A literary image as a cognitive phenomenon
... the ways of their representation in the novel «The Master of Petersburg» by J. Coetzee. An image is viewed as an iconic sign incorporated in the structure of a concept, being an element of its figurative-and-associative layer. It contributes to cognition of reality, reflecting a specific model of reality which connects concrete perceptible characteristics of an object or phenomenon with the subjectivity of the author’s individual mind. After the exploration of the cognitive approaches, a literary image is considered as a verbal ...
Ergonomics and the translation process
... a matter of scope. Mental load in translation process research. Translation Spaces, 1, pp. 169—178.
Muñoz Martín, R. (ed.), 2016a. Reembedding Translation Process Research. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Muñoz Martín, R., 2016b. Processes of what models? On the cognitive indivisibility of translation acts and events. Translation Spaces, 5 (1), pp. 145—161.
Norros, L. and Savioja, P., 2007. Towards a theory and method for usability evaluation of complex human-technology systems. Activités, 4 (2), pp. 143—150....
Frames in discourse analysis
... provides a communicative framework for the meaning formation and interpretation in a discourse. The correlation between the usage of linguistic structures and cognitive environ-ment of the sender and recipient is analysed. The structure of the frame model of a discourse as a cognitive space formed in view of the recipient’s relevance is described. Special attention is given to the process of conceptual integration in German political discourse.
1. Минский М. Фреймы для представления знаний....
Conceptualisation of transfer and translation in modern linguistics
... Process of Communication. New York. <br>
23. Carroll, J. B. Introduction, 1956. In: Whorf, B. L. Language, Thought and Reality: Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf. Cambridge, MA.<br>
24. Rojo, A., Ibarretxe-Antunano, I., eds., 2016. Cognitive Linguistics and Translation. Advances in Some Theoretical Models and Applications. Berlin.<br>
25. Stockhorst, S., ed., 2010. Cultural Transfer Through Translation. The Circulation of Enlightened Thought in Europe by Means of Translation. Amsterdam.<br>
26. Feuchter, J., Hoffmann, F., Yun, B., 2011....
Action-thoughts and the genesis of time in linguistic semiosis
The genesis of time is explained in the spirit of constructivism combined with the activity approach to cognition. The cardinal temporal categories of present, past, and future are discussed in terms of action-thoughts understood as elementary units of activity whose structure is determined by linguistic semiosis. Husserl’s tripartite model of the phenomenology of time (prime perception, retention, protention) is applied to the analysis of the subject’s experience of his actions. It is demonstrated that, while our lived present is composed of the actually performed actions, our ...
Cognitive scheme or concept: towards the determination of dynamic model of knowledge
... СПб., 2006. Вып. 8.
Психика и сознание как функция мозга. М., 1985.
Kurganova N. I.
ethno-cultural knowledge, procedural knowledge, concept, cognitive scheme, cognitive model
Conceptual modelling of the process of polysemy solution using the corps
... use of corpora opens up new possibilities for investigating the mechanisms of the formation of the cognitive structure of a polysemous word, as well as facilitates the identification of individual senses. The author proposes a probabilistic conceptual model (algorithm) of cognitive operations underlying the process of word sense disambiguation.
1. Захаров В. П. Корпусная лингвистика. СПб., 2006.
2. Заботкина В. И., Боярская Е. Л. Роль когнитивного контекста ...
A cognitive approach to argumentation and message produc-tion
9. Delia J. G., Kline S. L., Burleson B. R. The Development of Persuasive Communication Strategies in Kindergarteners through Twelfth-Graders // Communication Monographs. 1979. Vol. 46, № 4. P. 241—256.
10. Dillard J. P. The Goals-Plans-Action Model of Interpersonal Influence. URL:
(да¬та обращения: 12.06.2014).
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12. Hample D. A Third Perspective on Argument // Philosophy & Rhetoric. 1985. Vol. 18, № 1. P. 1—22.
13. Hample D. Argument Public and Private ...
Metaphorisation as a pattern of term formation in Russian and English within the semantic field “Insurance”
Term formation is viewed through the cognitive linguistics paradigm. The term is characterized as a semeiotic model correlating with a certain cognitive discourse pattern. Metaphorisation is defined as the nomination pattern. In the following article we tried to pick out the major cognitive characteristics of the term formation within the semantic field «Insurance» as it is represented in ...
