Slovo.ru: Baltic accent

2014 Vol. 5 № 3-4

The functioning of interrogative hortative structures in the political discourse (based on V.V. Putin’s public speeches)

Abstract

Based on the verbatim records of V.V. Putin’s public speeches, the authors examine syntactic structures representing different types of interrogative hortative modality in the political discourse. The functional-semantic and communicative features of these structures are identified in the oral speech of the mentioned discourse type.

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On the metalinguistic functions of a natural language in literary texts

Abstract

This article considers the relevant linguistic problem of metalinguistic potential of a natural language and its functions in a literary text in the case of the Russian language. The Russian language and natural languages in general act as a universal cognitive model capable of describing different codes presented in literary texts

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The “living” word in the light of modern cognitive studies (Dedicated to the anniversary of Alexandra Zalevskaya)

Abstract

This article considers the key provisions relating to the nature and structure of the word in human mental space. The author distinguishes between the word as an asset of an individual (the “living” word) and the word as found in a dictionary. It is concluded that there is a dramatic difference between the mental lexicon and a dictionary as a lexico¬graphic unit.

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The functioning of phraseological units with zoonym components in the Russian and Lithuanian languages

Abstract

This article considers the semantics of Russian and Lithuanian zoonym phraseological units and performs their semantic and structural systematisation. The author identifies the cultural linguistic features of fixed expressions containing a zoonym component in the worldview of native speakers.

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Miracle-working plants: Slavic parallels

Abstract

This article presents an ethnolinguistic study. The magic properties of certain herbs – as seen in the cultural traditions of South, East, and West Slavs – are described in a comparative aspect. The author also examines different herbs that exhibit similar features. It is concluded that the magic properties of herbs are determined by their connection to the chthonic kingdom and the other world in folk consciousness.

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