Origins and historical background of German federalism
The number of federal states in the modern world is extremely small. The Federal Republic of Germany is the largest and most famous federation in Europe. However, German democracy and German federalism are often perceived as externally imposed political values as a result of the country's defeat in World War II. Such an attitude needs revising. Of course, Germany did not have the same deep tradition of parliamentarism ...
Key actors of German ‘soft power’ in the Baltics
... key ‘soft power’ actors promoting the country’s interests in the Baltics. The authors analyse the policies of ‘soft power’ aimed to create a positive image of Germany in Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. The article examines the activity of German political foundations, research institutions, communities, language centres, and scientific and cultural organisations. It is stressed that Germany makes use of the Baltics’ historical familiarity with German traditions in implementing its policy ...
Elitist reasons behind the German revolution of November 1918
In 2017-2018, the historical community commemorated the centenary anniversaries of revolutions that took place at the end of the First World War. Although the revolutionary events in Russia attract greater attention, the German revolution of November 1918 is of no less interest. In this article, I set out to highlight the situation of the German ruling elite on the eve of the war. The absence of bright personalities among the country's political establishment, on the ...
The phenomenon of Napoleon in the German spirit of Napoleon’s age
This article considers judgements about Napoleon in the culture of German pre-romanticism as signs of literary diagnostics indicative of the contradictory dialectics of artistic consciousness in distinguishing the “codes” of life and death in arts. The completely opposite assessment of Napoleon in the history of ...
Female Characters in German Rock Poetry
The female character is one of the central constants forming the poetic world of a German rock author. This article examines the variants of this character.
. «Минойский матриархат»: Социальные роли мужчины и женщины в общественной ...
Hagiographic genre in the works of Konrad von Wurzburg
I analyse three hagiographic poems written by Konrad von Würzburg, a German poet of the XIII century. The poems describe the lives of Saint Alexis, a Man of God, Saint Pantaleon and Pope Sylvester. These saints are worshipped both by the Catholic and the Orthodox churches. Special attention is paid to Konrad von Wurzburg’s ...
On some trends in the foreign vocabulary assimilation process in the modern German language
Nowadays foreign vocabulary pronunciation regardless of the language is one of the highest priority issues. This is especially urgent for the German language because foreign words, spelt in Latin alphabet, retain their orthographic image.
The article studies phonetic assimilation processes of those foreign words and loanwords from different languages in the modern German language which ...
German youth slang as a reflection of modern reality
In this article, I consider how the environment affects the functioning of youth slang. I aim to explore how elements of today’s world are reflected in the vocabulary of young people. The objects of my study are units of today’s German youth slang, particularly, those identified as the most popular by surveys of the German publishing company Langenscheidt. I consider the main periods in the formation of German youth slang in the 20th/21st centuries and review the events that ...
On the interdisciplinary approach as used in German classes for PhD students
This article considers the notion of interdisciplinarity in general and in relation to practical German classes. Special foreign scientific texts and basic models of the linguistic components of training process contribute to students’ awareness of the interdisciplinary connections in science.
1. Потёмина Т. А. Специальный ...
‘Back to Kant’ or ‘Back to Leibnitz’? A critical view from the history of Russian metaphysical personalism
This article provides a comparative analysis of the influence of the two great German thinkers — Immanuel Kant and Gottfried Leibnitz — on the Russian philosophy of the 19th/20th centuries. The ideas of metaphysical personalists and neo-Leibnizians (E. A. Bobrov, A. A. Kozlov, S. A. Alekseev (Askoldov), N. O. Lossky, and V. ...
Russian-German research and academic cooperation in the Arctic
... and polar territories of the Russian Federation and the Federative Republic of Germany. The largest and most stable projects are the establishment of the Russian-German laboratory of polar and marine research named after the Russian polar explorer of German origin, Otto Schmidt, — OSL — on the premises of AARI, the Russian-German education project — the Applied polar and marine studies master's programme (POMOR) — implemented by the Russian and German partners at Saint Petersburg State University,...
