Kantian Journal

2019 Vol. 38. No. 4

Back to the list Download an article

On the Role of Gesinnung in Kant’s Ethics and Philosophy of Religion. Part II

DOI
10.5922/0207-6918-2019-4-2
Pages
34-50

Abstract

The sources of Kant’s term Gesinnung and a review of the problems of its translation into English were presented in the first part of this article; the second part examines the novel features that Kant brings to the interpretation of this concept in the critical period. In the Critique of Practical Reason these include the questions of manifestation of Gesinnung in the world, apprehended through the senses, the method of establishing and the culture of truly moral Gesinnung, as well as the problem of the immutability of Gesinnung in the progress towards the good. The new theses that appear in Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason are Gesinnung as the internal subjective principle of maxims, on virtue as evidence of the presence of Gesinnung, on act as a manifestation of Gesinnung, on the unintelligibility of Gesinnung in its noumenal, suprasensible character, on the innateness of Gesinnung in the sense that it exists not in time, but in the form of its acceptance by free expression of the will, on the singleness of Gesinnung and its indivisibility into periods, on revolution in Gesinnung as distinct from empirical reform, on the creation of the new human being as distinct from the ancient one as a result of the revolution of Gesinnung, on the link between the revolution in Gesinnung and “conversion” or second birth. After discussing the problem of distinguishing the terms Gesinnung and Denkungsart in translation as well as a review of all the existing variants of translating Kant’s concept of Gesinnung into Russian (aspiration, inclination, intention, virtue, virtuousness, conviction, attitude, mode of thinking, thoughts, mood, disposition and umonastroenie), the author comes to the conclusion that the uniform variant umonastroenie is best suited for Russian translations of Kant’s works.

Reference

Baumgarten, S. J., 1767. Ausführlicher Vortrag der theologischen Moral, mit einer Vorrede von J. S. Semler. Halle: Gebauer.

Blöser, C., 2014. Zurechnung bei Kant. Zum Zusammenhang von Person und Handlung in Kants praktischer Philosophie. Berlin: de Gruyter.

Coleridge, S. T., 2002. The Notebooks of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Volume 2: 1804—1808, Notes. Edited by K. Coburn. New York: Routledge.

Gesellschaft von Gelehrten, ed. 1798. Vollständiges Deutsch-Russisches Lexicon, nach dem grossen grammatikalisch-kritischen Wörterbuche des Herrn Adelung ausgearbeitet, und mit allen zu vollkommenen Kenntniß der deutschen Sprache nöthigen Phraseologien und Erläuterungen versehen, Volume 1. St. Petersburg: Kayserliche Buchdruckerey.

Hake, A. -K., 2003. Vernunftreligion und historische Glaubenslehre. Immanuel Kant und Hermann Cohen. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.

Hegel, G. W. F., 1959. Fenomenologiia dukha [The Phenomenology of Spirit]. Translated by G. G. Shpet. Moscow: Izdatelstvo sotsialno-ekonomicheskoi literatury. (In Rus.)

Hegel, G. W. F., 1971. Filosofskaia propedevtika [Philosophical Propaedeutics]. In: G. W. F. Hegel, 1971. Raboty raznykh let [Works of Different Years], Volume 2. Translated by B. A. Dragun. Moscow: Mysl, pp. 7-212. (In Rus.)

Hegel, G. W. F., 1977. Filosofiia dukha [The Philosophy of the Spirit]. In: G. W. F. Hegel, 1977. Entsiklopediia filosofskikh nauk [Encyclopedia of Philosophical Sciences], Volume 3. Translated by B. A. Fokht. Moscow: Mysl. (In Rus.)

Hegel, G. W. F., 1986. Texte zur Philosophischen Propädeutik. In: G. W. F. Hegel, 1986. Werke in 20 Bänden, Volume 4. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, pp. 9-304.

Hegel, G. W. F., 1989. Phänomenologie des Geistes. In: G. W. F. Hegel, 1989. Werke in 20 Bänden, Volume 3. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, pp. 11-591.

Hegel, G. W. F., 1990. Filosofiia prava [The Philosophy of Right]. Translated by B. G. Stolpner and M. I. Levina. Moscow: Mysl. (In Rus.)

Hegel, G. W. F., 1992. Enzyklopädie der philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundrisse (1830). In: G. W. F. Hegel, 1992. Gesammelte Werke, Volume 20. Herausgegeben von der Rheinisch-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Hamburg: Meiner, pp. 1-572.

Hegel, G. W. F., 2009. Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts. In: G. W. F. Hegel, 2009. Gesammelte Werke, Volume 14,1. Herausgegeben von der Rheinisch-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Hamburg: Meiner, pp. 5-280.

Heym, J., 1801. Slovar nemetsko-rossiyskiy i rossiysko-nemetskiy staraniyem I. Geyma [German-Russian and Russian-German Dictionary of Diligence by J. Heym], Volume 1. Riga: Hartmann.

Kant, I., 1803. Kantovo osnovanie dlia metafiziki nravov [Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals]. Translated by Y. A. Ruban. Nikolaev: Tipografiia Chernomorskogo shturmanskogo uchilishcha. (In Rus.)

Kant, I., 1897. Kritika prakticheskogo razuma [Critique of Practical Reason]. Translated by N. M. Sokolov. St. Petersburg: Izdanie knizhnogo magazina M. V. Popova. (In Rus.)