Comparative analysis of the epistemological language in translation
... in: Deutsche Sprache 26/3, S. 256—272.
Gabriel, M., 2013. Die Erkenntnis der Welt — Eine Einführung in die Erkenntnistheorie. München: Verlag Karl Alber.
Graesser, A., Zwaan R., 1995. An Inference Generation and the Construction of Situation Models, in: Weaver Ch., Mannes S., Fletcher Ch. (Hg.), Discourse comprehension: essays in honor of Walter Kintsch, New York, S. 117—140.
Halliday, M., 1999. Constructing experience through meaning: a language-based approach to cognition. Padsow: Cornwall.
Kant, I, 1968. Werke: Kritik der reinen Vernunft. 1. Aufl. 1781. Prolegomena. Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten. Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Naturwissenschaften. Berlin, Boston.
Kant, I, I998. The critique of pure ...
Knowing humanity without knowing the human being: The structure of polemic in Kant’s political argumentation
40. Stangneth, B. 2005, Die Religion als Übergang zur Weltpolitik, in: Kants „Ethisches Gemeinwesen“. Hrsg. M. Städtler. Berlin.
41. Williams, H. 1983, Kant’s Political Philosophy. Oxford.
moral anthropology, political anthropology, cognitive approach, model of argumentation addressee, abderitism, Realpoitik, Machiavellism, mechanicism, organicism
The structure and functions of cognitive self-esteem of primary school children
школьника // Вопросы психологии. 1980. №
4. С. 90—99.
Стратегия жизни. М., 1991.
Larina A. B.
primary school children, cognitive self-esteem, structure, functions, model, characteristics.
The research of the collective activity to overcome a diagnostic problem
... to the emerging problematic diagnostic situation. The paper is dedicated to the research of the convening and group activity of specialists within the council. Results of it would provide the basis of hybrid functional intellectual systems with cognitive modeling of a diagnostic problem.
collectives of experts, council, diagnostic problems, pancreatic cancer
Concept integration modelling as a means of phraseological unit formation
The paper focuses on cognitive processes of phraseological units (colour terms) formation based on the theories of the conceptual metaphor and conceptual integration. Special attention is given to the modified units the meaning of which cannot be inferred from their components....
Modeling of the image of the problem situation of medical diagnostics: challenges and state of the question
... approach for improving the quality of diagnosis by modelling of the image of diagnostics medical problem as an imitation of integrated combined visual-figurative and verbal-sign representations of the diagnostic problem by experts, and also by modelling collective restructuring of the reduced representation of the problem according to the conception of the council using hybrid intelligent systems as diagnostic decision support systems with cognitive visualization of medical diagnostic problems.
1. Спиридонов В. Ф. Психология мышления: Решение задач и проблем : учеб. пособие. М., 2006.
2. Решение сложных задач ...
Conceptual metonymy of the structure of the utterance
... cognitive linguistics: An update // Metaphor and metonymy in comparison and contrast. Berlin ; N. Y., 2002. P. 209—277.
13. Fauconnier G. Mental Spaces. Cambridge, 1994.
14. Kövecses Z., Radden G. Metonymy: Developing a Cognitive Linguistic View // Cognitive Linguistics. 1998. Vol. 9, iss. 1. P. 37—77.
15. Nunberg G. Transfers of Meaning // Journal of Semantics. 1995. Vol. 12, № 2. P. 109—132.
Rakhmankulova S. E.
sentence structure, proposition, concept, conceptual metonymy, metonymic model
Cultural types and the perception of current environmental risks by local communities of the Baltic Sea region
... nanotechnology, vol. 4, no. 2, p. 87—91.
41. Kahan, D. M., Braman, D., Monahan, J., Callahan, L., Peters, E. 2010, Cultural cognition and public policy: the case of outpatient commitment laws, Law and Human Behavior, no. 34, p. 118—140.
42. Croasmun,... ... Dekker.
46. Fidrya, E., Fidrya О. 2020, Resilience of cultural attitudes of local communities to risks: the «group / grid» model, Vestnik Baltijskogo Federal’nogo Universiteta imeni Immanuila Kanta. Seriya: gumanitarniye i obschestvenniye nauki [Vestnik ...
