On the nature of thinking without representation
... evident premise. For Deleuze, thinking is an energy flow or sensual “vitality”.Another approach to analysing the fundamentals of thinking can be found in Kant’s article “What Does It Mean to Orient Oneself in Thinking?” where he speaks of the “need of reason”. Since the “need of reason” is necessary for the practical interest of reason itself, it directs, according to Kant, not only practical reason, but also general systematic and critical thinking. It is “common sense”, as the location ...
‘Genuine criticism’: An unknown reception of Kant’s philosophy in early works of Schopenhauer
... Schopenhauer’s polemic against Kant's epistemology and views on the objectives and methods of philosophy. The crucial influence of this polemic and Kant’s works on the development... ... Schopenhauer’s doctoral dissertation On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (1813). The mentioned influence of Kant’s philosophy on Schopenhauer and its... ... consciousness’. Fourthly, Schopenhauer’s alteration of Kant’s epistemology related to the need to com lete the system of ‘genuine criticism’, since the inclusion of a ‘better...
Is Hermann Cohen a Neo-Kantian?
... to Neo-Kantianism: Neo-Kantianism is widely interpreted as a one-sided understanding of Kant’s works, their corruption, and, thus, a dead-end branch of the transcendental... ... and consider his ideas relating to the interaction between theoretical and practical reason and the construction of a rigid and elaborate system con-sisting of verified... ... pereozenki neokantianstva v svete sovremen¬noj interpretazii sistemi I. Kanta [The need for re-evaluation of Neo-Kantianism in the light of modern interpretation of Kant]...
The problem of developing the motivation for sports in teenagers
This article emphasises the need to study the motives behind adolescents taking up sport and identifies the reasons for regular training, possible
non-attendance of classes, and giving up sport, as well as the dominant motives for taking up sports in children training at Olympic reserve
sports schools. The author describes the personal qualities and actions of the trainer as important factors of persisting in ...
I. Kant on religion, faith, god, and church
The article analyses the leading concepts and provisions of Kant's philosophy of religion. The findings are based on a comparative analysis of ... ... on the philosophical doctrine of religion and Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. The authors trace both the evolution of Kant’s ideas on religion and the consistency... ... which is completely absent in Religion. Religion places a much stronger emphasis on the need for the moral perfection of human beings than the Lectures do. However, it would...
Schelling’s Criticism of Ontological Argument and Interpretation of Kant’s Doctrine of the Ideal of Reason
To reconstruct a critique of the ontological proof of the existence of God in Schelling’s philosophy I examine ... ... totality of all that is possible and therefore must come before any thought. He interprets reason as having an ecstatic nature which posits precedent undoubted being. This enables... ... concepts of “contingency,” “contingent necessity,” “the whole experience” need further study.
Anselm of Canterbury, 2000. Proslogion. Complete Philosophical...
Darwinism as the Missing Link in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
I proceed from the hypothesis that the difficulties in Kant’s presentation of his plan and, accordingly, the implicit reason for the critical attitude to this plan on the part of many contemporary philosophers stem from the fact that he had no ... ... a substantial restructuring of the latter since some of its key elements prove to be weak in the light of modern studies and need to be revised or even reversed. The first reversal explored in this article determines the origin of the categories which ...
I. Kant in the development of N. O. Lossky’s philosophical views: The case of a translation
This article considers the development of N. O. Lossky’s concept of intuitivism in the context of the translation of Kant’s ... ... interpretation on the translation of Kant’s Anschauung.The author identifies a number of reasons that inspired the intuitivist to translate the CPR. Fol¬lowing Kant’s philosophy... ... develop his own complete and organic worldview. Moreover, there arose an objective need for a new CPR translation, since some intellectuals were not satisfied with that...
Was heißt Fortschritt im Wissen? Gnoseotopische Überlegungen zur Aufklärung und ihren Folgen
This article focuses on the question of what “progress in knowledge” (Fortschritt im Wissen) since the Enlightenment ... ... globalization and ecological politics, and more broadly with reflections on the current need for core Enlightenment ideas in their full complexity.
Adler, H. 1988, Fundus... ... Spiegel, Nr. 2 vom 9.1.2012, S. 122—125.
