The Paradox of Kant’s Transcendental Subject in German Philosophy in the Late Eighteenth Century
The study of the “first wave” of reactions to the Critique of Pure Reason in Germany from the second half of the 1780s until the beginning of the nineteenth century reveals the paradoxical status of the Kantian transcendental subject. While the existence of the transcendental subject, whatever the term means, is not open to question since it arises from the very essence of critical philosophy, the fundamental status of the subject is sometimes questioned in this period. Although ...
Subjective modality of the literary text: ontological status in author’s conception of the world
A literary text is considered by modern linguistics as a dynamic communicative unit, in connection with which it becomes necessary to study its constituents. Subjective modality appears in a literary text as a communicative-semantic category that allows one to comprehensively represent the author’s attitude to the communicated instance. The purpose of the article stays with the need to substantiate the ontological ...
On the phenomenon of socio-pedagogical support of student's subjective development in additional education
This article analyses, by means of the reflective-environmental approach, the potential, features, and limitations to socio-pedagogical support of the subjective development of a student in the framework of additional education. On the basis of the research conducted, the author comes to a conclusion about the necessity of such support both for the development of students' subjectivity and the implementation ...
On the development of the concept of ‘subject of law
This article analyses approaches to developing the concept of the ‘subject of law’. The author considers different perspectives on identifying similarities and differences between the categories of the ‘subject of law’, ‘subject of a legal relationship’, and ‘personal with legal personality’. It is concluded ...
The subjects of legal monitoring of Justice of the Peace
The article describes the subjects of legal monitoring in the sphere of Justice of the Peace. The author formulates the definition of the "subject of legal monitoring of the justice of the peace" concept. Based on the analysis of the existing ideas about subjects of ...
The subjects of legal monitoring of Justice of the Peace
The article deals with controversial issues of positive responsibility. The analysis enables the author to conclude that the category under investigation is a feature (property) of the subject of law, represents the exercise of subjective rights by his will and in his interest in accordance with legal norms, criteria for the lawfulness of the implementation of actions, restrictions. Manifestations of positive legal responsibility should ...
Personality health of a professional
The article offers an original professional training oriented concept of personality health based on the criterion of subjective well-being. The author examines the theoretical model of the levelled structure of subjective wellbeing and its empirical application to professionals in different fields: traffic controllers, teachers and doctors.
Kant über Sein und Zeit und Denken und Sein. Selbsterkenntnis durch Selbstaffektion
... treatment deserves extraordinary attention. Under the idiomatic heading of self-affection he delivers a micro-analysis of this judgment, contributing in a unique way to the clarification of a singular case of self-knowledge: In this case the thinking subject 1. thematises the act of judging “I think” by conferring on this act the specific logical, categorical form, 2. intuits this act under the temporal form of successively using “I ...” as subject and “… think” as predicate, 3. identifies ...
Subjective modality as a way of expressing author’s intentions in the first printed Russian newspaper “Vedomosti” of the times of Peter the Great
The article examines the potential of the subjective modality as a tool to implement the author’s intentions in the texts of the first Russian printed newspaper «The Vedomosti». The article reveals a significant role of the subjective-modal meanings built over the objective modality through ...
The genesis of the subject in syntax as a manifestation of verbal and logical thinking
... morphologies are identified. The process of cognitive evolution of thinking is studied diachronically: from mythological thinking to verbal-logical thinking that is entirely manifested in the nominal structure and in the formation of the category of subject in syntax (subject formation). The influence of outer factors on the thinking type, which is implemented in certain grammar structure, is also considered. The conclusion is: cognitive-informational characteristics of phylogenic “primary” archaic ...
Me and Kaminski and Kaminskaya is me and? On the subject of Kehlmann’s oeuvre and German poetry
After 1900, literary manifestations of subjectivity underwent serious changes, which contributed to the increasing diversity and synthesis of means to create a literary reality. Daniel Kehlmann’s novel I and Kaminski (2003) is analysed from this perspective. Its text is compared with poetic ...
Organization of passenger transport: сivil law regulations
... automobile passenger transport as well as contractual obligations of parties ensuring the performance of passenger transportation services within the framework of the civil law. The organization of automobile passenger transportation is described in the subject matter of the service contract. The author concludes that there is a need for further specification of the subject of contracts on the organization of automobile passenger transport.
1. Об организации регулярных перевозок ...
Musical ekphrasis and musical code in N. Kononov’s novels
... of reflection and introspection. The specific feature of Kononov’s style is its correlation with the visual and the tactile, it expresses the separation of the visible into the hidden and the obvious and emphasizes the "otherness" of the subject of perception. Thus, hearing is a means of individualization of the subject, a resource, permitting to disclose its unique personal and psychophysical features. The subjectively colored auditory is always eventful: the most important milestones ...