The dream dictionary of G. H. Miller: The structural originality and cognitive models of interpretation
G. H. Miller’s dream dictionary is analysed from the perspective of modern cognitive linguistics. The author examines its cultural characteristics, embeddedness in the context of dreams, the polysemy of the key image, and the possibility of homonymy. Gender dependence and subject-object differentiation are identified as important ...
The role of discourse in modern linguistics
... constructivist-poststru-cturalist, and neo-rhetorical approaches. Despite being based on different methodological principles, the concepts analysed in a text have a common ground: they focus on the same research object, namely, the text. Mono- and transtextual discourse models make it possible to transgress the limits of the text placing it within the dynamic space of communication. Discourse theory and the notion of discourse mark a new turn of the spiral of cognition that makes it possible to see and justify the cognitive and communicative potential of a text.
1. Кубрякова Е. С. Эволюция лингвистических идей во второй половине ХХ века (опыт ...
Equivocality in Delineating the Borders of a Cluster: The Baltic’s Case
... targeted regional development and a result of spontaneous functional integration of economic entities. Building on an extensive factual base, we present a complex model of territorial cohesion for delineating the boundaries of a territorial cluster. The model makes it possible to integrate data on geographical, institutional, cultural, organisational, technological, social, and cognitive proximities. The properties of a cluster as a form of networking warrants distinguishing between internal, external, thematic, and absorptive types of boundaries. The feasibility of this approach is tested in the Baltics’ national and regional ...
Philosophical Discourse and the Conceptualisation of Word Formation
... studies hyphenated complexes in Russian, French, and German philosophical discourses. The author identifies key word-formation models that use the hyphen. In philosophical discourse, the hyphen serves as a linguistic tool to convey dialectic thinking that ... ... regardless of the number of components and of the position of the hyphen. The author concludes that the hyphen is a universal cognitive mechanism, characteristic of philosophical discourse; it is a means to form an integrated conceptual complex around ...
A transcendental analysis of mathematics: The constructive nature of mathematics
... This article aims to explicate Kant’s understanding (resp. justification) of the abstract nature of mathematical knowledge (cognition) as the “construction of concepts in intuition” (see: “to construct a concept means to exhibit a priori the intuition ... ... Experience]. M. : MGU, s. 545—574.
11. Katrechko, S. L. 2007, Modelirovanie rassuj`deniiy v matematike: transcendental'nyiy podhod [Modeling reasoning in mathematics: transcendental approach]. In: Modeli rassuj` deniiy — 1 : Logika i argumentacija. Kaliningrad ...
Metaphoric vectors of time
... time in the Anglo-American Weltanschauung. Special emphasis is put on basic image schemata underlying time perception and verbalization in the Old English, Middle English and Modern English periods. Lexicographic and textual data are drawn to exemplify cognitive shifts that bring about gradual transformation of the conceptual structure of time metaphors in the Modern English period. The pragmatic shift in the axiological perspective of metaphoric models results in the loss of the inner value-laden meaning of time.
1. Бондарева Л. М. К проблеме интерпретации концепта «пространство» в отечественной и зарубежной лингвистике ...
Conceptual-Visual Basis of Functional Hybrid Intelligent Diagnostic Systems
... разработки. СПб., 2001.
7. Маев И. В., Кучерявый Ю. А. Болезни поджелудочной железы: практическое руководство. М., 2009.
Rumovskaya S. B., Litvin A. A.
diagnostic problem, cognitive visualization, categorical kernel of the axiomatic theory of role visual models
Generative linguistics by N. Chomsky in the world language study
n overview // Language: psychological and biological aspects. Cambridge
Bondarenko I. V.
transformational grammar, surface structure, deep structure, transformations, universal grammar,
mental structures, cognitive linguistics, generative language models, syntactic semantics, generative phonology,
phonological rules, mental representations language faculty, language competence.
Linguistic Means Expressing Argumentation in Judicial Discourse late 19th: The Prosecutor’s Speech in Dostoevsky’s The Brothers Karamazov
... of fiction, such a use of a linguistic means can contribute to the overall aesthetic effect as well as to the compositional, cognitive, logical, illocutive, expressive, and pragmatic expressiveness of the narrative.
1. Bachaliashvili, O. V., 2013. ... ... Pushkina [Bulletin of the A. S. Pushkin Leningrad State University], 4(1), pp. 169—175.
