The concept of paradigm in the theories of R. Merton and T. Kuhn: A comparative analysis
This article analyses Robert Merton’s and Thomas Kuhn’s approaches to the concept of paradigm. Whereas Merton identifies the function of a paradigm in analysing data obtained within a social study, Kuhn considers a paradigm as a key notion at a certain stage of the development of science – that of normal science. It is stressed that,...
Motivations of Russian firms to invest abroad: how do sanctions affect Russia’s outward foreign direct investment?
... countries in January-May 2015], 2015, Customs Russia, available at: www.customs.ru (accessed 14.05.2015).
9. Devinney, T. M., Midgley, D. F., Venaik, S. 2002, Managerial Beliefs, Market Contestability and Dominant Strategic Orientation in the Eclectic Paradigm, INSEAD Working Papers, 2002, no. 92, MK.
10. Dunning, J. 1977, Trade, Location of Economic Activity and the Multinational Enterprise: A search for an eclectic approach, London, Macmillan.
11. Dunning, J. 1993, Multinational Enterprises and ...
Cultural types and the perception of current environmental risks by local communities of the Baltic Sea region
... no. 2, p. 135—163.
15. Rippl, S. 2002, Cultural theory and risk perception: a proposal for a better measurement, Journal of Risk Research, vol. 5, no. 2, p. 147—165.
16. Sjöberg, L. 2003, Risk perception is not what it seems: The psychometric paradigm revisited. In: Andersson, K. (ed), VALDOR Conference 2003, Stockholm, V ALDOR, p. 14—29.
17. Sjöberg, L., Moen, B. E., Rundmo, T. 2004, Explaining risk perception. An evaluation of the psychometric paradigm in risk perception research, Rotunde,...
Scientific base of ecological and valeological education in context of health-oriented pedagogic paradigm
... experience. The article puts forward the definitions of the notions ‘ecological and valeological education’, ‘valeology’,
reveals the research bases of ecological and valeological education in the framework of health-oriented psychological paradigm, and considers its interdisciplinary connections.
П., Нечепуренко Г.
Я., Ковалева М.
Методологические основы дифференцированного подхода ...
Kant’s transcendentalism as a transcendental paradigm of philo¬so¬phiz¬ing
This paper considers Kant’s transcendental philosophy as a special transcendental paradigm (a special type of philosophical research) differing from both the "objective" metaphysics of Antiquity and the "subjective" metaphysics of Modernity (the metaphysics of an object (transcendent metaphysics; meta—physics) ...
An economic complexity analysis of the Kaliningrad region: identifying sectoral priorities in the emerging value creation paradigm
The ongoing technological development leads to the emergence of a new value-creation paradigm that calls for changes and structural transformations in economic systems at different levels. Structural transformations are prompted by growing economic complexity. In this context, the selection of industrial strategies and the validation ...
Disinformation (fake news, propaganda) as a threat to resilience: approaches used in the EU and its member state Lithuania
... approaches to the problem in the EU. The first one, used by the European Commission, is the recognition of citizens’ right to information as well as of the need to promote critical thinking and information literacy. This approach fits into the adaptive paradigm of action in the information space and the concept of autopoietic resilience. The second approach, taken by the European External Action Service, is to expose fake news and the media spreading it. In combining adaptive and paternalistic paradigms ...
‘The Word, an Ulcer…’: Aleksey Chicherin’s semiotic utopia
... linguistic signs and to build an iconic ‘sign of Poetry’, capable of almost a complete reflection of a constructivist poet’s artistic intentions. Against the background of the total logocentrism of the early 20th-century historical and cultural paradigm, Chicherin’s semiotic position looks like the proclamation of radical ‘anti-logocentrism’ that polemicises against any literary traditions and experiments, either synchronic or diachronic in relation to the author. At the same time, a textual ...
Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology and a cognitive-semantic interpretation of Kant’s transcendentalism
... phenomenology rejects the existence of unknowable things in themselves and, unlike Katrechko, it rules out the interpretation of objects as signs. The latter makes it impossible to harmonise Husserl’s phenomenology with Katrechko’s semantic interpretation paradigm.
1. Husserl, E. 2009, Idei k chistoy phenomenology I phenomenologicheskoy philosophie, Kn. I [Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy. Book I], Moscow.
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On crisis trends in the legitimacy of the political regimes of the Baltic States
... Baltic Way(s) of Human Development: Twenty Years On, 2011, Tallinn, Printon Trükikoda, p.163.
9. Bogason, P. 2007, Legitimacy Crisis. In: Bevir, M. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Governance, Sage, p. 522.
10. Carothers, T. 2002, The End of the Transition Paradigm, Journal of Democracy, Vol. 13, no. 1, p. 7-21.
11. Collins, R. 1995, Prediction in Macrosociology: The Case of the Soviet Collapse, American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 100, no. 6, p. 1566.
12. Degutis, M. 2004, Politinë kultûra. In: Krupavièius,...
Framework for the Analysis of Geography of Transnational Corporations Investments Abroad
... destinations, and information on companies’ assets by geographical segments. The article emphasises limitations of classical localisation concepts (e. g. A. Lösch’s theory) and key concepts of transnationalisation (e. g. J. H. Dunning’s ‘eclectic paradigm’, R. Vernon’s ‘product life cycle’, and the ‘flying geese paradigm’ developed by Japanese authors). Dynamic localisation concepts (e. g. the Uppsala model and hierarchical/wave diffusion models) are considered an important contribution ...
Transition to the information paradigm as a challenge to the 21st century education
... С. 2—9.
9. Федеральный государственный образовательный стандарт начального общего образования. М., 2010
information space, globalization, information paradigm, education, information competency
The role of customer loyalty programmes in the modern market
.... 1. С. 63—94.
5. Benavent Ch. Analyse de l’efficacite des carte de fidelite: une etude de cas. Universite des Sciences et Techniques de Lille, 2005.
6. Bruneau V., Zidda P. Why do customer attitude towards loyalty programs matter a lot? // Paradigm Shifts and Interactions. European Marketing Academy 43rd Annual Conference, Valencia, 2014.
7. Casteran H., Benavent Ch., Meyer-Waarden L. L’implact des programmes de fidelisation sur la consummation: un effet de siliction et/ou de changement ...
Literary texts in German classes with PhD students: The interdisciplinary aspect
This article is an attempt at a conceptual interpretation of the scientific paradigm in modern prose and the possibility of using it in discussions in German classes with PhD students. Fragments from Hans Konsalik’s Jour-ney to Tierra del Fuego and Daniel Kehlman’s Measuring the World are used to this end. The biographies ...
Moral and spiritual education in the conditions of civilisational challenges
This article stresses the central position of moral and spiritual education in the modern educational paradigm. The values and meanings associated with the notion of ‘moral and spiritual education’ are considered. The author stresses the relevance of reintroducing moral and spiritual education and ex-presses concerns about the national system of education ...
Kant and the contemporary theory of international relations
... of this article is to answer the question of the role of Kantian political philosophy for the theory of international relations. The answer is giving through the examination of the main trends in the interpretation of Kant's place in one of the major paradigms of the theory of international relations: realism, idealism, liberalism, and institutionalism. Author shows that Kant’s inclusion in a particular paradigm of international relations cannot be directly done. Otherwise, inevitably it comes to ...
In memory of L. M. Skrelina dedicated. G. Guillaume theory of linguistics and its impact on the scientific paradigm of language knowledge of the XXI century
The article focuses upon the impact of G. Guillaume ideas of mentalism on modern linguistics and the role of his theory in the modern paradigm of language knowledge.
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29. Kiuchi Y. Unrequited Love for Germany? Paradigm and Ideology in Educational Research in Japan until 1945 // Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook. 2007. № 2. P. 45—56.
