Algorithm for creating conceptual metaphors
... approaches to the study of conceptual metaphor and offers a description of the role of the language corpus, categorization and conceptualization processes in the study of conceptual metaphors. The author employs the following methods and techniques: conceptual modeling, componential analysis, quantitative analysis, and proposes an algorithm of conceptual metaphors formation based on the identification of metaphors of the Praglejaz Group. The author attempts to describe the formation of the following conceptual metaphors: ECONOMY ...
Semiotic Hybridisation as the Basis of Internet Meme Semantics
... process of semiotic hybridisation in internet memes. The authors hold that semiotic hybridisation in internet memes construes the semantics of these units, while their verbal and non-verbal components interact on the conceptual level. The theory of conceptual integration elaborated by J. Fauconnier and M. Turner can provide a theoretical foundation for the analysis of semiotic hybridization. English internet memes are used as examples to illustrate the main research findings.
Golubkova, E. E., 2012. Discursive component in studies on cognitive semantics. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo lingvisticheskogo ...
The conceptual profiles of the oeuvre of M. Bulgakov, V. Nabokov, A. Platonov and M. Sholokhov (according to the data of the comparative analysis of frequent vocabulary)
толковый словарь синонимов русской речи: идеографическое описание, антонимы, фразеологизмы / под общ. ред. Л.
Mukhin M. Yu.
idiostyle, conceptual profile, quantitative analysis, ideographic analysis, M. Bulgakov, V. Nabokov,
A. Platonov, M. Sholokhov.
Conceptual metonymy of the structure of the utterance
The author analyses examples from the English language and, based on their analysis, investigates the mechanism of conceptual metonymy reflected in the syntactic structure of the utterance. Conceptual metonymy is considered as a factor determining the structure of the utterance describing a fragment of reality. The author explores models of metonymic transfers, in ...
Energy and the Ways of its Conceptualisation in Cognition: an Attempt at an Epistemological Analysis
Thе article examines the connection between conceptualisation and transfer of knowledge in the humanities and analyses the role of these processes in the formation of conceptual and terminological framework for different types of discourse. The study draws on an analytical description of the development of the concept of energy in the Christian Orthodox discourse. The description was provided from the perspective of ...
Conceptual modelling of the process of polysemy solution using the corps
Any linguistic analysis when done on the basis of a natural language corpus produces results of much higher accuracy and a higher degree of representation.... ... structure of a polysemous word, as well as facilitates the identification of individual senses. The author proposes a probabilistic conceptual model (algorithm) of cognitive operations underlying the process of word sense disambiguation.
1. Захаров В....
Cоncept of LOVE in religious consciounsness of J. H. Wichern
... аспект// Мир науки, культуры, образования. 2009. № 4. С. 69—72.
4. Wichern J. H. Die innere Mission der deutschen evangelischen Kirche. Eine Denkschrift an die deutsche Nation. Hamburg, 1849.
Tsvetkova A. A.
conceptual analysis, religious view of the world, religious communication, religious concept, religious consciousness, religious concept of LOVE, individual
Consequences and Design in General and Transcendental Logic
... in his logical taxonomy, Kant attempted to reconcile the substitutional interpretation of formal consequences and a formal analysis of the transcendental relations of objects of experience. However, if we interpret the limitations imposed by transcendental ... ... the benefit of enriching traditional logical tools with a series of notions borrowed primarily from computer programming. A conceptual system designer sets out feasibility requirements and defines a system’s functions that make it possible to achieve ...
Commodity flow model for an exclave region: Rent-seeking in the ‘transitional period’ of the special economic zone
... focuses on a commodity flow model for an exclave region (CFMER). The CFMER development is aimed at identifying aggregate proportions of the exclave’s economy in the transitional period of the special economic zone (SEZ) functioning. The key method of analysis is the comparison of data on the generation of gross regional product and regional foreign economic activities (including export and import of goods and moving goods from/into the Kaliningrad region to other Russian regions). It results in a conceptual CFMER, which is assessed as of 2011. The availability of additional — as compared to a regular region — data on commodity flows in the framework of the SEZ transitional period makes it possible to identify structural disproportions in the ...
The textual concept "the society of consumption" in the novel "99 francs" by Frederic Beigbeder
... современной лингвистики. М., 2006.
