The Green Meadow. Kant´s new Definition of the Modal Concept of Existence in the First Moment of the “Analytic of the Beautiful”
Contrary to the standard view in the Kant literature, I argue that the concept of “existence” is the real focus of Kant’s investigation in the “First Moment” of the “Analytic of the Beautiful” in the Critique of the Power of Judgment. That is, “existence” is not a secondary or subordinate part of a more general discourse ...
Steven Makin’s ontological argument: The concept of necessary exis¬ten¬ce of God
This article deals with one of the most elegant and non-standard versions of the modal onto-logical argument for God’s existence, which was proposed by the analytic philosopher Stephen Makin in 1988. He managed to avoid the famous criticism of Kant concerning the impossibility of acknowledging the predicate ‘to exist’ as real. Makin’s argument is not based on proving ...
The ontological argument: an “office” solution
There are two important facts that prevent the success of the so called "ontological argument": 1) the use of the concept of existence as a real predicate and 2) the confusion of de re and de dicto modalities. The article considers a way to overcome the former problem proposed by the Czech logician Pavel Tichý.
1. Ансельм Кентерберийский. Сочинения ...
Character’s existence in the Königsberg/Kaliningrad toposphere: Yu.N Ivanov’s Dances in the Crematorium and Michael Wieck’s The Decline of Königsberg
A comparative analysis of the existence of the main characters in Yuri Ivanov’s Dances in the Crematorium and Michael Wieck’s The Decline of Königsberg demonstrates clear typological convergences. The common toposphere is Königsberg/Kaliningrad, which incorporates a wide range ...
Translation: the puzzle of colour
... research contributes to the study of colour terms as a cognitive phenomenon. Since colour is not a universal concept and an ordinary mind does not perceive colour separately from the object, it is possible to observe the knowledge about colour, which exists in the language but does not exist in its physical sense. We hold that the given knowledge is the cause of significant difficulties arising in the translation of various colour terms, though the nature of these terms existence should not be complex ...
Kant, Gödel, and the problem of synthetic a priori judgements
Debates over Kant’s famous postulate about the existence of synthetic a priori judgements in mathematics, formulated in the Critique of Pure Reason, have been raging for over two centuries. On the one hand, it was fiercely criticised by neo-positivists in the early 20th century. On the other hand,...
Kant über Sein und Zeit und Denken und Sein. Selbsterkenntnis durch Selbstaffektion
... the temporal form of successively using “I ...” as subject and “… think” as predicate, 3. identifies him-/herself — at the same time — with the subject logically structuring this act as well as with the subject intuiting the successively existing subject of this judging act, and 4. recognises him-/herself as identical in these two different cognitive roles. By this very analysis Kant shows that the eminent micro-judgement-act “I think” has the complex, though paradigmatic substructure ...
Ill Posed Problems and Information Security
Well posed (by Hadamard) problem has properties of existence, uniqueness and stability of its solution. Ill posed problems do not have at least one of the above properties, often this is the stability property of the solution with respect to initial conditions. The solution of such problems is sensitive ...
The questions of the poet A. S. Kushner to the philosopher I. Kant regarding the otherworldly
This article proves that when addressing the problem persistent in his oeuvre — whether the humanity exists independently in space or it is a transcendental project — the Saint Petersburg poet A. S. Kushner always consults with I. Kant.
1. Гейне Г. Собр. соч.: в 10 т. М., 1958. Т. 6.
2. Кант И. Всеобщая естественная ...
The teaching on postulates in Kant’s lectures on philosophical theory of religion
..., two parts, and an appendix. The introduction contains an overview of the basic questions and problems of rational theology, namely: the concept of theology, arts of natural theology, the idea of highest essence, possible types of arguments for the existent of God and their limitations etc. The first part is called “Transcendental theology”. It is of limited research interest, since it largely follows contemporary textbooks (first of all, Baumgarten’s Metaphysics). The second part “Moral ...