2. Brjushinkin, V. N., 1999. The system model of argumentation. In: Transcendental'naja antropologija i logika: Trudy mezhdunarodnogo seminara «Antropologija s sovremennoj ...
Kant’s transcendentalism and concept of the thing in itself
... concept of ‘transcendental object’). The data are obtained through the transcendental analysis (reflection) of the process of cognition. The thesis (2) about the dual nature of the thing in itself suggests a solution to Kant’s problem of causality. The ... ... sochinenij v 8 tomah. [Works in 8 volumes], vol. 3.
29. Katrechko, S. L. 2005, Kantovskaja koncepcija soznanija (poznanija) kak model' «iskusstvennogo intellekta» [Kant’s concept of consciousness (knowledge) as model of "artificial intelligence"],...
A transcendental analysis of mathematics: The abstract nature of mathematical knowledge
... (transcendentalism), transcendental method, transcendental pragmatism, Kant's theory of construction of mathematical concepts (mathematical cognition as construction of concepts in intuition)
Katrechko S. L.
[html]1. Aristotle 1975,... ... Experience], Moscow, s. 545—574.9. Katrechko, S. L. 2007, Modelirovanie rassuj`deniiy v matematike: transcendental'nyiy podhod [Modeling reasoning in mathematics: transcendental approach]. In: Modeli rassuj`deniiy — 1: Logika i argumentacija. Kaliningrad,...
On poetic emotiology in poetry and beyond
... vectors of development. Vestnik RUDN. Seriya: Literaturovedenie, zhurnalistika. [Bulletin of the RUDN. Series: Literary studies, journalism], 2, рр. 69—76 (in Russ.).
Zolyan, S., 1999. Language functions: possible extensions of Roman Jacobson's model. In: Roman Jakobson. Teksty, dokumenty, issledovaniya. [Roman Jacobson. Texts, documents, research]. Moscow, рр. 638—648 (in Russ.).
poetic communication, non-poetic communication, emotionology, emotive, grammar of poetry, cognitive metaphor, advertising discourse, PR discourse, reference, mythologisation, expression
Sinelnikovа L. N., Selezneva L. V.
On the less obvious manifestations of the poetic function: a translator’s view
..., 2020. Hybrid texts as a form of interaction between avant-garde artistic and political discourses. Slovo.ru: baltiiskii aktsent [Slovo.ru: Baltic Accent], 11 (1), pp. 50—86 (in Russ.).
Tsur, R., 2010. The poetic function and aesthetic qualities: cognitive poetics and the Jakobsonian model. Acta Linguistica Hafniensia, 42 (sup1), pp. 2—19.
Vinogradov, V. V., 1923. On the tasks of stylistics. Observations of the Style of Avvakum the Archpriest’s Legend. In: L. V. Shcherba ed. Russkaya rech' [Russian speech]. Petrograd, pp. 195—293 ...
Representation of methods for solving subtasks of different types from the decomposition of a diagnostic problem
... diagnostics. In the paper, we introduce concepts «a task» and «a method». In addition, here we introduce the method and model for the formation of schemes-images of methods for solving tasks from decomposition of a diagnostic problem. All concepts ... ... verbal-sign knowledge about the subject area.
Rumovskaya S. B., Kolesnikov A. V., Litvin A. A.
a diagnostic problem, cognitive visualization, schemes-images, decomposition of a diagnostic problem, homogeneous task, methods for solving homogeneous ...
Communication of Covid-19 consequences in the Baltic States inforsphere
... concept of social risk: A geographical approach, Quaestiones Geographicae, vol. 38, no. 4, p. 5—13, available at
6. Zabotkina V. I., Pozdnyakova E. M. 2020, Cognitive modeling of a conceptual domain sociocultural threats, Kognitivnye issledovaniya yazyka [Cognitive studies of language], no. 40, p. 51—65 (in Russ.).