13. Beigbeder F. 99 francs. URL: http://www.frenchbook.net/index.php?name=Pages&op=page&pid=791 (дата обращения: 30.09.2011).
Ieronova I. Y., Trofimova O. A.
textual concept, conceptual analysis, literary text, conceptual structure of the text.
Representation of the conceptual and value components in the concepts HOME and HOME / HOUSE in advertising discourse
... И. Т. Философский словарь. М., 1987.
14. Jackson N. Home in Russia: Cultural Values Embedded in Russian Homes // Moving Forward / Looking Back : Materials of NCA National Convention. Chicago, 2004. P. 111—123.
Marina A. V.
conceptual analysis, advertising discourse, concept ДОМ, concept HOME / HOUSE
Russia’s Coastal Zone as a Social and Geographic Phenomenon: Conceptualisation and Delimitation
... Vestnik MGU, Ser. Geografiya [Bulletin Moscow State University, Ser. Geography], no. 1, p. 36—41.
37. Topchiev, A. G., Polosa, A. I. 1987, Primorskie khozyaystvennye kompleksy: ponyatiyno-kontseptual'nyy analiz [Maritimes economic systems: concepts and conceptual analysis]. In: Primorskie regiony: geograficheskie i sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie problem, Vladivostok, p. 42—50.
38. Baklanov, P. Ya., Romanov, M. T. 2010, Geopoliticheskie faktory razvitiya transgranichnykh regionov [Geopolitical factors of development ...
Arguments against Redistributive Justice based on Kant’s Doctrine of Private Right
... right to enforce the offer of benefits in the private right. Firstly, I will show how the concept of an innate right to freedom provides no conceptual foundation for a right to enforcement of alleged duties of cooperation. Since my argument is much more conceptual than hermeneutical, Isaiah Berlin’s analysis of negative liberty in “Two Concepts of Liberty” will be helpful here. Secondly, I will argue that the concepts of original acquisition and voluntary transfers are also at odds with the idea of a redistributive justice. At this point, it ...
Axiological prototype of the conceptual metaphor 'lifetime is a journey'
... Избранная проза / сост. А. Н. Стрижев. М., 2001.
21. Charteris-Black J. Corpus Approaches to Critical Metaphor Analysis. Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
22. Cambridge International Dictionary of English. Cambridge, 1998.
23. Duden. Deutsches ... ... (дата обращения: 03.03.2010).
26. Słownik poprawnej polszczyzny. Warszawa, 1973.
Konnova M. N.
time, space, conceptual metaphor, axiology
Integrated approach to the event frame analysis
The author analyses different approaches to the conceptualization of events in cognitive science, describes the types of events and their structure. Special attention is given to the integration of the frame analysis tools and corpora data and the opportunities this combination presents for analyzing the process of event conceptualization. The author explores the structure of an event frame and studies its frame–frame relations.
1. Болдырев Н. Н. Когнитивная семантика : курс лекций по английской филологии....
Frames in discourse analysis
This article focuses on frame analysis, which provides a communicative framework for the meaning formation and interpretation in a discourse. The correlation ... ... as a cognitive space formed in view of the recipient’s relevance is described. Special attention is given to the process of conceptual integration in German political discourse.
1. Минский М. Фреймы для представления знаний....
The aderoid factors in the development of the Kaliningrad region
... factors (aderoid factors) that have a significant impact on the regional development and are subject to an independent study. The analysis of aderoid factors makes it possible to create a management system that would
change the sign of the factor from minus ... ... E. B. 1983, Social'no-ekonomicheskaja geografija: ponjatijno-terminologicheskij slovar' [Social and economic geography: the conceptual and terminological dictionary], Moscow.
2. Fedorov, G. М. 2008, Social'no-jekonomicheskoe razvitie Kaliningradskoj
Kant in Nikolai Strakhov’s philosophical research (An experience of epistemological orientation)
... philosopher, the works of A. I. Vvedensky, etc. The study fol¬lows the pattern of a dialogical reconstruction; it examines the conceptual range of interpretations of Kant’s philosophical legacy in the context of the Russian intellectual culture of the ... ... of the subjectivity of thinking (V. A. Zhuchkov). However, the complexity of historical and philosophical interpretation and analysis of Kant’s meanings in Strakhov’s philosophical research lies in the fact that this re-search is hermeneutic (‘peripheral’,...