The Welfare State (Social State) in the Russian Federation as a Constitutional Principle and its Practical Implementation
... Hectare". Based on the conducted analysis the authors of the article have made several suggestions regarding pragmatic realization of the constitutional principle of the Welfare State (Social State), and also regarding further modernization of the existing projects of social innovations in the Russian Federation.
The authors are investigating the content and practical implementation of the constitutional principle of the social (welfare) state in the Russian Federation, especially the relevant ...
The spatial model of conceptual metaphor in A. Ilichevky’s collection of short stories An Asinine Jaw
... spatial model of the mentioned metaphor and the specific character of its cognitive-semantic organization are revealed. The author identifies the specific features of the metaphorical reconsideration of Russian reality and the ways of the character’s existence in the world. In A.V. Ilichevsky’s short story collection, the conceptual metaphor of death is identified on the basis of the common conceptual metaphor semantics of “vision/no-vision” and “dream”.
1. Дехнич О. В. Концептуальная ...
Der Prozess über "Ein Hundert Talers": via eminentiae
... various positions in the suit about “hundred thalers” opened by Kant’s criticism of ontological argument are compared. It is argued that Heidegger’s concept of being as transcendental predicate cannot be identified with Frege’s treatment of existence as a second-order predicate. Furthermore it is shown that the understanding of being as perfection by Aquinas is quite similar to Kant’s concept of being as absolute positing in the via eminentiae perspective.
1. Аверинцев С. С....
Equivocality in Delineating the Borders of a Cluster: The Baltic’s Case
... between states striving to integrate into the global economic system has created a need for a spatially targeted regional policy as a means of boosting national competitiveness. The regional polarisation approach, which seeks to create new and support the existing nodes of a regional economic system — clusters, technopoles, industrial districts, etc., — has gained wide currency in public administration. The heralds of such forms of spatial networking are various institutional, cultural, organizational,...
The Book of Life in the hermeneutics of Johann Georg Hamann
... experience of truth as such is possible. In the light of his hermeneutics, the fate of ontology is a function of the quality of reading since its dialogical nature directly determines a person’s special hermeneutic responsibility towards all that exists. In being the Book of Life, all that exists communicates with the human being as if it were the Book. It does so within the complex dialectics of objectivation in the epistemological linguisticality of a prophet, a scientist, or a poet and, through ...
Strongly associated threefold distributions of projective space
... linear elements and hyperband distribution. However, the analogy does not relate to the geometry of the base only or equipping distributions taken separately. Research was carried out by G. F. Laptev method. Determinations of the H -distributionand existence theorems are given in the frame of zero order. Requiring that Λ-, L-, E-distribution were mutually associated we introduce a special class of threefold distributions, which we call strongly associated distributions or SH -distribution. Definition ...
Border functions as a factor of development of border regions and the formation of cross-border regions
The border as a spatial and socio-cultural phenomenon has been an immediate subject of study for a long time. A convincing reason supporting this statement is the existence of an independent branch of science on borders, "limology" (Latin: limes — Border). For the geographical sciences border is also a traditional subject of study, where the interest focuses on its impact on the geographical objects ...
Kant, Radical Agnosticism, and Methodological Eliminativism about Things-in-Themselves
... resolution can be found. Indeed, he believes that such a resolution has been found. Kantian Radical Agnosticism (KRA) says that ‘we can and do know a priori that we cannot know either the nature of things in themselves or whether things in themselves exist or do not exist’. Kantian Methodological Eliminativism (KME) about things in themselves says that for the purposes of the theory of real (i. e., anthropocentric, “humanfaced”) transcendental idealism we can completely ignore things in themselves....
On the protection of the right of disabled people to transportation services
... ensure equal access of people with various disabilities to transport. This article examines the rights of disabled people associated with the use of vehicles as well as the main problems pertaining to it. The author considers legal practices and the existing provisions for ensuring access to transport and suggests possible comprehensive solutions to the most serious problems in this area.
1. Конституция Российской Федерации: официальный текст. М....
