Comparative analysis of students’ collective consciousness in the Russia-EU and Russia-China border regions: mathematical modelling
... are becoming particularly important for ensuring the stability and development of Russia. There is an extensive body of literature on the economic and social characteristics of Russian regions, their types and ranking whereas the study of collective consciousness requires further attention. It is the collective consciousness that shapes human activity, the results of which largely determine the development of countries and their regions. The authors study the spiritual sphere of regions, the inner ...
The historical consciousness of students: results of a survey carried out at Kaliningrad universities
This article offers data on the results of a survey of students of humanities of Kaliningrad universities. The survey was dedicated to the assessment of maturity of historical consciousness in youth. The author characterises the general picture of knowledge of regional history and identifies the gaps.
historical consciousness; maturity of historical consciousness; relation to the past; famous people.
The socio-philosophical analysis of economic consciousness
This article considers the category of economic consciousness as a key category of social philosophy. The consumer consciousness is distinguished as one of the main levels of economic consciousness. In a consumer society, the economic consciousness is manifested in such characteristics as pluralism,...
Legal Consciousness at the Early Stage of Personality Development from the Perspective of Russian Neo-Kantian Philosophy of Pedagogy
In this study, I investigate the philosophico-pedagogical concepts developed by German and Russian Neo-Kantians, namely P. Natorp, S. I. Hessen, M. M. Rubinstein. In order to identify the peculiarities of the approaches of the Neo-Kantians to legal consciousness in children, I show that the widely accepted view that Hessen borrowed Natorp’s hierarchical triad of moral development — anomie, heteronomy, and autonomy — lacks a solid ground. Moreover, Natorp generally does not use the concept ...
The Problem of the Relationship between Apperception, Self-Consciousness and Consciousness in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
Kant does not provide clear-cut definitions of apperception, consciousness, and self-consciousness and everywhere uses these terms as synonyms, which creates the problem of the relationship between these faculties. The importance of this problem stems from the colossal significance of each of the above-mentioned ...
On the development of legal consciousness in future social workers
This article analyses the phenomenon of legal consciousness of a future social worker from the pedagogical perspective and determines its features and components. The author presents a model of legal consciousness development in the course of professional social worker training.
Cоncept of LOVE in religious consciounsness of J. H. Wichern
The article deals with the content of religious concept of LOVE in J. H. Wichern’s religious consciousness. In the article are described the conceptual indications of the concept of LOVE and is identified the structure of the concept researched.
1. Кислянская Е. А. Структурно-семантические особенности ...
Legal consciousness in the context of culture
This article examines legal conscience in view of its little-studied generating function. The author considers the ideas affecting legal consciousness in different types of cultures – humanocentric and sociocentric ones. The idea of power underlies legal consciousness in sociocentric cultures, and the idea of freedom that of person-oriented cultures. The deformations of legal consciousness ...
Positive Philosopher with Restless Imagination (Rev.: V. V. Vasilyev, David Hume and the Riddles of His Philosophy. Moscow: LENAND, 2020, 704 pp.)
Carruthers, P., 2017. Higher-Order Theories of Consciousness. In: S. Schneider and M. Velmans, eds. 2017. The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Hoboken. N. J.: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 288-297.
Home, H., 2005. Essays on Principles of Morality and Natural Religion. Natural Law and Enlightenment Classics....
Kant über inneren Sinn, Zeitanschauung und Selbstaffektion
The aim of this research is to explore what relations self-affection bears to the intuitions of inner sense. I propose that self-affection makes some contribution to formal intuitions and empirical consciousness by arguing that the functions of self-affection consist respectively in conceptualising and conscious-making. I begin by examining Kant’s concept of inner sense and point out that inner sense as a receptive faculty depends on self-affection....
Kant’s and Fichte’s ethics as sources of Schopenhauer’s philosophy
... supported its claim as a means to cognise the supersensible. Secondly, the dichotomy between the noumenal and the phenomenal encouraged him to develop a dualistic ontology. Thirdly, the emergence of the central concept of his early works — the ‘better consciousness’ — was strongly influenced by Fichte’s lectures attended by Schopenhauer. Fourthly, Schopenhauer’s doctrine of liberating the better consciousness from all the individual and earthly is also rooted in Fichte’s practical philosophy....