Kant, I., 1908. Religiia v predelakh tolko razuma [Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason]. Translated by N. M. Sokolov. St. Petersburg: Izdanie V. I. Yakovenko. (In Rus.)

Kant, I., 1912. Osnovopolozhenie k metafizike nravov [Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals]. Translated by L. D. B. Edited by V. M. Khvostov. Moscow: Tipografiia Vilde. (In Rus.)

Kant, I., 1965a. Kritika prakticheskogo razuma [Critique of Practical Reason]. In: I. Kant, 1965. Sobranie sochinenii v 6 t. [Collected Works in 6 Volumes], Volume 4 (1). Edited by V. F. Asmus. Moscow: Mysl, pp. 311-504. (In Rus.)

Kant, I., 1965b. Ob iznachalno zlom v chelovecheskoi prirode [On the Radical Evil of Human Nature]. In: I. Kant, 1965. Sobranie sochinenii v 6 t. [Collected Works in 6 Volumes], Volume 4 (2). Edited by V. F. Asmus. Moscow: Mysl, pp. 5-58. (In Rus.)

Kant, I., 1965c. Osnovy metafiziki nravstvennosti [Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals] In: I. Kant, 1965. Sobranie sochinenii v 6 t. [Collected Works in 6 Volumes], Volume 4 (2). Edited by V. F. Asmus. Moscow: Mysl, pp. 219-310. (In Rus.)

Kant, I., 1994а. Kritika prakticheskogo razuma [Critique of Practical Reason]. In: I. Kant, 1994. Sobranie sochinenii v 8 t. [Collected Works in 8 Volumes], Volume 4. Edited by A. V. Gulyga, revised by M. M. Belyaev. Moscow: Choro, pp. 373-565. (In Rus.)

Kant, I., 1994b. Osnovopolozhenie k metafizike nravov [Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals]. In: I. Kant, 1994. Sobranie sochinenii v 8 t. [Collected Works in 8 Volumes], Volume 4. Edited by A. V. Gulyga, revised by I. S. Andreeva. Moscow: Choro, pp. 153-146. (In Rus.)

Kant, I., 1994c. Religiia v predelakh tolko razuma [Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason]. In: I. Kant, 1994. Sobranie sochinenii v 8 t. [Collected Works in 8 Volumes], Volume 6. Edited by A. V. Gulyga. Moscow: Choro, pp. 5-223. (In Rus.)

Kant, I., 1997a. Kritika prakticheskogo razuma [Critique of Practical Reason]. In: I. Kant, 1997. Sochineniia na nemetskom i russkom yazyke [Works in German and Russian]. Edited by N. V. Motroshilova and B. Tuschling. Volume 3. Edited by E. Y. Solovyev and A. K. Sudakov. Moscow: Moskovskii filosofskii fond, pp. 277-733. (In Rus.)

Kant, I., 1997b. Osnovopolozhenie k metafizike nravov [Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals]. In: I. Kant, 1997. Sochineniia na nemetskom i russkom yazyke [Works in German and Russian]. Edited by N. V. Motroshilova and B. Tuschling. Volume 3. Edited by E. Y. Solovyev and A. K. Sudakov. Moscow: Moskovskii filosofskii fond, pp. 39-276. (In Rus.)

Kant, I., 2019. Metafizika nravov: Metafizicheskie osnovnye nachala ucheniia o dobrodeteli [The Metaphysics of Morals: Metaphysical First Principles of the Doctrine of Virtue]. In: I. Kant, 2019. Sochineniia na nemetskom i russkom yazyke [Works in German and Russian]. Edited by N. V. Motroshilova and B. Tuschling. Volume 5 (2). Edited by A. A. Guseynov and A. K. Sudakov. Moscow: Kanon+, pp. 13-261. (In Rus.)

Kant, I., 1996a. Critique of Practical Reason. In: I. Kant, 1996. Practical Philosophy. Edited by M. Gregor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 133-271.

Kant, I., 1996b. The Metaphysics of Morals. In: I. Kant, 1996. Practical Philosophy. Edited by M. Gregor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 353-603.

Kant, I., 2005. Notes and Fragments. Edited by P. Guyer, translated by C. Bowman, P. Guyer, F. Rauscher. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kant, I., 2009. Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason. Translated by W. S. Pluhar. Indianapolis & Cambridge: Hackett.

Kant, I., 2011. Religia w obrȩbie samego rozumu. Translated by A. Bobko. In: I. Kant, 2011. Dzieła zebrane. Volume 5: Religia w obrębie samego rozumu. Spór fakultetów. Metafizyka moralności. Toruń: Wydawnictwo UMK, pp. 11-194.

Konhardt, K., 1988. Die Unbegreiflichkeit der Freiheit. Überlegungen zu Kants Lehre vom Bösen. Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung, 42, pp. 397-416.

Kühn, M., 2007. Kant. Eine Biographie. Traslated by M. Pfeiffer. München.

Schiller, F., 1962. Tabulae Votivae. In: F. Schiller, 1962. Sämtliche Werke. 3. Auflage, Band 1. Edited by G. Fricke, H. G. Göpfert and H. Stubenrauch. München: Hanser, pp. 303-315.

The Holy Bible, 21st Century King James Version (KJ21): 1994. Gary: Deuel Enterprises.