On the concept of normative evaluation of cost-effectiveness of GLONASS application in coastal regions
... remote probing, crop yield forecasts, forestry, water industry and agricultural monitoring, etc. However, the research shows that attempts to perform a calculation for various fields of satellite information application at a regional level prove the existing approaches to be inefficient due to the difficulties in obtaining initial data. To this effect, the authors developed a normative methodical approach to the calculation of the effect of integrated GLONASS application. This approach is meant to ...
Kant and Hegel, an alleged right and the ‘inverted world’
... of powers, whereas power is a category that makes it possible to understand the supersensible as a realm of laws. This interpretation is inherent in the system of not only theoretical but also practical reason. Freedom is the ‘substance’ of human existence. The unity of freedom is an idea, whose unity is presented in the diversity of actions in the sensible world. A condition for cognising freedom is the categorical imperative. Apparently, applying the moral law formula may lead to contradictions....
Are there Everett worlds?
It is shown that the Everett worlds act on each other with a force that, in principle, can be measured «with a dynamometer». Hence the conclusion that these worlds really exist. It is shown that, contrary to popular belief, the many-world (Everett) and «casual» (de Broglie — Bohm) interpretations coincide. A limited path integral was used to describe coordinate measurement in terms of multiworld interpretation....
Methods for assessing the quality of life of Russian urban youth
In this article, I carry out a critical analysis of the existing methods for assessing the quality of life of cities and propose a method for assessing Russian cities as experienced by youth. The main result of this study is a method that can be used by municipal authorities in preparing strategic planning ...
How to extract formulas from Pascal's triangle to find all primes
In the presented arithmetic study, the existence of an infinite set of numerical properties of a right-angled Pascal triangle is confirmed and the main results of finding its numerical discriminant are given. Exactly, the numerical properties of the truncated Pascal triangle for the direct ...
Borders and Identity in Theory and Practice of the Eastern Baltic Region
... post-Crimean political debate in the Baltic states has shown that that hardliners of a strict assimilation model of state identity prevail in Vilnius, Riga, and Tallinn. This study sets out to analyze the political consequences of the conflict between the existing models of ethnopolitical identification in the border areas of the Eastern Baltic region. The main result of the study is that it has proved the existence of a special type of identity characteristic of border regions of the Baltic countries....
Mapping Poetic Bilingualism in Europe: Language Contacts and Cultural Transfers
This article presents preliminary results of a project studying multilingualism in world poetry. Multilingual interactions are particularly persistent in the contexts where either writers (poets) exist in multilingual sociocultural environments or they are moving from one country to another throughout their literary career. Existing in two or more cultural and/or linguistic spaces at the same time and thus making transfers across the boundaries ...
How translations are willed into existence
This paper will argue that translations are willed into existence in three conceivable ways: pull, push and shuffle. Pull is the most intuitive form. It corresponds, for example, to a publishing house that decides to translate a foreign novel. Here, the initiative to invest in a new translation project is ...
New stages of the excessive budget deficit procedure for the EU member states and the assessment of their effectiveness
... excessive deficit procedure // Official Journal of the European Union. 1997. Vol. 40. L209. P. 6—11. URL:
(дата обращения: 01.10.2017).
7. Council Decision abrogating Decision 2009/415/EC on the existence of an excessive deficit in Greece: 19 September 2017 // European Commission, Closed Excessive Deficit Procedures. URL:
. europa.eu/doc/document/ST-11240-2017-INIT/en/pdf (дата обращения: 01.10.2017).
8. Commission ...
The periodic structure of flat layer of triangle prisms
Attached results is analysis of plane vertical layer of triangle prisms structure. Analysis proved the existence of periodic structure concerning the width and height. While forming the layer.
. Таранов В.
И., Леонтьев С.
// Вестник Российского государственного университета им....