Means to express appeal in the public service announcement discourse in the Russian, German, and English languages
This article considers the means to express appeal in public service announcements in the Russian, German, and English languages. Attention is paid to the characteristic features of appeal as a directive speech act. The comparative aspect of research makes it possible to identify both similarities and differences in using means of appeal in public ...
Organisation of scientific research in Germany
... level, this responsible is shared by the Ministry of Education and Science and the Ministry of Economy. The author emphasizes the role of the National Academy of Sciences “Leopoldina”, whose principal objective is to provide advisory services to German policymakers and present German science at the international level. Special attention is paid to the wide spectrum of German research agents: public and private research organizations, higher education institutions, R&D departments of industrial ...
Verb collocations of the semantic field «Memory» with the component ‘Vergangenheit’ in the German media
The article analyzes verb collocations of the semantic field “Memory” with the component ‘Vergangenheit’, which are commonly used in German media; it describes structural, semantic and syntagmatic characteristics of the verb collocations. The source of the research data is newspaper texts corpus DWDS. The keyword "Vergangenheit" (past) can be characterized by a high syntagmatic ...
German place names in the Kaliningrad region: the commemorative aspect
The author performs a comparative analysis of contemporary and previous names of settlements in the Kaliningrad region. The place names often reflect highly important historical events or are the names of outstanding people. Old German place names were changed in the 1940s of the 20th century. The author highlights the semantics of the toponymic units and the ways of their correlation.
1. Басик С. Н. Общая топонимика. Минск, 2006.
2. Иванова ...
Episodes of the Klaipeda/Memel Anschluss in March, 1939
This article discusses the complicated diplomatic relations between Lithuania and Germany in 1938—1939 on the basis of archive documents and historical studies. The author identifies the methods used by the Germans in the Klaipėda region in order to destroy the system established by the Treaty of Versailles, propagate national socialist ideas among the population, and spread a positive attitude to the restoration of the region as a part of the German Reich....
The communicative and pragmatic category of tolerance as a value constant in modern German linguoculture: the case of the newspaper Die Zeit
Processes taking place in society affect how lexemes are understood and interpreted at different historical periods of a linguoculture. In this article, we use German dictionaries and today’s press to consider the notion of Toleranz as a value constant and lexical-semntic field of German linguoculture. In our study, we relied on the DWDS German text corpus and the periodical Die Zeit. We established that the ...
Paul Natorp’s social pedagogic theory and it’s relevance to modern russian education
The paper discusses Paul Natorp’s social pedagogy theory from the point of its relevance to the modern educational discussions. Natorp sees practical task of his pedagogic theory in negation of German society’s crisis tendencies. The theoretical context of social pedagogy was defined by several key factors. The first one is Natorp’s dependency on legacy of Plato, J. Pestalozzi and I. Kant, while second deals with his critic of fundamental ...
Phraseological potential of the somatism сердце / cœur / Herz in the Russian, French and German languages
The article offers a comparative analysis of phraseological units with the component cердце / cœur / Herz in the Russian, French and German languages. As a result, not only the similarity of semantic attraction in the idioms of the languages of unrelated families is revealed, but also the factors that determine the difference in the semantic charge of both nuclear and differential ...
The development of political geography and geopolitics as an academic and research discipline in the Baltic region: the historical contribution of Saint Petersburg University
... Petersburg University in particular. The terms ‘political geography,’ ‘geopolitics’ and the corresponding academic disciplines, as well as the first concepts of political geography and geopolitics, emerged in the Baltic. The Russian and German schools of thought made a valuable contribution to these fields of research. Using the historical, structural-genetic, and activity-geospace approaches, we identify and analyse the major historical, research, and academic paradigms in the development ...
I. Kant’s and E. Husserl’s practical philosophy
... possibility of reconciling the obligatory and a priori greatest good with a concrete, practical situation of choice remains an open question.