Kantian Philosophy and ‘Linguistic Kantianism’
... and provide an overview of relevant contemporary literature. Third, I show that authentic Kantianism and “linguistic Kantianism” belong to two different types of transcendentalism, to which I respectively refer as the “transcendentalism of the subject” and the “transcendentalism of the medium.” The transcendentalism of the subject assigns a central role to the faculties of the cognising subject (according to Kant, cognition is not the conforming of a subject’s intuitions and understanding ...
Correlation of the notions of the subject of law and the transcendental subject in the theory of law
... : автореф. дис. … канд. филос. наук. М., 2008.
7. Честнов И. Л. Что есть право? // Правоведение. 2013. № 3. С. 229—237.
Poskachina M. N.
transcendental phenomenology, theory of law, subject of law
The linguistic representation of subjective time in Florian Illies’s novel Generation Golf zwei
This article is based on the postulate that there are objective and subjective forms of time. I consider means to explicate subjective time in literature, using the novel Generation Golf zwei by the contemporary German author, Florian Illies. In this autobiographical novel, Illies goes heavy on self-irony to draw a psychological ...
On the role of religion in N. N. Alekseev’s axiological model of law
... is devoted to investigation of destination of religion in the process of forming of the concept of law in determined cultural circumstances. This study is actualizes the essential link between comprehension of content of domain of law and concept of subjectivity. Nikolay Alexeev overcomes concept of subjectivity represented in philosophy of early modern period of European history, (primarily in the rationalistic tradition of Rene Descartes). The crucial significant in his concept of law is got neo-kantian ...
An Attempt to the economic and geographical analysis of the differentiation of the Russian Federation subjects on of the level and dynamics of the retail trade development
The level and dynamics of development of retail trade in the context of the subjects of the Russian Federation are highly differentiated. Differentiation is influenced both by the income level of the population and by other factors, since there is no functional dependence between per capita income and the volume of per capita ...
"I am" and "Something is", or The ontology of Dasein
... Чернякова. СПб., 2001.
11. Черняков А. Г. Онтология времени. Бытие и время в философии Аристотеля, Гуссерля и Хайдеггера. СПб., 2001.
12. Düsing K. Objektive und subjective Zeit. Untersuchungen zu Kants Zeittheorie und zu ihrer modernen kritischen Rezeption // Kant-Studien. 1980. 71. S. 1—34.
13. Heidegger M. Phänomenologische Interpretation von Kants Kritik der Reinen Vernunft, GA 25. Fankfurt a/M, 1977.
Evaluative lexis as a component of subjective modality in the Russian handwritten newspaper Vesti-kuranty
Based on the materials of the handwritten Vesti-Kuranty newspaper, this article analyses the functional significance of evaluative lexis — adjective, adverbs, and nouns with subjective modal meanings conveying expressive emotional reactions of the author of a newspaper text to the described histori-cal events, as well as the temper and actions of its participants.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Типы языковых ...
The analysis of modus situations in expressions containing the verb to lack
... the verb meaning, which actualizes some modus situations. The objective of the article is to identify and analyse situations verbalized in the utterances with the verb ‘to lack’. These situations are the results of mental activity of the modal subject, implicitly present in the meaning of the verb ‘to lack’. When categorizing a situation, the modal subject evaluates it based on a certain norm, standard or prototype, which the situation does not correspond to. Thus, the verb ‘to lack’ ...
The concept “people” in the modern European political thought: Hobbes, Spinoza, Pufendorf
... interpreting the concept as an “artificial person”. The author emphasizes that the introduction of the concept “natural state” led to changes in the ontological status of people in political theory. The concept “people” becomes “a flickering subject” that appears during the transition from a natural state to a civil one and disappears when the transition goes in the opposite direction. In a civil state, people become an active subject when they perform the function of the legislator. In ...
The Battle of Tannenberg: subjective factors
Analyzing the military and political consequences of the Great War it is essential to study the process of decision-making. Along with objective factors, various subjective factors were also important. Later subjective factors turned to be hidden from the researcher’s eye, being ignored by propaganda. However, it neither diminishes their significance, nor proves their non-existence. Basing on a few examples ...
Reflections on the history of the Kaliningrad region
This article describes differences and contradictions in identifying the subject of Kaliningrad regional history. Some researchers and media interpret the term ‘Kaliningrad regional history’ as the history of the region per se and others as the whole scope of local history. The ‘History of West Russia: The Kaliningrad ...