Changes in the Population Distribution and Transport Network of Saint Petersburg
... Petersburg was analyzed using the Multiple Centrality Assessment Model (MCA) and the Urban Network Analysis Tool for ArcGIS. The analysis of the population distribution in Saint Petersburg shows that each area of the city has seen their population grow over ... ... similar to that of other major cities.
1. Druzhinin, A. G. 2014, Mother countries and metropolisation in contemporary Russia: conceptual approaches in political and geographical contexts, Izv. RAN. Ser. geogr, no. 1, p.19—27. (In Russ.)
The conceptual bases for suspicion in Russian civil procedure
This article attempts to identify the features of suspicion and offer a definition of this concept on the basis of an analysis of different scholarly perspectives.
русского языка / под ред. Д. Н. Ушакова. М. 2007.
Об обвинении и его взаимосвязи ...
On the possibility of visual argumentation
This article offers a review and analysis of the discussion on the possibility of visual argumentation presented in English periodicals. The author focuses on ... ... http://web2.uwindsor.ca/courses/philosophy/johnsoa/visargtext.htm (дата обращения: 14.04.2013).
12. Tarnay L. The Conceptual Basis of Visual Argumentation // In proceedings of the fifth conference. 2003. P. 1001—1005.
Border functions as a factor of development of border regions and the formation of cross-border regions
... Border People. Arizona, 1994.
16. Nijkamp P., Rietveld P. and Salomon I. Barriers in Spatial Interactions and Communications. A Conceptual Exploration // The Annals of Regional Science. 1990. Vol. 24. P. 237—252.
17. Rietveld P. Barrier Effects of Borders: ... ... 2012. № 12(2). P. 150—166.
18. Van der Velde В., Martin R. So many regions, so many borders. A behavioural approach in the analysis of border effects // Paper prepared for the 37th European Congress of the European Regional Science Association, Rome,...
Monotowns: A Quantitative Analysis
.... Special attention is paid to the monotowns that were granted the status of advanced development territories. A comparative analysis makes it possible to study their general characteristics and socioeconomic indicators. The authors apply the theory of ... ... development territories. The article identifies the main stakeholders and the character of their interaction; it desc ribes a conceptual model built on the principal/agent interactions, and identifies the parametric space of mutually beneficial cooperation....
A comparative analysis of terminology of inclusive education
... pedagogical literature. The author addresses the impact of the uses of these terms on the public perception of this social category. An attempt is made to classify the notions relating to persons with mental and physical defects in accordance with the conceptual – medical and social – models of disability:.
1. Выготский Л. С. Основы дефектологии. М., 1983. Т. 5.
2. Заблоцкис Е. Ю. Особые дети и взрослые в России: закон, ...
Cognitive scheme or concept: towards the determination of dynamic model of knowledge
In the article the main emphasis is placed on the determination of procedural approach to the study of conceptual knowledge. With this aim the possibility of using cognitive schemes in analyzing ethno-cultural knowledge is discussed.... ... serve as a basis for the reconstruction of cognitive schemes of information processing in different cultures. The comparative analysis of such schemes in
Russian and French cultures is undertaken.
Clusters in the institutional perspective: on the theory and methodology of local socioeconomic development
... Studies, no. 34.1, p. 1―20.
25. Feser, E., Renski, H., Goldstein, H. 2008, Clusters and Economic Development Outcomes: An Analysis of the Link between Clustering and Industry Growth, Economic Development Quarterly, no. 22, p. 324―344.
26. Iammarino,... ... Transactions, technology and knowledge spillovers, Research Policy, Vol. 35 (7), p. 1018―1036.
27. Lagendijk, A. 2003, Towards Conceptual Quality in Regional Studies: The Need for Subtle Critique — A Response to Markusen, Regional Studies, Vol. 37 (6—7),...
Associative-semantic network principle of human mental thesaurus organization
... methods, certain dictionary articles of the Associative Thesaurus of the Russian Language have thus been analyzed. A comparative analysis of behavioral experiments is offered based on which associative dictionaries have been compiled-alongside with objective ... .... Simanova I., Gerven M., Oostenveld R., Hagoort P. Identifying object categories from Event-Related EEG: toward decoding of conceptual representations // PloS ONE. 2010. Vol. 5, iss. 12.
14. Zock M., Bilac S. Word lookup on the basis of associations: ...
Problems of analytic and synthetic propositions in the history of logic
... Symbolic Logic. 1954. Vol. 19, N 4. Р. 291.