The notion of necessity in the German philosophy of the¬ Enlighten¬ment
... sufficient reason introduced by Leibniz is closely linked to the notion underconsideration. The recognition of this principle as one of the two basic principles of philosophy inevitably raises the question about the necessity of all things, since all that exists has a sufficient reason behind its existence. In this case, any statement, any action, any object would be predetermined by its reason. Such state of affairs excludes any possibility of any accidents or free actions, which undermines the foundation ...
Kant on evil in the human nature
... of the anthropology-focused study of the sources of good and evil in the work Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. The author sees the key to understanding Kant’s approach to the problem of evil in the differentiation of the levels of the existing and the due in his theory. The article has the following structure: first, the author emphasis that, for Kant, evil is a practical moral phenomenon unlike, for example, metaphysically interpreted evil. It is shown that the problem of evil is ...
Energy and the Ways of its Conceptualisation in Cognition: an Attempt at an Epistemological Analysis
... problematiku imyaslavskikh sporov [The sacred mystery of the Church: Introduction to the history and issues of the imyaslavsky controversies]. St. Petersburg.
18. Ioann (Ziziulas), metropolitan, 2006. Bytie kak obshchenie: Ocherki o lichnosti i Tserkvi [Existence as communion: Essays on the individual and the Church]. Moscow.
19. Lebedev, A. V., 1983. Act and potency. In: L. F. Il'ichev, P. N. Fedoseev, S. M. Kovalev, V. G. Panov, eds. Filosofskii entsiklopedicheskii slovar' [Philosophical encyclopedic ...
On the Role of Gesinnung in Kant’s Ethics and Philosophy of Religion. Part II
... subjective principle of maxims, on virtue as evidence of the presence of Gesinnung, on act as a manifestation of Gesinnung, on the unintelligibility of Gesinnung in its noumenal, suprasensible character, on the innateness of Gesinnung in the sense that it exists not in time, but in the form of its acceptance by free expression of the will, on the singleness of Gesinnung and its indivisibility into periods, on revolution in Gesinnung as distinct from empirical reform, on the creation of the new human being ...
Using the economics dynamics principles in modelling the process of original accumulation of household waste
This article justifies the use of economic dynamics principles in the process of modelling the existing system of household waste accumulation. The authors identify a number of factors relating to the tendency of various organisational manifestations to stable equilibrium of the process of accumulating household waste in containers. The model is ...
Local features of regional difference in the modern Ukraine
This paper attempts to analyse the existing regional disparities with the help of the proposed population and territory performance indices. A regional analysis is carried out on the basis of index calculations; certain territorial groups of regions are identified. The author examines ...
Similarities and differences in curricula of a bachelor’s degree in oceanology at the universities in St Petersburg, Klaipeda, and Kaliningrad
Conducting a multi-aspect comparative analysis of curricula of bachelor’s degree programmes in oceanology offered at universities in St Petersburg, Klaipeda and Kaliningrad, the authors trace similarities between the existing variants of oceanologist training in the context of competence modules, disciplines, the so-called academic practices, and the number of hours and credits stipulated in the existing curricula. A formal comparison of generalised quantitative indicators ...
Revolutionary processes as seen by students reading P. A. Sorokin and contemplating the present
... processes in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century and try to establish reasons and factors behind social shocks. Students seek to juxtapose the consideration of evolutionary changes with cardinal changes in the life of society and to register the existence of manipulated and spontaneous processes. In their essays, students arrive at conclusions about whether a revolution is possible today.
1. Маркс К. Классовая борьба во Франции с 1848 по 1850 г. // Маркс ...
The origins of tour activities in the Kaliningrad region (second halfof the 1960s)
This article examines organizational and material resources behind the emergence of tour activities as a field of tourism in the Kaliningrad region. Based on the archive materials of the Regional Trade Unions Council and the Regional Tourism Board and existing tours, the author studies decision on the establishment and functioning of tour agencies and analyses the methods and key areas of their operation in the second half of the 1960s.
1. Государственный архив Калининградской ...