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The legitimation and criticism of violence in international law. A po¬litical science perspective
... dominant today. The author also poses the question about the transition to a new focus of international law — from maintaining peace to meeting social requirements.
1. Arend An. C., Beck R. J. International Law and the Recourse to Force: A Shift in Paradigms // International Law. Classical and Contemporary Readings / Eds. Ch. Ku, P. F. Diehl. Boulder ; L., 1998. P. 327—351.
2. Bannon Al. Comment: The Responsibility to Protect: The UN World Summit and the Question of Unilateralism // The Yale ...
Similarities and differences in curricula of a bachelor’s degree in oceanology at the universities in St Petersburg, Klaipeda, and Kaliningrad
... M. D. 2007, Vysshee obrazovanie — strategicheskij kapital Rossii [Higher Education — Russia strategic capital], Vestnik Permskogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Perm University], no. 6, pp. 46—54.
2. Benavides, L. G., Arredodo, V. 1992, K novoj paradigme planirovanija obrazovanija [Towards a new paradigm of education planning], Perspektivy. Voprosy obrazovanija [Prospects. Education Matters], Vol. 77, no. ½, pp. 123—136.
3. Bolonskaja deklaracija. Zona evropejskogo vysshego obrazovanija. ...
Societal security in the Baltic Sea Region: the Russian perspective
This study discusses whether the concept of societal security is embedded in the Russian formal and informal discourses as well as in the Russian strategic documents on national security and the Baltic Sea region. Particularly, the paper describes four paradigms of international relations (neorealism, neoliberalism, globalism and postpositivism) and theoretical approaches to the concept of societal security formulated in them. On a practical plane, Russia has managed to develop — together with other ...
Czesław Miłosz’s “Theological treatise” in the context of Fyodor Dostoevsky’s religious worldview
... significant the idea for him is that of restoring paradisiacal existence. However, unlike Dostoevsky, the concept of life after death in “Theological Treatise” is not free from pessimism and skepticism. Miłosz is inclined towards the ideological paradigm of the West, and the concept of “Theological Treatise” includes the ideas of Dostoevsky's unbelieving heroes.
Arkhipova, A. V., 1994. Dostoevsky and Adam Mickiewicz. In: Dostoevsky. Materialy i issledovaniya [Dostoevsky. Materials and ...
The population of the Kaliningrad region and the digital economy: a sociological analysis
... at social stratification among three generations of highly skilled professionals in Estonia, TRAMES, vol. 24, no. 1, p. 3—25.
24. Kuznetsova, I. G., Goloshchapova, L. V., Ivashina, N. S., Shichiyakh, R. A., Petrova, L. I., Tkachev, B.P. 2020, The Paradigm of Human Capital Development Capable of Adapting Innovations in the Transition to a Digital Economy, International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, vol. 10, no. 2, p. 1408—1417.
25. Chetty, K., Qigui, L., Gcora, N., Josie, J., Wenwei,...
Transcendental Philosophy as a Scientific Research Programme
... Kant-Lexikon. Berlin; Boston: de Gruyter, pp. 2319-2325.
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Gakis, D., 2016. Philosophy as Paradigms: An Account of a Contextual Metaphilosophical Perspective. Philosophical Papers, 45(1-2), pp. 209-239,
Geldsetzer, L., 1989. Philosophie der Philosophie. In: J. Ritter, K. Gründer, G. Gabriel ed., 1998. Historisches Wörterbuch der Philosophie....
The Impact of COVID-19 on immigration: the transformation of Norwegian migration policy on asylum seekers
Until just a year ago, hardly anyone believed that the increasingly unrestrained growth in mobility could be so abruptly interrupted by a radical immobilisation of large population groups. Neither mobility studies nor other research fields had foreseen this kind of scenario in their mobility and migration models. And why should have they? In the past decades, the belief in unconstrained mobility, as well as the practice of mobility and its scientific modelling, relied on the idea of unbounded growth...