16. Lewis C. I. N. O. Losskij. Handbuch der Logik, autorisierte übersetzung von Prof. Dr. W. Sessemann. Leipzig u. Berlin. 1927 // The Journal of Philosophy. 1927.Vol. 24. Р. 665—667.
17. Lewis C. I. An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation. Illinois, 1946.
Pushkarsky A. G.
history of logic, image of logic, analytic and synthetic propositions, a priori synthetic judgements, N. O. Lossky’s concept of logic, intuitionism, conceptual
pragmatism, W. V. O. Quine’s philosophy of logic.
School conflict as a subject of historical and pedagogical research
... historical and pedagogical investigation in pedagogy. Using pedagogical writings of the early XX century, the authors explore the conceptual foundations of school conflicts and identify their essential features. Special attention is given to the philosophical ... ... 2001.
Butkus A., Samsonova N., Vrachinskaya T.
school conflict, the subject of historical and pedagogical research, context analysis
Inter-organizational networks as seen by western economic sociology: An analysis of theoretical approaches
... theoretical approaches to studying interorganizational networks offered in foreign economic sociology. The authors describe main conceptual problems, the key aspects of network form of interorganizational interaction, and embeddedness effects.
1. Alter C.... ... the entrepreneurial process // Journal of Business Venturing. 1991. № 6. P. 305—313.
9. Emirbayer M., Goodwin J. Network Analysis, Culture, and the Problem of Agency // American Journal of Sociology. 1994. Vol. 99, № 6. P. 1411—1454.
10. Granovetter ...
Hybrid texts as a form of interaction between avant-garde artistic and political discourses
... ceremonial greetings. Text — Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Discourse, 17 (3), pp. 349—381.
Ert, G. van, 1994. Empty Air: Ezra Pound's World War Two Radio Broadcasts. Past Imperfect, 2, pp. 47—72.
Fairclough, N., 2010. Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language. London.
Fauconnier, G. and Turner, M., 1996. Blending as a Central Process in Grammar. In: A. Goldberg, ed. Conceptual Structure, Discourse and Language. Stanford. pp. 113—130.
Genette, G., 1982. Palimpsestes: La litterature au second degre. Paris.
Goldberg, R., 1979. Performance: Live Art, 1909 to the Present. New York.
Heibach, Ch., 2011. Avant-garde theater ...
The social and pedagogical determinants of inclusive education: A comparative analysis of Western and Russian ideas
In the conditions of the modern sociocultural reality, inclusive education is one of the most relevant forms of education for all children, including nontypical ones. This study aims at conducting a comparative analysis of the conceptual framework of the social and pedagogical determinants of inclusive education. The article describes the author’s understanding of the concept of non-typical children and compares different interpretations of key factors of inclusive education....
The synergy effect of economic metaphor in the interdiscursive space
... metaphors. A cluster model of metaphor synergy is built on the basis of intertextual metaphor, which creates a powerful field of conceptual tension. It is shown that the economic metaphor acts as an instrument of sense production in the interdiscursive space.... ... saturation and compaction of a text through creating new sources of entropy and successive clarification of semantic ambiguity. The analysis brings to light the interaction of various vehicles of sense which cannot be deduced from systemic semantics and belong ...
Critical survey of some cognitive semantic theories in the dynamic semantic context by A. F. Losev
The article provides a critical analysis of some cognitive semantics theories, particularly the prototype theory and the theory of dynamic construal. It is stated that the source of the theory of dynamic conceptual semantics were formulated in the works by A. F. Losev and G. Guillaume’s mental grammar.
1. Бондарко А. В. Теория значения в системе функциональной грамматики. На материале ...
On the historical context of innovative development in Russia
... the institutional model of research on social processes. Thus, the idea of possible modernisation of Russian society rests on the consideration of the current situation in the field of economics, management, and science. On the basis of a secondary analysis of statistical data and the works of Russian and international sociologists, this article describes the fundamental conceptual framework of the modernisation of Russian society. In particular, it focuses on the criticism of the modernisation project initiated by the forces that present themselves as conservative. The author also mentions significant problems arising ...