Economic Consciousness and the System of Values of Latvian University Graduates
... their reliance on their own initiative and resources, and their confidence about the future. The article defines the graduates’ economic interests forming motivations and approaches to practical economic behavior according to certain types of economic consciousness.
Г., Немцов А.
А., Кансузян Л.
Послевузовские ожидания студенческой молодежи // Социологические исследования....
Action-thoughts and the genesis of time in linguistic semiosis
... Modern Physics. Vol. 3. New York.
Chomsky, N., 1975. Reflections on Language. New York.
Damasio, A. 1994. Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain. New York.
Damasio, A., 1999. The Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness. New York.
Dennett, D. 1996. Kinds of Minds: Toward an Understanding of Consciousness. New York, NY.
Deutsch, D., 1997. The Fabric of Reality. London.
Druzhinin, A. S., 2020. Construction of irreality: an enactive-constructivist stance on ...
‘Genuine criticism’: An unknown reception of Kant’s philosophy in early works of Schopenhauer
... construction of metaphysics of a science responsible for the conceptual grasping associated with cognizing the divine and supersensible. Schopenhauer called such science ‘genuine criticism’ and the faculty of supersensible cognition a ‘better consciousness’. Fourthly, Schopenhauer’s alteration of Kant’s epistemology related to the need to com lete the system of ‘genuine criticism’, since the inclusion of a ‘better consciousness’ into a priori cognitive faculties justified its ...
Intelligence in the Russian linguistic consciousness
... units are described using frame semantics methods. Research results are interpreted based on the theory of evolutionary epistemology. The study makes it possible to draw conclusions about the relevance of intellectual activity for the Russian language consciousness and the presence of a naïve epistemology in the Russian language picture of the world.
1. Благова Г. Ф. Пословица и жизнь: Личный фонд русских пословиц в историко-фольклористической ...
The apologia of reason in J. Chr. Gottsched’s classicistic system: On the 250th anniversary of the philosopher’s death
... article revisits the ratio-centric system developed by the prominent exponent of the German enlightenment J. Chr. Gottsched (1700—1766). The authors examine the problem of the ontological argument in the context of the current civilizational crisis of consciousness, which arose against the background of the 20th century crisis of objectivist methodology of modern natural sciences. Such a methodology is incapable of solving the problem of an accurate description of the reality, in particular, as regards ...
Alchemic symbols as a means of psychoanalytical description in N. Kononov's story «Source of Injury»
... This point of view makes it possible to identify the psychological function of each character as a reflection of a certain aspect of their psyche. Ovechin, whose image is dominated by the solar symbolism, appears as a projection of Ego and of momentary consciousness. Olya, who is associated with the images of the moon and air, appears as a projection of the Anima, which refers to the subconscious. The narrator and his character play the role of the conscious part of the psyche abiding behind the momentary ...
Time in Sergey Trubetskoy’s and Boris Chicherin’s metaphysical concepts: A discussion on Kant
... that ‘there is no object (phenomenon) beyond the perceiving subject’ and that time (in a purely metaphysical sense) is possible only as a form of sensory perception of phenomena. At the same time, Trubetskoy argued that, due to the sobornost of consciousness, the subject is not an individual person but the humanity as a community of sentient and intelligent beings. In addressing Platonism, the Kantian tradition, and the philosophy of all-unity, Trubetskoy argued that the purpose of metaphysics ...
The mutual similarity of meanings and structures in a literary text
... marker of foreground in the lyric text. In: E. V. Maslii and A. V. Kardashova, eds. Lyudmila Savchenko. Dusha vosplamenennaya [Lyudmila Savchenko. Inflamed soul]. Kharkov, pp. 287—346 (in Russ.).
Zel'dovich, G. M., 2018b. Integrity of author’s consciousness as a sign of foreground in a lyric poem. Linguistica Copernicana, 15, pp. 323—353 (in Russ.).
Asher, N., Lascarides, A., 2003. Logics of Conversation. Cambridge.
Bogusławski, A., 1977. Problems of the Thematic-Rhematic Structure of ...
The voice of history and the politics: On the issue of effective historical consciousness in modern history in the light of N. Karamzin’s historiography
... мыслящих миров. Человек — текст — семиосфера — история. М., 1996.