Correlation of the notions of the subject of law and the transcendental subject in the theory of law
... correlation between two basic concepts of the theory of law and transcendental phenomenology. Each concept has its own meaning and performs its specific function. The article aims is to identify the specifics of each concept in order to understand the existing theoretical distinctions between them.
1. Архипов С. И. Субъект права. Теоретическое исследование. СПб., 2004.
2. Лекторский В. А. Можно ли совместить конструктивизм ...
The letter to itself: about communications problem in a picture of the world of N. Kononova (on a story example «The Amnesia Anastass»)
In the article the phenomenon «Another I» of the hero on a story material «the Amnesia Anastasia» is analyzed by N. Kononov. In work the letter as the basic way of communications of the hero with the imagined addressee is considered, and existence of the alternative person of the hero contacts special unsteadiness, instability and step-type behaviour of the art world of the given author.
1. Агеев В. Н. Семиотика. М., 2002.
2. Берестнев Г. И. Прозвище ...
Assessment of transport accessibility of rural territories of the Kaliningrad region using methods of sociological research
... analyze the degree of satisfaction of the rural population from the eastern municipalities of the Kaliningrad region with a current public transport network and the quality of transport services provided. The findings led to the conclusion that the existing passenger management system satisfies most of the respondents. At the same time, according to the responses, the network asks for both infrastructural and systematic development, especially in the most ‘challenged’ municipalities of the Kaliningrad ...
The concept of individuality and models of qualimetric competence
The author describe the notions of “competence”, “competency” and “qualimetric competence”. The existing models of the qualimetric competence are analysed. The authors introduce their own model of qualimetric competence using the concept of the individuality.
1. Гребенюк О. С., Гребенюк Т. Б. Основы педагогики ...
ARFI-elastometry of the liver in healthy volunteers: standardization of methods
The traditional method of determining the propagation of acoustic waves during ARFI-elastometry of the liver as well as the existing norms are rather controversial. The article aims at standardization of techniques and the development of protocols for the AFRI elastometry of the liver. The study identifies factors for a more accurate ARFI elastometry imaging of the liver: ...
Symbolical interactionism: A methodology for ana-lysing processes in an administrative system
... Ethnomethodology // American Sociological Review. 1999. Vol. 8, № 6.
4. Harrel В. Symbols, Perception and Meaning // Sociological Theory: Inquires and Paradigms. N. Y., 2003.
5. Mead G. H. Mind, Self and Society. Chicago, 2002.
6. Pfnetze P. E. Self, Society, Existence. Human Nature and Dialogue in the Thought of G. H. Mead and M. Buber. N. Y., 2002.
Krivosheeev V., Makarov S.
administrative system, symbol, situation, symbolical interactionism
The curvature object of the fundamental-group connection of the second-order
The special class of (-framed) hypersurfaces of the projective space Pn — is defined, and its existence theorem is proved. In the differential 3rd order neighbourhood: (a) Norden–Timofeyev's normalization of the hypersurface; (b) two Norden's normalizations of the tangent -subbundle; (c) in each L-plane three one-parameter sheaves of its ...
Semantic invariants of prophetic dreams and signs
The authors prove the possibility of revealing semantic invariants of prophetic dreams and folk signs. The study shows that such invariants do exist, and they stay with the other side of the language, belong to the deep sphere of human mentality (unconscious), have a special sign nature (they are both semantic signs and images). From this point of view, the problem of synchronicity — acausal ...
Linguistics in the 21st Century: Problems, Prospects, and Growth Points
... which is asystemic and oriented towards quantitative approaches, diachrony, and maximum linguistic diversity.
1. Gasparov, B. M., 1996. Yazyk. Pamyat'. Obraz. Lingvistika yazykovogo sushchestvovaniya [Language. Memory. Image. Linguistics of language existence]. Moscow.
2. Zhivov, V. M., Timberleik, A., 1997. Parting with structuralism (theses for discussion). Voprosy yazykoznaniya [Issues of linguistics], 3.
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