Report of the ‘Transcendental Turn in Contemporary Philosophy 2’ International Seminar (Moscow, 27—29 April 2017)
... (2) to study the nature of one of Kant’s important concepts — that of appearance — within the framework of the essential conceptual triad of transcendentalism: thing in itself (Ding an sich) — appearance (Erscheinung) — representation (Vorstellung),... ... (In Russ.)
Motroshilova, N. V. 2017, Why it is Absolutely Necessary and How it is Possible to Carry Out a Preliminary Textual Analysis of the Key Concepts in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, in: Transtesndentalny povorot v sovremennoy filosofii (2), Moscow,...
The Nature of Appearance in Kant’s Transcendentalism: A Seman- tico-Cognitive Analysis
... distinction between “appearance” and “thing in itself” is the cornerstone of Kant’s transcendental philosophy. However, its conceptual status seems largely uncertain. This uncertainty is the reason for a wide range of interpretations of Kant’s transcendental ... ... representation, since the former is an object or content of the latter. Applying G. Frege’s “semantic triangle” to the analysis of Kant’s concept of appearance, I show that the transcendental object functions as the sense (Sinn) of the appearance ...
The theoretical framework a teacher’s cross-cultural compe-tence: International practice
... competence. Particular attention is paid to the UK education system as one of the oldest structures in the world. Based on an analysis of a teacher’s cross-cultural experience at Durham University and the University of Manchester, as well as different ... ... C. S. Intercultural communication. N. Y.: Wadsworth Publishing Company. 1997. P. 379—392.
17. Spitzberg B. H., Changnon G. Conceptualizing Intercultural Competence. In: Deardorff, D. K. (Eds.) The SAGE handbook of intercultural competence. Thousand ...
Traditional Structures in Contemporary Chinese Poetry
... levels of utterances. These linguistic means include non-trivial semantic links created by means of phonographics. A linguistic analysis of relevant contexts shows that all the linguistic means contribute to the semantic cohesion of the text and make a bridge ... ... of text that relies on an unconventional usage of its elements.
1. Azarova, N. M., 2013. Anagramming as a mechanism for conceptualization. Kognitivnye issledovaniya yazyka [Cognitive studies of language], 15, p. 183—193.
2. Azarova, N. M., 2015....
Territorial-political and regional geopolitical systems: correlation of concepts
... author wishes to thank his colleagues from Saint Petersburg State University for their comments on earlier versions.
1. Alaev, E. B. 1983, Socialno-ekonomicheskaja geografija: Ponjatijno-terminologicheskij slovar [Social and economic geography: the conceptual vocabulary], Мoscow, Mysl.
2. Bagrov, N. V. 2001. Objekt, predmet, bazovye kategorii regionalnogo geopoliticheskogo analiza [Object, subject, basic categories of regional geopolitical analysis], Kultura narodov Prichernomorja, no. 26, available at: www. nbuv. gov.
ua/Articles/kultnar/knp199826/knp26_54.doc (accessed 5 September 2011).
3. Elatskov, A. B., Zinoviev, A. S. 2010, Territorialno-politicheskaja sistema kak objekt politicheskoj ...
“The Turn towards Ontology” in Russian Neo-Kantianism in the Late 1910s and Early 1920s (Lev Salagov and Nikolai Boldyrev)
... on account of internal discussion with the Russian philosophers belonging to other movements (for example, intuitivists). The analysis of the onto-epistemological projects of Russian Neo-Kantians makes important additions to the picture of the reception ... ... 1995. Predmet znaniia ob osnovakh i predelakh otvlechennogo znaniia [The Object of Knowledge. Principles and Limitations of Conceptual Cognition]. In: S. L. Frank, 1995. Predmet znaniia. Dusha cheloveka [The Object of Knowledge. Man’s Soul]. St. Petersburg: ...
Correlation of theory and practice in victorian policies: Edward Derby case
... prominent British political intellectuals, the author examines the correlation of theory and practice in Victorian politics. The analysis shows the suspicious attitude of British politicians toward ideologies. The core role of morality and religion in Victorian ... ...
13. Gladstone W. E. Gleanings of Past Years, 1843—1878. L., 1879. Vol. 1.
14. Freeden M. Ideologies and Political Theory: A Conceptual Approach. Oxford, 1996.
15. Hawkins A. British Party Politics, 1852—1886. Basingstoke, 1998.
16. Hawkins A. Forgotten ...
Ambiguity matters in linguistics and translation
... even refer to several different events. I explore a rarely analyzed event-referential ambiguity, which requires additional conceptual information for disambiguation and, consequently, may pose a problem for translation. I argue that problems in disambiguation ... ... Australian Association for Literary Translation Review, 5, pp. 39—46.