8. Эйдельман Н. Я. Последний летописец. М., 1983.
historical science, hermeneutics, effective-historical consciousness, Providence, conscience, Decemberists, Russian idea
«Only when asleep you feel alive»: life and death in the Russian linguocultural consciousness (based on Russian proverbs and sayings)
The article describes the set of maxims, revealing the attitude to life and death, typical for the Russian linguistic-cultural consciousness, on the basis of Russian proverbs and sayings. The author explains the specificity of these maxims, and provides an additional interpretation of several examples. In conclusion, the author explains the reasons for the general sense of pessimism ...
Russia and the way out of the civilizational crisis: N. A. Berdyayev’s historiosophy and aesthetics
Berdayev’s works The New Middle Ages, The Meaning of History, The Crisis of Art help reveal the essence of the eschatological consciousness of the 20th century. The principal feature of New Middle Ages in European culture is proved to be the polarization of consciousness, which is most vividly manifested, according to Berdyaev, in the structure of Russian soul (the apocalyptic ...
The significance of the critique of A. I. Vvedensky’s ‘new psychophysiological law’ for Russian philosophy
... Radlov, and S. N. Trubetskoy. At the end of the 19th century, these authors contributed to an active discussion in the pages of scientific journals. The discussion focused on the ideas expressed in the work On the Limits and Characteristics of Becoming Conscious, which was published in the form of theses in book 16 book of the journal Problems of Philosophy and Psychology. Trough formulating the law of the absence of objective evidence of becoming consciousness, Vvedensky did not only raise issues relating ...
Personality in a multicultural world
The article considers problems faced by the individual as the bearer of social and cultural patterns. The article focusses on the issues of the conscious formation of tolerance and interconnections between understanding and the individual’s adaptation to reality. General knowledge, reflection, the extension of meaning, self-esteem, a system of values, logic and cognition form the basis of understanding....
“The Turn towards Ontology” in Russian Neo-Kantianism in the Late 1910s and Early 1920s (Lev Salagov and Nikolai Boldyrev)
... theory of cognition through the analysis of subjectivity, the complete elimination of psychological motives and the separation of transcendentalism from transcendentism. These principles enable Salagov to ground a three-part structure of cognition (consciousness, being, committing to consciousness) and to assert that the main task of genuine epistemology is exclusively the study of the cognitive relationship, committing to consciousness. They enable Boldyrev, proceeding from the separation of reflection ...
Language as mimesis (lyric poetry in H.-G. Gadamer’s herm¬e¬neutics)
This article deals with the essence of art in Gadamer’s philosophy, including his critical approach to Kantian aesthetical consciousness and subjectification of aesthetical experience in Kant’s philosophy. According to Gadamer, art deals with the notion of truth and should be associated not with aesthetics, but rather with ontology. Thus, art is the experience of truth....
Morality and philosophical education
This article considers the possibility of philosophical education influencing moral consciousness in the conditions of contemporary societies. The author stresses the relevance of rational approach to moral issues from the perspective of contemporary philosophy and science. The institution of philosophical education is considered as ...
Cultural identity: On the definition of the concept
... definition of cultural identity – a modality and an essential component of identity and its types. To this end, the study differentiates between the notions of individual and collective cultural identities as phenomena of individual and collective consciousness. Such definitions shape the trajectories of research into identity as an interdisciplinary category within the cognitive-discursive paradigm of modern linguistics.
1. Грушевицкая Т. Г. Основы межкультурной ...
Kant’s transcendentalism and concept of the thing in itself
... [Critique of Pure Reason (second edition)]. In: Kant, I. Sobranie sochinenij v 8 tomah. [Works in 8 volumes], vol. 3.
29. Katrechko, S. L. 2005, Kantovskaja koncepcija soznanija (poznanija) kak model' «iskusstvennogo intellekta» [Kant’s concept of consciousness (knowledge) as model of "artificial intelligence"], in: Novoe v iskusstvennom intellekte. Metodologicheskie i teoreticheskie voprosy. M. : IInteLL, P. 137—140.
30. Katrechko, S. L. 2014a, Transcendentalizm Kanta kak transcendental'naja ...
Cultural Islam in Northern Europe
... this study, we aim to analyse the position of cultural Islam in Northern European countries. To this end, we examine publications in major print media. Content analysis of relevant publications gives a detailed picture of narratives produced in mass consciousness as a reaction to the presence of Islam at the local and regional level and makes it possible to identify individual trends in the evaluation of such narratives in both scientific and popular analytical literature. The growing secularization ...
