The Baltic Region

2012 Issue №2(12)

Back to the list Download the article

On the establishment and early activity of the Soviet consulate in Königsberg (1923—1925)



This article analyses the reasons behind the restoration of diplomatic relations between Russia and Germany after World War I, as well as the fundamental differences in the performance of Russian imperial and Soviet consular missions in East Prussia. On the basis of the earlier unknown documents from the Central Russian archives and the Political archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Germany, the author describes the establishment of the Soviet Consulate in Königsberg in 1923 and the contribution of the first Consul of the USSR in East Prussia, Yulian Boshkovich, to the development of bilateral relations in 1923—1925. The author considers the adverse political conditions under which Soviet diplomats were compelled to operate in Germany. The conclusion is that the principal line of Yu. S. Boshkovich’s activity concerned preparations for the opening of the USSR trade mission in Königsberg, as well as ensuring strong representation of Soviet foreign trade associations at the Eastern Fair.


1. Ustav konsul'skij [Consular Charter], 1903, Svod zakonov Rossijskoj imperii [Code of Laws of the Russian Empire], Saint Petersburg, Vol. 11, Part 2, p. 47.
2. Konsuly [Consuls], 1904, Saint Petersburg.
3. Weiner, A. P. 1894, Konsuly v hristianskih gosudarstvah Evropy i SASSh [Consuls in the Christian states of Europe and NAUS], Saint Petersburg.
4. Bereznikov, V. A. 1900, O dejatel'nosti konsula po otnosheniju k otechestvennoj torgovle [The activities of the consul in relation to domestic trade], Saint Petersburg.
5. Gorjainov, S. M. 1903, Rukovodstvo dlja konsulov [Guide to the consuls], Saint Petersburg.
6. Kostyashov, Ju. V. 2000, Rossijskie konsul'skie uchrezhdenija v Vostochnoj Prussii v konce XIX — nachale XX v. [Russian consular offices in East Prussia in the late XIX — early XX century.], Kaliningradskie arhivy [Kaliningrad archives], Vol. 2, Kaliningrad, p. 80—89.
7. Instrukcija konsulam RSFSR [Instructions consuls of the RSFSR], 1921, Moscow.
8. Lodyzhinsky, A. 1922, Instrukcija konsulam RSFSR [Instructions consuls of the RSFSR], Mezhdunarodnaja zhizn' [International Affairs], no. 16, p. 22—27.

9. Konsul'skij ustav SSSR [Consular Charter of the USSR], 1926, Moscow.
10. Trius, D. 1922, Rossija i Germanija: Russko-germanskie vzaimootnoshenija za 5 let [Russia and Germany: German-Russian relationship for 5 years], Mezhdunarodnaja zhizn' [International Affairs], no. 15, p. 24—25.
11. Dokumenty vneshnej politiki SSSR [Documents of Soviet foreign policy], 1961, Vol. 5, Moscow.
12. Die Brücke nach dem Osten, 1922, Frankfurter Zeitung, 26 Aug.
13. Politisches Archiv des Auswärtigen Amts (Berlin), R 142308, Fremde Konsulate (Russland), 1918—1924.
14. Rossijskij gosudarstvennyj arhiv social'no-politicheskoj istorii [Russian State Archive of Social and Political History], F. 17, Op. 3.
15. Politbjuro CK RKP(b) — VKP(b). Povestki dnja zasedanij. 1919—1952.[Politburo of the RKP (b) — VKP (b). Agenda meetings. 1919—1952.], 2000, Vol, 1, Moscow.
16. Postanovlenie ob oplate truda rabotnikov v uchrezhdenijah SSSR za granicej [Decision on remuneration of employees in establishments USSR abroad], 1924, Moscow.
17. Gosudarstvennyj arhiv Rossijskoj Federacii [State Archives of the Russian Federation], F. R 5446, Op. 5, D. 235, L. 37.
18. Arhiv vneshnej politiki Rossijskoj Federacii [Archive of Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation], F. 0165, Op. 5, P. 126, D. 159.
19. Russko-germanskij konflikt (K obyskam i arestam v Sovetskom Torgpredstve) [Russian-German conflict (to searches and arrests in the Soviet trade delegation)], 1924, Vremja [Time], 12 May.
20. Iz germanskoj pechati [From the German press], 1924, Torgovyj bjulleten'. Ezhenedel'nik torgovyh predstavitel'stv SSSR v Central'noj Evrope [Trading newsletter. Weekly trade representative of the USSR in Central Europe], no. 19, Berlin.
21. Vremja [Time], 1924, 26 May.
22. Nekotorye itogi uchastija SSSR v germanskih jarmarkah [Some results of Soviet participation in German trade fairs], 1924, Torgovyj bjulleten' [Trading newsletter], no. 19.
23. Germanskaja Kjonigsbergskaja jarmarka [German Koenigsberg Fair], 1924, Torgovyj bjulleten' [Trading newsletter], no. 33.
24. Deutsche Ostmesse Königsberg, 1925, Frankfurter Zeitung, 22 Aug.
25. Gosudarstvennyj arhiv Rossijskoj Federacii [State Archives of the Russian Federation], F. 5446, Op. 19, D.