Black, M., 1937. Vagueness: An exercise in logical analysis. Philosophy of Science, 4, pp. 427—455.
Camp, E., 2006. Metaphor and That Certain ‘Je Ne Sais Quoi’. Philosophical ...
The problem of meaning in Social Semiotics: deep semiotics as a conceptual extension of Social Semiotics
... components of the semantic structure represent the levels of understanding – identification, referencing, interpretation, evaluation, and empathy.
Ankersmit, F., 2003. Narrativnaya logika. Semanticheskii analiz yazyka istorikov [Narrative logic. Semantic analysis of the language of historians]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Ankersmit, F., 2014. Esteticheskaya politika. Politicheskaya filosofiya po tu storonu fakta i tsennosti [Aesthetic policy. Political philosophy on the other side of fact and value]. Moscow (in ...
Innovative factors and conditions of sustainable development of rural territories
This article considers the main features of sustainable development of rural territories, identifies the factors of innovative entrepreneurship, and assesses their influence on the condition of rural economy. Special attention is paid to the analysis of concepts, programmes, and projects in the field of rural territory development. The authors summarise conceptual and strategic approaches and actions of the Baltic region states in the field of sustainable development of rural territories. The article identifies objectives, common for the Baltic region, relating to sustainability of rural territories,...
Bogdan Kistiakovy’s Project of “State of the Future” as Synthesis of the Ideas of Liberalism and Socialism
... movement. The article emphasises the inconsistency of classifying Kistyakovsky’s socio-philosophical concept as liberal. The analysis performed is based on Kistyakovsky’s model of the ‘state of the future’ — a project of a socialist rule-of-law ... ... Moscow.
6. Pishun, S. V., Kurbenkov, V. A. 2005, Konceptual’nye osnovaniya politi-cheskogo uchenia B. A. Kistiakovskogo [Conceptual foundations of B. A. Kistiakovsky’s political study], Vladivostok.
7. Medushevsky, A. N. 2007, Bogdan Alexandrovich ...
EU — Russia energy cooperation: major development trends and the present state
... since they set out conditions for energy cooperation in the Baltic Sea region. This research is based on a political and legal analysis of various documents and employs various international relations theories (including integration theories). The article ... ... York, p. 73—76.
15. Global Energy Security, 2006, G8 Summit Documents, St. Petersburg, 16 July.
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Structural and Functional Characteristics of the Spatial Development of Rural and Urban Areas in the Northwestern Economic District
... factors of production on demographic processes and trends in the transformation of the population distribution system. Based on an analysis of the sectoral structure of economy and demographic development trends, the author proposes a functional typology of ... .... Alaev, E. B. 1983, Social'no-jekonomicheskaja geografija. Ponjatijno-terminologicheskij slovar' [Socio-economic geography. Conceptual and terminological dictionary], Moscow.
2. Baza dannyh pokazatelej municipal'nyh obrazovanij [Database performance ...
The concept of “network” in the system of basic concepts of regional economic geography
... industries. A concentration of strong connections within such network constitutes its core or a cluster. Based on a retrospective analysis of studies into the spatial organisation of economy, it is concluded that there is a need to examine network forms from ... .... Alaev, E. B. 1983, Social'no-jekonomicheskaja geografija: ponjatijno-terminologicheskij slovar' [Socio-economic geography: conceptual and terminological dictionary], Moscow, 350 p.
2. Baklanov, P. Ya. 2009, Territorial'naja struktura hozjajstva i jekonomicheskoe ...
On the Semiotic Model of Image
... N.Y, Cornell University Press.
Iversen, N. M., Kleppe, I. A., Stensaker, I. G., 1998. Country Image in Marketing Strategies: Conceptual Issues and an Empirical Asian Illustration. AP. Asia Pacific Advances in Consumer Research, 3, pp. 197—203.
Leerssen,... ... of signs. International encyclopedia of unified science, 1 (2), pp. 1—59.
Monticelli, D., 2016. Critique of ideology or/and analysis of culture? Barthes and Lotman on secondary semiotic systems. Sign Systems Studies, 44 (3). pp. 432—451.