems. Following Kant, Hoffmann considered morals the measure of humanity.
1. Гёте И. В. Фауст / пер....