Modality as a basis of Kant’s philosophical system and its connection to the language structure
This article examines the category of modality through the postulate of empirical thinking in general and in constructing a philosophical system where functions of consciousness are substantial elements. The system comprises ‘faculties of the mind’, as Kant calls them, namely, evaluation, cognition, and practical activity and norms. These forms of activity correlate with the world of possibilities, the actual ...
Kant — a leap out the world of Enlightenment
... the principle of naturalism as a basic one for the comprehensive understanding of the world, Kant juxtaposed it with the principles of transcendental anthropology. As a result, it requires a new understanding of 1) the nature and its relation to human consciousness and 2) the active and, thus, tirfucntional, structure of human consciousness.
1. Вебер М. Теория ступеней и направлений религиозного неприятия мира //Макс Вебер. Избранное....
Environmental awareness of urban and rural residents
... regional authorities is predetermined by social conflicts related to the construction of a potassium-magnesium production facility in the village of Nivenskoye. The study revealed a number of characteristic features typical of the environmental consciousness of the two territorial communities. The analysis showed that villagers are more trustful of all sources of information related to environmental issues. They are more willing to spend money on environmental protection. Villagers ...
Rhythm and Metaphor in the Art of the Icon
... is stressed that the entire theological and aesthetic image of icons, which is based on rhythm and metaphor, expresses the cosmogonic ideas of the Church Fathers. However, the practical realisation of this image would have been impossible without the conscious creative contribution of the artist. Icon painters never perceived iconography as a dogmatic prescription. Iconography played the role of a cognitive scheme steering artists’ creative ideas. Creating visual metaphors required the development ...
Aesthetics in the system of Paul Natorp’s philosophy
... intuition back to aesthetics thus linking its significance to the field of the individual, inimitable, and singular manifestation of thecreative spirit. He sees the completion of Kant’s critical philosophy in the psychological bases of subjectivity of consciousness aimed at understanding the patterns of the scientific, moral, and artistic cognition. In the context of history of transcendentalism, art is perceived as a form of spiritualcreativity that is subject to its own generating laws of cultural ...
Kants Freiheitsargument. Diskussion von Heiko Puls: Sittliches Bewusstsein und Kategorischer Imperativ in Kants Grundlegung: Ein Kommentar zum dritten Abschnitt. Berlin und Boston: De Gruyter, 2016. 318 S.
... imperative is almost based upon the same principle as the one presented in the second Critique. More precisely, Puls claims that, like in the Critique of Practical Reason, the Groundwork operates with some kind of fact of reason-theory, which means that our consciousness of the moral law is the ratio cognoscendi of our freedom of will. Accordingly, there is no conclusion from a kind of non-moral consciousness of freedom to the freedom of will and from here to the objective value of the categorical imperative,...
Baroque music: the aesthetic and social ideals
This article analyses the evolution of aesthetic ideals of baroque as the reflection of changes that took place in social consciousness. The author formulates the content standards of aesthetic ideal of baroque music and focuses on the history of spread of baroque music in East Prussia in the 17th century.
Галилей: наука и искусство....
Poetry as a space for cognitive research: Czesław Miłosz and Howard Nemerov
... сб. науч. тр. в честь 90-летия Е. С. Кубряковой. М. ; Тамбов, 2018. С. 290—296.
15. Brown K. The Measured Word: On Poetry and Science. Georgia, 2001.
16. Edelman G. M. Wider Than the Sky: The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness. Yale University Press ; Nota Bene, 2005.
17. Dickinson E. The complete poems of Emily Dickinson. Boston, 2000. Р. 1862. URL:
(дата обращения: 12.01.2021).
18. Hass R. Meditation at Lagunitas // Hass ...
‘Back to Kant’ or ‘Back to Leibnitz’? A critical view from the history of Russian metaphysical personalism
... ‘formalise’ and ‘objectify’ it). It is shown that neo-Leibnizian epistemology seeks ‘pure experience’. However, such experience is not interpreted as ‘bare’ cognition or its mere possibility but rather it is perceived as a combination of consciousness (Bewusstsein), knowledge (Erkenntnis), the consciousness of God (Gottesbewusstsein), faith, and free will. Thus, Russian neo-Leibnizians represented their epistemology as a complete sphere and viewed the Kantian and neo-Kantian teaching ...