Current trends in the development of a green finance system: methodology and practice
... growth, and a change in the financial model that supports such growth may be needed. Therefore, the most urgent problems relating to sustainable growth are the transformation of the finance system, on the one hand, and the creation of a new financial paradigm based on the principles of responsible investment and corporate social responsibility, on the other. This study aims to consider the theoretical and practical aspects of creating a national green finance model ensuring sustainable growth in the ...
Developing geotourism with a focus on geoheritage in a transboundary region: the case of the Curonian Spit, a UNESCO site
... SW Russia. In: Ruban, D. A., Yashalova, N. N. (eds.) Heritage, vol. 4, no 1. p. 160—170. doi 10.3390/heritage4010009.
18. Ruban, D. A. 2012, Geoconservation organizations and management support for their effective activities in the context of the paradigm of the use of specially protected natural areas, Vestnik Taganrogskogo institute upravlenija i economiki [Bulletin of the Taganrog Institute on management and economics], no. 1, p. 19—24 (In Russ.)
19. Shaplygina, T. V., Volkova, I. I. 2013,...
Interaction of comparative structures and their elements in modern russian prose
... interaction of tropes in modern Russian literary language (based on fiction and publicistic speech)]. PhD Dissertation. Abakan (in Russ.).
Pavlovich, N. V., 2004. Yazyk obrazov. Paradigmy obrazov v russkom poeticheskom yazyke [The language of images. Paradigms of images in the Russian poetic language]. Moscow: Azbukovnik (in Russ.).
Petrova Z. Yu., 2011. Extratextual world knowledge as the basis of interaction of comparative tropes in the text. In: Tekst i podtekst: poetika eksplitsitnogo i implitsitnogo....
«The images of water» in the structure of oniric spaciopoetics of K. Ishiguro’s novel «The buried giant»
The article is dedicated to the spatial organization of one of Ishiguro's latest novels "The Buried Giant". The authors focus on the process of changing of the aesthetic paradigm taking place in modern prose and affecting the foundations of its poetics. Special attention is paid to that kind of changes in the spatio-temporal organization of the text. Its peculiarity in Ishiguro's novel is the artistic synthesis of the ...
Functional and semantic characteristics of emotive and perceptual vocabulary in hagiography of Nikolay Yaponskiy.
The authors study emotive and perceptual vocabulary through its semantic reflection of the holy as the most important component of religious linguistic consciousness. The complex approach offered in the works of S. P. Lopushanskaya served as the basis for analyzing the language material. It examines the intralinguisitic systemic analysis of language unit structures, paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations at various levels of the language hierarchy, and their functional application in various contexts...
Coastal and western border centers in the system of large cities of modern Russia: socio-economic and innovation development.
... in Russia in 2010—2015 // R-Economy. 2018. № 4 (1). Р. 10—17.
25. Rusetskaya O. Grouping cities based of their socio-economic indicators // Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics. 2017. № 58. Р. 223—230.
26. Zemtsov S., Barinova V. The paradigm changing of regional innovation policy in Russia: From equalization to smart specialization // Voprosy Ekonomiki. 2016. № 10. Р. 65—81. doi: org/10.32609/0042-8736-2016-10-65-81.
Kuznetsova T. Yu., Gorochnaya V. V., Rostovtsev N. G.
Peritext of the Russian translation of William Hogarth’s Analysis of Beauty: a case study
... Discourse analysis and book history: literary indexing as social dialogue. Variants, 6, pp. 243—262.
Munday, J., 2016. Introducing translation studies: Theories and applications. Vol. 4. London: Routledge.
Nord, C., 2012. Paratranslation — a new paradigm or a re-invented wheel? Perspectives: Studies in Translation Theory and Practice, 20(4), pp. 399—409.
Rebrii, O. V., 2018. Translation as a means of constructing cultures: philosophical foregrounding. Cognition, Communication, Discourse, ...