Kants Denkraum: Subjektivität als Prinzip. Interview mit Prof. Dr. Jürgen Stolzenberg
... Kant-Gesellschaft and co-editor of the Kant-Lexikon (2015), explores a wide range of topics — from Leibniz and Wolff to Heidegger and Husserl. The leading idea of Stolzenberg’s philosophical research is the justification of the principle of modern subjectivity in Kant’s philosophy and its transformations until our days. He discusses the meaning and development of the concept of self-consciousness and the understanding of subjectivity in Kant’s ethics as well as in Fichte’s philosophy. Stolzenberg ...
The Praed model sentences: meaning and speech functions.
... The article proposes a semantic typology of such adverbs functioning in modern colloquial speech. The author concludes that the sentences of the Praed structural scheme are used in everyday communication for transmitting both objective (dictum) and subjective (modus) information. They are used to reflect the state of a person or the environment, to express the attitude of the subject of speech to the speech situation, to characterize the degree of his confidence in the transmitted information....
Modal particles, their function and meaning in the texts of the «St. Petersburg Vedomosti» newspaper (late 18th — mid19th centuries)
... the function and role of modal particles in the texts of the St. Petersburg Vedomosti newspaper. Modal particles are describes as a means of representing the position of the author of newspaper texts, and speaking broadly, and a means of expressing subjective modality. Modal particles accentuate modal and textual meanings and bring socially significant information to the reader. The author analyses the role of modal particles in enriching news texts with modal and qualitative shades: drawing the ...
Kant’s transcendentalism as a transcendental paradigm of philo¬so¬phiz¬ing
This paper considers Kant’s transcendental philosophy as a special transcendental paradigm (a special type of philosophical research) differing from both the "objective" metaphysics of Antiquity and the "subjective" metaphysics of Modernity (the metaphysics of an object (transcendent metaphysics; meta—physics) — experience (transcendental metaphysics) — the metaphysics of the subject (immanent metaphysics; meta—psychology)). For this purpose,...
Normal range of liver stiffness measurement in healthy people
... measuring by the point shear wave elastography. The given data of the normal liver stiffness measurement and shear wave velocity in healthy people could not be taken as the reference data for assessing the normal values. Consensus is needed on the subject of normal values of the liver stiffness measurements and shear wave velocity in the liver tissue. Considering the discrepancy between the results of normal liver stiffness values in the sonographic equipment of various manufacturers dynamic ...
Modality as a communicative category: Some debatable aspects of research
... article considers the theoretical problems of modality that do not have an unambiguous interpretation in modern research literature as a functional-semantic and communicative category. These are the issues of the legitimacy and adequacy of identifying subjective and objective modality, the specific features of interaction between objective and subjective modalities in the language and text in view of the communicative orientation, and the function and genre of the latter.
1. Алимпиева Р....
Taking Detours through the “Transcendental Dialectic”. The Principles of Homogeneity, Specification, and Continuity
... “Transcendental Dialectic” turn out to be possible reference points. Although this contextualisation demands further systematic and editorial reflections, it also allows the clarification of the status of the principles and their justification in relation to a subjective deduction. Kant offers with the subjective deduction, as introduced in the “Preface” (of the first edition of the Critique of Pure Reason) and again in the “first book” of the “Transcendental Dialectic”, a first argumentative strategy,...
Time in Sergey Trubetskoy’s and Boris Chicherin’s metaphysical concepts: A discussion on Kant
... attribute of the absolute spirit and a scientific and philosophical category that is used in both exact physical calculations and natural-philosophical descriptions. Loyal to classical metaphysical traditions, Trubetskoy placed emphasis on the role of the subject, stressing that ‘there is no object (phenomenon) beyond the perceiving subject’ and that time (in a purely metaphysical sense) is possible only as a form of sensory perception of phenomena. At the same time, Trubetskoy argued that, due to ...
Subjective and modal evaluation in the newspaper and media discourse
... автореф. дис. …канд. филол. наук. М., 2006.
. Пролетая над гнездом Кущёвки // Российская газета—Неделя. 2010. 16 дек.
subjective modality, author’s opinion, evaluation, newspaper and
journal discourse, analytical text.
The "Subjectivity and identity" International research conference
Sokolov P. V.
Subjective modality in the newspaper texts of the 18th century
... История отечественной периодики
века. Петрозаводск, 2009.
функциональной грамматики: Темпоральность. Модальность. Л., 1990.
Kuksa I. Yu.
subjective modality, modality of the text, newspaper discourse, explicators of author's intentions,
history of Russian periodicals.
Intellektuelle Anschauung und philosophische Schwärmerei. Kant und die Aufklärung des philosophierenden Subjekts
The article broaches the issue of Kant’s claim of the enlightenment of the philosophizing subject by tracing his criticism of philosophical enthusiasm (“Schwärmerei”). For Kant intellectual intuition (“intellektuelle Anschauung”) serves in case of philosophical enthusiasm as a reason for the justification of philosophical knowledge....