Miracle-working plants: Slavic parallels
... are described in a comparative aspect. The author also examines different herbs that exhibit similar features. It is concluded that the magic properties of herbs are determined by their connection to the chthonic kingdom and the other world in folk consciousness.
ethnolinguistics, South Slavs, East Slavs, West Slavs, traditional beliefs, supernatural fairy tales (bylichkas), magic herbs, chthonic kingdom.
The transfer of the ownership of the objects of cultural heritage of the Kaliningrad region to the Russian Orthodox Church: the social and cultural aspects of the conflict
This article focuses on the factors having influenced the formation of the conscious attitude to the past of the Kaliningrad region in the local residents. The author shows that a special regional identity, which developed in the interaction with the unique cultural environment, requires a public discussion as decisions concerning ...
The concept “people” in A. S. Shishkov’s manifestoes in the discourse of the Patriotic War of 1812
The Patriotic War of 1812 is an event that influenced the formation of the Russian national consciousness. At that time, imperial and class identities coexisted. With the de facto ban on discussing the idea of a civil nation, Russian intellectuals focused on the cultural and linguistic components of nationalism. The aim of this study was to ...
I. Kant’s and E. Husserl’s practical philosophy
... [Morality as the absolute limit of reason in the ethics of I. Kant], NB: Filosofskie issledovanija [NB: Philosophical Investigation], Moscow, no. 5, p. 17—44.
14. Molchanov, V. I. 1998, Vremja i soznanie. Kritika fenomenologicheskoj filosofii. [Time and consciousness. Сritique of the phenomenological philosophy, Moscow.
15. Pisarchik, L. U. 2011, Problema posnanija zennostej I konzepzija nauki v fenomenologii E. Gusserla [The problem of knowledge of values and the concept of science in the phenomenology ...
Types of Representational Content in Kant
... University Press.
Crowther, T. M., 2006. Two Conceptions of Conceptualism and Nonconceptualism. Erkenntnis, 65(2), pp. 245-276.
Dickerson, A. B., 2004. Kant on Representation and Objectivity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dretske, F., 2002. Conscious Experience. In: A. Noë, E. Thompson, eds. 2002. Vision and Mind. Selected Readings in the Philosophy of Perception. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 419-442.
Falkenstein, L., 1995. Kant’s Intuitionism. A Commentary on the Transcendental ...
On the formation of speech and communication values in students of technical universities
... after the transition to the 3rd generation federal state education standards. A comparison of 2010—2013 survey of junior and senior students of Kaliningrad State Technical University helps come to a conclusion that the goal of teaching is to develop conscious needs in students and encourage them in individual work in order to improve the level of communicative knowledge.
1. Караулов Ю. Н. Русский язык и языковая личность. М., 2010.
2. Рижский И. С....
The phenomenon of Napoleon in the German spirit of Napoleon’s age
This article considers judgements about Napoleon in the culture of German pre-romanticism as signs of literary diagnostics indicative of the contradictory dialectics of artistic consciousness in distinguishing the “codes” of life and death in arts. The completely opposite assessment of Napoleon in the history of German romanticism identifies the problem of a human being as a “field of fate” — a site of the battle between ...
The image of F. Nietzsche in the Vozrozhdeniye émigré newspaper
This article considers the cultural background to the perception of F. Nietzsche’s philosophy in Russia and the philosopher’s influence on the consciousness of Russian emigration. The author stresses the value of periodicals as a source for historical and philosophical studies and addresses the heuristic aspects of publications in periodicals. A general methodological framework for using such ...
On the problem of semiosis in the borrowed sign
... Anglo-American borrowing. Reversive nature of semiotic process, typical for interpretation of borrowed words — from sign to it’s meaning, from signifiant to signifie is shown. Different ways of assimilation of "alien" cultural experience in the consciousness of a target language are described.
1. Аристова В. М. Морфологическая структура английских слов в русском языке // Англо-русские языковые контакты....
The phenomenon of cult interaction
This article considers the problems of cult reality development. The author believes that cult is an inversion system of interaction of the cult object and cult consciousness. Inversion in cult reality is a process of special decoding of intersubjective reality, in which cult status serve as both a structure and a function of reality.
The Phenomenology of Social World.
On transcendental mysticism
... кантианства. М., 1917.
9. Трубецкой Е. Н. Смысл жизни. М., 1918.
mysticism, anthropologism, psychologism, epistemology,
substantiation of knowledge, ontology, metaphysic
of all-unity, absolute consciousness.
Chernov S. A.