Kolbert, E. 2017, That’s What You Think. Why Reason and Evidence Won’t Change Our Minds, in: The New Yorker vom 27.2.2017, pp....
Ambiguity matters in linguistics and translation
... sign. It is inherent to language and speech. In this article, I reflect on the types of ambiguity, its typology, production and effect and propose an algorithm for tackling... ... ambiguity in translation. I posit that the choice of a translation strategy and the need for disambiguation in general depend on the type of ambiguity, its sources and... ... for translation. I argue that problems in disambiguation may occur for a variety of reasons: the translator and\or the recipient may have a wrong reference, have insufficient...
The assessment of labour demand of Russian economy in view of the prospective regional socio-economic development
The increase in the efficiency of migration processes control in Russia, in particular, in order to ensure reasonable engagement of international workforce requires a clear and intelligible scheme outlining the needs of Russian regions for additional inflow of migrant workers. It is necessary to take into account both the contemporary socioeconomic situation in the regions and their prospective opportunities for accelerated transition
to innovative development....
Kant on Human Dignity: Autonomy, Humanity, and Human Rights
... scholarship which suggests that Kant places so much special importance on the value of rational nature that the supreme principle of morality and the concept of human dignity... ... maxims as a universal moral principle. As a result, they argue that there is an urgent need to rescue Kant’s ethics from the controversies surrounding maxims and universalisability... ... End in Itself. Ethics, 91(1), pp. 84-99.
Hill, T. E. J., 1992. Dignity and Practical Reason in Kant’s Moral Theory. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Hill, T. E. J., 2002...
Youth unemployment in the Latgale region of Latvia: causes and consequences
... and subjective, contradictory, which continue to this day. It is established that the behavioral rationalism of young people (labor mobility, vocational education, etc.) in the regional labor market is combined with its behavioral irrationalism (lack of desire to work for various reasons, the need for contact with family and friends, etc.). This is due to the growing uncertainty in the youth labor market due to the growth of competition, the emergence and growth of flexible forms of employment, depriving young people of the clarity of career ...
Critical thinking and modern education in humanities
... thinking and stresses its significance. The humanities — foremost, philosophy — are considered as a means to create elements of critical thinking.
1. Бек У. Что такое глобализация? М., 2001.
2. Брюшинкин В. Н. Критическое ... ... Lipman M. Thinking in Education. 2nd Ed. Cambridge University Press, 2003.
12. Paul R. W. Critical Thinking: What Every Person Needs to Survive in a Rapidly Changing World. Rohnert Park, CA, 1990.
13. Siegel H. Educating Reason: Rationality, Critical Thinking, and Education. Routledge, 1988.
critical thinking, humanities, worldview,...
The Baltic economic model: some results of the 1990—2015 transformations
17. Pylendik, K. 2014, 6 prichin, pochemu jekonomicheskij spad prodolzhitsja [6 reasons why the economic downturn continues], Delovye vedomosti [Business News], available... ... Institute.
19. Bank: jekonomika JeR v grjadushhem godu vyrastet na 1,8% [Bank: Economy of Estonia in the coming year will increase by 1.8%], 2014, Gazeta «Stolica» [Newspaper... ... latvijskogo VVP, vozmozhno, pridetsja snizit' [Dombrovskis: Latvia's GDP growth forecast may need to reduce], 2015, Rus.lsm.lv, available at: http://rus.db.lv/ekonomika/makroekonomika/dombrovskisprognoz-prirosta-latvijskogo-vvp-vozmozhno-pridetsja-snizit-65892...
Russia's accession to the WTO as an important factor of the country's integration into the world economy
Russia's accession to the WTO is an efficient instrument of the country's integration into the globalized world economy. However, it can adversely ... ... number of enterprises and industries within the national economy. Thus, there is a need to develop a methodology for the assessment of the preparedness for operating under... ... determines the objective of the research. This article offers the author's assessment of the reasonability of Russia's accession to the WTO and suggests methodological approaches...
The concept of secularism: legal and philosophical aspects
... used for a deeper understanding of the problem. The author concludes that there is a need to distinguish secularism from secularism, and suggests ways to strengthen the... ... законодательства и сравнительного правоведения / Journal of foreighn legislation and comparative law. 2010. № 4. С. 210—224.
12. Барциц... ... юр. наук. Саратов, 2009.