7. Sokruta, E. Yu. 2018, The Narrative Characteristics of News Discourse in the Time of New Media, ...
Liturgy space and art in Orthodoxy
The author shows that liturgy in its space-time dimension models a picture of Orthodox mentality revealing its universality and integrity. This liturgical chronotope contributes to overcoming the currently dominant cognitive tendency to split or polarize Orthodox mentality. The author explores the foundations of Orthodox aesthetics and art.
religion, Orthodoxy, aesthetics, religious art, icon, liturgy, temple, space, time
I. Kant in the development of N. O. Lossky’s philosophical views: The case of a translation
....21. Popova, V. S., 2010, Sravnitelnyj analiz interpretacii sillogistiki I. Kantom I A. I. Vve¬denskim [Comparative Analysis of interpretation of syllogistics by Immanuel Kant and Ale¬xander Vvedensky], Modeli rassugdenij — 3: kognitivnyj podhod [Models of reasoning — 3: cognitive approach], Kaliningrad, p. 267—281.22. Recenzija In: Shpet, G. G., 2010, Filosofskaja kritika: otzyvy, recenzii, obzory [Phi¬lo¬so¬phical critique: reviews], Moscow, p. 62—74.23. Tutlis, V.P, 2005, I. Kant v Rossii [I. Kant in Russia],...
Aesthetic sensitivity as a fundamental of the modelling the creative development process in children aged 2-5 years
This article provides an overview of the integrated model for developing creativity in children aged 2—5 years based on the principle of upward spiral dynamics. The role of aesthetic ... ... as the principal structural compo-nent of the mode is analysed from the perspective of cultural and historical psychology and cognitive science.
1. Александров Ю. И., Александрова Н. Л. Комплементарность культуроспецифичных ...
The place and role of ontology in the system model of argumentation
... Philosophy to Information Systems // Proceedings of the International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Ogunquit, Maine, 2001. P. 187—197.
Khizanishvili D. V.
argumentation, ontology, system model of argumentation, argumentation modelling, cognitive approach
The Text and Discourse in the Light of Communicative Meaning Formation
... the text and discourse. The concept of a communicative action (a semiotic act) is considered as the main distinguishing factor that is crucial for the communicative model of text but is ignored within the language model. The communicative (dynamic) model postulates the following: 1) the text is a sequence of verbal elements of communicative actions; 2) the verbal manifestation of an utterance differs fundamentally from a communicative action; 3) the cognitive condition of the author of an action imposes a limit on meaning formation within the action and within the corresponding sentence of a text; 4) communicative meaning formation implies that the author sees sense in the procedure of communication ...
Events as a semantic framework for the construction of reality: the prospects of a transition to a dynamic ontology
... is the verification of the model and the description of its possible applications. In this context, we demonstrate how this model can be used in forecasting and developing special events, including those in interactive mode.
Aristotle, 2006. Мetafizika ... ... Integrativnyy podkhod s pozitsiy kognitivnykh nauk [Representation of events. An Integrative approach from the standpoint of cognitive sciences]. Moscow, Yazyki slavyanskoy kul'tury, pp. 186-208 (in Russ.).
L'Hôpital, G.F., 1935. Analiz beskonechno malykh ...
Algorithm for creating conceptual metaphors
... cognitive science. The analysis of the formation of a conceptual metaphor is relevant since it is a phenomenon associated with cognitive and conceptual processes; it reflects the interdependence of the individual's thinking and the peculiarities of the ... ... conceptualization processes in the study of conceptual metaphors. The author employs the following methods and techniques: conceptual modeling, componential analysis, quantitative analysis, and proposes an algorithm of conceptual metaphors formation based on ...
On the problem of interpreting the concept of SPACE in Russian and foreign linguistics
This article considers the relationship between the TIME and SPACE concepts. The features of modeling space parameters in human cognitive ac-tivities and the universal ways of verbalization of space structures and attri-butes are analyzed. The research is focused on the theory of primary and se-condary space deixis put forward by the German linguist A. Friderici, which presents ...
Die relative Wahrheit der Abbildtheorie in der Interpretation von H. Rickert
... analyses the key arguments put forward by Rickert against the understanding of cognition as a reflection of reality. Rickert’s standpoint is neutral. He criticises the transcendental theory of reflection, but does not reject the idea of reflection as a model of cognition and acknowledges the immanent theory of reflection as relatively justified. The article also addresses the standpoint of another representative of the Baden School, Emil Lask, who rejected the theory of reflection in favour of the aftervision ...
Cognitive-semantic modelling of the metaphoric choice devices
Теоретическое знание: структура, историческая эволюция. М., 2000.
История и философия науки. М., 2005.