1. Gulyga, A. V. 1977, Kant [Kant], Moscow, 304 p.
2. Gulyga, A. V. 1986, Nemezkaja klassicheskaja filosophija [German classical philosophy], Moscow, 334 p.
3. Gusejnov, A. A. 2003, Istorija eticheskih uchenij [History of ethical doctrines], Moscow, 911 p.
4. Gusejnov, A. A. 2004, Etika Kanta v istoricheskom kontekste [Kant’s Ethics in historical context], Moscow,...
Origins and beginnings. The Livonian Rhymed Chronicle as a reference point for literature in the Teutonic Order
Almost all recent historical and literary studies agree that the Livonian Chronicle conveys an impression of a poetical work containing archaic elements. The affinity between the Chronicle and German heroic epic poetry is often stressed. The established perspective, which distorts the image of the Chronicle, requires adjustment. This literary study into the Chronicle’s text complements research on the development of corporate identity in ...
On Recent Russian Translations of Salomon Maimon’s Works
... A. Welchman and M. Reglitz. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group.
2. Maimon, S., 2017. Filosofskie trudy. T. 1: Opyt transcendental’noy filosofii [Philosophical Works. Volume 1: An Essay on Transcendental Philosophy], translated from German by G. Gimelshtein, I. Mikirtumov; edited by A. Ivanenko; Nabegi na oblast’ filosofii [Forays in the Field of Philosophy], translated from German by A. Ivanenko. St. Petersburg: Gumanitarnaya Akademiya.
A. B. Patkul
Literary texts in German classes with PhD students: The interdisciplinary aspect
This article is an attempt at a conceptual interpretation of the scientific paradigm in modern prose and the possibility of using it in discussions in German classes with PhD students. Fragments from Hans Konsalik’s Jour-ney to Tierra del Fuego and Daniel Kehlman’s Measuring the World are used to this end. The biographies of scientists — as shown through literary characters — can serve as a ...
Hierarchic representation of the category of “memory” units in German autobiographical texts
The article describes the lexical representation of the category «memory» in the text. Special attention is paid to the hierarchical organization of lexical units with the “memory” seme in autobiographical texts by German authors.
Meine Kinderjahre. Frankfurt a/M., 1983.
Als ich ein kleiner Junge war. B., 1977.
Meine Lebensgeschichte. Frankfurt a/M., 1980.
Der Wendepunkt. Ein Lebensbericht....
Logic Manuals for Women in the Late Enlightenment Era
... 24 Bänden. Edited by P. Raabe. Vol. 16. München: Saur, pp. 35-67.
Knigge, A. von, 1788. Ueber den Umgang mit Menschen. In 2 Volumes. Hannover: Schmidt.
Knigge, A. F. F. L. von, 1810. Ob obraschenii s liud’mi [On Human Relations]. Translated from German [into Russian] by J. Langen. St. Petersburg: In Medical Typography.
Knigge, Ph., 1785. Lied eines zehnjährigen Mädchens. Magazin für Frauenzimmer. Edited by D. C. Seybold, 1(1), p. 168.
Knigge, Ph., 1789. Versuch einer Logic für Frauenzimmer....
The principle of sufficient reason in German philosophy of the Enlight-enment
... reason arose in Germany. Despite the fact that this Principe was explicitly formulated by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz only at the end of the 17th century, a major dispute about it was triggered by Christian Wolff who had considerable influence on the German philosophy of Enlightenment. In German Metaphysic, he presented the “strong” definition of the principle and its proof. As a result, freedom was restricted, because the principle of sufficient reason implies the unlimited necessity of all things ...
Praesens and its role in the linguistic structuring of the spacio-temporal continuum of fictional texts
This article deals with the determination of local-temporary organization of German literary-narrative texts of ХIХ—ХХ centuries. The category of polysemy of German verb and its stylistic potential are examined in this context.
Грамматические и семантические ...
Family, duty, and honour in the First World War: Problems of the everyday life of the German military elite
This article describes different aspects of the everyday life of the German military elite during World War I. The author stresses the effect of protracted hostilities on professional high-ranking officers in view of their age, special social standards, and family relations. Special attention is paid to a new little-studied ...
The linguistic paradigm in Kant studies
... Kant’s texts. Linguistic Kant studies is a scientific discipline focusing on the language of Kant's works. Such a study can be either independent or integrated int a logicalphilosophical analysis. The author emphasizes Kant’s contribution to the German philosophical and scientific discourse of the Enlightenment and summarizes current findings on the philosopher’s style and language. It is shown that the analysis of Kant’s linguistic creativity (new terms, syntactic models, utterance structures,...