Lagunova I. S.
secularity, society, religion, reason, modern, law, state
Urban planning of Russian urban districts: Practices, problems, solutions
This article analyses the reasons behind and consequences of the deficiency of urban areas in Russian towns and identifies the factors affecting the demand for territories associated with ... ... article emphasizes the necessity for the demarcation of suburban areas and their management. It is concluded that there is a need for the joint development of localities comprising urban agglomerations, as well as drawing up and implementing a single ...
Reflections on the history of the Kaliningrad region
... Russia and the West lends new urgency to the problem of teaching local history, ninety percent of which is the history of a territory that once belonged to Germany — today, a pillar of the EU and a member of NATO. The author examines whether it is reasonable to draw on international experience in patriotic education. The subject ‘History of West Russia: The Kaliningrad Region’ was taken off the school timetable. The article stresses the need to teach a course on East Prussian history and proposes to treat it as the regional aspect of universal history.
1. Adamov, B. N., Bespalov, V. A., Gal'tsov, V. I. et al., 2011. Bol'shoi entsiklopedicheskii slovar' Kaliningradskoi oblasti [The ...
The origins of confrontation with Western countries and the “Munich speech” of Vladimir Putin
... security. In his speech, Vladimir Putin criticized the dominance policy pursued by the USA and its allies and spoke about the need to form a new system of world order based on partnership and good neighbourly relations between countries. Only these relations can ensure security ... ... continued to support the dominance policy pursued by their main ally, the US, towards other countries. The article identifies the reasons for the deterioration of relations between Russia and Western countries, which influenced the development of political ...
Kant’s lectures on natural law: Justice and conscientiousness
The lectures on natural law delivered by Kant in the winter semester of 1784/85 have recently attracted increasing attention from Kant scholars. Dating back ... ... outside. This supports the thesis about the difference between ethics and law and the need for a more accurate identification of the place of natural law in the system of... ... Moscow, T. 6.
4. Kant, I. 1997, Kritika prakticheskogo razuma [Critique of practical reason], in: Sochinenija v 4-ch tt. na russkom i nemeckom jazyke [Works in 4 vol. in...
Parliament and law-making: modern understanding of the role of parliamentary procedures and laws in transforming society
The author analyzes the place and role of parliament in today's transforming society and investigates the causes of the crisis ... ... "legitimization" of government policy in the sphere of legal norms. The author has identified the reasons for a decrease in trust to parliaments, which no longer play a decisive role... ... parliament as mandatory elements of the legislative process. The article asserts the need to strengthen the role of expert councils under the committees of the Russian State...
Current trends in the development of a green finance system: methodology and practice
The concept of green growth and sustainable development is turning into a global ideology guiding ... ... green growth, and a change in the financial model that supports such growth may be needed. Therefore, the most urgent problems relating to sustainable growth are the transformation... ... Journal of Law and Economics, no. 3, p. 1—44.
9. Buchanan, J., Brennan, G. 1985, The Reason of Rules, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
10. Buchanan, J., Tullock, G...
Assessment of hepatic volume ex vivo by the formulas of the ultrasound volumetry
The article focuses on determination of the liver volume which is an urgent task for clinical medicine. It is directly connected to the need for an objective quantitative assessment of organ size. The complexity of calculating the volume is due to an irregular geometric ... ... Transplantation. 2003. Vol. 75, № 9. P. 1561—1564.
22. Niehues S. M., Unger J. K., Malinowski M. et al. Liver volume measurement: reason of the difference between in vivo CT-volumetry and intraoperative ex vivo determination and how to cope it // Eur. J. MedRes....
Kant’s Dissertation for the Master’s Degree On Fire and the Transformations of his Ideas of Ethereal Matter
Kant’s dissertation for the Master’s degree Succinct Exposition of Some Meditations on Fire was written in Latin in 1755 as a sample (specimen) preceding ... ... tangled propositions in Kant’s Opus Postumum. However, a series of further studies is needed to verify the hypothesis.
Adickes, E., 1924-1925. Kant als Naturforscher.... ... razuma», Opus postumum) [From the Manuscript Heritage (Materials for “Critique of Pure Reason”, Opus Postumum)]. Edited by V. A. Zhuchkov. Moscow: Progress-Traditsiya, pp...