Pankratova S. A.
association, cognitive model, critical rationalism, metaphoric
On the problem of acausal semantic coincidences: the cognitive background of omens
... for the first time as omens of war in the Russian linguocultural tradition. The semiotic structure of omens is shown, and models of transformations of situational semantics in their signifier and signified are revealed. In particular, symbolic substitutions ... ... war, is proved to be real. The omens of war are, in fact, a kind of synchronic coincidences in objective reality, subjected to cognitive reformation in the subjective sphere of human mentality.
1. Балашова А. Ф. Природные и метеорологические ...
Operational thinking in the structure of the diagnostic thinking of a modern teacher-psychologist
... various mental operations in the structure of diagnostic search carried out by a teacher-psychologist. The article explores cognitive operations used by a teacher-psychologist within the framework of a diagnostic algorithm. These operations are differentiated ... ... diagnostic activities. As for successful professional diagnostics, a teacher-psychologist also needs a system of categorical models of the diagnosable, the ability to analyze their diagnostic errors and ideas about categorical models of typical diagnostic ...
Translation of new sociological terminology: challenges and solutions
... teoriya, metody, marketing [Sociology: theory, methodology, marketing], 2, pp. 96—111 (in Russ.).
Faber Benítez, P., 2009. Cognitive shift in terminology and specialized translation. In: A. Vidal and J. Franco, eds. Monographs in Translation and Interpreting.... ... (in Russ.).
Maikova, T., 2016. The main criteria for selecting terminological vocabulary in the development of a lexicographic model of the English-language sociological terminology. RUDN Bulletin, series Theory of language, Semiotics, Semantics, 2,...
Peritext of the Russian translation of William Hogarth’s Analysis of Beauty: a case study
... Practice, 20(4), pp. 399—409.
Rebrii, O. V., 2018. Translation as a means of constructing cultures: philosophical foregrounding. Cognition, Communication, Discourse, Series “Philology”, pp. 64—71.
Rée, J., 2001. The Translation of Philosophy. New Literary ... ... Texts Don’t Tell: The Use of Paratexts in Translation Research. In: T. Hermans, ed. Crosscultural Transgressions. Research Models in Translation Studies II: Historical and Ideological Issues. pp. 44—60.
Tahir Gürçağlar, Ş., 2013. Agency in allographic ...
Foraging strategies in the pine marten Martes martes: A model
15. Sidorovich V., Sidorovich А., Krasko D. Effect of felling on red fox and pine marten diets in transitional mixed forest in Belarus // Mammalian Biol. 2010. № 5.P. 401—411.
16. Sinervo B. Optimal Foraging Theory: Constaints and Cognitive Processes.2006. P. 105—130.
17. Swait J., Marley A. A. F. Probabilistic choice (models) as a result of balancing multiple goals // J. of Math. Psychology. 2013. Vol. 57. P. 1—14.
18. Zub K., Szafrańska P. A., Konarzewski M., Speakman J. Effect of energetic constraints on distribution and winter survival of weasel males // J....
On the metalinguistic functions of a natural language in literary texts
This article considers the relevant linguistic problem of metalinguistic potential of a natural language and its functions in a literary text in the case of the Russian language. The Russian language and natural languages in general act as a universal cognitive model capable of describing different codes presented in literary texts
1. Бороздина Г. В. Психология делового общения. М., 2003.
2. Крейдлин Г. Е. Невербальная семиотика: Язык ...
‘Learned helplessness’ in older preschool children with arrested mental development
This article presents the results of a pilot study into learned helplessness in preschool children with arrested mental development. The authors describe the testing of methods for studying a child’s behavior models and identify key characteristics of older preschool children with AMD, typical of learned helplessness. The features of emotional, cognitive, conative, and motivational deficiencies in preschool children with AMD are considered.
1. Батурин Н. А. Ситуативная и личностная беспомощность // 52-я научная конференция : матер....
Introduction of Competence Approach and Optimization of Education Process in Professional Education Manager Training
.... The author outlines methods and activities aimed at the competence approach introduction to education process, considers a model of students’ independent work. A concrete example is drawn to show the specificity of the competence training of students
... ... ИНФРА-М, 1998. 367 с.
Аndinsh B., Timofeyeva V.
competence approach, self-realisation, generation of students’ cognitive interest, patriotic training, attractiveness of professional education.