Subject development and pragmatic focusing in a scientific text
... wie-Satzes // Sprache und Pragmatik.
Basic notions of information structure // Interdisciplinary Studies on Information Structure.
Ladyzhnikova V. I.
pragmatic focusing, scientific text, subject of a text, title.
The functional features of author's intentions in the first Russian newspaper Vedomosti
... author’s modal evaluations in the texts of the first Russian newspaper Vedomosti. The article identifies modal evaluative meanings and the language means of their implementation and analyses the mechanism of interaction between objectively modal and subjectively modal meanings aimed at fulfilling the author’s intentions in the framework of newspaper information.
1. Ваулина С. С. Эволюция средств выражения модальности в русском языке (XI—XVII ...
Confessional space as a subject of social geography
This article considers the notion of confessional space as a subject of social geography. Confessional space is represented as an interrelation of several elements: the religious part of population, the religious-cultural infrastructure, and the attributive-ceremonial component. The authors analyze the manifestation ...
Aesthetics in the system of Paul Natorp’s philosophy
... the sensible intuition back to aesthetics thus linking its significance to the field of the individual, inimitable, and singular manifestation of thecreative spirit. He sees the completion of Kant’s critical philosophy in the psychological bases of subjectivity of consciousness aimed at understanding the patterns of the scientific, moral, and artistic cognition. In the context of history of transcendentalism, art is perceived as a form of spiritualcreativity that is subject to its own generating ...
The modal potential of a newspaper text: The case of Moskovskiye vedomosty of the post-reform period of the second half of the 20th century
... of language modality as a means to implement the author’s intentions in a newspaper text. The modal meanings indicative of the author’s attitude to the message and the means of its expression are identified. The interaction between objective and subjective modal meanings is described for newspaper texts of the second half of the 19th century.
1. Дронова Л. П. Становление и эволюция модально-оценочной лексики русского языка: этнолингвистический ...
The teacher’s interest as a phenomenon and concept
This article stresses that the teacher’s interest as a phenomenon is a unity of both the objective, which - being the meaningful component – serves as the focus of attention, and the subjective, which reveals the teacher’s motives for ducation and training activities. As a concept, the teacher’s interest registers their attitude to the important as the objective; at the same time, attitude generates individual, selective, and ...
Some methodological problems of military and historical anthropology
... the contentious issues of modern military anthropology, including research methodology. The author focuses on the use of anthropology as a method of historical research since the early 19th century until today. The problem of correlation between the subjective and objective in the objective of historical research is analysed, a promising direction of development of this research field is suggested.
1. Гегель Г. В. Ф. Энциклопедия философских наук. М., 1977. Т....
The transformation of the development novel (Entwicklungsroman) genre in the oeuvre of G. Meyrink
This article addresses the problem of the character’s personality development in the novels of G. Meyrink in the context of the modernist reconsideration of the Entwicklungsroman tradition. In view of the concepts of “subjective” novel, as well as the literary feature of Meyrink’s prose, the character is considered as a subject in the course of development, whereas the author’s variant of the Entwicklungsroman is interpreted as an initiation novel.
1. Cersowsky ...
Legal regulation of tax privileges for education educations and those involved in educational relations
This article addresses government support for education through tax benefits in Russia and some other countries. The author considers the issues of using tax benefits by the subjects of educational relations. It is concluded that it is possible to adopt the international experience in improving the legal regulation on imposing taxes on educational organsiations and granting the subjects of education relations tax benefits ...
The game of Daniel Kehlmann’s novel Measuring the World
... relativity of game rules followed by two out-standing scientists – Alexander von Humboldt and Gauss – in their research. The exhaustiveness of the scientists’ multidirectional game strategies is ex-plained by a change in their roles: they turn from subjects of the game into its objects ruled by the Nature, Time, and Chance. The central metaphor of gam-bling defines the composition of the novel and its genre, which can be defined as a postmodernist novel about the incomprehensibility of the nature ...
Linguistic personality as a subject of political discourse
... Шаховский В. И. Языковая личность в эмоциональной коммуникативной ситуации // Филол. науки. 1998. № 2. С. 43—47.
Tsutsieva M. G.
linguistic personality, discourse, political discourse, subject of political discourse.
Kant on evil in the human nature
... is shown that the problem of evil is closely connected to that of the nature or essence of a human being. The article presents an analysis of Kant’s notion of human ‘nature’. It is emphasised that Kant understands ‘human nature’ as mere “subjective grounds” of the exercise of freedom. Further, the author analyses the factors determining the actions of humans as moral beings. First, the article addresses the “predispositions to the good”, which describes a human being as a natural ...