Finite-difference-steepest descent paradigm: new numerical method of Fockian spectral problem
A new numerical method that unify finite-difference and the method of steepest descent paradigms is suggested. It allows to avoid the wavefuncions space and spin variables division, that leads to superposition in spin projection stacionary states. The approach is verified by comparison with conventional methods.
The Emergence of Onto-Gnoseology among Russian Intuitivists as Criticism of Neo-Kantianism
... Franka. Estetyka i Krytyka, 4(26), pp. 259-274.
Obolevitch, T., 2014. From Neo-Kantianism to Ontologism. Thought, 16, pp. 62-69. (In Rus.)
Prokhorov, M. M., 2018. From Ontology and Gnoseology to Ontognoseology. In: M. Prokhorov, ed., 2018. World Outlook Paradigm in Philosophy: the Fundamentals of Ontognoseology. Nizhny Novgorod: NNGASU, pp. 16-34. (In Rus.)
Rickert, H., 1896–1902. Die Grenzen der naturwissenschaftlichen Begriffsbildung. Eine logische Einleitung in die historischen Wissenschaften. Freiburg ...
Kant’s Asynchronicity Concerning Newtonian Space and Gravity in his Pre-Critical Writings
... Lectures Read in the University of Oxford Anno Dom. 1700. Translated from the last Edition of the Latin. London: M. Senex, W. Innys, T. Longman and T. Shewell.
Koyré, A., 1965: Newtonian Studies. London: De Gruyter.
Masterman, M., 1970: The Nature of a Paradigm. In: I. Lakatos and A. Musgrave, eds. 1970. Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Newton, I., 1961. The Correspondence of Isaac Newton. Volume III. Edited by H. Turnbull, J. Scott, A. Hall [a.o.]. Cambridge: ...
«Slovo.ru: baltic accent»: an attempt in retrospect
... The journal is now designed for a much wider readership, representing different fields of science (linguistics, literary criticism, history, philosophy, semiotics, etc.), incorporated into a single methodological complex. The journal unites different paradigms of modern humanities and beyond.
Azarova, N., Bochaver, S. and Feshchenko, V., 2017. Editors’ Preface. Slovo.ru: Baltic accent, 8 (3), pp. 5—6 (in Russ.).
Zolyan, S. T., 2017. Editor’s note. Slovo.ru: Baltic accent, 8 (1), pp. 5—8 ...
Kant über Sein und Zeit und Denken und Sein. Selbsterkenntnis durch Selbstaffektion
In the Cartesian tradition of discussing the structure of the micro-judgement “I think” Kant‘s treatment deserves extraordinary attention. Under the idiomatic heading of self-affection he delivers a micro-analysis of this judgment, contributing in a unique way to the clarification of a singular case of self-knowledge: In this case the thinking subject 1. thematises the act of judging “I think” by conferring on this act the specific logical, categorical form, 2. intuits this act under the temporal...
The Nature of Appearance in Kant’s Transcendentalism: A Seman- tico-Cognitive Analysis
The concept of appearance within the framework of the transcendental distinction between “appearance” and “thing in itself” is the cornerstone of Kant’s transcendental philosophy. However, its conceptual status seems largely uncertain. This uncertainty is the reason for a wide range of interpretations of Kant’s transcendental idealism. A paradigmatic example is the contemporary confrontation between the “two objects” theory and the “two aspects” theory. In this paper, I develop a semantico-cognitive...
Kantian Philosophy and ‘Linguistic Kantianism’
1. Aarsleff, H., 1974. The Tradition of Condillac: The Problem of the Origin of Language in the Eighteenth Century and the Debate in the Berlin Academy before Herder. In: D. Hymes, ed. 1974. Studies in the History of Linguistics: Traditions and Paradigms. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 93-156.