From Marburg to Odessa: A contribution to a scientific bio-graphy of S. L. Rubinstein
... reconstructs certain episodes of the early intellectual biography (1889—1960) of S. L. Rubinstein — a Russian Neo-Kantian, philosopher, and psychologist — and presents the fol-lowing archive documents: the letter of Martha Cohen (1918), the widow of the German neo-Kantian Hermann Cohen, S. L. Rubinstein’s teacher; two Rubinstein’s autobiographies of the early 1920s; a review of Rubinstein’s thesis, which was supervised by H. Cohen and P. Natorp and de-fended at Marburg University, prepared by N....
Memory phenomenon in the German literary criticism after 1989
This paper focuses on different theories proposed by German literary scholars currently addressing the concept of "memory", and reconsider the role of literature as a medium for keeping and transferring cultural legacy through space and time. It is discovered that literature-as-a-medium and memories ...
Particularities of the ratification of the European Fiscal Compact in Germany
This article analyses legal issues relating to the German ratification of the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Mon-etary Union. The author analyses the key decisions of the Federal Consti-tutional Court of Germany on this issue. Special attention is paid to the need ...
The German agricultural discourse in the 17th century (based on the treatise «Stratagema oeconomicum oder Akkerstudent» by Salomon Gubert
This article explores peculiarities of the formation of the German agricultural discourse as a special type of scientific discourse of the seventeenth century. The author performs a discursive and cognitive analyses of the treatise «Stratagema oeconomicum oder Akkerstudent» written by the German pastor Salomon ...
Moral theology and the cosmological argument. Comments and delibera¬tions on a little-known Reflection of Kant
... Articles 2008—2009. 2011. S. 75—88.
22. Ulex H. Zur Geschichte der Familie Ulex. Hamburg, 1913.
Kant, Oskar Ulex, Hamburg-Altona, autograph, moral philosophy, moral theology, final aim, reflexion, handwritten remains
Stark W. (translated from German by A. Zilber)
[text]1. Kant, I. 1997а, Osnovy metafiziki nravstvennosti [Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals], in Kant I. Sochineniya na nemeckom i russkom iazykah [Works by German andRussian], Мoscow, ...
Kant in the mirror of Russian Kant studies today
Pozzo R. (translated from the German by A. Zilber)
Review of Kant’s «Critique of Pure Reason»
Hamann J. G. (translated from German by V. H. Gilmanov)
Budelacci O. Kant’s program for peace. Political thinking in the context of practical philosophy
M. Fabjancic (translation from German by A. S. Zilber)
German and Russian neo-Kantianism: between epistemology and critique of culture
Maslova, T. Yu.
What does ‘to enlighten’ mean?
Mendelssohn M. (translated from German by K.A. Volkova, edited by A.N. Kruglov and I.D. Koptsev)
On the ideal constitution
Mendelssohn M. (translated from German by K.A. Volkova, edited by A.N. Kruglov and I.D. Koptsev)
The critical philosophy of Hermann Cohen. Chapter 6
Poma A. (translated from Italian by O. A. Popova; foreword, editorship and verification of German quotations by V. N. Belov)
Immanuel Kant in his final years
Wasianski E. A. (continued; translation from German by A. S. Zilber, ed. by I. D. Koptsev)
Kant I. Jus publicum universale absolutum
Kryshtop L. E. (translated from the German)
Feyerabend’s Natural Law Notes. Introduction. Part 2
Kant I. (translated from the German by L. Kryshtop)
Feyerabend’s Natural Law Notes. Introduction
Kant I. (translated from German L. Krystop)
Intellectuals in Multinational Empire: Russians, Germans, Latvians. 19th — beginning of 20th century
Andreas Kossert. Damals in Ostpreuβen. Der Untergang einer deutschen Provinz. (Once upon a time in West Prussia. The Decline of a German Province)
I. O. Dementyev
Some Remarks on Ludwig Heinrich Jakob's Examination of Mendelssohn's Morgenstunden
Kant I. (translated from the German by I. D. Koptsev)