2. Anonymous, 1757. Prix proposé par l’Académie Royale des Sciences & Belles-Lettres de Prusse pour l’année 1759. Nouvelle bibliothèque germanique, ou histoire littéraire de l’Allemagne,...
Was heißt Fortschritt im Wissen? Gnoseotopische Überlegungen zur Aufklärung und ihren Folgen
This article focuses on the question of what “progress in knowledge” (Fortschritt im Wissen) since the Enlightenment could mean. The answer is rooted in a shift in perspective in our understanding of the Enlightenment, and in an awareness of the gnoseotope at the center of this perspectival shift. Given the fact that human knowledge has always been considered limited, the axiom called gnoseotope (from Greek gnōsis: cognition, knowledge and topos: place, area, field) can be defined as the area of...
In pursuit of an innovation development trajectory of the Kaliningrad region
... In this article, I analyse the innovation system of the Kaliningrad region at its inception. The Kaliningrad case is of considerable interest for a study into the patterns and characteristics of the governance of innovation systems — a management paradigm aimed to promote regional development during a change in their functioning mode. In this work, I analyse the current structure of the Kaliningrad regional innovation system, of which some elements date back to the Soviet period, paying particular ...
The development of political geography and geopolitics as an academic and research discipline in the Baltic region: the historical contribution of Saint Petersburg University
... Baltic. The Russian and German schools of thought made a valuable contribution to these fields of research. Using the historical, structural-genetic, and activity-geospace approaches, we identify and analyse the major historical, research, and academic paradigms in the development of political geography. In doing so, we consider the case of Saint Petersburg University. These paradigms (state-descriptive, anthropogeographical, state-geopolitical, and activity-societal) differ in their methodological ...
Andrej Zaliznjak. Cutting off the unnecessary
This paper offers a polemic linguistic and philological view on the scientific heritage of one of the most prominent linguists of the 20th century, Andrej A. Zaliznjak (1935—2017), who authored fundamental works on the Russian and Old Russian languages. In different years, Zaliznjak addressed issues in morphology, syntax, accentology, and historical grammar. This apparent variety of his research interests gives an impression that Zaliznjak moved from purely structural paradigmatic descriptions to...
“The Turn towards Ontology” in Russian Neo-Kantianism in the Late 1910s and Early 1920s (Lev Salagov and Nikolai Boldyrev)
... Peterburg Philosophical Society], 16, pp. 62-69. (In Russ.)
Prokhorov, M. M., 2018. From Ontology and Gnoseology to Onto-Epistemology. In: M. M. Prokhorov, ed. 2018. Mirovozzrencheskaia paradigma v filosofii Osnovopolozheniia ontognoseologii [World View Paradigm in Philosophy: the Fundamentals of Onto-Epistemology]. Nizhny Novgorod: NNGASU, pp. 16-34, [online] Available at: <
; [Accessed 20 Juli 2019]. (In Russ.)
Textonics: an introduction to electronic philology
Digital philology studies texts and textuality in electronic networks and the ways of their reading, writing and transformation. Electronic texts are much more fluid and transformable than paper texts and oral utterances. Textonics is a combination of theoretical and practical work with digital texts, the use of the Internet and all the capabilities of computer technology to create new sign ensembles, to develop new genres of intellectual creativity, and to rethink and reorganize existing textual...
The text in the context of the Tartu Semiotic School: problems and prospects
... description of behavior. Trudy po znakovym sistemam [Transactionses on Sign Systems], 8, pp. 151—163 (in Russ.).
Levin, Yu. I., Segal, D. M., Timenchik, R. D., Toporov, V. N., Tsiv'yan, T. V., 1974. Russian semantic poetics as a potential cultural paradigm. Russian Literature, 7(8), pp. 47—82 (in Russ.).
Levi-Stross, K., 1985. Structural analysis in linguistics and anthropology. In: K. Levi-Stross, ed. Strukturnaya antropologiya [Structural Anthropology]. Moscow: Glavnaya redaktsiya vostochnoi ...